//img.uscri.be/pth/ab2bbe0cdc0fc3482deb0594d087ecd2bc37279b
Cet ouvrage fait partie de la bibliothèque YouScribe
Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le lire en ligne
En savoir plus

Le langage chez Platon

De
116 pages
C'est dans le Sophiste que Platon élabore une théorie philsophique du langage qui est complète et achevée. Le présent ouvrage se propose de montrer toute l'originalité de la pensée platonicienne en matière de langage. Il entend ainsi décrire l'itinéraire intellectuel et philosophique qui a conduit Platon à élaborer sa théorie de la proposition, et à réflechir sur les conditions de possibilité du vrai et du faux dans les discours.
Voir plus Voir moins

8. 9:9" #.+"./
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

D#&),'6*5. *6&4*(..( E <,0'#0;' -") )!*!- +( 38'#! ( )!1,%!! + ',#& )* ^5-(#65 ^&)*'(! J*4&.5! U*6& ( "(.0*(#5! 3 D(G* G(6&%*0*'* ( 9#5-4(G* )(4 9(.0*(#5 &.6*'5C F6,)* (6 6(06*! .: ?? =! A<<;! A@_ 9&B(0C $" =1"+'- -"# )!1,% I)*#CK! "&#*0[J5.6#$&4! \Y]&#G&66&.! A<<<! ANA 9&B(0C

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`aNb! A<<_C '" 5!*!- '1 )(%*(*' 0;'4 )!1,% '1 (&(%1 )!1,% I)*#CK! "&#*0! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*450592*/,( =! A<<a! aZZ 9&B(0C D#&),'6*5. c&95.&*0( )( G5. $6,)( *.6*6,4$( 3 1(&,6$ (6 G$6&92W0*/,( '2(S "456*. E 4( #d4( ), e)!*!- 8(., )(0 )*(,fY =! 9,-4*$( )&.0 4(0 C1"+,( G'!>)(1!%,0(! XXX `Ab! A<<_C L. #$0,G$ )( '(66( $6,)(! (. 4&.B,( &.B4&*0(! & $6$ 9,-4*$ )&.0 '( 854,G( )(0 C1"+,( G'!>)(1!%,0(. (" 5( ;,)!-!>;,' +' )(1!% H I)*#CK! "&#*0[1,)&9(06[D,#*.! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*450592*/,( =! A<<;! aN> 9&B(0C

Z

)" )!1,% 0;'4 9"*"-1,%C F,*8* )( )!1,% I(0' ("J K%!-1,B"'-! "&#*0! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*4505[ 92*/,( =! A<<Z! >@_ 9&B(0C D#&),'6*5. *6&4*(..( E )!1,%!@ *), K%!-1,0, ' 9*!-1,%!! 6#&)C 9&# +G&4*& ^*''&#)5! g&954*! \5%%#()5 h)*65#(! 3 FP(90*0! .: A< =! A<<@! >Z@ 9&B(0C *" )!1,% I(0' L )(1!%C F,*8* )( )!1,% 0;'4 9"*"-1,% '1 M(#NOP! "&#*0! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*450592*/,( =! A<<N! >a@ 9&B(0C D#&),'6*5. 9545.&*0( ), '2&9*6#( XX *.6*6,4$ 3 \(0 =%%A(+'- )( "456*. E ,.( '#*6*/,( )( 4& '5.'(96*5. 94&65.*'*(..( )( 4Y&#6 =! *. #4'*)(+ I,)!4!I,04%!Q5,1'#(0R, E<'&"' ;,)!-!>;,0!Q5,11A#(,#'F! A[a `A<b! A<<@C H( 854,G( )( 4& <'&"' ;,)!-!>;,0!Q5,11A#(,#' )( 4YL.*8(#0*6$ )( U&#058*( & $6$ 9,-4*$ (. ]5GG&B( i 1&#-&#& FP&#B&C D#&),'6*5. 9545.&*0( ), '2&9*6#( UX *.6*6,4$ 3 "456*. '2(S +4[M&#j-kC + 9#5950 ), 6#&*6$ )( 52S(#8!%,' '%1#' )'!>,%,!%- +'- +'"J -(*'-@ )' +,&,% )(1!% '1 9#,-1!1' )Y+4[ M&#j-k =! *. C1"+,( 9%1704%' , 6'+,'D,-1704%' E=1"+'9%0,'%%'- '1 6A+,A&()'-F! ; `_<b! A<<NC !+" 9#,-1!1' '1 )!1,% +(%- )( >;,)!-!>;,' (#(O'! "&#*0! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*450592*/,( =! A<<@! >;A 9&B(0C D#&),'6*5. 9545.&*0( )(0 '2&9*6#(0 X (6 XX *.6*6,4$0 >C 3 \Y*.6(44('6*5. )(0 *.)*8*0*-4(0 )&.0 4( T' 9%,8( )Y+#*0656(C \('6,#(0 &#&-(0 (6 G5)(#.(0 = l AC 3 \& '5G950*6*5. )(0 '5.'(960 )&.0 4( T' 9%,8( )Y+#*0656(C H5GG(.6&*#(0 B#('0 (6 &#&-(0 =! *. C1"+,( 9%1704%' , N

6'+,'D,-1704%' E=1"+'- 9%0,'%%'- '1 6A+,A&()'-F! A `aNb! A<<_C !!" U8(*'@ 671;'@ 5!*!- '1 <(,-!%! "&#*0! \Y]&#G&66&.! 3 R,8(#6,#( "2*450592*/,( =! A<<?! >Z_ 9&B(0C D#&),'6*5. &44(G&.)( ), '2&9*6#( XX *.6*6,4$ 3 XG&B( (6 9#5),'6*5. ), G5.)( '2(S "456*. E ,.( '#*6*/,( )( 4Y*G&B( B.506*/,( = 0,*8* )Y,. +99(.)*'( *.6*6,4$ 3 O(0 )(,f '50G5B(.70(0 &,f )(,f (062$6*/,(0 =! *. mC n#&8( ,.) +C F'2,--&'2 I)*#CK! T'%R'% 8,1 +'8 V,)+! Jo.'2(.! M*.P U(#4&B! 3 h*P5.(0 =! A<<?C D#&),'6*5. (09&B.54( ), '2&9*6#( XU *.6*6,4$ 3 6"1;!- (6 5!*!- '2(S "&#G$.*)( =! *. JC n*,06* I)*#CK! 9<=W=. <'&,-1( +' M,)!-!I,(! A<<?C H( 854,G( )( 4& ^(8,( 9<=W= )( 4YL.*8(#0*6$ )( \*G& I"$#5,K & $6$ 9,-4*$ (. ]5GG&B( i M()(#*'5 H&G*.5 J&'()5 (6 i m50$ \(p. ](##(#&C

1,99#3/"
+8(#6*00(G(.6 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC>> X.6#5),'6*5.CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC>a H]+"XD^h X \( /#(17)' CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC>; H]+"XD^h XX \( ;X+#'CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCA; H]+"XD^h XXX \( C!>;,-1'CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCa? >C \( 9#5-47G( )( 4& 9#$)*'&6*5. IA;> & [ A;? )K E ,.( )*%%*',46$ 4*.B,*06*/,(! 45B*/,( (6 92*450592*/,(CCC_; AC \(0 '5.)*6*5.0 )( 9500*-*4*6$ ), )*0'5,#0 8#&* (6 ), )*0'5,#0 %&,f IA;? ) [ AZ_ -K CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCZ; H5.'4,0*5. CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC@> +gghqh L.( G*0( (. 9(#09('6*8( ), )!*!- 94&65.*'*(.CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC@; 1*-4*5B#&92*( 0$4('6*8(CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC><a

-;"/+344"9"$+
g5,0 &85.0 %&*6 4( '25*f )Y&44$B(# &, G&f*G,G 4(0 .56(0 (. -&0 )( 9&B( &%*. )( #(.)#( 4& 4('6,#( )(0 '2&9*6#(0 )( '( 4*8#( &*0$(C \( 4('6(,# 6#5,8(#& '(9(.)&.6! (. 9%%'J'! )(0 .56(0 94,0 &-5.)&.6(0C \& V,O),!*#(>;,' -A)'01,&'! 0*6,$( (. %*. )Y5,8#&B(! '5G95#6( )(0 6*6#(0 )( 4&.B,(0 %#&.r&*0( (6 *6&4*(..(C "5,# 4& #*'2( 4*66$#&6,#( 94&65.*'*(..( )( 4&.B,(0 (09&[ B.54(! &44(G&.)( (6 0,#65,6 &.B4&*0(! 4( 4('6(,# 95,##& 0( #(95#6(# &,f -*-4*5B#&92*(0 0,*8&.6(0 E \,06#,G! h6,)(0 "4&65.*'*(..(0! \Y+..$( "2*4545B*/,(! ^$9(#65*#( 1*-4*5[ B#&92*/,( )( 4& "2*450592*(! D2( "2*450592(#Y0 X.)(f! n.5G5.! (6 M#&.'*0 I1,44(6*. F*B.&4$6*/,( )( "2*45[ 0592*(KC