//img.uscri.be/pth/6bb98b2babf607226da0ef4ec519583570e610e5
Cet ouvrage fait partie de la bibliothèque YouScribe
Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le lire en ligne
En savoir plus

Abufar ou La Famille arabe

De
302 pages
Abufar ou La Famille arabe (1795) est l'avant-dernière tragédie de Jean-François Ducis. Le désert d'Arabie est pour lui un espace transitionnel à mi-chemin entre Orient et Occident ; la tragédie pose ainsi les bases d'une dramaturgie et d'une scénographie du désert dont nous sommes héritiers en ligne directe. Première édition critique du texte, confrontée à sa parodie, ce volume vise à situer l'oeuvre dans la vogue de l'orientalisme théâtral (fin XVIIIè siècle).
Voir plus Voir moins
Jean-François Ducis ABUFAR, ou La Famille arabe suivi de sa parodie
Présentation de Martial Poirson, Florence Filippi et Jacqueline Razgonnikoff
$%8)$5 28 /$ )$0,//( $5$%(
&2//(&7,21$875(0(17 0(0(6 FRQoXH HW GLULJpH SDU 5RJHU /LWWOH 3URIHVVHXU pPpULWH GH 7ULQLW\ &ROOHJH 'XEOLQ &KHYDOLHU GDQV O¶RUGUH QDWLRQDO GX PpULWH 3UL[ GH O¶$FDGpPLH IUDQoDLVH *UDQG 3UL[ GH OD )UDQFRSKRQLH HQ ,UODQGH HWF &HWWH FROOHFWLRQ SUpVHQWH HQ UppGLWLRQ GHV WH[WHV LQWURXYDEOHV HQ GHKRUV GHV ELEOLRWKqTXHV VSpFLDOLVpHV WRPEpV GDQV OH GRPDLQH SXEOLF HW TXL WUDLWHQW GDQV GHV pFULWV GH WRXV JHQUHV QRUPDOHPHQW UpGLJpV SDU XQ pFULYDLQ EODQF GHV 1RLUV RX SOXV JpQpUDOHPHQW GH O¶$XWUH ([FHSWLRQQHOOHPHQW DYHF OH JUDFLHX[ DFFRUG GHV D\DQWV GURLW HOOH DFFXHLOOH GHV WH[WHV SURWpJpV SDU FRS\ULJKW YRLUH LQpGLWV 'HV WH[WHV pWUDQJHUV WUDGXLWV HQ IUDQoDLV QH VRQW pYLGHPPHQW SDV H[FOXV ,O V¶DJLW GRQF GH PHWWUH j OD GLVSRVLWLRQ GX SXEOLF XQ YROHW SOXW{W QpJOLJp GX GLVFRXUV SRVWFRORQLDO DX VHQV ODUJH GH FH WHUPH  FHOXL TXL UHFRXYUH OD SpULRGH GHSXLV O¶LQVWDOODWLRQ GHV pWDEOLVVH PHQWV G¶RXWUHPHU  /H FKRL[ GHV WH[WHV VH IDLW G¶DERUG VHORQ OHV TXDOLWpV LQWULQVqTXHV HW KLVWRULTXHV GH O¶RXYUDJH PDLV WLHQW FRPSWH DXVVL GH O¶LPSRUWDQFH j OXL DFFRUGHU GDQV OD SHUVSHFWLYH FRQWHP SRUDLQH &KDTXH YROXPH HVW SUpVHQWp SDU XQ VSpFLDOLVWH TXL WRXW HQ SULYLOpJLDQW XQH RSWLTXH OLEpUDOH PHW HQ YDOHXU O¶LQWpUrW KLVWRULTXH VRFLRORJLTXH SV\FKRORJLTXH HW OLWWpUDLUH GX WH[WH © 7RXW VH SDVVH GHGDQV OHV DXWUHV F¶HVW QRWUH GHGDQV H[WpULHXUOHV DXWUHV F¶HVW OD SURORQJDWLRQ GH QRWUH LQWpULHXUª6RQ\ /DERX 7DQVL7LWUHV SDUXV HW HQ SUpSDUDWLRQ  YRLU HQ ¿Q GH YROXPH
-HDQ)UDQoRLV 'XFLV $%8)$5 28 /$ )$0,//( $5$%( VXLYL GH $%8=$5 28 /$ )$0,//( (;75$9$*$17( SDU 5DGHW %DUUp HW 'HVIRQWDLQHV eGLWLRQ SUpVHQWpH HW LQWURGXLWH SDU 0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ 7H[WHV pWDEOLV DQQRWpV HW FRPPHQWpV SDU )ORUHQFH )LOLSSL 0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ HW -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII /¶+$50$77$1
(Q FRXYHUWXUH  'HVVLQ GH 7DOPD GDQV OH U{OH GH )DUKDQ SDU $PpOLH 0XQLHU5RPLOO\ 5pVHUYH Qƒ  GH OD %LEOLRWKqTXH0XVpH GH OD &RPpGLH)UDQoDLVH
‹ /¶+DUPDWWDQ  UXH GH O¶eFROH3RO\WHFKQLTXH  3DULV KWWSZZZOLEUDLULHKDUPDWWDQFRP GLIIXVLRQKDUPDWWDQ#ZDQDGRRIU KDUPDWWDQ#ZDQDGRRIU ,6%1   ($1  
35e6(17$7,21 *e1e5$/( SDU 0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ
'(6 0(0(6 $87(856 (Q FROODERUDWLRQ  7KpkWUH GH&KDPIRUW /D -HXQH LQGLHQQH OH 0DUFKDQG GH 6P\UQH 0XVWDSKD HW =pDQJLU  eGLWLRQ SUpVHQWpH SDU 0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ pWDEOLH DQQRWpH HW FRP PHQWpH SDU 0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ HW -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII 9LMRQ eGLWLRQV /DPSVDTXH  OH 6WXGLROR )ORUHQFH )LOLSSL ©/D FRUUHVSRQGDQFH HQ JXLVH GH PLVH HQ VFqQH RX OD GUDPDWXUJLH pSLVWRODLUH GH 7DOPD HW 'XFLVªLQ+RYDVVH GLU  -HDQ0DUF &RUUHVSRQGDQFH HW 7KpkWUH 3UHVVHV XQLYHUVLWDLUHV GH 5HQQHV  S  0DUWLDO 3RLUVRQ  GLU  SROLWLTXH GX UpSHUWRLUH  7KpkWUH HW 5pYROXWLRQ 3DULV 'HVMRQTXqUHV  ©/¶DXWUH UHJDUG VXU O¶HVFODYDJH OHV FDSWLIV EODQFV FKUpWLHQV HQ WHUUH G¶,VODP GDQV H OH WKpkWUH IUDQoDLV ;9,,;9,,,ª VLqFOHV LQ 6DUJD0RXVVD GLU /LWWpUDWXUH H HW HVFODYDJH ;9,,,;,;VLqFOHV  3DULV 'HVMRQTXqUHV  S  ©6FqQHV G¶2ULHQW UHJDUGV G¶2FFLGHQW" ,PDJHV HW LPDJLQDLUH RULHQWDOLVWH GDQV $EXIDU RX /D )DPLOOH DUDEH  GH 'XFLVª,PDJH HW YR\DJH GH OD 0pGLWHUUDQpH DX[ ,QGHV RULHQWDOHV HW RFFLGHQWDOHV GH OD ¿Q GX 0R\HQ $JH DX H ;,;VLqFOH 3UHVVHV XQLYHUVLWDLUHV GH 3URYHQFH  S 3ROLWLTXH GH OD UHSUpVHQWDWLRQ 3DULV +RQRUp &KDPSLRQ ©ª'LDORJXH GHV DUWV  -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII  3DWULRWHV HQ VFqQH /H 7KpkWUH GH OD 5pSXEOLTXH   SDU %DUU\ 'DQLHOV HW -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII 3DULV $UWO\V  &DKLHUV GH UpJLH GH .RQVWDQWLQ 6WDQLVODYVNL SRXUOHV 7URLV 6°XUVHWOD &HULVDLH WUDGXLWV GX UXVVH SDU -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII SXEOLpV HQ UHJDUG GH OD WUDGXFWLRQ GHV GHX[ SLqFHV SDU $QGUp 0DUNRZLF HW )UDQoRLVH 0RUYDQ 3DULV eGLWLRQV GHV )RUJHV GH 9XOFDLQ  /¶eORJH GH OD FULWLTXH 'H 'LGHURW j 5RODQG %DUWKHV &KRL[ GH WH[WHV SDU -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII 3DULV $UWO\V  &RPpGLH)UDQoDLVH /D 6DOOH 5LFKHOLHX GH  j QRV MRXUV 3DULV $UWO\V  $VFqVHGH 1LNRV .D]DQW]DNLV WUDGXLW GX JUHF SDU -DFTXHOLQH 5D]JRQQLNRII 3DULV $X[ )RUJHV GH 9XOFDLQ 
 35e6(17$7,21 *e1e5$/( /HFWHXU H[DOWp GH6DODPPE{ FRPPHQWDWHXU VFUXSXOHX[ GH OD FRUUHVSRQGDQFH GH 'XFLV &KDUOHV$XJXVWLQ 6DLQWH%HXYH pFULW j SURSRV G¶$EXIDU RX /D )DPLOOH DUDEHTXH © OH VHQWLPHQW GX GpVHUW HW GH O¶LPPHQVLWp GH OD IXLWH j WUDYHUV OHV VDEOHV HVW DVVH] ELHQ  UHQGX TX¶XQ DLU EU€ODQW \ FLUFXOHª  &HWWH DVVHUWLRQ j GRXEOH HQ WHQWH D OH PpULWH GH PHWWUH HQ pYLGHQFH XQH SXLVVDQFH pYRFDWULFH GH OD SLqFH DUJXPHQW SRXUWDQW VRXYHQW LQYRTXp SRXU OD GpQLJUHU OH GpVHUW GHSXLV VD GLPHQVLRQ OD SOXV PDWpULHOOH HW VHQVLEOH YRLUH V\QHVWKpVLTXH MXVTX¶j VD IRQFWLRQ V\PEROLTXH OD SOXV DEVWUDLWH HVW OH VHXO YpULWDEOH DFWDQW GH FHWWH WUDJpGLH WDUGLYH G¶LQVSLUDWLRQ QpR FODVVLTXH GRQW O¶DFWLRQ HVW UpGXLWH DX VWULFW QpFHVVDLUH -HDQ H )UDQoRLV 'XFLV FRQWULEXH DLQVL GqV OD¿Q GX;9,,,VLqFOH IUDQoDLV GDQV OH FKDPS FORV GH O¶RULHQWDOLVPH WKpkWUDO j IRUJHU XQ LPDJL QDLUH FXOWXUHO GX GpVHUW JpQpUDOHPHQW DVVRFLp SDU OD FULWLTXH FRQ WHPSRUDLQH j OD OLWWpUDWXUH YLDWLTXH HW URPDQHVTXH DQJORSKRQH GX H  ;,; &HQWUpH VXU OHV UHFHWWHV GUDPDWXUJLTXHV pFXOpHV GH VLqFOH O¶LQFHVWH HW GH OD IDWDOLWp SXQLWLYH HOOH HVW HQ DSSDUHQFH GHVWLQpH j RIIULU SUpWH[WH j O¶pYRFDWLRQ j OD IRLV SLWWRUHVTXH HW V\PEROLTXH G¶XQH VFpQRJUDSKLH FRUUHVSRQGDQW DX JR€W GHV VSHFWDWHXUV GX WHPSV SRXU OD YpUDFLWp GHV GpFRUV FRPPH GHV FRVWXPHV  &HSHQGDQW OD  -H WLHQV j UHPHUFLHU -RKQ *ROGHU SRXU VD UHOHFWXUH YLJLODQWH HW 6DUJD 0RXVVD SRXU VHV FRQVHLOV DYLVpV  &KDUOHV$XJXVWLQ 6DLQWH%HXYH pYRTXH 'XFLV QRQ VHXOHPHQW GDQV OHV&DXVHULHV GX OXQGL PDLV HQFRUH GDQV OHV1RXYHDX[ /XQGLV 3DULV 0LFKHO /pY\ IUqUHV  YRO ,9 © 'XFLV pSLVWRODLUH ª S   &DWKHULQH 'HOPDV ©6RLI GH GpVHUWV GpFRXYHUWH RX GpVLU G¶2ULHQW" ªLQ ,VDEHOOH *DGRLQ HW 0DULHeOLVH 3DOPLHU&KDWHODLQ GLU 5rYHU G¶2ULHQW FRQQDvWUH O¶2ULHQW /\RQ (16 pGLWLRQV  S  HW GX PrPH DXWHXU H eFULWXUHV GX GpVHUW 9R\DJHXUV HW URPDQFLHUV DQJORSKRQHV;,;;; VLqFOHV $L[HQ3URYHQFH 3XEOLFDWLRQV GH O¶XQLYHUVLWp GH 3URYHQFH  3KLOLSSH %RXUGLQ HW *pUDUG /RXELQRX[ GLU /HV $UWV GH OD VFqQH HW OD 5pYROXWLRQ IUDQoDLVH &OHUPRQW)HUUDQG HW 9L]LOOH 3UHVVHV XQLYHUVLWDLUHV %ODLVH 3DVFDO HW 0XVpH GH OD 5pYROXWLRQ IUDQoDLVH  HW 3KLOLSSH %RXUGLQ HW )UDQoRLVH /H %RUJQH GLU &RVWXPHV GpFRUV HW DFFHVVRLUHV GDQV OH WKpkWUH GH OD 5pYROXWLRQ HW GH O¶(PSLUH &OHUPRQW)HUUDQG 3UHVVHV 8QLYHUVLWDLUHV %ODLVH3DVFDO 

SLqFH FRQWULEXH j IDLUH pPHUJHU XQH YpULWDEOH SRpWLTXH GX GpVHUW FRPPH SDUDGLJPH G¶XQH SHQVpH QRPDGH GH O¶HVSDFH LQGpWHUPLQp OLVVH QRQ VWULp VDQV FRQWUDLQWH j SDUWLU G¶XQ GLVSRVLWLI GUDPD WXUJLTXH PpQDJHDQW XQ DJHQFHPHQW FROOHFWLI G¶pQRQFLDWLRQ HQWUH DXWHXU HW LQWHUSUqWHV 'qV ORUV GpFULUH OH GpVHUW SDU OHV PR\HQV SURSUHV GX WKpkWUH SUHQG OD GLPHQVLRQ G¶XQH PpWDSKRUH JpQpUDOLVpH GH O¶pFULWXUH HOOH©PrPH eFULUH Q¶D ULHQ j YRLU DYHF VLJQL¿HU  PDLV DYHF DUSHQWHU FDUWRJUDSKLHU PrPH GHV FRQWUpHV j YHQLUª  0rODQW pWURLWHPHQW pOpPHQWV GHVFULSWLIV HW LQYHQWLRQ FRQQDLVVDQFHV REMHFWLYHV HW IDQWDVPHV SHUVRQQHOVOLELGR VFLHQGL HWOLELGR GRPL QDQGL O¶DXWHXU EURXLOOH OHV SLVWHV HQWUHPLPHVLV YRORQWp GH VDYRLU  HWGpVLU G¶DLOOHXUV  /¶DQDO\VH GHV V\VWqPHV GH UHSUpVHQWDWLRQ GX GpVHUW GDQV OD SLqFH RIIUH GRQF XQ SRVWH G¶REVHUYDWLRQ SULYLOpJLp  QRQ VHXOHPHQW GHVpSLVWpPqV PDLV HQFRUH GHV GLVFRXUV OLWWpUDOH PHQW j O¶°XYUH DX VHLQ G¶XQH WHOOH VWUXFWXUH LVRWRSLTXH6HORQ O¶K\SRWKqVH LQWHUSUpWDWLYH GpIHQGXH GDQV OD SUpVHQWH pGLWLRQ$EXIDU RX /D )DPLOOH DUDEH TXL DFFRUGH XQH SODFH GH SUHPLHU SODQ j ©O¶$XWUH pWUDQJHUª j OD IRLV PLURLU HW UHSRXVVRLU UpYpODWHXU G¶XQH LQTXLpWDQWH pWUDQJHWp SHXW j ERQ GURLW rWUH FRQVLGpUp FRPPH XQ © WH[WH WLHUVª V\PSWRPDWLTXH G¶XQH ©K\EUL  GDWLRQ KHXUHXVHª HQWUH 2ULHQW HW 2FFLGHQW /D WUDJpGLH V¶LQVFULW GDQV OD PRXYDQFH GH O¶LQYHQWLRQ GX FRQWH RULHQWDO FRPPH JHQUH  *LOOHV 'HOHX]H HW )HOL[ *XDWWDUL0LOOH 3ODWHDX[ 3DULV 0LQXLW  © 7UDLWp GH QRPDGRORJLH ªUHVSS  HW S   -¶XWLOLVH OH WHUPH GDQV VD GLPHQVLRQ SROpPLTXH DX VHQV GH GLVFRXUV DX[ FRQQRWDWLRQV LGpRORJLTXHV PXOWLSOHV UHÀHW GHV SURMHFWLRQV IDQWDVPDWLTXHV GH O¶2FFLGHQW GDQV OH VLOODJH GHV WUDYDX[ G¶(GZDUG : 6DwG GDQV/¶2ULHQWD OLVPH /¶2ULHQW FUpp SDU O¶2FFLGHQW>@ 3DULV 6HXLO  9RLU pJDOHPHQW 5LGKD %RXODkEL GLU /HV 2ULHQWDX[ IDFH DX[ RULHQWDOLVPHV 3DULV *HXWKQHU   0LFKHO .RULQPDQ HW 0DXULFH 5RQDL LGHQWL¿HQW pSLVWpPqV DVVRFLpHVDX GpVHUW GDQV ©/H GpVHUWPRGH G¶HPSORL $LGHPpPRLUH SRXU XQH pSLVWpPRORJLH GH O¶DULGHª7UDYHUVHVQƒ  &HQWUH *HRUJHV 3RPSLGRX MXLQ  S   XQ © UDSSRUWWRXULVWLTXH ªTXL SRVH OH GpVHUW HQ VSHFWDFOH XQ ©UDSSRUW KHXULV WLTXH ª IRQGp VXU XQH DSSURFKH VFLHQWL¿TXH XQ ©UDSSRUW HQGRWLTXHª TXL FKHUFKH j HQ UpGXLUH O¶DOWpULWp SDU GHV SXOVLRQV GH FRQTXrWH HW G¶DSSURSULDWLRQ XQ ©UDSSRUW HQFUDWLTXHª TXL OXL GRQQH XQH GLPHQVLRQ DOOpJRULTXH HW XQH YDOHXU LQLWLDWLTXH GH GpFRXYHUWH GH O¶DOWpULWp DOLPHQWpH SDU XQ GpVLU GH WUDQVFHQGDQFH  ([SUHVVLRQ GH -HDQ3DXO 6HUPDLQ GDQV/HV 0LOOH HW XQH QXLWV HQWUH 2ULHQW HW 2FFLGHQW 3DULV 'HVMRQTXqUHV  
 OLWWpUDLUH FRQVWLWXp  j OD IDYHXU GH OD WUDGXFWLRQDGDSWDWLRQ GX UHFXHLO GHV0LOOH HW XQH QXLWV  $OI /D\OD ZD/D\OD SDU $QWRLQH *DOODQG HQWUH  HW  GRQW O¶LQÀXHQFH HVW SHUFHSWLEOH MXVTX¶j QRV MRXUV (OOH V¶H[SULPH j WUDYHUV GLIIpUHQWHV IRUPHV GH PpGLD WLRQV DUWLVWLTXHV HW V\PEROLTXHV DQFUpHV GDQV O¶LPDJLQDLUH FXOWXUHO  RFFLGHQWDO DXVVL ELHQ GX SRLQW GH YXH G¶XQ ©RULHQWDOLVPH PDQL  IHVWHª TXH G¶XQ © HQ SDUWLH DX PRLQV DIIUDQRULHQWDOLVPH ODWHQW ª FKL GH OD OLWWpUDWXUH GH SURSDJDQGH RUFKHVWUpH WRXW DX ORQJ GX H ;9,,, VLqFOHSDU OHV RUGUHV UpGHPSWHXUV HW PLVVLRQQDLUHV 'XFLV SUpWHQG HQ WRXWH ERQQH IRL SUrWHU YRL[ DX[ SHXSOHV G¶2ULHQW HQ OHXU RXYUDQW O¶HVSDFH G¶XQH SDUROH VRXYHUDLQH SDUFH TX¶pPDQFLSpH PDLV GDQV OH PrPH WHPSV LO HQ UHSUHQG j VRQ FRPSWH OD VWUXFWXUH pQRQFLDWLYH OD UpGXLVDQW j XQH SDUROH GpOpJXpH DXWUHPHQW GLW UHOpJXpH DX VWDWXW GH GLVFRXUV LQGLUHFW RX VHFRQG YRLUH VXEDOWHUQH /¶©2ULHQW ª RULQL GpVLJQDQW pW\PRORJLTXHPHQW OD UpJLRQ GX FLHO R OH VROHLO VH OqYH  VRXYHQW TXDOL¿p GH /HYDQW pWDQW XQH FDWpJRULH ÀRWWDQWH DX VLqFOH GHV /XPLqUHV TXL UHQYRLH LQGLIIpUHPPHQW j XQ HVSDFH HQJOREDQW FH TX¶RQ DSSHOOH DXMRXUG¶KXL OH 3URFKH2ULHQW OH 0R\HQ2ULHQW HW O¶([WUrPH2ULHQW DXWUHPHQW GLW GHV UpJLRQV DXVVL GLYHUVHV TXH O¶$IULTXH GX 1RUG OHV SD\V GH ODSpQLQVXOH DUDELTXH HW OH VRXVFRQWLQHQW DVLDWLTXH RQ VHUDLW ELHQ HQ SHLQH GH ORFDOLVHU O¶DFWLRQ GH OD SLqFH G¶DXWDQW TXH OHV LQGLFDWLRQV GLGDVFDOLTXHV VRQW j FHW pJDUG SRXU OH PRLQV ODSLGDLUHV GH PrPH TXH O¶RULJLQH GHV SHUVRQQDJHV HQ GpSLW GH O¶pYRFDWLRQ GHV RULJLQHV SHUVHV GH 3KDUDVPLQ GDQV FHUWDLQHV YHUVLRQV GH OD SLqFH  O¶pYRFDWLRQ GX © GpVHUWª SUHQG OH SDV VXU WRXWH DXWUH FDUDFWpULVDWLRQ 2U F¶HVW SUpFLVpPHQW OD JpQpULFLWp GH FHWWH GpVLJQDWLRQ TXL HQ IDLW XQ SRLQW G¶HQWUpH SULYLOpJLp GDQV OHV DPDOJDPHV j O¶°XYUH DX VHLQ GH FH TX¶LO HVW FRQYHQX G¶DSSHOHU GHSXLV OD WKqVH IRQGDWULFH G¶(GZDUG 6DwG © RULHQWDOLVPH ª
 H -HDQ)UDQoRLV 3HUULQ ©/¶LQYHQWLRQ G¶XQ JHQUH OLEHUWLQ DX;9,,,VLqFOH  OH FRQWH RULHQWDO ª)pHULHVQƒ   © /H FRQWH RULHQWDO ª  S   9RLU j FHW pJDUG OH &DWDORJXH GH O¶H[SRVLWLRQ/HV 0LOOH HW XQH QXLWV 3DULV ,QVWLWXW GX PRQGH DUDEH  6¶LO UHPRWLYH GH IDoRQ LQDWWHQGXH HW UHSUHQG FXULHXVHPHQW j VRQ FRPSWH XQ FHUWDLQ QRPEUH GH VWpUpRW\SHV RULHQWDOLVWHV LO D OH PpULWH GH PHWWUH HQ pYLGHQFH O¶HPSULVH SHUVLVWDQWH GH FHW pFULW IRQGDWHXU SRXU OD FRQVFLHQFH RULHQWDOH VXU O¶LPDJLQDLUH RFFLGHQWDO GRQW LO HVW XQ SRLQW GH SDVVDJH GH SUHPLHU SODQ  (GZDUG 6DwG/¶2ULHQWDOLVPH RS FLW SDUWLH ,,, FKDSLWUH  S