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Gas prices 1980-1987

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Energy policy
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OFFICE STATISTIOUE DES COMMUNAUTES EUROPEENNES
ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITA EUROPEE
BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN
SERVICO DE ESTATISTICA DAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEIAS
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-19861980 publication in the following language:This is also available
FR ISBN 92-825-6229-8
Cataloguing data can be found publicationat the end of this
Manuscript completed in April 1986
For all information concerning this publication, contact:
- g1O2F. Desgardes Tel. Luxembourg 430 1 1, ext .
Luxembourg: office for official Publications of the European communities, 1986
fsBN 92-825-6228-X
Catalogue number: CA45-86-89+EN-C
. @ ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels Luxembourg, 198G
Reproduction is authorized, except for purposes, provided commercial the source is
mentioned
Printed in LuxembourgCOt{TEtlTS
I. INTRODUCTION..
7II. CONDITIONS AND METHODS.
71. Scope and tocations.
8of energY.2. Units of measurement
93. Standard consumers..
12price .......tevels recorded 4. Definition of the
15III. UNITS OF VALUE....
(ECU) 15unit 1. The European currency
(PPS) 16polrer purchasing standard 2.
trcurrenti nconstantrr 16PPS..and 3. Prices in
174. Pri ce seri es. . .
19IV. TAXATION.
19--r......1. value-added tax..
202. Specific taxes
21COUNTRIESV. GAS PRICES IN THE VARIOUS
2?1. FR of Germany.
28------...?. France.
- - 37...... 3. Ita[y...
47....--4. The Nether[ands.,...
52r....5. Betgium....
616. G.D. of Luxembourg....
667. United Kingdom. ...,.
738. Ireland-
77.....9. Denmark.... .....
8110. Spain
9111. Portuga[..
95VI.. COTYIMUNITY CO!4PARISON AND CONCLUSIONS...
IVII. STATISTICAL ANNEX. .....
Tab L es
prices by IIIHousehold and industrial country.
ECU Conversion factors for PPS, and
price ..... . XXXVIGDP indices..
(EUR 1?>... ....XXXVIIInternationaI comparison SYI{BOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS
-/ NIi L
0 Data Less t han ha L f the uni t used
a No data avai LabLe
= 1980 100 yea refe rence r
* gaslJatura L
+ gasGasworks
3
m cubi c met re
k rdh ki Lohratthour
( Gwh gi gah,atthour 1 06 khJh)
h hour
MJ megaj ou Le ?
(10- GJ gigajouLe FtJ)
n numbe r
GCV gross caLorific vaLue
NCV Net ca Lori f i c va Lue
BFR Be Lgi an f ranc
DKR Danish croh,n
DM Ge rman ma r k
ESC Escudo
FF French franc
HFL gui Dutch Lder
IRf poundI ri sh
LFR Luxembou rg f ranc
LIT ItaLian Lira
PTA Peseta
UKf Pound sterLing
PPS Purchasi ng poh,er standard
ECU European currency uni t
EUR 12 Tota L of the member count ri es of the European
Conrmunities
Eu rost at StatisticaL 0ffice of the European Communi t i esI. I}ITRODUCTION
ffGas Prices"The present pubLication a updating of the study is cornpLete
pub Eurostat i n 1 985.1 980-1 985" L i shed by
wi a t i mepri vaLid in 1 986 together th It contains the most recent ces,
going back 1980.series to
in taxation, suppty andThe text describes a[[ recent changes tariffs,
price levets.conditions of saLe Liabte to affect consumer
Spain and PortugalThe scope of the study has been widened to incLude
gaspossibte of the with as compLete a description as of the structure
States.industry, tariffs and taxes in these tHo new Member
previousin The definitions and methods remain the same as those used
prices gas can bestudies, so that the formation and devetopment of
observed over a very tong tirne series.
pubLication in twoFor reasons of economy this is onty avai Labte
Languages : Engtish and French.
StatisticatThe survey on which the study is based vas conducted by the
possibteOffice of the European Communities and wou[d not have been
gas r.rithout the cooperation of the companies and the Energy Institute of
Cotogne University, to whom ue express our sincere thanks.
government gas Our speciaL thanks to the many departments and companies
providedin Spain and Portugal who uiLLingty cooperated in this study and
joined Europeanso much even before the two countries the information,
pubLication Economic Community which enabled ear[y of the resuLts.IIETHODSI I . COTTIDTTIONS AIID
1. SCOPE AND LOCATIONS
gas paid by theprice present show the actuaL of The study aims to
E'-:onomic Community'of the European consumer in the member countries
gas Tno types of are concerned :
(i) (methane);gas NaturaI
(ii) gas.Gasworks
fromprimär/ :,,urce extracted gas, which iS a eners Contrary to naturat
sourcegasworks gas a derivetr energy gasfietds, is naturaL[y occuring
orpetroleum products cracked, ref,rrmed or from manufactured from coa[,
gas.mixed naturaI
(butane,petroteum gas present with Liquified The study is not concerned
qr gas.propane) cokeoven, btast-furnace
piped 0nty distribution is considered.
the Community:prices or regions within The were recorded in 34 towns
Dortmund, DüSseLdorf Hamburg, Hannover, trleser-Ems, ,FR of Germany :
Frankf lflain, Stuttgart, ltluni ch;urt
L Ler Lyon, Tou Louse;F Li L Le, Pari s, St rasbou rgt Marsei rance :
Mi Turi n, Genoa, Rome, NaPLes;ItaLy : L dfit
Rotterdan,NetherLands :
Anthrerp, Brusse Ls, Li äge;Be Lgi um :
Luxembourg ci ty;Luxembourg :
London, Leeds, Bi rmi ngham;Uni ted Ki ngdom :
DubLin;IreLand :
Denmark: Copenhagen;
& East;Ba rce Lona, Va Lenc i a, North Spai n : Madri d,
Portuga[ : Lisbon.
piped gas network.In Greece there is no
This isof [arger regions. Certain touns seLected are representative
each country.indicated in the chapter concerning
years study: 1980 to 1986.Seven are covered by this The pri ces are recorded at the beginning of each year based on the
tariffs, contracts, conditions and rutes in force at that time.
rt i s concerned wi th pri pai the actua L ce d by gas the consumer,
correspnd'ing to the invoiced price deLivery at beginning yearthe of each
including any eventuaL rebates and subsidies. Our consumers are defined
as purchase those who gas for their ot.ln use and exclude those who offer
it for re-saLe. tJe have not cons'idered the buLk price paid gasby the
di st ri butors .
?. UNI TS OF MEASUREIVIENT OF ENERGY
FoLtowing internationaL resoLutions adopted by the GeneraL Conference on
rrlnternationaI t'Jeights and Measures, which resuLted in the System of
(SI), Units of Measurement!' a number of CounciL Ministersr Directivesof
(71/354' 76/770 and 8O1181) Laid down the ruLes to be foLLowed with
regard specificatLy to units of measurement of energy.
The use of the catorie and its derivates is now prohibited. OnLy two
units joule of energy may be used, namely the and the kitowatthour. These
two units are derived from jouLe = the same basic definition, 1 since 1
= bratt/second 1 newton metre. However, a concession was granted to the
united K'ingdom and IreLand, who may continue to the use therm for a
period.transitionaI
Four units of measurement are therefore stitL gasfound in the current
tari ffs, i .e. :
joute (Bel.gium);the
(FR the kilowatthour of Germany, France)1
?
(Ita[y, the m" NetherLands, Luxembourg, Denmark);
(United the therm Kingdom, IreLand);
?
(the m" is in turn defined by joutes an energy content expressed in or in
ktJh ) .
tüith a view to a standardization jouLe (or and simpLification, the its
dec i ma L mu Lt i p Les ) hras chosen by Eurostat as the common uni t of
measurement.
The decimaL multipLes joule of the are as folLows :
(kJ)ki LojouLe j 1 000 ou Les;
(MJ megaj ou Le ) joules;1 000 000
gi gaj (GJ =ou Le ) 1 jouLes;000 000 000
4(TJ)terajouLe I 000 joules.000 000 000

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