Les dauphins jouent et gagnent

De
Publié par

Comment une lutte sans merci commencée sous la guerre froide se terminera-t-elle de nos jours ? Comment retrouver un marin en cavale depuis les années 1980 ? Hakim ne s'intéressait pas à ces questions. Ce qui le turlupinait dans l'immédiat, c'était l'absence de Hanselmann qui avait insisté pour le voir, vendredi en fin d'après-midi au bar de Peter. Hakkim finit par apprendre que Hanselmann avait eu un grave accident d'auto. De nouvelles questions se posèrent à lui, la seule personne qui pouvait y répondre s'était tue à jamais.
Publié le : dimanche 1 novembre 2009
Lecture(s) : 187
EAN13 : 9782296683440
Nombre de pages : 305
Prix de location à la page : 0,0158€ (en savoir plus)
Voir plus Voir moins
7 jours d'essai offerts
Ce livre et des milliers d'autres sont disponibles en abonnement pour 8,99€/mois

@Z q_cff_Y cf ZqZco^0[Zmlp0 ) %aZ^cmo@_ [Zo_Zp
kjpmnpcqmZco nZ mjpo_ nZin fpco%pnnco<o)o_mm_Ycf ZqZco o0f0kbji0
)]_fpc@Zb]_i Bd]c f~ZqZco Zoo_i^p Zp k_oco hZoci)fZ aZm_
mjpoc1m_^_;ZnZo
KZfam0 fZ ^c``0m_i]_ ^~*a_Y@Zb]_i 0oZco km_nlp_ pi Zhco
$_omZco0 ^_ fZKZmci_$juZf_Y Zq_] f_ amZ^_ ^_ [jn]jY cf ZqZco
^0]c^0 ^_`Zcm_ oZtc]Zm ]_ h0oc_m fpc k_mh_ooZco^_kZmf_mZq_] f_n
]fc_ion _o kZm`jcn ^_ f_pm m_i^m_ ^_ k_ocon n_mqc]_nosZech n_
^0f_]oZco^_n m0]con^p hZmci lpc ZqZco qjuZa0npm ojpo_n f_n h_mn
^p hji^_oFZin f_n mp_n ^_;ZnZY cf n_ ]mjuZco _i]jm_ npm
f~j]0Zi _o iZqcapZco Zp h0kmcn^_n `_pt mjpa_n_o^_n n_in
cio_m^cono
Ri _iomZio ]b_v fpcY\omjcn kc1]_n ]jinompco_n ^_ [mc] _o
^_ [mj]\ sZech ^0kjnZ n_n [ZaZa_n _o m_nnjmoco Zpnnco<oo~f
npcqco f_n Zff0_n ^pm_oco$j]b_m\f_ ijh ^p fjocnn_h_io\lpc
n_ ]jpkZc_io)Ziaf_ ^mjco ZqZio ^~Z[jpocm npm pi_ ]mclp_o@Z
kfZa_0oZco ^0n_mo_oF_n qZap_n ]jpmo_n ]jpmZc_io ^_kpcn
f~bjmcvjio@_ q_io nZin fZ bjpf_YsZech n~_i m0djpcnnZco kZm
ZqZi]_o
%qZio ^_ kZmocm _i hcnncjiYcf ZqZco m_hZmlp0pi_ hZcnji
_i ]jinomp]ocji Zp kc_^ ^p kbZm_o%pdjpm^~bpcY_ff_0oZco
Z]b_q0_o@_n `_i2om_n0oZc_io jpq_mo_no $oZcod_ff_ bZ[co0_n/ch f_
kmjkmc0oZcm_ ^_sZech ZqZco0o0]bZma0^_ fZ ]jinompcm_o
F~bZ[cop^_Yf_n ]bZioc_mn omZ6iZc_io _i fjiap_pm ]Zm/ch o_iZco
mZm_h_io n_n ^0fZcnosZech n_ kmjhco ^_ ]jiiZ6om_ f_n mZcnjin ^_
]_oo_ _t]_kocjii_ff_ ]0f0mco0o

^

/chji n~0ojiiZco^_nZ kZoc_i]_oF_kpcn lp~cf ZqZco^A
Z]]_ko_m nji0oZo^~bjhh_ ZnncnYcf ZqZco Zkkmcn)n_^0kfZ]_m kZm
fZ am*]_^_nji n_pf m_aZm^o~f d_oZ njp^Zci pi ]jpk ^~wcf npm nZ
hjiom_6
\~f i~_no kZn _i]jm_ m_q_ipQn~_t]fZhZdodcfo
/c[uff_ n_ m_ojpmiZ6
\Vjpn Zoo_i^jin lp_flp~pin
\:p i~Zn kZn qp f_ d_pi_ bjhh_ lpc _no njmocYcf u Z kfpn
^~pi_ b_pm_n
@_ kbZm_0oZco pi kjcio ^_ kZnnZa_ j[fca0kjpm f_n
kfZi]b_n)qjcf_ lpc njmoZc_io ^_ fZ ]mclp_o%pdjpm^~bpc k_mnjii_
i_ n~0oZco mcnlp0Zp fZma_Yk_mnjii_YnZp` ]_d_pi_ chkmp^_ioo%p
]jpmn ^_ f~Zkm1ndhc^cYf_ m_aZm^ ^_/chji n~0oZco0qZ^0q_mn
f~j]0ZiYfjci ^_ n_n qcnco_pmnBpi_ ncfbjp_oo_ `cfZco npm f_n qZap_n
Zq_] fZ am*]_ _o fZ `jm]_ ^~pi m_kocf_ hZmcioRff_0oZco kZnn0_ njpn
fZ o_mmZnn_ ZqZio ^_ hjio_m Zp fZma_o
\*~Zc `mjc^Y^co/chjio
\:p q_pt oji omc]jo jp oji0]bZmk_n
\@~0]bZmk_Q
\:p _n nAm lp~cf i~_no kZn m_q_ipn^_hZi^Z/u[cff_ _i
kjnZio npm f_n0kZpf_n ^_ nji0kjpt pi_0]bZmk_ lp~_ff_ ZqZco
omc]jo0_Y]~0oZco ]_ff_ lp~cf km0`0mZcoo
\~f _no _i]jm_ _i h_mobi i_ f_ qjco kZno@_ q_io _no ^_
kfpn _i kfpn `jmoq
/u[cff_ m_aZm^Z f~j]0Zio@_ njf_cf ojp]bZco f~bjmcvjio
FZin lp_flp_n hcipo_nYcf `_mZco ipcoo/jp^Zci/chji n~0]mcZ6
\;_ i~_no kZn fpcn
/u[cff_0]ZmlpcffZ f_n u_pt6pi kjcio ijcm om_h[fZco Zp
i

fjci npm fZ fcai_ [fZi]b_^_n qZap_no
\ ;~_no kjnnc[f_Ym0kji^cod_ff_ Zkm1n pi hjh_io
^~b0ncoZocjio
\ ~f _no _i]jm_ fjciq
Rff_ ijoZ pi_ omZ]_ ^~cilpc0op^_ ^Zin fZ qjct ^_/chjio
Rff_ ZqZi/Z dpnlp~Zp [jm^ ^_ fZ o_mmZnn_6
\ ;jhh_io k_podcf Zmmcq_m ZqZio fZ ipcon^_hZi^Zdod_ff_o
;_ `po Zp ojpm ^_/chji ^_ fZ mZnnpm_m6
\ @_ q_io f_ kjmo_Q
@Z ncfbjp_oo_ amZi^coY^m_nn0_ npm f_n `fjono/u[cff_ _o
/chji i~_i ]mjuZc_io kZn f_pmn u_pt6
\ /u[cff_Q]mcZ/chjiYd_ ^jcn f_ qjcmQ
/u[cff_ n_ km0]ckcoZ Zp nZfji _o m_qcio Zq_] pi_ kZcm_ ^_
dph_ff_n6
\ ~f Z _if_q0n_n fpi_oo_nY^co/chjio~f njpmcoQ ~f _no
b_pm_pt ]jhh_ pi ^c_po
@Z kfZi]b_ n~0oZco mZkkmj]b0_ ^p mcqZa_ nZin ^0qc_m ^_ nZ
omZd_]ojcm_o
\ ~f qc_io npm ijpnY^co/chjio~f i_ qjco kZn f_n mj]b_mnn
@Z kfZi]b_ ]jpmZco ^mjco npm _pto/jp^Zci/chji n_
^m_nnZ npm nZ ]bZcn_ mjpfZio_oEi_ chh_in_ fZh_ n~0oZco f_q0_
km2o_)_iafjpocm fZ kfZi]b_ _o f_ kcfjo_o/chji _po pi bZpodf_d
]wpmo/u[cff_ ]jpmpo)f~Zpom_ [jpo ^_ fZ [ZfpnomZ^_6
\ ~f n~_i _no ocm0 n^_hZi^Z/chjio
\ *_ k_in_q*_ ]mjcn lp_ ]~_no fpcobi i_ qjco kfpn
amZi^d]bjn_oEi_ jh[m_q/pm fZ kfZa_Y_ff_ hZm]b_q
\ ;_ aZm/ji _no aji`f0Q
@Z ipco0oZco ojh[0_o
\Vjpn kjpqjin m_iom_mn^_hZi^Z/u[cff_o

t

\ Pjpn Zff_v ) ;ZnZn
~f n_ m_ojpmiZo/pm f_ [jm^ ^p omjoojcmYn~0oZco Zmm2o0_ pi_
hjf` mjpa_o@Z qjct ZkkZmo_iZco)pi qcnZa_ h_ipYZpt u_pt
mc_pmnYf_ `mjio ]jpq_mo ^~pi_ `mZia_ ^_ ]b_q_pt [fji^no
\bpcYKZ^Zh_Y^cosZechYf0a1m_h_io npmkmcno
\*_ k_pt qjpn _hh_i_m nc qjpn Z]]_ko_v hZ `Z/ji ^_
]ji^pcm_QZdjpoZ fZ ]ji^p]omc]_ Zq_] pi njpmcm_o
\*~Z]]_ko_Y^codcf _i jpqmZio fZ kjmoc1m_o
~f _po dpno_ f_ o_hkn ^_ n~Znn_jcmYf_ `_p0oZco kZnn0Zp
q_moo
\*_ h~Zkk_ff_/u[cff_Yhji hZmcY/chjio
Rff_ `co pi k_oco ncai_ ^_ o2o_ lpc m_hkfZ/Zco pi_ kjcai0_
^_ hZcinoRff_ ZdjpoZ6
\Vjpn bZ[cojin fZ hZcnji ^pmbZm_Q
\xpZi^ d_ njmnYd_ kZnn_ njpn qjom_ o_mmZnn_Q
\%fjmnY]~_no qjpn lp_ ijpn Zqjin qp bc_m njcmQ
\;_moZci_h_ioQ *~0oZcn n_pf)njmocmQ
\;_ i~_no kZn ^Zia_m_ptn/chji Z _p om1n k_pm kjpm
qjpnQ
\*~Zc f~bZ[cop^_Q
/u[cff_ n_ `Zp`cfZco _i ^jp]_pm _iom_ f_n qjcopm_n _o n_
m_omjpqZco ]jhh_ kZm _i]bZio_h_io fZ km_hc1m_ Zpt
]mjcn_h_iono;_ lpc i_ f~_hk2]bZco kZn ^_ kZmf_m6
\ Pjpn Zq_v kZn hZf ^_ [ZaZa_nQPjpn q_i_v ^_ fjcin
\F~pi_ hcnncjioRi h_moEi hjcno*_ i_ k_pt kZn
njmocm nZin pi fcqm_Y^_n ^jnnc_mnYhji jm^co
\*_ qjcnY^co amZq_h_io/u[cff_o
m_i^Zio lp_flp_n hcipo_nY_ff_ m_noZ ncf_i]c_pn_B_ff_

^_qZco^jp[f_m pi_ 0ijmh_ n_hcdm_hjmlp_ lpc ZqZco^0]c^0^_
omZq_mn_m KjbZhh0^cZo@jmnlp_ fZ qjc_ `po^0aZa0_Y/u[cff_
m_kmco 6
\ Pjpn2o_n ]Zf0_ijm^ciZo_pmn
\ *_ h_ ^0`_i^nq
\ xp_ff_ ]bZi]_Q Vjpn Zqjin pi om1n [ji hj^1f_oF_n
Zhcn ijpn jio ]jin_cff0noRo hZfam0 /ZY`capm_vdqjpn lp_ ijpn
Zqjin ^_n _iipcnYnpmojpo/chji lpc omZqZcff_ [_Zp]jpko
\ Pjom_ hZmcY]~_no f~%qj]Zon
/u[cff_ _po pi k_oco mcm_6
\ ;~_no Zcinc lp_ f_n a_in f~Zkk_ff_ioo;_ lpc i~_no kZn
ojpo)`Zco _tZ]oo;~0oZco pi cia0ic_pm Zp ^0kZmoYpi a0jfjap_ nc
qjpn qjpf_v ojpo nZqjcmYhZcn _i`ciYcf Z `Zco o_ff_h_io ^_
kjfcoclp_Q ~f Z h2h_ Zkkmcn f_ ^mjcoQ
/u[cff_ njpkcmZo$2qZcod_ff_)fZ qc_ lp~_ff_ ZpmZco _p_ nc
nji0kjpt n~0oZco ]jio_io0^_ fZ a0jfjac_ jp)fZ mcap_pm ^p
^mjconRff_ m_qcio)^_n ]jinc^0mZocjin kfpn chh0^cZo_n6
\ ;jhh_ d_ qjpn f_ ^cnZcnY/chji Z [_Zp]jpk ^_
^c``c]pfo0no~f _no chkZoc_ioo~f km0o_i^ lp_ nji jm^ciZo_pm fpc
^0nj[0coo
Rff_ n_ ojpmiZ q_mnsZechYn_n u_pt0oZc_io _hkm_cion
^~pi_ o_ff_ ]Zi^_pm lp_sZech i_ kpo n~_hk2]b_m ^_ njpmcm_6
\ VjiYKZ^Zh_Ypi jm^c _no om1n j[0cnnZio hZcn cf `Zpo
qjcm ]_ lp~cf ci^clp_o~f `Zpo0]jpo_m f_n h_ipnYfcm_ f_n `_i2om_no
Kjo)hjooV_ kZn nZpo_m ^~0oZk_Q
\ *_ ]jhkm_i^nY^co/u[cff_o/chji i~0]jpo_ kZnqjp
kfpo<o ]jhh_ qjpn f_ ^co_nYcf i_ fco kZn f_n `_i2om_nQ
Ei_ `jcn npm f~Zpojmjpo_YsZech kjpnnZ pi njpkcm6
\ Pjpn qjpn ^0[mjpcff_v mp^_h_io [c_iQ
Rff_ n_ hco)mjpacmo/jpn fZ `mZia_Yf_n u_pt k0ocffZc_ioY
lpc fZcnnZc_io pi_ chkm_nncji ^_ `jm]_ _o ^_ iZ7q_o0o;_n
kmj[f1h_n ^~jm^ciZo_pm fZ km0j]]pkZc_io6
\ ;_ hZociY/chji0oZco cmmco0o*~Zc pi m_i^_vdqjpnYd~Zc
^Af_ fZcnn_m npm nZ ]jf1m_o~f i~ZmmcqZco kZn)`Zcm_ hZm]b_m nji
chkmchZio_o*~Zc _p [_Zp fpc _tkfclp_m lp_ ]_fZ kjpqZco Zoo_i^m_Y
lp~cf `ZffZco nchkf_h_io nZpq_aZm^_m f_ o_to_Ymc_i)`Zcm_Q :Zio

+

lp~cf i~Z kZn pi o_to_0]mco _iom_ f_n hZcinYcf Z f~chkm_nncji lp~cf
qZojpo k_m^m_Q
\ Kji k1m_ _no ]jhh_/ZYm0kji^cosZech Zq_] pi
njpkcm m0ncai0o~fn njio bZ[cop0n)fcm_ ^_n [jplpcinY ) 0]mcm_ Zp
noufjo/pm ^p kZkc_mo
/u[cff_ i_ kjnZ kZn fZ lp_nocji ^_ nZqjcm kjpmlpjc nji
cio_mfj]po_pm0oZco kZnn0[mpnlp_h_io ^p nciapfc_m Zp kfpmc_fY
]jhh_ nc ]_ hZfb_pm_pt kZkZ n_ hpfockfcZco)f~ci`cicoRff_ f_
m_aZm^Z Zq_] Zoo_iocjiB sZech ]mpo fcm_ pi_ kmc1m_ Zp `ji^ ^_
]_n u_pt nc k*f_n lp~cfn n_h[fZc_io kjmo_m pi_ cio_mmjaZocji6
\ Pjom_ chkmchZio_Y]~_no lpjcn
\ s_sf_odmZ]eZm^o
\ Pjom_ omZco_h_io ^_ o_to_Y[ci^js+^n
\ *_ ]mjcn lp_ ]~_no+o
\Pjpn Zq_v~io_mi_on
\0c_i nARom Q/euk_YkZmd^_nnpn f_ hZm]b0Q/chji Z
^_n Zhcn ^Zin f_ hji^_ _ioc_mo
\;_ njcmYd_ qZcn)$Z[Zo qjcm h_n kZm_iono*_ k_pt q_icm
^_hZci hZm^c jp Zkm1nd^_hZcio*_ ]mjcn lp_ d~Zmmcq_mZc)qjpn
^0kZii_mBnciji ji km_i^mZ pi nk0]cZfcno_o*~Zc pi Zhc lpc _no
om1n ^jp0obi f~Zkk_ff_Kjpnoclp_ Q
\xp_f djfc ijh Q
\~f _no hZcam_ Q ~f i~Zmm2o_ kZn ^_ [jpa_m Q
\Pjpn kjpq_v q_icm ^6i_m Zkm1nd^_hZcin
\K_m]m_^cYd_ m0]_kocjii_*j3ff_oEi_ Zhc_o
/u[cff_ m_kmco njp^Zci ojpo_ nji Zpojmco0osZech ]mpo
_io_i^m_ kZmf_m nZ h1m_6
\Pjpn qc_i^m_v h_m]m_^c Zq_]*j3ff_ jp hZm^c nZin _ff_o

2&

Ri _iomZioY sZech fZcnnZ 0]bZkk_m pi hjpq_h_io^_
npmkmcn_ 6
\ Rff_ Z^m<f_h_io ]bZia0 Q
xPjpn ]jiiZcnn_v fZ hZcnjin^_hZi^Z/u[cff_o
x*_ f~Zc qcnco0_ lpZi^ _ff_0oZco _i ]jinomp]ocjio
xPjpn Zch_vYqjpn ZpnncnF1n lp~cf f~Z qp_Y/chji i~Z
kfpn qjpfp _i njmocmo
;jhh_io i_ kZnZch_mn@_ q_noc[pf_ jpqmZco npm pi_
chh_in_ nZff_ ^_ n0djpmo@Z kc1]_0oZco kfjia0_ ^Zin f~j[n]pmco0o
%pd^_f)^_n [Zc_n qcom0_n ZkkZmZcnnZc_io f_n fphc1m_n ^p kjmoYf_n
`ZiZpt ^_n iZqcm_n lpc ]mjcnZc_io ^Zin fZ mZ^_o
\ Vjpn ijpn Z]]jm^jin pi_ k_oco_ kZpn_ ZqZio f_ ^6i_mY
_tkfclpZ/u[cff_o;~_no pi_ bZ[cop^_o
\ /u[cff_Q^co pi_ qjct ^Zin fZ kmj`ji^_pm ^_ fZ nZff_Ypi
och[m_0ojiiZioYamZq_ Zq_] pi_ ipZi]_ ^_ aZc_o0o~f `Zpo lp_
ijpn qjucjin ijom_ qcnco_pmo
/u[cff_ `co lp_flp_n kZnYZffphZ pi_ fZhk_ `c]b0_ ^Zin
pi_0ijmh_ kjo_mc_ kjn0_ npm f_ kfZi]b_mosZech qco pi bjhh_
Zpt0kZpf_n fZma_nYZpt ]b_q_pt amcnjiiZionYZnncn ^Zin pi_
]bZcn_ mjpfZio_o
\ K_bm@c]boY^co/chjio
@Z nZff_ ZkkZmpo _i kf_ci_ fphc1m_oxp_flp_n h_p[f_n
Zpo_pcfnYoZ[f_nY]bZcn_nY^_n apY0mc^jin ]bZma0n ^_ djpmiZptY^_n
hpmn oZkcnn0n ^~0oZa1m_n _i [jcn kjfc lpc kjmoZc_io ^_n fcqm_nY^_n
^jnnc_mn _o ^_ mZm_n [c[_fjonosZech0oZco0kjpnojp`f0kZm fZ
lpZioco0^_ fcqm_n m0picn _i pi n_pf _i^mjcoo
\ Pjpn kjpmm_v d_o_m pi ]jpk ^~wcfY^co/chjioxp_
fcn_vdqjpn _i ]_ hjh_ion

22

\ @Z $0kp[fclp_o*_ qc_in ^_ f_ `cicmo
\mfZojiQsqjom_*a_Yd_ i_ fcnZcn kZn ]_ a_im_ ^_
[jplpcino
sZech n~Zkkmj]bZ ^_ fZ ]bZcn_ mjpfZio_o/chji fpc o_i^co
fZ hZci6
\ ;~_no ]bc] ^~2om_ q_ipYhZfam0qjom_ omZqZcfo
\ *~bZ[co_)]<o0o
\ *_ h_ nZpq_Y^co/u[cff_o
\ Vjpn n_mjin hc_pt npm fZ o_mmZnn_Y^co/chji _i
Z]ocjiiZio nZ ]bZcn_ mjpfZio_o;_ njcm cf i_ `Zco kZn `mjc^q
/u[cff_ m_qcio pi k_p kfpn oZm^Ynpcqc_ ^~pi_ `_hh_ ^~pi
]_moZci*a_ lpc kjmoZco pi kfZo_Zpo
\ Pjpn [pq_v lp_flp_ ]bjn_n^_hZi^Zdod_ff_o
\ *_ q_pt [c_i pi_ [c1m_Q
\ Ei_ [jii_ c^0_Y^co/chjiYd_ `_mZc ]jhh_ ijom_
hZmcioKZcn qjpn2o_n pi hZmci kZmoc]pfc_mY^~bZ[cop^_Ycfn
[jcq_io ^_n ]bjn_n kfpn `jmo_nQ
\ @_n nkjmoc`n `jio Zoo_iocji)]_ lp~cfn [jcq_ioY^co
/u[cff_o
@~%qj]Zo kmco f_n ^_qZion6
\ Rtkfclp_vdhjc ]_ lp_ qjpn `Zco_n)kZmo fZ kfZi]b_)
qjcf_q
\ *_ npcn bZfc_po_Yd~0op^c_ f_n kjcnnjino@_n kjpfk_nYkfpn
_tZ]o_h_ioo
\sf~Eicq_mnco0 n
\ VjiY^Zin pi ]_iom_ ^_ m_]b_m]b_Ykm1n ^_ f~%lpZmcpho
\ @Z h_mYZpom_`jcnY^co/chjiYd_ i_ h~u cio0m_nnZcn kZno
KZcio_iZio lp_ d_ npcn f)Yd~Zc f~chkm_nncji ^~pi_ km0n_i]_o
xp_flp_ ]bjn_ h_ kZmf_Ylp_ d_ ]jhkm_i^no~f Z `Zffp lp_ h_n
Zhcn h_ omjpq_io ]_oo_ hZcnjiYdpno_ npm f~j]0ZiQ KZcn
_tkfclp_vdhjcYqjpnY]jhh_io qjpn _i2o_n q_ip)qjpn
cio0m_nn_m Zpt kjcnnjinn
\ %p ^0[po d_ qjpfZcn ]ji^pcm_ ^_n [Zo_ZptYd_ h_ npcn
h2h_ cin]mco)f~$]jf_ ^_ 0m_noo*~Zc ^cn]po0Zq_] ^_n hZmcino~fn
h~jio _tkfclp0lp_ d_ mcnlpZcn ^~2om_ ^0/pYhZcio_iZio lp_ ojpo
_no ZpojhZocn0o%fjmn d~Zc `Zco f~%amj kpcn d~Zc0o0m_kmcn kZm

2=

f~_iqc_^~Zff_m _i h_mo*~Zc0o0 )@ZiicjiYkjpm h_ nk0]cZfcn_m _i
bZfc_poclp_oxpZi^ d_ njmnY]~_no kjpm `Zcm_ ^_ fZ m_]b_m]b_o
\ *_ qjcn6fZ m_]b_m]b_Yf~Zq_icmYf_n kjcnnjinYf~j]0Zio
Kjc ZpnncYd_ npcn cia0ic_pmo*~Zc cio0am0VZi]uo*_ qjpfZcn2om_
a0jfjap_ kpcn d~Zc ]bZia0^_ h0oc_mo*~Zc ^Ah_ ^0`_i^m_Y
^0`_i^m_ h_n Zhcno*~Zc0op^c0f_ ^mjcoo
\ Ri kmcnjiq^co/u[cff_o
\ /u[cff_ qcncoZco f_n kmcnjinY_ff_ h_ m_`cfZco ^_n [jplpcino
\ Pjpn Zq_v m0pnncQ^cosZecho
\ *~Zc aZai0hji npmijhQn~_t]fZhZ/chji Zq_] pi
k_oco mcm_o;_ lp~ji `Zco ^Zin fZ qc_Y]~_no ]jhh_ nc lp_flp~pi
^0]c^Zco)qjom_ kfZ]_ nZin km0q_icmo sVZi]uYd~ZqZcn pi ZhcYpi
$pnn_ lpc n_ kZnncjiiZco kjpm fZ ]jhkjncocjio~f nZqZco lp_ fZ
hpnclp_ i_ f_ `_mZco kZn qcqm_o~f _no m_no0ojpo_ nZ qc_ ^Zin fZ
a0jfjac_ooo~f n~Zkk_fZco5jpmcfneuo
\sqmZc ^cm_Ycf _no kZnn0kZm ojpn f_n h0oc_mnQkm0]cnZ
/u[cff_o
\ *_ f~Zc m_omjpq0c]cYZpKZmj]oPjpn nZq_v lp_f0oZco nji
dj[n
sZech ^jiiZ nZ fZiap_ Zp ]bZoo
\ ~f ]pfocqZco ^_n kfZio_n amZnn_n ^Zin pi mcZ^)
KZmmZe_]bQ ~f f_n q_i^Zco ^Zin f_ hji^_ _ioc_mYpi nZ]m0fjpnoc]Q
Vc f_ kmcq0Yic f~Z^hcicnomZocji i_ qjpfZc_io ^_ fpcQ %kZomc^_Ycf
0oZco npnk_]oo
/chji n~Zmm2oZ pi cinoZio ^_ kZmf_mo@~0qj]Zocji ^_ ]_o
Zhc n_h[fZco fpc kmj]pm_m pi_ kmj`ji^_0hjocjio
\ %km1n ^_n Zii0_n ^_ aZf1m_Ycf Z kp m_km_i^m_ nji
h0oc_mYm_kmco/chjioEi aZm/ji ^jp0Ya0icZfo;~_no fpc lpc Z
^0]jpq_mo f_n acn_h_ion ^_ fZ h_m ^pVjm^o%km1n/ZYcf0oZco
fZi]0 B]~0oZco f_ nk0]cZfcno_ ^_ f~j``nbjm_Q
\ ~f ZqZco pi_ kZnncji kjpm f_KZmj]YZdjpoZ/u[cff_o
\ ~f ^cnZco njpq_ioYm_kmco/chjiY]_ kZun h~Z Z]]p_cffc
lpZi^ d~0oZcn n_pfYnZin omZqZcfo*ZhZcn d_ i~jp[fc_mZc ]_ lp_ f_n
a_in jio `Zco kjpm hjcYf_n k_oco_n a_inYf~0kc]c_m lpc `Zco ]m0^coY
f_ ]bZp``_pm ^_ oZtc lpc omZinkjmo_ o_n kfZio_no@_n qjcncin lpc o_
]b_m]b_io ^_n ]fc_iono

2H

\ ~f ZqZco 0kjpn0 pi_ KZmj]Zci_Y^co/u[cff_o~f n~0oZco
]jiq_moc)f~cnfZho
\ Ei_ nZ]m0_ k_mnjiiZfco0Ym_kmco/chjio:Zfncio f~Z hcn
^Zin pi_ ]jf1m_ ijcm_oF~Zkm1n fpcY]~0oZco pi_ ciojt kpm_ _o
nchkf_o
\ :p0oZcn ^_ nji ZqcnY^co/u[cff_ ^~pi oji npZq_o
\ ~f i~u ZffZco kZn kZm lpZom_ ]b_hcinYkjpmnpcqco/chjio
mjpmlpjc n_ k_m^m_ ^Zin f_n nZ[f_nnm0k0oZcodcf)lpc qjpfZco
f~_io_i^m_o~]cYf_ k0omjf_ _no _i h_m jp ipff_ kZmoo
@~Z^hcicnomZocji n_ h0`cZco ^_ fpco
\@_ ]mZcaiZcoYkm0]cnZ/u[cff_o
\ Ro k_pod2om_ ^~Zpom_nQ^co/chjio~f ^cnZco lp_ f_n
m_nnjpm]_n ZkkZmo_iZc_io Zpt kZunYZpt k_pkf_n _o iji Zpt ompnon
cio_miZocjiZptQ F_n Z``cmhZocjin ^Zia_m_pn_no
/u[cff_ _o/chji n_ opm_io ]jhh_ nc f_ ncf_i]_ f_pm0oZco
i0]_nnZcm_ kjpm0qjlp_m f_pm Zhco~fn kZmfZc_io ^_ fpcZp kZnn0o
/u[cff_ m_kmco fZ kZmjf_Y_ff_ n_h[fZco n_ kZmf_m)_ff_dh2h_6
\ ;~0oZco pi njfcoZcm_o:m1n njpk/jii_ptq/chji
i~Zmm2oZco kZn ^_ f_ oZlpci_mQ
\ ~f u ZqZco ^_ lpjcQm0kfclpZ/chjioxpZi^ cf q_iZco
ijpn qjcmYcf m_aZm^Zco kZm fZ `_i2om_ ^_ fZ ]pcnci_ kjpm qjcm nc ji
i_ f_ npcqZco kZno
\ ~f ZqZco k_pod2om_ mZcnjiY^co huno0mc_pn_h_io/u[cff_o
\ :p ]mjcn lp_ nji Z]]c^_io Z0o0kmjqjlp0 n
@_n ^_pt0kjpt n_h[fZc_io m_km_i^m_ pi_ qc_cff_
^cn]pnncji ^_qZio fpcosZech ijoZ lp_ n_n kZm_ion `ZcnZc_io ^_
h2h_ lpZi^ cf f_pm m_i^Zco qcnco_o
\ /Z `_hh_ Z ^_n ^jpo_nYmZkk_fZ/u[cff_o
\ Rff_ n_ omjhk_o~f _no m_iom0^Zin pi Zm[m_Yqjcf)ojpoQ
\ :p nZcn om1n [c_iY/chjiYlp_5jpmcfneu0oZco fZ
kmp^_i]_ h2h_o
\ ~f u Z [_Zp]jpk ^~Z]]c^_ion npm ijn mjpo_nYbZnZm^Z
sZecho
\bpcYm0kji^co/chjiYhZcn cf u Z k_p ^_ a_in ]jhh_
sZhc^5jpmcfneuo
~f ZdjpoZ ^~pi_ qjct [jpmmp_6

2S

\ Pjpn fZcnn_v m_`mjc^cm qjom_ m_kZno
/_n b<o_n o_iZc_io)]_ lp~cf ^6i_ ]jmm_]o_h_ioosZech
`po kmcn ^~pi_ njp^Zci_ nuhkZobc_ kjpm ]_n ^_pt k_mnjii_n lpc
f_ m_]_qZc_io nc nchkf_h_ioo~f _po _i]jm_ pi_ `jcn f~chkm_nncji
^_ m_q_icm ]b_v fpc Zkm1n pi fjia qjuZa_o/u[cff_ _o/chji
f~ZqZc_io ]ji^pco ^Zin pi hji^_ `Zco ^_ a_in mZm_nYZpt
omZd_]ojcm_n ]jhkfclp0_nYpi hpnc]c_i a0jfjap_Ypi a0jfjap_
Zqj]ZoosZech n_ ^_hZi^Z lp_f0oZco f_ h0oc_m ^_/u[cff_oxpZio
)fpcYcf n_ kmjh_ooZco ^_ kZm]jpmcm f_ hji^_Y^~0]bZia_m ^_n
c^0_nY^_ kZmoZa_m ^_n Zhcoc0noFZin lp_flp_n djpmnYcf kZmocmZco
kjpm@ZsZu_o s]jpk nAmYcf i_ m_no_mZco kZn _i`_mh0^Zin
f~b<o_f j@ n_ o_iZco fZ ]ji`0m_i]_o
@_ o0f0kbji_ njiiZo/u[cff_ kmco f_ m0]_ko_pm _o f_ kjmoZ)
/chji lpc f~cio_mmja_Z ^p m_aZm^6
\ Pci]_ioYm0kji^cod_ff_o
\ *_ km_i^no
@Z ]jiq_mnZocji ^pmZ lp_flp_n hcipo_n6
\ VjiYd_ i~_if1q_mZc mc_iq~f i~_i _no kZn lp_nocjiq
;~_no f_ [po ^p [jplpciqPci]_ioYf_n o_hkn jio ]bZia0Yjpc
jp ijin*_ km_i^n f_ mcnlp_Y[c_i nAmq
@jmnlp_/chji kjnZ f_ m0]_ko_pmY/u[cff_ fpc ^co ^~pi oji
0aZf6
\ ~fn q_pf_io ^_n]jmm_]ocjinn
\ :p kZmf_n ^_ ]jmm_]ocjinQ ~fn q_pf_io lp_ d~_if1q_
f~_nn_ioc_fo~f i~_i _no kZn lp_nocjio
\ ;~_no f~0^co_pmY_tkfclpZ/u[cff_)sZecho~f kmjkjn_Y
^cmjindijpnY^~Z^jp]cm f_ o_to_o/chji i_ q_po mc_i _io_i^m_o~f
_no ]jhh_/ZY^_kpcn ojpdjpmnYm_kmcod_ff_ Zq_] pi_ ^jp]_pmYpi_
o_i^m_nn_ lpc ojp]b1m_iosZecho
@_ njcm0oZco ojh[0^_kpcn fjiao_hknosZech ^_hZi^Z6
x*_ kjpmmZcn qjcm f~jm^ciZo_pmn

2^

\Ei_ [_ff_ [0]Zi_ Q^cosZechoPjpn `Zco_n ^_n ]Zmo_nn
\*_ h_ ]jio_io_ ^_ m0pnnco_nq
\/chji0ojii_ ijn ZhcnY^co/u[cff_ Zq_] pi k_oco mcm_B
cf km0^co f~Zq_icmQ
\VjiY[jpajiiZ/chjiYd_ f~ZiZfun_Q

sZech n~cinoZffZ ^_qZio f~0]mZi lp~cf ZqZco Zffph0o%p
[jpo ^~pi lpZmo ^~b_pm_Yf~chkmchZio_ hZm]bZcoo
\Vjom_ d_pi_ Zhc _no _``c]Z]_Y]ji]fpo/chjio
\Vjpn i_ nZqjin kZn ]jhh_io qjpn m_h_m]c_mYZdjpoZ
/u[cff_ lpc ZqZco mjpac ^_ kfZcncmo
\*~_nk1m_Y^co/chjiYlp_ ijpn i_ qjpn Zqjin kZn omjk
_iipu0Zq_] ijn bcnojcm_n _o ijn m0kZmZocjino
\mZn ^p ojpoQ^cosZecho
;~0oZco f_ ]mc ^p ]wpmo
\Pjpn Zq_v ^_n kmjd_on ^Zin f~chh0^cZon^_hZi^Z
/u[cff_o
\*_ kZmn)@ZsZu_ kjpm pi_ ]ji`0m_i]_o0c_io<oYf_2=o
@Z m0kjin_ n_h[fZ cio0m_nn_m/chjio~f m_aZm^ZsZech
_o fpc ^_hZi^Z ojpo ^_ aj6
\Pjpn i~Zpm_v kZn f~j]]Zncji ^~Zff_m)%hno_m^Zhn~f
`Zpo qjcm f_ hpn0_$_h[mZi^oYZp hjcin pi_ `jcn ^Zin nZ qc_o
\*~_nnZc_mZcYm0kji^cosZecho
\~f u Z np``cnZhh_io ^_ ]bjn_n)qjcm)@ZsZu_Y^co
/u[cff_o mjpmlpjc q_ptdop lp~cf kZm]jpm_ fZsjffZi^_ ^_ fjia _i
fZma_n @_ hpn0_ iZocjiZf _no _tomZjm^ciZcm_Ycf u Z ^_nKji^mcZiY
^p ^0[poY^_ om1n [_Zpt kZunZa_no
\xpZi^ ji _no d_pi_Yji i_ m_no_ kZn _i kfZ]_Ym0kfclpZ
2i

/chjio
\ Vjpn Zqjin pi Zhc)@Z sZu_Y^co/u[cff_oEi jmcaciZf
`cico
\ sZin_fhZiiQZdjpoZ/chjio
\ Ei ZioclpZcm_ nk0]cZfcn0^Zin f_n ]bjn_n ^_ fZ h_mY
km0]cnZ/u[cff_o;_fZ k_po qjpn cio0m_nn_mo
\ ~f ZqZco pi hZaZnci)0_mfciY_tkfclpZ/chjio~f
Z]]p_cffZco ^_n m0`pac0nobi Z ^co ^_ fpc lp~cf h_iZco ^_n hcnncjin
n_]m1o_nYlp~cf q_i^Zco ^_n ^j]ph_ion Zp kfpn j``mZioo0_mfci)
]_oo_0kjlp_0oZco f~_i^mjco c^0Zf Q
\ $0]_hh_ioYcf n~_no cinoZff0 )@ZsZu_Y^co/u[cff_Y_o
ijpn f~Z `Zco nZqjcm njpn f_ n]_Zp ^p n_]m_oo
\ ~f Z ijom_ iph0mj ^_ o0f0kbji_Y]ji`cmhZ/chjiY
ijom_ Z^m_nn_ _o kjpmoZioYcf i_ ijpn Zkk_ff_ kZnYcf i~0]mco kZnQ ~f
ijpn _iqjc_ ^_n h_nnZa_n kZm k_mnjii_n cio_mkjn0_noF_n
ci]jiipn lpc ijpn Z[jm^_io Zkm1n hcff_ km0]Zpocjino
\ ~f `Zp^mZco lp_ qjpn qjuc_v nZ [jpoclp_)0_mfciY]~_no
pi hpn0_Y^_n j[d_on ^_ amZi^_ qZf_pmq
sZech `po n0^pco kZm fZ `Z]cfco0Zq_] fZlp_ff_ n_n b<o_n
kZnnZc_io ^~pi_ qcff_)f~Zpom_o
\ ;_osZin_fhZii _no cmmcoZioY^0]fZmZ/chjio~f `Zco ^_n
hZic1m_n kjpm f_n ]bjn_n f_n kfpn nchkf_no@_ ^_mic_m h_nnZa_
lp~cf h~Z omZinhcnYojpdjpmn kZm pi oc_mnY 0oZco lp~cf ZqZco pi
]Z^_Zp kjpm hjcYhZcn lp~cf i_ qjpfZco kZn f~_iqju_mYi_ qjpfZco
kZn f_ `Zcm_ kjmo_m kZmi~chkjmo_ lpcQ ~f ]b_m]bZco lp_flp~pi ^_nAmo
xpc ^_qZco h_ f_ m_h_oom__i hZcin kmjkm_nq~iqmZcn_h[fZ[f_Q
\ ;~_no k_pod2om_ lp_flp_ ]bjn_ ^_ km0]c_ptY_tkfclpZ
/u[cff_o
\ Rb [c_iQVjpn Zoo_i^mjin ]_oo_ ]bjn_ km0]c_pn_Y
njpkcmZ/chjio
mjpmlpjc pi Zhc ^~Zpnnc fjiap_ ^Zo_ `ZcnZcodcf oZio ^_
`Z/jin kjpm j``mcm pi ]Z^_ZpnsZech ]mpo ]jhkm_i^m_ lp_
/chji i~ZchZco kZn f_ huno1m_oEi0q0i_h_io ZqZco ojpdjpmn pi_
_tkfc]Zocji jp Zfjmn ]~0oZco lp_flp_ ]bjn_ ^_ npmiZopm_f lpc i_
h0mcoZco kZn lp~ji n~u ZooZm^_o
\ /chjiY^co/u[cff_ ^~pi_ qjct om1n ^jp]_Y`ciZf_h_io ]_

2t

i_^jco kZn2om_ om1n chkjmoZioYop ]jiiZcn [c_i sZin_fhZii B cf
_no hZicZlp_o%q_] f~*a_Ycf f~_no^_q_ip pi k_p kfpno
/chji i~0oZco kZn ^pk_6
\ *_ i~_i npcn kZn nc nAmo%q_] f_ o_hknYd~Zc `cic kZm f_
]jhkm_i^m_o/jpn n_n Zcmn Z``_]o0nY]~_no lp_flp~pi lpc nZco `jmo
[c_i ]_ lp~cf `Zco _o kjpmlpjc cf f_ `Zcoq
sZech n_ m_ocio kjpm i_ kZn [Zcff_moF_kpcn lp~cf n~0oZco
m_i^p Zp fZ[jmZojcm_ ]_ hZociYcf i~ZqZco kZn Zmm2o0pi_ n_]ji^_o
~f n_ f_qZ6
\ K_m]c ^_ qjom_ ^6i_mo
\ Vjpn i~Zqjin kZn0o0mZcnjiiZ[f_nY^co/u[cff_Y^_
kmjfjia_m ci^Ah_io qjom_ djpmi0_ ^_ omZqZcfq
sZech omZq_mnZ f_ nZfjio@_n [jcn_mc_n lpc hjioZc_io Zp
kfZ`ji^Yf_n0oZa1m_n ]bZma0_n ^_ fcqm_n fpc fZcnn1m_io f_ n_ioch_io
^_ lpcoo_m pi kZun lp~cf i~ZpmZco kZn _p f_ o_hkn ^~_tkfjm_moKji
Fc_pYlp_fn a_im_n ^_ [jplpcin ZqZc_iodcfn mZnn_h[f0n)_pt
^_ptYZp ]jpmn ^_ f_pm qc_Q ;_pt lp~cfn ZqZc_io Z]b_o0nY]_pt
lp~ji f_pm ZqZco j``_mon jp ]jin_cff0nosZech chZaciZco/chji _o
/u[cff_ ^Zin f_n fc[mZcmc_n ^_ fZ$cq_ aZp]b_Y^_n fc_pt kmcqcf0ac0n
j@ cfn0oZc_io Z]]p_cffcn)[mZn jpq_mon _o n_ qjuZc_io m0n_mq_m ^_n
mZm_o0no
%qZio ^_ f_ lpcoo_mYsZech n_ m_ojpmiZ q_mn/chji6
\ /c qjpn qjpf_vYd_ k_pt Zff_m qjcm ]_Kjinc_pm
sZin_fhZiiY^_ qjom_ kZmoo
\ V_ qjpn ^0mZia_v kZnYsZecho
@Z kmjkjncocji n_h[fZco f~Zqjcm ^0]ji]_mo0osZech ]mpo
lp~cf ZqZco ]jhhcn pi chkZcmo/chji f_ omZilpcffcnZ6
\ sZechQ *_ i_ qjpfZcn kZn qjpn ^0mZia_mYhZcn nc qjpn
Zq_v pi k_p ^_ o_hkn ZqZio qjom_ ^0kZmoYd_ kjpmmZcn qjpn
fZcnn_m pi hjo kjpmsZin_fhZiio;_ i_ n_mZ kZn fjpm^)kjmo_mo
Ro nji iph0mj ^_ o0f0kbji_o
sZech n_ ^_hZi^Z kjpmlpjc/chji n_h[fZco oZio
b0nco_m)]_ lp~cf m_i]jiom_sZin_fhZiio

2

\ P_i^m_^cn^cosZin_fhZii Zq_] pi_ njmo_ ^_ m_am_o
^Zin fZ qjcto*~ZpmZcn qpZqZioqPjpn i_ kjpq_v kZn omjpq_mpi_
qZ]Zi]_n
@Z qjct0oZco km0]c_pn_Yb0ncoZio_YbZpo k_m]b0_o
sZin_fhZii kZmfZco ZiafZcnYn_ bZnZm^Zco kZm`jcn)lp_flp_n hjon
^_ `mZi/Zcno~f n_h[fZco _nnjp``f0o
\ ;~_no ^c``c]cf_Ym0kfclpZsZecho
\ *_ ]mjcn kjpmoZioYm_kmcosZin_fhZiiYlp_ qjpnqlp_
]~_no kjnnc[f_ ^_hZci njcmn
~f cincnoZco npm f_n hjon6^_hZci njcmosZech ]jinpfoZ nji
kmjamZhh_osZin_fhZii ZqZco mZcnjio@_ hZm^cYZp]pi ^6i_m
jmh_f jp ci`jmh_fY i~0oZco km0YpqosZin_fhZii i_ f_ fZcnnZ kZn
m0kji^m_6
\ FZin ]_ ]ZnYd_ ]mjcn lp~ji ^jco djci^m_f~Zam0Z[f_)
f~pocf_-pi k_oco mcm_8o/c qjpn2o_n ^~Z]]jm^Y[c_i _io_i^po s]<o0
^_ qjom_ b<o_fYcf u Z pi ob0*om_obi u ^jii_ pi [Zff_oY]jhh_io
qjpn ^cm_ncio0m_nnZioo;_fZ qjpn cio0m_nn_n
@Z qjct0oZco km_nnZio_o
\ ;_fZ kjpmmZco h~cio0m_nn_mYm0kji^co kjfch_iosZech
lpc i~ZqZco dZhZcn qp ^_ [Zff_o _o i~0oZco ap1m_ ^cnkjn0 )o_io_m
f~_tk0mc_i]_oKZfb_pm_pn_h_ioYd_ ^jcn fcm_ ^_n ^j]ph_iono
\*_ ]jhkm_i^no
sZech _io_i^co pi njpkcm Zp [jpo ^p `cfo]ZcnZio ]jiom_
hZpqZcn_ `jmopi_ [ji ]wpmYsZin_fhZii m_kmco6
\@_ nk_]oZ]f_ `cico q_mn ^ct b_pm_n ^p njcmBji kjpmmZco
k_pod2om_ n_ qjcm q_mn ^ct b_pm_n _o ^_hc_Y]_ i~_no kZn omjk oZm^n
sZech Z]]_koZoRiom_ ^_pt f_]opm_nYcf n_ ^0ajpm^cmZco
f_n dZh[_no

2+

\sf~b<o_fYji n_ qjco)hji b<o_fnkmjkjnZ sZecho
\ Pjpn ]mju_vnm0kji^co sZin_fhZiio*_ km0`1m_ pi
k_oco ]Z`0lpc n_ omjpq_)^_pt kZn^_qjom_ b<o_foPjpn f_
m_]jiiZ6om_v `Z]cf_h_ioo~f m_nn_h[f_)pi_ [ZmZlp_o@~Zh[cZi]_
_noZhpnZio_o
@~cilpc0op^_ ^p qc_cf bjhh_ n_h[fZco ^cnnck0_o
sbpco b_pm_n hjcin ^ctYsZech ^_n]_i^co ^_ nZ
]bZh[m_o@jmnlp~npm f_ ]jhkojcmcf kjnZ fZ ]f_`Yf_ ]ji]c_ma_ fpc
^co6
\ ~f u Z pi h_nnZa_ kjpm qjpnYKjinc_pmo
sZech jpqmco f~_iq_fjkk_6_ff_ ]jio_iZco pi_ ]Zmo_ ^_
qcnco_ Zq_] pi n_pf ijh amZq0YsZin_fhZiio%p ^jn `capmZcoY
^_nnci0Zp ]mZujiYpi k_oco kfZio mZn ^_ ncaiZopm_o mZn ^_ ^Zo_o
sZech m_`_mhZ f~_iq_fjkk_ _o m_qcio q_mn f_ ]ji]c_ma_6
\ Pjpn nZq_v lpc h~Z m_hcn ]_oo_ f_oom_n
\@_ d_pi_ bjhh_Y Kjinc_pmYi~Z kZn ci^clp0^_ ijho
\ Ei d_pi_ bjhh_n
\ ;_moZci_h_ioY Kjinc_pmY_iom_=&_o=^Zino

=&

sZech kmjam_nnZ _i^cm_]ocji ^p ]jhkojcm _i djpZio
^_n ]jp^_n _o _i ^0qcnZa_Zio f_n ]fc_ionY^_n bjhh_n [Zm[pn _o
]b_q_fpn jp f_ ]m*i_ mZnY^_n `_hh_n om1n d_pi_nY]jc``0_n)fZ
^cZ[f_osZech _po f~chkm_nncji lp~cf ZffZco _h[Zmlp_m)[jm^
^~pi fjia ]jpmn ^Zin f_n hcipo_n lpc npcqZc_ioo~f n_ ^_hZi^Z
kjpmlpjcsZin_fhZii fpc ZqZco ^jii0m_i^_vdqjpn ^Zin pi
_i^mjco kZm_cf Zfjmn lp_ fZ qcff_ ]jhkoZco pi_ hpfocop^_ ^_ [Zmn
^cn]m_on _o ]ji`jmoZ[f_no/jp^Zci pi d_pi_ bjhh_ n_ f_qZY
n~Z^m_nnZ)fpc ^p m_aZm^ _o fpc `co pi ncai_ ^_ n~Znn_jcm npm f_
oZ[jpm_o lp~cf q_iZco ^_ fc[0m_moEi aZm/ji om1n amZi^Yom1n [fji^Y
Zpt kjhh_oo_n nZcffZio_nY^_n u_pt [f_pn ci_tkm_nnc`no s]<o0^_
fpc0oZco Znncn pi bjhh_*a0Y_hhcojp`f0^Zin pi hZio_Zp ^_
^mZko@_ qc_cf bjhh_ ^co)sZech6
\mmj`co_v ^_ fZ kfZ]_ lp_ f~ji qjpn j``m_o~f u Z
o_ff_h_io ^_ hji^_ ]_ njcmQ
~f ZqZco pi qcnZa_ m_hZmlpZ[f_Ypi_ [jpcff_ ^~_i`ZioYpi_
hZnn_ ^_ ]b_q_pt [fZi]nYfZ k_Zp nomc0_ ^~pi_ ci`cico0^_ k_oco_n
mc^_n lpc i~ZmmcqZc_io kZn)hZnlp_m fZ dpq0icfco0^p m_aZm^o
\ sZin_fhZiiY^co f_ qc_cf bjhh_ _i o_i^Zio fZ hZci)
sZechoxp~_nod]_ lp_ qjpn km_i_vn*_ qjpn ]jin_cff_mZcn pi_
[c1m_Y]~_no fZ n_pf_ ]bjn_ Z]]_koZ[f_ lp_ f~ji k_po [jcm_ c]cq
Pjpn qjpf_vn
\ K_m]cQ *_ h~Zkk_ff_sZecho
\ *_ qjpn Zc m_]jiipYm0kji^cosZin_fhZii Zq_] pi
k_oco mcm_0ojp``0oPmZch_ionEi_ [c1m_ qjpn cmZn
\mZm`ZcoQ
sZin_fhZii f_ m_aZm^Zco ^mjco ^Zin f_n u_ptYsZech `p
mZkk0kZm f~Z]pco0^p m_aZm^oo

=2

\ Pjpn i_ qjpf_v kZn hZia_m pihjm]_Zp]jhh_ ji^co
_i `mZi/Zcnn*_ qjpn km0qc_in6cf i~u Z lp_^_n nZp]cnn_n amcff0_n
jp^_n bZm_ian ]mpnQ
\ K_m]cY^cosZecho*_ qc_in ^_ ^6i_mo
~f n_ ]ZfZ npm nji oZ[jpm_oosZin_fhZii f_qZ fZ hZcioEi
n_mq_pm ZmmcqZ _o kjnZ pi_ ]bjk_ ^_ [c1m_ ^_qZio _pto
\ ;~_no kjpm qjpnQ^cosZin_fhZii)sZech0ojii0o
@_n a_in h_ ]jiiZcnn_ioq
sZech [po pi_ ajma0_ ^_ [c1m_o~f m_nn_ioco)ijpq_Zp fZ
n_inZocji ^~_h[Zmlp_m6
\ Pjpn ]jiiZcnn_v/chjiYm_kmcosZin_fhZiioxp_
]~_no0omZia_Q Pjcf)pi bjhh_ lp_ d~Zc ]jiip cf u Z nc fjiao_hkno
s mZmcnq mZm ^_n Zhcn lpc n~j]]pkZc_io ^_n _tcf0nQ ~f h~Z kfp
^~_h[f0_Y]jiocipZsZin_fhZii lpc i_ ]_nnZco ^_ m_aZm^_m
sZecho
\KjcY]~_no ^c``0m_ioY^cosZecho*_ qc_in ^_ `Zcm_ nZ
]jiiZcnnZi]_oVjpn njhh_n qjcncino
\ *~Zc _iqju0pi ncaiZfo@Z m0kjin_Y]~_no qjpnQ
~f n_ hco)mcm_ pi_ n_]ji^_ `jcno/ji mcm_ f0a_m omZq_mnZco
fZ `jpf_o
\ K_m]cY^cosZecho*_ npcn b_pm_pt ^_ qjpn qjcmY^_
qjpn ]jiiZ6om_o
\ Pjpn2o_n ]jhh_ hjcQn~_t]fZhZsZin_fhZiio~f
qjpn np``co ^_qjcmlp_flp~pi kjpm f_]jiiZ6om_n
\ *_ i_ h_ npcn dZhZcn kjn0fZ lp_nocjio
\ Pjpn i~Zq_v kZn _i]jm_ f~*a_ ^_ qjpn kjn_m ]_ a_im_
^_ lp_nocjinohm*]_)Fc_pQKZcio_iZio lp_ ijpn Zqjin `Zco
]jiiZcnnZi]_Yd_ ]mjcn lp_ ijpn kjpqjin kZmocm ^~c]co
sZin_fhZii ZqZco ^Ak_m]_qjcm f~chkZoc_i]_ ^_sZech
lpc n~0oZco m_ojpmi0_i ^cm_]ocji ^p n_mq_pmo
\ Pjpn2o_n hji ciqco0Y^codcfo mZm^jii_vdhjcY]_o
_i^mjco _no k_p ]ji`jmoZ[f_ hZcn cf _no nc km1n ^_ qjom_ b<o_fQ
~fn m0pnncm_io iji nZin k_ci_)n~_tomZcm_ ^_ fZ ]fc_io1f_
lpc _i]jh[mZco f_ k_oco [ZmoF_bjmnYkm1n ^_ fZ kjmo_Ypi d_pi_
bjhh_ Zoo_i^ZcoYpi_ ]caZm_oo_ Zpt f1qm_nY]_fpcdf)h2h_ lpc
ZqZco ]0^0nji nc1a_)sZechosZin_fhZii fpc `co pi k_oco ncai_o

==

@_ aZm/ji n~0fjcaiZ Zp kZn^_ auhiZnoclp_o
\ PceojmY^co nchkf_h_iosZin_fhZii _i apcn_ ^_
km0n_ioZocjioVjpn i~_i Zqjin lp_ kjpm lp_flp_n hcipo_nY
ZdjpoZdodcfo~f `Zco `mjc^o*_ ^jcn h_oom_ h_n aZiono
m_p Zkm1nYpi ]Z[mcjf_oK_m]_^_n ^0[jp]bZ npm fZ kfZ]_
_o n~Zmm2oZ km1n ^~_ptoPceojm0oZco Zp qjfZioo~f ^_n]_i^co ^_ fZ
qjcopm_ lp~cf ZqZco fZcnn0_ _i hZm]b_ _o m_aZm^ZsZin_fhZii ^~pi
Zcm cio_mmjaZo_pm6
\ Pjpn h~Zoo_i^_v c]cYPceojmY^cosZin_fhZii _i
ZiafZcno
Pceojm m0kji^co _i Zff_hZi^o~f n_h[fZco ]jiomZmc0o
sZin_fhZii m0kji^co _i lp_flp_n hjon [m_`nY_i Zff_hZi^
0aZf_h_ioo mpcn cf n_ m_ojpmiZ q_mnsZechYZq_] pi amZi^
njpmcm_6
\Vjpn Zffjin `Zcm_ pi k_oco ojpmo*_ i~_i Zc kZn kjpm
fjiao_hkno
sZech b0ncoZ pi cinoZio6
\ *_ i_ q_pt kZn qjpn ^0mZia_m nc ji qjpn Zoo_i^o
\ Pceojm Z f~bZ[cop^_o~f _no$pnn_q;jnZlp_YZdjpoZdodcf
_i n_ ^0`ZcnZio ^_ n_n aZiono
\ ;~_no kfpn kmZoc]Z[f_ kjpm ]ji^pcm_Q ;_oo_ qjcopm_ _no
nc ^jp]_Zp ^jcao _o ) f~wcfo
Ei_ `jcn ^_ kfpnYcf h2fZco f_ `mZi/Zcn)f~ZiafZcno@Z
K_m]_^_n n~_iaZa_Z ^Zin pi_ amZi^_ Zq_ip_ lpc kZnnZco njpn
f~b<o_f j@sZech0oZco ^_n]_i^pBZp [jpo ^_ ^_pt [fj]n
^~chh_p[f_nY_ff_ _iomZ ^Zin f_n mp_n ^_ fZ qc_cff_ qcff_ _o n~Zmm2oZ
km1n ^~pi_ kfZ]_ cffphci0_ kZm ^_n m0q_m[1m_n6
\ *_ i~bZ[co_ kZn fjci ^~c]cYkm0]cnZ f_ ]ji^p]o_pmo
@~_i^mjco _no ]Zfh_o
sZin_fhZii hco f_n kbZm_n _i q_cff_pn_YZffphZ f_
kfZ`jiic_mo~f ocmZ pi_ nZ]j]b_ ^cnnchpf0_ njpn f_ nc1a_ ZqZioY_i
njmoco pi_ ]b_hcn_ ]Zmojii0_o
\ ~f u Z fjiao_hkn lp_ ]_oo_ c^0_ h_ ]jpmo fZ o2o_o
*pnlp~)km0n_ioYijpn kjpqcjin `Zcm_ f_sZco Zi^ n__oKZcio_iZioY
]~_no om1n pma_ioo~f `Zpo f_ ^cm_)/chjio;~_no kjpm fpcoPjpn
qjpf_v m_aZm^_mn^_hZi^Zdodcf Zq_] pi njpmcm_obpqm_vo

=H

sZech^0oZ]bZ fZ nZiaf_^_ fZ ]b_hcn_ _o _i m_ocmZ pi_
kbjoj `jmhZo % So
\ Ei Zf[ph^_ kbjojnn^_hZi^Zdodcfo
\ *_ ]mjcn lp_/chji ]jhkm_i^mZoKjc d~Zc _nnZu0o*_
qjpfZcn/chji kjpm nZqjcm ]_ lp_ d_ kjpmmZcn `Zcm_oKZcio_iZioY
]~_no omjk oZm^ kjpm hjco*_ i~Zc kfpn f_ o_hkn ^_ ]jhkm_i^m_ jp
^~_nnZu_moFco_n)/chji lp~cf Z]Zmo_ [fZi]b_o;~_no)fpcY )fpc n_pfo
*_ fpc ^jii_ kmj]pmZocjiQmf_ci_ _o _ioc1m_o
@Z kbjoj m_km0n_ioZco f_mbZm_ ^~RfsZie Zp ^0[po ^p
nc1]f_osZech m0ncnoZ)f~_iqc_ ^_ m_aZm^_m f~_in_h[f_ ^_ f~Zf[pho
\ Pjpn kjpmm_v f_n _tZhci_m Zq_]/chjiYkjpmnpcqco
sZin_fhZiio;_moZci_n kbjojn njio ZamZ`0_n npm ^_n kj]b_oo_no
/chji ]jhkm_i^mZYd_ f~_nk1m_o*_ qjpn mZh1i_)f~b<o_fn
\ VjiY]_ i~_no kZn fjciYd_ k_pt h_ m_omjpq_mo
\ Ro fZ kfpc_n
\ *_ h_on f_ ]Zmoji njpn hji ]Z[ZiQ
\ ;jhh_ qjpn qjp^m_vY^cosZin_fhZii Zq_] pi_
ipZi]_ ^_ m_am_oo*~ZpmZcn qjpfp qjpn ]jiiZ6om_ pi k_p kfpnq
\ KZfb_pm_pn_h_ioYd~Zc ]_ `c]bp ]jiam1nY^cosZecho
\mZm`Zco_h_ioY]ji]0^ZsZin_fhZiio
~f n_ opo pi cinoZioYn_ ojpmiZ q_mnsZech Zkm1n pi
o_hkn ^~b0ncoZocji kjpm f_ ^0qcnZa_m6
\ Pjpn h_ mZkk_f_v lp_flp~pi lp_ d~Zc ]jiip cf u Z
fjiao_hknoEi k_p ^Zin qjom_ a_im_o @pc Zpnnc0oZco hZmcio
xp_flp~pi ^_ qjom_ kZuno~f _no m_no0km1n ^_ hjc lp_flp_n hjcn
lpZi^ d~bZ[coZcn 0_mfcio*_ i_ nZcn kZn f_ qcnZa_ lp~cf Z hZcio_iZioo
*_ i~Zc kmcn lp~pi_ kbjoj ^_ fpcoFZin fZ mp_Ypi djpm ^_ kfpc_o
%q_] hZ nwpmoRff_ f~Z^jmZcoo~f `Zp^mZ lp_ d_ m_omjpq_o;~_no
ojpo ]_ lp~cf h_ m_no_ ^_ fpcq%q_] ]_o Zf[phq
@_ m_aZm^ ^_sZin_fhZii n~0oZco ^0ojpmi0^_sZecho@_
qc_cf bjhh_ n_h[fZco njp^Zci kjmo0kZm n_n njpq_icmno~f kZmfZco
)qjct [Znn_Y]jhh_ n~cf0qjlpZco pi npd_o n]Z[m_pt jp ^p
hjcin om1n k_mnjii_f6
\ Ei aZm/ji `jmoYZp^Z]c_ptYkf_ci ^_ qc_o~f _no
m_ojpmi0^Zin nji kZunBcf h~0]mcqZco m0apfc1m_h_ioYh_ ^jiiZco
^_ n_n ijpq_ff_nY^_pt `jcn kZm Zio*~Zoo_i^n pi hjo ^_kpcn omjcn

=S

Zino*_ i_ f~Zc kZn m_/po mjpmlpjcn
~fZdjpoZ ]jhh_ n~cf0oZco `jm]0^_ km_i^m_ pi_ ^0]cncji
omjk fjiao_hkn ^c``0m0_o
\ ~f _no o_hkn ^~ZacmoFco_n)/chjio
~f n~cio_mmjhkco pi cinoZio _o ^co ^~pi_ qjct m2q_pn_6
\ ~f ^jco2om_ hZcio_iZio pi bjhh_ ^Zin fZ `jm]_ ^_
f~*a_o^&ZinY i&ZinoPjpn Zq_v fZ qc_ ^_qZio qjpnY]b_m
Kjinc_pmYlp_f [jib_pmQ ;jhh_ ]_n ]j7i]c^_i]_n njio
[cvZmm_nQ ;_o Zf[ph h~Z0o0^jii0kZm pi hZmciYcf u Z nc
fjiao_hkno*_ i~Zc mc_i `Zcoo mZm]_ lp~cf i~u ZqZco mc_i)`Zcm_oRo
hZcio_iZio lp~cf `Zpo ZacmYd_ i~Zc kfpn fZ `jm]_Ykfpn f_n hju_ino
mfpn f_ ^0ncmoPjpn ]jhkm_i_vYf_ ^0ncm-cf jnZco)k_ci_
kmjiji]_m f_ hjoY]jhh_ n~cf n~ZacnnZco ^~pi o_mh_ ^c``c]cf_)
]jhkm_i^m_ _o)Z]]_ko_m8oRo d_ qjpn f_ ^jii_Y )qjpnYpi d_pi_
bjhh_ ^p h2h_ kZuno*_ m_i^n)fZ d_pi_nn_ ]_ lp~_ff_ h~Z
^jii0oRi`ciYd_ [ZqZm^_YkZm^jii_vdhjcQ K_n Zhcoc0n)
/chji6i~jp[fc_v kZnQ

sZech m_qcio)f~b<o_fYfZ ]b_hcn_ ^_ ]Zmoji kfZ]0_ npm fZ
kjcomci_o~f ZqZco b*o_ ^_ qjcm ]_ lp_ ]jio_iZco f~Zf[pho%mmcq0
^Zin nZ ]bZh[m_Ycf n_ m_ocioo~f i~0oZco lp~pi h_nnZa_mo

=^

sk_ci_0oZcodcf^Zin nZ ]bZh[m_ lp_ f_ o0f0kbji_ njiiZo
sZech m_]jiipo f_n `jmhpf_n ^_ kjfco_nn_ lpc ^ZoZc_io ^~pi
Zpom_*a_o
\*~_nk1m_Y^cnZcosZin_fhZiiYlp_ qjom_ n0hciZcm_
n~Z]b1q_mZ)qjom_ _ioc1m_Zkkmj[ZocjioRnnZu_v ^_ m_no_m pi k_p
_isjffZi^_o mjpm f_ s__ed_i^YZp hjcin kjpm f_ s__ed_i^o @_
kZun _no k_oco hZcn cf ]jioc_io [_Zp]jpk ^_]bjn_n ZhpnZio_nYf_
hZm]b0Zpt `f_pmnY%hno_m^ZhY @_u^_Y0m_^ZY%mib_ho
%hno_m^ZhYf_ hpn0_$_h[mZi^oYQpi_ kpm_ h_mq_cff_-Ei
njpkcm8o $]jpo_vYsZech6qjc]c ]_ lpc h~Zh1i_)o0f0kbji_mq
-Ei fjia ncf_i]_8o*~Zc [c_i m0`f0]bcq%ff<Q Pjpn h~_io_i^_vn
bpcYm0`f0]bcq -Ei k_oco mcm_8oVjpn i_ njhh_n kZn nAmnYqjpn
_o hjcY^_ fZ ]bZi]_ ^_ ijpn m_qjcm-fZ qjct n_ `co njp^Zci
cilpc1o_8oPjcf)Q*_ f_ qjp^mZcno%qZio qjom_ ^0kZmoo/c qjpn f_
k_mh_oo_vo%pdjpm^~bpcYd_ ]mjcnY]~_no ^c``c]cf_o -;jhh_
^~bZ[cop^_sZin_fhZii n_h[fZco kZm`Zco_h_io Zp ]jpmZio ^_n
omZqZpt ^p n0hciZcm_8oxp_ ^cmc_vdqjpn ^_hZcinF_hZci njcmn
\Vjpn Zqjin pi _iaZa_h_io _i `ci ^~Zkm1ndhc^cY
m0kji^cosZecho
\bpcYpi ]j]eoZcf ^~Z^c_pq
\RtZ]oqPjpn f_ nZq_vni_ kpo n~_hk2]b_m
^~j[n_mq_msZecho
\;~_no f~bZ[cop^_Ym0kji^cosZin_fhZii nZin
n~0hjpqjcmo;_ a_im_ ^_ m0]_kocji n_ o_mhci_ q_mn+b_pm_n ^p
njcmY_i a0i0mZfq@_nsjffZi^Zcn n_ ]jp]b_io o<oo~fn njio om1n
]Zn_mic_mno
\m_pod2om_ [c_iq
\*_ qjpn kmjkjn_ pim_i^_vdqjpn jpq_mooRiom_=2b_pm_n
=i

_o == b_pm_no
\ /c qjpn qjpf_vq
\ sZechYfZ qjct ^_sZin_fhZii n_ `ZcnZco km_nnZio_
]jhh_ nc nji cio_mfj]po_pm mcnlpZco^_ fpc 0]bZkk_mYd_ ]jiiZcn
pi _i^mjcoYf_nxpZom_/ZcnjinYkm1n ^_ qjom_ b<o_fYkZn fjci ^_
f~_i^mjco ^_ f~Zpom_ njcmY^Zin fZK_m]_^_nqPjpn2o_n ^~Z]]jm^n
Pjpn m_oc_i^m_vYf_nxpZom_/ZcnjinY]jhh_PcqZf^cn
\0c_i nAmYm0kji^cosZecho
\ *_ fZcnn_mZc pi^_nnciYkjpm i_ kZn k_m^m_ qjom_coci0mZcm_Q
sZech n~0oZco `ZhcfcZmcn0Zq_] f_n hZic_n ^_sZin_fhZiio
Ri m_^_n]_i^Zio ^_ nZ ]bZh[m_Ycf n_ ^cmca_Z chh0^cZo_h_io
q_mn f_ ]ji]c_ma_ lpc fpc o_i^co pi_ _iq_fjkk_o@_ hjo0oZco om1n
[m_`6
K_m]cY ;b_m %hcY ^_ q_icmo*~Zc Zdjpo0pi kfZi lpc qjpn
k_mh_oomZ ^_ m_omjpq_m f_ ]Z`0Ypi ]Z`0]Zfh_o@_n xpZom_ /ZcnjinY]jhh_
PcqZf^c Q
@~0]mcopm_0oZco mZkc^_Yf_n f_oom_n)k_ci_ _nlpcnn0_no
sZin_fhZii ZacnnZco njpn f_ ]jpk ^~pi_ pma_i]_ lpc ZqZco ^_
lpjc cilpc0o_mo

=t

@_ [ZmhZi n_ nZcnco^~pi nbZe_mYu q_mnZ pi_ mZnZ^_ ^_
qj^eZYpi q_mm_^_dpn ^~ZiZiZn _o lp_flp_n ajpoo_n ^~pi_
fclp_pm omZinfp]c^_osZech npcqZco n_n a_no_nY`Zn]ci0kZm f_pm
km0]cncji _o f_pm mZkc^co0oRi lp_flp_n hcipo_n f_ ]j]eoZcf `po
km2oo%qZio h2h_ ^_ [jcm_Yf~bjhh_ Zpt ]b_q_pt mZn0n kjnZ
npm f_ ]jhkojcm pi [cff_o ^_ ^ct ^jffZmno@_ [ZmhZi m_i^co fZ
hjiiZc_ nZin njpm]cff_mo@_ d_pi_ bjhh_ ZqZfZ nji q_mm_ ^~pi
n_pf omZcoo mpcn cf ^_hZi^Z\f_ och[m_ ^0ijoZco pi_ kZm`Zco_
hZ6omcn_ ^_ njc lpc ]jiomZnoZco Zq_] fZ [mpnlp_mc_ ^_n hZic1m_n\
nc f_ o0f0kbji_ hZm]bZcoo~f k0i0omZ ^Zin fZ ]Z[ci_Ym_`_mhZ
njcai_pn_h_io fZ kjmo_Y_i m_nnjmoco lp_flp_n hcipo_n kfpn oZm^Y
pi njpmcm_ Zpt f1qm_nY 0ojiiZio kjpm pi aZm/ji lpc n_h[fZco
dpnlp~)km0n_io q_cff_m)^cnnchpf_m n_n n_ioch_iono
\[_ffY^codcf ^~pi oji f0a_m _i apcn_ ^~Zp m_qjcmo
@~bjhh_ i~0oZco kZn m_no0kfpn ^_ ^ct hcipo_no/ji
chZa_ m_noZ `ct0_ pi cinoZio ^Zin fZ h0hjcm_ ^_sZecho mZm nZ
^0hZm]b_ _o nji Zffpm_Ycf m_nn_h[fZco Zpt ^_pt ci^cqc^pn lp~cf
ZqZco Zk_m/pn ZqZio ^~_iom_m ^Zin f_ [Zm _o lpc ZqZc_io kZmp f_
`pcm6)f~Zmmcq0_ ^_sZechYcfn n~0oZc_io n0kZm0npi k_p omjk qco_o
sZech [po nZ [c1m_ f_io_h_ioo~f0oZco Zmmcq0 )+b_pm_n
kcf_o%p hjh_io j@ cf kjpnnZco fZ kjmo_Y pi ]Zmcffji ZqZco qc[m0
^Zin f~Zcm `mZcn ^_ fZ k_oco_ kfZ]_Y^_n ijo_n lpc n_h[fZc_io djp0_n
npm pi cinomph_io Zi]c_i _o ZqZc_io km0]0^0f_n ]jpkn kfpn
njpm^n ^~pi [jpm^jiosZech f_n ZqZco ]jhko0no~f0oZco mZnnpm0o
+b_pm_no/Z hcnncji n_ ^0mjpfZco ]jhh_ km0qpo~f _i ZqZco `cic
Zq_] nji n0hciZcm_ _o fclpc^0n_n Z]bZono V_ m_noZco lp_ ]_
m_i^_vdqjpn Zplp_f cf ZqZco ]jin_ioc [c_i hZfam0fpcoxp_ff_
ijpq_Zpo0fpc m0n_mqZcosZin_fhZiin~f ZqZco b*o_ ^~2om_ _i`ci
=

fc[m_ ^_ nji o_hknY i_ n_mZcod]_ lp_ kjpm^0]jpqmcm^~c]c
^chZi]b_ pi k_p^_sjffZi^_o
F_pt ]fc_ion Zmmcq0n ZqZiosZech q_iZc_io ^~Z]b_q_m
f_pm sbcneu6cfn n_ ]ji]_mo1m_io ^~pi m_aZm^ _o f_q1m_io fZ hZci
_i h2h_ o_hkn _i ^cm_]ocji ^p [ZmhZi lpc n~_t0]poZ _i ncf_i]_o
@_ [ZmhZi m_ojpmiZ q_mn fZ ]Zcnn_YfZqZ f_n ^_pt q_mm_nY
ZqcnZ f_ f_]o_pm ^_ hpnclp_ _o m_hkfZ/Z f_;FkZm pi m_hct ^_
m_aaZ_o@_n ^_pt h_nnc_pmn `cm_io pi k_oco ncai_ ^~Zkkmj[Zocjio
sZech ]jhhZi^Z pi_ n_]ji^_ [c1m_o@_ [jpm^ji
njiiZ ^_pt ]jpkno=2b_pm_nH&osZin_fhZii oZm^Zcooxp_flp_n
hcipo_n kZnn1m_ioo@Z kjmo_ n~jpqmco)ijpq_ZpY[mpoZf_h_ioo
@_n ^_pt ]fc_ion npmnZpo1m_ioo@_ [ZmhZi n_ ]jio_ioZ ^_ f_q_m
f_n u_pt q_mn f~bjhh_ lpc q_iZco ^~_iom_mYpi a0ZioYq2op ^~pi
0ijmh_ [fjpnji ^_ ]pcmY]jc``0^~pi_ ]Znlp_oo_ lpc `fjooZco npm
pi_ hZnn_ ^_ ]b_q_pt [fji^n m_o_ipn kZm pi_ ]jm^_f_oo_ ^_ ]pcmo
sZech m_]jiipoPceojmYf_ d_pi_ bjhh_ lpc Z]]jhkZaiZco
sZin_fhZii _o fpc ZqZco ]0^0nZ kfZ]_ ^Zin fZ[ZmZlp_o@_ a0Zio
]jhhZi^Z pi_ [c1m_Yf~ZqZfZ ^~pi omZco ZqZio ^~_i ]jhhZi^_m
pi_ n_]ji^_o@_ [m_pqZa_ i~_po Zp]pi _``_o npm fpco~f aZm^Zco nZ
hjp_ [jp^_pn_ _o nji ncf_i]_ bZpoZcio
sZech ^0qcnZa_Z np]]_nncq_h_io f_ [ZmhZiYf_n ^_pt
ZhZo_pmn ^_ sbcneu _oPceojm lpc q_iZco ^~_iom_mo mjpmlpjc
sZin_fhZii i~0oZcodcf kZn _i]jm_ f) n~f n_ mZkk_fZ f_n kZmjf_n ^_
/chji6sZin_fhZii `Zco ^_n hZic1m_no mjpm f_ km_hc_m m_i^_vdqjpnY
]_fpcd]c ZqZco ]bjcnc pi_ [ZmZlp_ kf_ci_)]mZlp_m ZqZio ^_ fpc
]ji`c_m f~Zf[ph ^_ kbjojn ^Zin pi_ mp_ ^0n_mo_o;~0oZco fZ
n_]ji^_ `jcn lp_sZech m_i]jiom_mZco f~ZioclpZcm_YfZ n_]ji^_ _o
kmj[Z[f_h_ioYfZ ^_mic1m_o~f k_inZ o0f0kbji_mo slpjc [jin~f
mcnlpZco ^_ ]jhh_oom_ pi chkZcmo @_ [ZmhZi qco f~b0ncoZocji ^_
sZech _o fpc ^co6
\ Pjpn Zoo_i^_v lp_flp~pin
\bpcY^cosZecho
@_ [ZmhZi i~cincnoZ kZnosZech n_ hco)njpmcm_o s
;ZnZ[fZi]ZYcf _i ZpmZco0o0ojpo Zpom_h_ioo/_n qjcncin ^_
]jhkojcmYf_ aZm/ji ^_ ]Z`0fpc ZpmZc_io kjn0^_n oZn ^_
lp_nocjin _o n_ n_mZc_io hcn _i lpZom_ kjpm m_omjpq_m f~Z[n_ioo

=+

=2 b_pm_n lpZmZio_ ]cilo@_ o0f0kbji_ njiiZo@_
[ZmhZi kmco f_ m0]_ko_pmYm0k0oZ pi n_pf hjoYuZY uZY`co pi ncai_
)Pceojm lpc n~_iajp``mZ^Zin fZ ]Z[ci_ o0f0kbjiclp_ _i km_iZio
njci^_m_`_mh_m fZ kjmo_ qcom0_^_mmc1m_ fpcoPceojm kZmfZco f_ ^jn
]jff0 )fZ qcom_o@Z ]jiq_mnZocji ^pmZ pi_ hcipo_ jp ^_pto
Pceojm m_nnjmoco mZkc^_h_ioYn~Zkkmj]bZ ^p [ZmhZi kjpm fpc
m_h_oom_ lp_flp_n kc1]_n ^_ hjiiZc_ _o `cfZ nZin pi hjo bjmn
^p [ZmosZech ZqZco _p f_ o_hkn ^_ qjcm f_ qcnZa_ ^p d_pi_$pnn_
lpZi^ cf0oZco kZnn0km1n ^_ fpco/_n omZcon n~0oZc_io Z``Zcnn0nYn_n
u_pt [mcffZc_io ^_ fZmh_no
@_ [ZmhZi n~Zkkmj]bZ ^_n [pq_pmn ^_ sbcneu _o f_pm
kZmfZ fjiap_h_io _i bjffZi^Zcno@_ npd_o ^_qZco2om_ kfZcnZioB)
kfpnc_pmn m_kmcn_nYf_n omjcn bjhh_n0]fZo1m_io ^_ mcm_o
mjpm omjhk_m nji Zoo_io_YsZech ]jhhZi^Z pi_ [c1m_o
;~0oZco fZ omjcnc1h_o

H&

Soyez le premier à déposer un commentaire !

17/1000 caractères maximum.