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'", 7"E,Q$$#N", E:3/F< ,24K60 R F6 K49<6 <6 F-6PJ;<929:3 S:0682 T0/>6F I49 611U36 F68 2:4098268 840 F/ 09>9U06 &:43/1/1/L $6F8:3 R 43 V6436 #1;093<963 <6 I4/2:0W6 /38 I49 682 F-/<V:932 <6 ,24K60 62 B:33/X2 M963 F/ Y:052L Z/0B: R F6 K0/3< Y0U06 <6 $6F8:3 I49 <:92 /BB469FF90 F68 2:4098268 /4 KX26= 63 Y:052 J0:Y:3<6L #3K;F93/ R F/ Y6116 <6 Z/0B: I49 F-/889826 /4 KX26L N/M096F *09KC6FF/ R ;26036F 1;B:32632L 7/4F936 R 8/ B:1J/K36 I49 8-;160>69FF6 <6>/32 F68 B409:892;8 <6 F/ Y:052 K4O/3/986L ,2;JC/396 ,2;JC/396 [603:4P R 9382924209B6 \ ,2%'/40632%<4%Z/0:39 I49 06]:92 868 J/06328 J:40 F640 Y/906 B:33/X206 F/ N4O/36L ^6FFO 7/3B0/B6 R /19 B0;:F6 <6 ,2;JC/396L '/ 1U06 <6 ,2;JC/396= Z/</16 [603:4P R 6FF6 3-/JJ0;B96 J/8 B6 >:O/K6L N;0/0< R F6 M6/4%JU06 <6 ,2;JC/396= J0:1J2 \ 86 JF/93<06L $9B:F/8 *0436F R V6436 J0:Y688640 <6 8B963B68 I49 /916 F/ 3/2406 62 8402:42 F68 J/J9FF:38L Z9BC6F [60F93KC61 R F6 K0/3< /19 <6 $9B:F/8 <6J498 F-63Y/3B6 _ 938204B2640 19F92/906= 63 >/B/3B68 63 N4O/36L 796006 )4J:32 R <906B2640 <6 M/3I46 63 N4O/36 _ 1/FK0; 8/ 1/F/<96= 9F / Y/92 >6390 8/ Y/19FF6 <6 7/098 J:40 F640 Y/906 >989260 F/ Y:052L Z/346FF/ R F/ 1/1/3= 1;29886 6P4M;0/326 62 20U8 86389MF6L 7;<0: R F640 J6292 K/0]:3= 43 J64 V6436 J:40 436 26FF6 />632406L [/3688/ R F640 Y9FF6= V6436 J/09896336 <6 I4/2:0W6 /38= ;MF:496 J/0 F/ <;B:4>6026 <6 F/ Y:052 62 Y/8B93;6 J/0 $6F8:3L &C/0F68 *:3>93 R 43 K0:8 M:3C:116 >926 Y/29K4; !6/336226 R 436 V6436 Y9FF6 3:906= B:1J/K36 <6 &C/0F68 *:3>93L

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'" )`7#ET (3 V6436 #1;093<963a <-436 <:4W/936 <-/33;68 J/88/ \ Bb2; <68 <64P "40:J;638L +F />/92 <68B63<4 F/ J6326 89 89F63B964861632 I46 F68 <64P >:O/K6408 36 F-/>/9632 J/8 63263<4 /009>60L T919<61632= F6 V6436 93<9KU36 1/01:33/ I46FI468 8/F42/29:38 62 43 8:40906 ;BF/90/ 8:3 >98/K6L 7498= 9F 86 <909K6/ >608 F/ B/M/36 \ F-6P20;192; <4 J:32:3 62 9F :4>092 F6 B/<63/8 I49 B:3</13/92 F/ J:026L N/M096F *09KC6FF/ 06K/0</ 7/4F936 <-43 /90 932600:K/2640L "2/92%B6 B6 K/193 I49 />/92 F/ 068J:38/M9F92; <4 >:O/K6 c 7/4F936 C/488/ F68 ;J/4F68L ,:3 1/09 B0/9K3/92 2:4V:408 F68 J9068 B/2/820:JC68L )U8 I4-9F8 ;2/9632 /009>;8 \ F-61M/0B/<U06= 9F />/92 B:1163B; \ 0dF60 R e T4 /8 >4 c &-682 ]/ F640 J90:K46 c &-682 />6B ]/ I4-9F8 B:1J2632 3:48 Y/906 061:3260 F/ 09>9U06 f Q3 J642 <906 I46 24 /8 M963 BC:989 f g/ >/ 63B:06 436 Y:98 5206 F/ K/FU06 f (36 V:403;6 6329U06= F68 Y68868 J:8;68 </38 B6226 B:I46 J:40096 f "2 9F8 J638632 61M/0I460 <:4W6 J608:3368 f &-682 <6 F-93B:38B963B6 f h '6 V6436 #1;093<963 06>932 />6B 43 86/4 62 <68 J/K/968 I4-9F V62/ </38 F/ J90:K46L +F <68B63<92 </38 F-61M/0B/29:3 62 B:1163]/ \ ;B:J60L +F >9</92 <;V\ 8:3 <64P9U16 86/4 I4/3< N/M096F F-932600:1J92 R e &-682 F/ J90:K46 <6 S:0682 T0/>6F c h '6 K/0]:3 0;J:3<92 <-43 F;K60 C/48861632 <68 8:40B9F8L *09KC6FF/ 938982/ R e &-682 F/ J90:K46 <6 S:0682 T0/>6F c % Q49 f 1:389640 f % "2 B-682 />6B B6226 61M/0B/29:3 I46 3:48 /FF:38 061:3260 F/ 09>9U06 c
1 Les Indiens d’Amérique. En Guyane on emploie indifféremment le terme Indiens ou Amérindiens pour les désigner.

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% Q49 f 1:389640 f % "2 :3 J642 O 162206 <:4W6 J608:3368 62 F6408 M/K/K68 8/38 098I46 <6 B:4F60 c h &C6W F68 #1;093<9638= 43 /<4F26 36 <61/3<6 V/1/98 <68 B:3869F8 \ 43 63Y/32 62 :3 3-63K/K6 J/8 436 B:3>608/29:3 8/38 Y/906 <-/M:0< B:33/988/3B6L &6J63</32= F6 V6436 K/0]:3 8-;2/92 C/M924; \ B6 8/38%K536 <68 *F/3B8L ,:3 K0/3< Y0U06 F-/>/92 J0;>634 R 8-9F >:4F/92 K/0<60 43 V:M </38 F6 2:409816= 9F Y/FF/92 /BB6J260 F68 1/39U068 8:4>632 <;JF/98/3268 <68 >:O/K6408L +F 8-/JJF9I4/ <:3B \ 8/298Y/906 F/ B409:892; <6 8:3 J/88/K60 R e $6 >:48 93I49;26W J/8= 1:389640 f $:48 /FF:38 8:4>632 840 F/ 09>9U06 62 F/ J90:K46 3-/ V/1/98 BC/>90; f !6 Y9398 <6 F/ J0;J/060 62 F6 J/20:3 >/ /009>60 _ 9F >/ >:48 6PJF9I460 f h 7:40 B:4J60 B:402= F6 K/193 8-/BB0:4J92 /4 Y:3< <4 M/26/4 62 /BC6>/ <-;J:3K60 F-6/4L *09KC6FF/ 36 F6 F9M;0/ J/8 J:40 /42/32 62 9F J:40849>92 8:3 932600:K/2:906 R e 7:40I4:9 B6226 J90:K46 ;2/92%6FF6 JF6936 <-6/4 c h '6 V6436 +3<963= /148; J/0 F68 93I49;24<68 <6 F-"40:J;63= F6>/ F68 O64P <-43 /90 3/0I4:98 R e +F / JF4 F/ 3492 <6039U06L '/ 8/98:3 <68 JF4968 /JJ0:BC6L "2 J498= 436 J90:K46= ]/ J063< 2:4V:408 F-6/4 1/98= 0/88406W%>:48 f $:48 /FF:38 ;B:J60 f h 7:40 ;>9260 436 /4206 I46829:3= <-43 1:4>61632 F6826= F6 K/0]:3 M:3<92 840 F6 J:32:3 62 06J/0292 >608 F/ M/0/I46 <6 2bF6 R e "PB486W%1:9= 1:389640= 1/98 V6 <:98 J063<06 F68 <:889608i % '68 <:889608 c 0;J;2/ N/M096F 8/38 B:1J063<06L "2 <68 K9F628 <6 8/4>62/K6 f !6 8498 8j0 I4-9F8 3-:32 1516 J/8 <6 K9F628 <6 8/4>62/K6 f &-682 <6 F-93B:38B963B6 f % #00526 f T4 >:98 <68 </3K608 J/02:42 f h 0;JF9I4/ 7/4F936L "FF6 />/92 F-C/M924<6 <6 >9>06 />6B B62 C:116 93I4962 I49 /40/92 >:4F4 I46 F/ T6006 6329U06 8:92 0;KF;6

12

B:116 43 1;B/39816 M963 C49F; 62 6FF6 36 8-;2:33/92 JF48 <6 868 0;/B29:38L '6 V6436 #1;093<963 0688:0292 <6 F/ B/M/36= F68 M0/8 BC/0K;8 <6 JF/3BC68 B:F:0;68L #4 1516 9382/32= <68 B098 F640 Y90632 F6>60 F68 O64P >608 F6 C/42 <4 2/F48L (36 Y/19FF6 <6 I4/206 J608:3368 K6829B4F/92 /4 M:0< <6 F/ 0:426 R e QC f ,-9F >:48 JF/X2 f &-682 M963 9B9 F-61M/0B/<U06 <6 S:0682 T0/>6F c "2 :k J642%:3 K/060 F/ >:92406 c % #2263<6W f !6 >/98 >:48 1:32060 f h *09KC6FF/ B:4042 >608 F/ J6326 62 F/ 061:32/ />6B 6320/93= C64064P <6 J063<06 43 0bF6 />/32/K64PL 7/4F936 849>92 F6 V6436 93<9KU36 I49 8/42/ </38 F/ J90:K46 62 KF988/ F68 JF/3BC68 </38 <68 0/934068 :MF9I468 1;3/K;68 <6 BC/I46 Bb2; <6 F/ B:I46L )-436 1/39U06 63Y/32936= 7/4F936 8-6PBF/1/ R e QC f QC f &:116 B-682 /824B964P f #9389= 3:48 /40:38 <68 <:889608 f &6 860/ JF48 /K0;/MF6 f h )-43 8:40906= F6 V6436 #1;093<963 06160B9/ F/ </16 I49 /JJ0;B9/92 8:3 20/>/9FL e &:11632 2-/JJ6FF68%24 c % $6F8:3 f % &:116 3:48 /FF:38 J/8860 I46FI468 V:408 63861MF6= 24 J64P 1-/JJ6F60 7/4F936 f l46F dK6 /8%24 $6F8:3 c % !-/9 J068I46 I4/2:0W6 /38= 1/</16 f h 8-6YY:0]/%2%9F <6 0;J:3<06= 86 0/JJ6F/32 F/ J/2963B6 B:3869FF;6 J/0 8:3 Y0U06L ,/ 0;J:386 840J092 7/4F936L "FF6 36 F49 /40/92 J/8 <:33; JF48 <6 <:4W6 /38L &60268= F68 148BF68 <6 868 M0/8 B49>0;8= F6 K/FM6 <6 868 1:FF628 62 <6 868 B498868 861MF/9632 8:F9<68 62 ;360K9I468 1/98 8/ 2/9FF6 ;2/92 1:<6826L e T4 36 >/8 J/8 \ F-;B:F6= $6F8:3 c % ,9= 1/</16L !6 8498 63 I4/209U16 /4 B:FFUK6 <-+0/B:4M: f &-682 J/0B6 I46 3:48 8:1168 63 >/B/3B68 I46 V6 Y/98 B6 V:M f % "2 /J0U8 F6 B:FFUK6 I46 B:1J268%24 Y/906 c T4 90/8 /4 FOB;6 <6 ^:40:4 :4 \ B6F49 <6 ,/932%'/40632 c

13

% !6 36 8/98 J/8 f h 0;J:3<92%9F \ >:9P M/886= 63 C/488/32 F68 ;J/4F68 <-436 1/39U06 0;89K3;6L N/M096F 06<68B63</92 F/ J6326 63 B:1J/K396 <68 I4/206 J608:3368 /4PI46FF68 8-;2/9632 V:9328 <64P V64368 C:1168L $6F8:3 /JJ0;B9/ F-/009>;6 <6 B68 /42068 2:4098268L )6 B6226 Y/]:3= 7/4F936 3-/40/92 J/8 F6 261J8 <6 F49 J:860 </>/32/K6 <6 I46829:38L e [:9F\ I49 682 Y:019</MF6= F/3]/ N/M096F *09KC6FF/= 3:48 8:1168 1/93263/32 C492 J/88/K608 \ /2263<06 F6 <;J/02 62 F-:0K/398/2640 3-682 J/8 63B:06 /009>; f % T4 >:98= 0;J:3<92 7/4F936 840 43 2:3 /J/98/32= F6 V6436 $6F8:3 / 9382/FF; <68 <:889608L '/ J90:K46 682 1/93263/32 JF48 B:3Y:02/MF6 I4-6FF6 63 />/92 F-/90 f h T:48 F68 >98/K68 86 2:403U0632 >608 F-61M/0B/29:3L &C/I46 >:O/K640 V/4K6/92 \ 8/ 1/39U06 F/ 8:F9<92; <6 B6226 J90:K46 I49 <6>/92 F68 6116360 63 Y:052 J0:Y:3<6L (36 V6436 Y9FF6 8:409/326 86 <;2/BC/ <4 K0:4J6 J:40 >6390 860060 F/ 1/93 <6 7/4F936L e !6 1-/JJ6FF6 ,2;JC/396 [603:4PL )6J498 F-/33;6 <6039U06= V6 8498 9382924209B6 \ ,/932%'/40632%<4%Z/0:39L [:9B9 1/ 1U06 62 N;0/0<= 1:3 M6/4%JU06= I49 8:32 63 >/B/3B68 63 N4O/36L h &68 <64P J608:3368 36 8:409/9632 K4U06 B:116 89 6FF68 3-/JJ0;B9/9632 J/8 <-5206 F\L e [:9B9 1:3 /19 ^6FFO I49 20/>/9FF6 B:116 ;<4B/2640 </38 F/ 1516 ;B:F6 I46 1:9 f h ,-/>/3]/ /F:08 43 V6436 C:116 3:90= 8:F9<61632 Md29= I49 263<92 F/ 1/93 >608 7/4F936 R e ^6FFO 7/3B0/B6 f J0;B98/%2%9FL "3B:06 ;<4B/2640 1/98 J0:BC/9361632 93829242640 B:116 ,2;JC/396 f h

14

'/ 1U06 <6 ,2;JC/396 :M860>/ F/ 8BU36 />6B <;</93L "FF6 3-/JJ0;B9/92 J/8 B6 V6436 &0;:F6? 62 6FF6 8-:YY48I4/92 I46 8/ Y9FF6= /009>;6 <6J498 J64 </38 B6226 93I49;2/326 N4O/36= 86 Yj2 <;V\ /B:I493;6 />6B B6 K/9FF/0< 93<9KU36L &:389<;0/32 F6 YF64>6 /4P 6/4P 20:4MF68= 6FF6 1/01:33/ R e &-682 >0/91632 <;K:j2/32 f g/ J46 f 7:40I4:9 /8%24 J638; \ 3:48 6116360 </38 B6226 C:009MF6 6PJ;<929:3 c % Z/98 3:48 /FF:38 >9>06 63 JF6936 3/2406= 1/1/3 f &-682 436 /4M/936 6P20/:0<93/906 f +F 3-O / JF48 I46 F/ Y:052 /1/W:396336 J:40 :YY090 /4P C:1168 <4 >93K2%62%439U16 89UBF6 436 BC/3B6 <6 0620:4>60 F6 1:3<6 :09K936F f % '6 1:3<6 :09K936F f T4 J/0F68 f )6J498 I46 3:48 8:1168 /009>;8= 3:48 36 >:O:38 I46 <68 :0<4068 62 F68 K638 C/M92632 </38 <68 M/0/I468 63 2bF6 0:49FF;6L '68 M:0<8 <68 0:4268 8:32 V:3BC;8 <6 8/B8 63 JF/829I46L #C f "FF6 682 M6FF6 2/ N4O/36 f '6 1:3<6 :09K936F f Q4>06 F68 O64P 1/ Y9FF6 f T4 68 63 20/93 <6 26 Y/906 <4 B93;1/ f T9638= 06K/0<6 f h # B62 9382/32= B:116 J:40 F49 <:3360 0/98:3= 43 >964P B:3K;F/2640 <;09>/32 /4 Y9F <6 F-6/4 J/88/ <6>/32 F-/4206 M60K6L N/M096F *09KC6FF/ />/92 263<4 F-:069FF6= C64064P <-63263<06 43 <98B:408 I49 06V:9K3/92 868 C/M9246FF68 B0929I468L '68 <64P V64368 C:1168 I49 />/9632 <-/M:0< 06198 <6 F-:0<06 </38 F6408 8/B8 8-/JJ0:BCU0632 <6 7/4F936 J:40 F/ 8/F460L '6 J061960 />/92 <;V\ 1:32; 43 Y9F62 \ J/J9FF:38 I4-9F 263/92 \ F/ 1/93= B:116 436 /016 J0526 \ F-61JF:9 R e $9B:F/8 *0436F= J0:Y688640 <6 8B963B68 3/2406FF68L [:48 <6>936W <;V\ 1/ J/889:3 f "2 Z9BC6F [60F93KC61= 1:3 /19 <-63Y/3B6= 938204B2640 19F92/906= 63 >/B/3B68 63 N4O/36L h +F8 J/0/988/9632 86 B:33/X206 /42/32 I46 <64P Y0U068 62 F640 0/JJ:02 /19B/F <;263<92 F-/21:8JCU06L
Ce sont les descendants des esclaves noirs qui dirigent actuellement une grande partie des activités politiques et économiques de la Guyane.
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