Cet ouvrage et des milliers d'autres font partie de la bibliothèque YouScribe
Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour les lire en ligne
En savoir plus

Partagez cette publication

GLUHFWLRQ GHV ÖWXGHV ÖFRQRPLTXHV HW GH O*ÖYDOXDWLRQ HQYLURQQHPHQWDOH
Qxpêur 4: MDQYLHU 533;
OD O H W W U H G XVH U Y L F H G H O DU HH F K H U F K H G W O H DS GU R V S H F W L Y H O H DG7H
Shvwlflghv hw hqylurqqhphqw = gh qrxyhdx{ rxwlov hw pêwkrghv ä phwwuh hq sodfh
Dsuëv soxv g*xq ghpl0vlëfoh g*xwlolvdwlrq lqwhqvlyh/ ohv shvwlflghv vrqw sdupl ohv vxevwdqfhv fklpltxhv txl vxvflwhqw oh soxv g*lqwhuurjdwlrqv txdqw dx{ ulvtxhv tx*lov suêvhqwhqw srxu od vdqwê kxpdlqh hw srxu o*hqylurqqhphqw1 Suêvhqwêv oruv gx froortxh … Shvwlflghv hw hqylurq0 qhphqw  txl v◊hvw whqx ä Uhlpv gx : dx < qryhpeuh 533:/ ohv uêvxowdwv gx surjudpph gh uhfkhufkh slorwê sdu oh PHGDG frqiluphqw od qêfhvvlwê gh srxuvxlyuh o◊êydoxdwlrq ghv hiihwv ghv shvwlflghv/ hw prqwuhqw tx◊lo hvw srvvleoh gh phwwuh hq rhxyuh gh qrxyhdx{ rxwlov hw pêwkrghv uhvshfwxhx{ gh o◊hqylurqqhphqw hw uhqwdeohv êfrqrpltxhphqw1 Frqwdplqdwlrq ghv vrov dx{ Dqwloohv = xquêgxluh ohv dwwdtxhv ghv … elr djuhvvhxuv  hw ulvtxh gxudeoh pdlv flufrqvfulw1Dxwr0 olplwh o◊xwlolvdwlrq ghv shvwlflghv dx{ vlwxdwlrqv ulvêh hq Iudqfh gh 4<;5 ä 4<<6 srxu ä ulvtxh lpsruwdqw1 Hq fkdqjhdqw vlpsoh0 oxwwhu frqwuh xq fkdudqèrq grqw od oduyh phqw od gdwh ghv vhplv hw hq prglildqw oh dwwdtxh ohv exoehv ghv edqdqlhuv/ od fkorugê0 wudydlo gh od whuuh/ lo hvw gêvrupdlv srvvleoh gh frqh v◊dffxpxoh gdqv ohv vrov hw shxw uêgxluh oh qrpeuh gh wudlwhphqwv/ surfkh gh frqwdplqhu ohv hdx{/ ohv sodqwhv hw dqlpdx{1 vl{ dfwxhoohphqw/ ä vhxohphqw xq rx ghx{1 Lqwhuglw dx{ XVD gëv 4<:9/ fh shvwlflgh q◊d Fhwwh pêwkrgh/ txl uhsrvh vxu od frqfhswlrq sdv idlw o◊remhw gh uhfkhufkhv gdqv fh sd|v g◊lwlqêudluhv whfkqltxhv lqwêjuêv/ jdudqwlw gh ghsxlv ohv dqqêhv ;31 Ohv grqqêhv vflhqwlil0 vxufurñw xq uhqghphqw txdvl lghqwltxh hw ghv txhv frqfhuqdqw fhwwh proêfxoh êwdlhqw grqf pdujhv euxwhv shx gliiêuhqwhv ghv vlwxdwlrqv uduhv hw dqflhqqhv1 Oh surmhw gh uhfkhufkh wudlwêhv v|vwêpdwltxhphqw1 Ghv hvvdlv dx o◊LQUD hw gx FLUDG hvw grqf xqh dydqfêh fkdps rqw shuplv gh gêprqwuhu od idlvdel0 vljqlilfdwlyh srxu od jhvwlrq gh od srooxwlrq olwê gh fhv lwlqêudluhv whfkqltxhv hw vrxoljqhqw ghv vrov sdu od fkorugêfrqh1 Hq hiihw/ vl ohv o◊lqwêuí w gh gêyhorsshu ghv whfkqltxhv rsê0 êwxghv prqwuhqw tx◊lo | d wuëv shx gh frqwd0 udwlrqqhoohv/ uhqwdeohv êfrqrpltxhphqw hw plqdwlrq hqwuh ohv sdufhoohv rx gh wudqvihuwv frpsdwleohv dyhf ohv pr|hqv ghv xwlolvdwhxuv vxshuilflhov dx vhlq ghv sdufhoohv/ fh shvwlflgh hw ohv h{ljhqfhv dxwuhv tx◊hqylurqqhphqwdohv1 uhvwdqw oä rü lo d êwê êsdqgx/ lo hvw gêvrupdlvGhv shuvshfwlyhv vflhqwliltxhv gdqv od dftxlv txh qxo skêqrpëqh gh gêjudgdwlrq q◊dg|qdpltxh gx Juhqhooh gh o◊hqylurqqhphqw1 hx olhx ghsxlv ohv êsdqgdjhv1 Lo v◊djlw grqf O◊xqh ghv frqfoxvlrqv wudqvyhuvdohv ä wrxwhv g◊xqh frqwdplqdwlrq wuëv gxudeoh/ hqwuh 4 hw ohv êwxghv uêdolvêhv gdqv fh surjudpph : vlëfohv vhorq ohv w|shv gh vrov hw ohv dssruwv odqfê hq 4<<< hvw tx◊lo q◊h{lvwh sdv gh vrox0 sdvvêv vxu ohv }rqhv frqwdplqêhv1 Fhv wudydx{ wlrq xqltxh gdqv oh grpdlqh gh od uêgxfwlrq rqw êjdohphqw gêprqwuê txh od frqwdplqd0 gh o◊xwlolvdwlrq ghv shvwlflghv hw tx◊lo hvw wlrq ghv udflqhv hw wxehufxohv vh idlw hvvhq0 lqglvshqvdeoh gh udlvrqqhu joredohphqw hq wlhoohphqw sdu frqwdfw hw tx◊hooh hvw sursru0 whuph gh elodq hqylurqqhphqwdo ghv sudwl0 wlrqqhooh ä fhooh ghv vrov1 Srxu oh prphqw/ lo txhv1 F◊hvw srxutxrl/ hq frkêuhqfh dyhf ohv q◊h{lvwh dxfxqh slvwh gh gêfrqwdplqdwlrq frqfoxvlrqv gx Juhqhooh gh o◊hqylurqqhphqw ghv vrov dx pr|hq gh od yêjêwdwlrq/ fhwwh hw o◊dqqrqfh gh od uêgxfwlrq gh 83 ( gh proêfxoh êwdqw wuëv shx vroxeoh gdqv o◊hdx1 o*xwlolvdwlrq ghv shvwlflghv/ ohv vhsw qrxyhdx{ Dowhuqdwlyh srxu oh fro}d g◊klyhu = 63 ( ghsurmhwv gh uhfkhufkh gx surjudpph v◊dwwd0 shvwlflghv hq prlqv/ pí ph uhqghphqw1Dyhf fkhurqw ä frqvlgêuhu ohv glphqvlrqv djurqr0 soxv g◊4/89 ploolrq g◊khfwduhv fxowlyêv/ vrlw pltxhv hw hqylurqqhphqwdohv gh od txhvwlrq/ xqh surjuhvvlrq gh 45 ( sdu udssruw ä 5339/ pdlv êjdohphqw vhv dvshfwv vrflr0êfrqrpl0 oh fro}d g◊klyhu uhsuêvhqwh ghv hqmhx{ êfrqr0 txhv1 Xqh uêioh{lrq yd pdlqwhqdqw í wuh hqjd0 pltxhv lpsruwdqwv1 Pdlv dxvvl hqylurqqhphq0 jêh sdu oh Frplwê g◊Rulhqwdwlrq hw oh Frqvhlo wdx{/ fdu fhwwh fxowxuh djuhvvêh sdu ohv Vflhqwliltxh gx surjudpph srxu hqylvdjhu pdxydlvhv khuehv/ ohv olpdfhv/ ohv lqvhfwhv hw ohv slvwhv gh uhfkhufkh shuphwwdqw gh ohv pdodglhv irqjltxhv qêfhvvlwh xq fhuwdlq uêsrqguh dx{ plhx{ ä fhv dpelwlrqv/ yrluh ä qrpeuh gh wudlwhphqwv sk|wrvdqlwdluhv jêqê0 ohv uhsodfhu gdqv xqh g|qdpltxh froohfwlyh udwhxuv gh srooxwlrq1 Oh surmhw slorwê sdu hiilfdfh hw uêdolvwh1 o◊LQUD prqwuh dxmrxug◊kxl txh oh fkrl{ shuwl0 qhqw ghv sudwltxhv fxowxudohv shuphw ghFrqwdfw =pdulrq1edug|Chfrorjlh1jrxy1iu
4
Shvwlflghv qqhphqw = gh qrxyhdx{ rxwlov hw pêwkrghv ä phwwuh hq sodfh1
5
6
Uêd FV JHVVRO dx surmhw gh gluhfwlyh hxursêhqqh Vro1
7
Txdolwê gh o*dlu hw vdqwê sxeoltxh = ghx{ uêvxowdwv pdmhxuv gx surjudpph SULPHTXDO
Un pour Un
Permettre à tous d'accéder à la lecture
Pour chaque accès à la bibliothèque, YouScribe donne un accès à une personne dans le besoin