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c 3 ofJournal Hymenoptera Research . .IV 6«** Volume Number 2 October 200615, ISSN #1070-9428 CONTENTS S. A. and K. MAETO. A new of theBELOKOBYLSKIJ, species genus Parachremylus Granger a ofBraconidae), parasitoid Conopomorpha lychee pests (Lepidoptera:(Hymenoptera: in Thailand 181Gracillariidae) G. A. M. W. and G. D. BUNTIN. ParasitoidsGIBSON, P., GATES, Chalcidoidea)(Hymenoptera: 187of the weevil in USACurculionidae)cabbage seedpod (Coleoptera: Georgia, NewV. and S. ASCHER.A of the bees of the Black Rock Forest Preserve, YorkGILES, J. survey 208 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) A. V. and of EntedonTheGUMOVSKY, biology morphology sylvestris (Hymenoptera: a larval of sisymbrii (Coleoptera:Eulophidae), endoparasitoid Ceutorhynchus 232Curculionidae) R. G. and C. FERGUSON. of ChaenusaKULA, R., ZOLNEROWICH, J. Phylogenetic analysis sensu lato mitochondrialNADH 1Braconidae) using dehydrogenase(Hymenoptera: 251gene sequences Mutilli-D. and R. A.CAMBRAT The Allotilla SchusterQUINTERO A., genus (Hymenoptera: of the female andof its firstdae): phylogenetic analysis relationships, description 270new distribution records M. C. and B. MASSA. Parasitism and sex ratio of theRIZZO, wasp Diplolqjisbedeguar gall in 277rosae (L.) (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) Sicily (Italy) L. and L. KROGMANN. Skeletal of the mesosoma ofVILHELMSEN, Palaeomymaranatomy anomalum & 290(Blood 1922) (Hymenoptera: Mymarommatidae)Kryger, R. A. The of FischerWHARTON, Braconidae,species Stenmulopius (Hymenoptera: Opiinae) 316and the braconid sternaulus on back(Continued cover) SOCIETYOFHYMENOPTERISTSINTERNATIONAL 19911982; IncorporatedOrganized FOR 2006OFFICERS E. PresidentMichael Schauff, President-ElectJames Woolley, Michael W. Gates, Secretary O. TreasurerSchmidt,Justin EditorGavin R. 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Requests membership surer Information on and other details of the be found on(address above). membership Societymay the World WideWeb at http://hymenoptera.tamn.edu/ish/. The Research is twice a the International ofJournal. Journal ofHymenoptera published yearby Society % of Smithsonian D.C. 20560-Institution,Hymenopterists, Department Entomology, Washington, U.S.A. Members in0168, receive the Nonmember areJournal. $60.00good standing subscriptions (U.S. currency) per year. The does not its for those of other societies.Society exchange publications Please see inside back cover of this issue for information regarding ofpreparation manuscripts. Statement of Ownership Title of Publication: of Research.Journal Hymenoptera of Issue: Twice aFrequency year. Location of Office of Business Office of Publisher and Owner: International ofPublication, Society of Smithsonian 10th and ConstitutionHymenopterists, Department Institution,Entomology, NW, D.C. U.S.A.20560-0168,Washington, Editor: Gavin R. Centre for &Broad, Monks AbbotsWood,Ecology Hydrology, Ripton, Hunting- don, PE28 UK.2LS,Peterborough Editor and Known Bondholders or other Holders: none.Managing Security This issue was mailed 20 October 2006 HYM. RES.J. Vol. 181-18615(2), 2006, pp. A New of the Genus Granger (Hymenoptera:Species Parachremylns of Pestsa ParasitoidBraconidae), Conopomorpha Lychee (Lepidoptera: in ThailandGracillariidae) Sergey A. and Kaoru MaetoBelokobylskij of St.Institute Russian Sciences, 199034, Russia,Petersburg,(SAB) Zoological Academy Polish of Wilczaand Museum and Institute of Sciences, 64,Zoology Academy email: sb@zin.ruWarszawa 00-679, Poland; of Kobe Rokkodai-machiof Insect Science, 1-1,(KM) Faculty Agriculture, University,Laboratory Kobe email:Nada-ku, 657-8501, Japan; maeto@kobe-u.ac.jp — & new from Thailand isAbstract. litchii Maeto, species,Parachremylns Belokobylskij sinensis and C. litchiella thedescribed as a of larvae of Bradley,parasitoid Conopomorpha Bradley in Asia. The taxonomic of andof and South-East position Parachremylnsmajor pests lychee longan of are discussed.the of the hosts of relatedrange genera parasitoids are threat- The withSeveral insect genus Parachremylns type spe-pests seriously de-chinensis and cies P. was(Litchi Sonn.) Granger originallyening lychee seyrigi scribed from 1949);Lour.) (Grangerlongan (Dimocarpus longan (Sapin- Madagascar the fruit borer this occurrs also in continentalaredaceae) growers. They genus —miner Africa andsinensis leaf Niger (Wharton{Conopomorpha Bradley), Nigeria Two additional of thislitchiella 1993).(Conopomorpha longan species genus have been recorded from the (Tessaratoma papillosa Drury), alreadysucking bug fruit moth Oriental(Othreis fnllonia region. Parachremylns oblonguspiercing from India in theand borer was described(Clerck)), (Zenzera coffeae (Papp)twig Nixon and1990, 1997),Nietner) (Menzel 2002). genus Avga (Papp from Bruneithe stem- P.sinensis, temporalis BelokobylskijConopomorpma lychee A fourth ofand the fruit borer inend borer 1999).(Belokobylskij specieslychee isand is the this similar to P.ThailandChina, India, temporalis,major genus, Theand in these coun- described below from Thailand.of sys-pest lychee longan tematic of this istries. sinensis and the related genus disputable.Conopomorpha position is included in theC. litchiella both attack and subfamilylychee longan, Parachremylns and Exothecinaethe latter to mine leaves (tribe Avgini: Belokobylskijpreferring or in Hor-shoots There have been1986). 1993), conventionally subfamily(Bradley miinae In of thetentative on braconid (Wharton 1993).reports para- spiteonly different of the contents ofsitoids of the borers:pest Conopomorpiha understanding the of this closePhanerotoma Pholetesor subfamilies,(Apanteles) sp., position genussp., Nixon is bothand Colastes to2002, by(Menzel Anupunt Avga suggestedsp. discussedand Sukhvibul but infor- authors. (1993)2005), Belokobylskijpossibly of these withmation about Colastes is due to misdeter- the relationships genera Parahormins Pseudohormius Tobiasmination. Here we a new braconid Nixon, report Allobracon Gahan Lcur-of the as & Alexeev and (=genus Parachremylns Granger which share the loss ofa larval of C. sinensis and C. inion Muesebeck),parasitoid carina on thelitchiella. the prepectal (epicnemial) 182 of HymenopteraJournal Research Whartonmesosoma. "Host: Con-(1993) vi, 1997,provisionally Supatra Dolsopon", near Parahormius and Pseudo- sinensis larvae" (NIAES,placed Avga opomorpha ZISP). —the relation-hormius and showed Female. 2.6-possible Description. Body length and 2.8 foreof mm; 2.5-2.6 mm.(sharedship Avga Parachremylus wing length mesonotal and the Antennae: almost 29-thickened, filiform,granulate sculpture How- 1.1-1.2 times than30-segmented,poorly developed propleural flange). longer in his Allobracon does not 1.7-2.0 times thanever, body.opinion, Scapus to be related to wide. First 2.5-2.8 timesappear closely Parachremy- flagellar segment lus in of it a number of than its 1.1-1.2width, timeslongerspite sharing apical with and Parahormius. than secondfeatures PenultimateAvga segment. 2.0-2.3 times thanThe host of has not been segment wide,Parachremylus longer 0.6-0.7till times as as firstknown now. The new described longspecies flagellar as P. 0.7-0.75 times as asbelow litchii nov. was reared from segment,sp. long apical the latter with distinctlarvae of sinensis and C. segment;Conopomorpha spine Head:litchiella width 1.8-2.0 times itsboth(Gracillariidae), apically.important median 1.25-1.4 times width ofof and trees in South- length,pests lychee longan mesoscutum. andEast Asia. The members of related Temple very stronglygenera almost narrowed behindof the tribe (dor-{Parahormius, linearly eyeAvgini Avga, sal Transverse diameter ofare also recorded as view).Allobracon) eyeparasitoids 5.5-7.0 timesof (dorsal thanthe leaf-rollers or leaf-miners of the view) longer times ifmeasured onfamilies temple length (7.0-7.7Tortricidae, Gracillariidae, Lyone- Ocelli in withsmall,straight line).tiidae, triangleCosmopterigidae, Coleophoridae, base 1.1-1.15 times its sides. POL 0.7-1.0and Gelechiidae Whar-1993,(Belokobylskij times 0.3-0.5 times OOL. Vertex withton Od,as well as1993) for(recordedrarely narrow median furrow. Oc-of longitudinalAllobracon) leaf-mining Coleoptera carina curvedcipital dorsally(Wharton 1993). distinctly towards ratherocelli,The terms of venation are used as widely interruptedwing not fused with cari-defined and medially; hypostomalTobiasby Belokobylskij (1998). na obliterated for a shortThe ventrally beingabbreviations are used:following— distance.— sub-round,POL Eye large, glabrous,OOL ocular-ocellarpostocellar line; 1.1-1.2 times as as broad.— MalarOd maximum high spaceline; diameter of lateral 0.25-0.3 times of 0.8-0.9 timesNIAES— height eye,ocellus; National Institute of basal width of mandible. Face width 0.9 SciencesAgro-Environmental (Tsukuba, times of and 1.2-1.25 timesheightZISP— eyeRus-Japan); Institute,Zoological of face and combined.sian heightof clypeusSciences (St.Academy Petersburg, Malar suture absent. suture ratherClypealRussia). distinct and complete. Clypeus weakly convex.litchii sub-&Parachremylus Hypoclypeal depressionBelokobylskij itsnew width 0.8-0.9 times distanceMaeto, round,species from of to 0.35 times1-11) edge depression eye,(Figs width of face. Head below eyes (front "Horticultural Re-Holotype female.— and almostview) nar-strongly linearly search Center, Rai, Thailand,Chiang viii, rowed. Mesosoma: 1.5-1.55 times itslength 1996, "Host:Supatra Dolsopon", Conopo- Mesoscutum and almostheight. highly litchiella larvae onmorpha or Lon-Lychee raised aboveperpendicularly pronotum 2gan" (NIAES). 1females,Paratypes. with rather fine(lateral view), longitudinal withmale, the same labels as holotype keel Notauli(dorsalmedioposterior view). (NIAES, 5ZISP); females, "Horticultural rather shallow on verti-narrow, anteriorly Research Center, 6.Rai, Thailand,Chiang cal surface and shallow to almostvery 183Volume Number 200615, 2, basal1-11. litchii nov. frontal view. dorsal view. 4, Six1, Head, 2, Head, 3,Figs Parachremylus sp. Propodeum. hind tarsus.of antenna. lateral view. Hind tibia and two basal of 7,5, Mesosoma, 6,segments segments Hinddorsal view. Hind coxa. Hind femur. 10, Fore 11,Metasoma, 8, 9, wing.wing. of Hymenoptera ResearchJournal184 of hind tarsus ven-First-fourthon dorsalabsent surface, segmentsfinely sculptured. with wide andPrescutellar short, shallow, trally transparent flanges,depression which are on the of each0.15-0.2 times pointed topscrenulate-granulate,finely flat. Metnsomn: 1.7-2.0 timesScutellum almostas as scutellum. segment. longerlong and ob- than its maximum 0.9-1.1 times aswith small width,Metanotum medially rather as head and mesosoma combined.tubercle. Subalartuse longdepression andand stri- First line-shallow, wide, tergite strongly, uniformlydensely curvedly from base to withSter- widened smallate with fine arly apex;granulation anteriorly. tubercles before itsrather middle;nauli wide, curved,shallow, weakly spiracular with distinct and rather widesmooth. of foreLength laterally highentirely Wings: width. fine dorsal carinae fused in basal2.8-3.0 times its maximum carinae;wing 1.3 0.3 and then to as aRadial cell not shortened, metacarpus extending apex single, median absent.times than elevated, carina; dorsopelonger pterostigma. Pterostigma times than width of first 2.4-2.7 times itsrather 3.1-3.7wide, tergitelonger Apical a little or rather basal its 0.6-0.65 timeswide. Radial vein width; length apicalarising before middle of width. Second suture rather distinct and distinctly pterostigma. Second radial abscissa 1.5-2.3 times convex. and third withlonger tergites andthan first 0.25-0.3 times as as rather distinct fine medi-abscissa, long longitudinal an carina. Median of secondthe third 1.15-1.25 timesabscissa, length tergitestraight about half its basal to or 1.1-than the curved first radio- width,weakly equallonger 1.2 times of third Combinedmedial vein. Second radiomedial cell short, length tergite. towards its median of second and thirdnarrowedweakly apex, length tergites 1.5-1.8 times maximum 0.9-1.1 to basal width of secondwidth, nearly equal times of brachial cell. First medial 0.7-0.75 times maximum width of length tergite, abscissa rather Recur- sheath in(visibledistinctly S-shaped. tergites. Ovipositor part rent vein 0.9-1.0 times as as second lateral 1.1-1.3 times than firstview)long longer abscissa of medial vein. Discoidal cell 1.55- 1.0-1.2 times than hindtergite, longer 1.65 times than wide. Nervulus 0.25-0.4 times as as meso-basitarsus,longer long distance from nervulus 0.15-0.17 times as as foresoma,strongly postfurcal, long wing. to basal vein twice nervulus mid Headnearly length. Sculpture pubescence: very densely Parallel vein a little behind middle and facearising minutely granulate, additionally of distal of brachial cell. Hind with rather fine and striation.margin wing irregular 4.5-4.7 times than maximum width. andMesoscutumlonger very densely distinctly First abscissa of costal vein 0.85-0.9 times with rather narrow and granulate, long as as second abscissa. First abscissa of in half. Scutel-long rugulosity medioposterior mediocubital vein 1.15-1.2 times lum and Meso- longer finely densely granulate. than second abscissa. Recurrent vein almost smooth in lower half.short, pleuron unsclerotized, curved toward and curv-interstitial, Metapleuron coarsely, regularly base of Hind coxa 1.5-1.6 striate for the most with finewing. Legs: large, edly part, times than 0.7-0.75wide, times as between striae andlonger granulation anteriorly. as hind femur. Hind femur 3.1- andalmostlong wide, Propodeum entirely coarsely 3.2 times than wide. Hind tibia in morerather striae areolalonger striate,sparsely thickened towards Hind tarsus 1.1 or and undulate orless transverseapex. partly times than hind hind basitar- with finetibia;longer rugulose, granulation partly; sus 0.6-0.65 times combined of with delineated basolateral areas;length distinctly second-fifth areola its 1.0-1.2 timessegments (without wide,pretarsus). length Second tarsal 0.4-0.45 times as maximum dorsal carina 0.8-1.0segment width; as timeslong basitarsus, 1,2-1.3 times as as areola fork. Hind coxalonger long than fifth with(without hind femursegment smooth;pretarsus). finely punctulate Number 2006Volume 2, 18515, fine smooth median Transverse diameter ofvery granulation dorsally, length. eye Metasoma 8.8 times than(dorsalentirely densely view)ventrally. longer temple iffiner to- measured on line. Anten-granulate, becoming length straight of metasoma. Mesoscutum nawards Otherwise similar toapex 28-segmented. and setose. female. entirely shortly very densely —Hind tibia with rather The new isshort, Diagnosis.dorsally species very dense and semi-erect its similar to P. fromsetae, length temporalis Belokobylskij 0.35-0.55 times maximum width of tibia. Brunei and differs in(Belokobylskij 1999) and half ofColour: Head anterior meso- the recurrent vein as as secondhaving long soma abscissa of medial the nervulusmesoscutum) vein,(including yellow, of mesosoma and metasoma the rather posterior part strongly postfurcal, pterostigma metasoma often the hind femur the secondwide, wide,pale yellow, additionally with tint. Antenna reddish the face rathershort, striate,greenish tergite finely brown or and the almost coarse-brown, scapus mostly yellow. propodeum entirely all tarsiPalpi pale yellow. Legs yellow, ly rugose-striate. —more or less Host. sinensisones)(especially posterior Conopomorpha Bradley brown. sheath brown in basal and C. litchiella (Gracillariidae).Ovipositor Bradley —half and black in half. Fore Distribution. Thailand. apical wing —infuscate. brownish This is named after faintly Pterostigma Etymology. species —the name of the fruit treeyellow. {Litchilychee— —Male. 2.0 fore chinensis on which their hostsmm; Sonn.)Body length wing 2.4 mm. Head width 2.1 times itslength develop. KEY TO SPECIES OF THE GENUS PARACHREMYLUS GRANGER 1. transverse diameter of 4.0-5.0 times as asTemple longer; (dorsal view)eye long temple Malar than basal width of mandible. smooth inlength. space larger Mesopleuron upper st th—striation in subalar 1 4 of hind tarsushalf, partly present depression only. segments with narrow and indistinct 2partly flanges - transverse diameter of 5.5-7.0 times as asshorter; (dorsal view)Temple eye long temple Malar less than basal width of mandible.length. space Mesopleuron distinctly curvedly st striate in 0.4-0.5. l -4* of hind tarsus with wide 3upper segments flanges 2. Notauli rather 1.2-1.3 times as as complete, deep posteriorly. Metacarpus long pterostigma. 1 nd rdT 3.5-3.7 times as as width. Median of 2 and 3flagellar segment long apical length ndmetasomal combined a little than basal width of 2tergites larger tergite. Propodeum —and striate. 2.2 mm. P.mostly coarsely sparsely Body length seyrigi GrangerMadagascar - Notauli almost absent 1.5 times as asincomplete, posteriorly. Metacarpus long pterostigma. st nd rd 1 3.0 times as as width. Median of 2 and 3flagellar segment long apical length ndmetasomal combined 1.3 width 2times basal of mostlvtergites tergite. Propodeum —smooth. 2.0 mm. India P. (Papp)Body length oblougus 3. 5.0 times as as maximum width. Recurrent vein of fore aboutnarrow,Pterostigma long wing twice as as second abscissa of medial vein. Nervulus notlong strongly postfurcal, distance from nervulus to basal vein 0.7 times nervulus Hind femur 3.5 times aslength. nd as wide. 2 0.6 times as as its basal width. Face almostlong tergite long entirely distinctly striate. within areolation striate,transversely Propodeum background sparsely mostly —smooth. mm.2.3 Brunei P.Body length temporalis Belokobylskij of Hymenoptera ResearchJournal 3.1-3.7 times as as maximum width. Recurrent vein of forerather wide, longPterostigma vein.as second abscissa of medial Nervulusalmost as strongly postfurcal,wing long twice nervulus Hind femurfrom nervulus to basal vein 3.1-3.2distance nearly length. nd about 0.5 times as as its basal width. Facetimes as as wide. 2 andlonglong tergite finely striate and with dense fine granulation.partly indistinctly transversely Propodeum areolation almost with finewithin entirely coarsely rugose-striate granula-background —tion 2.0-2.8 mm. Thailand P. litchii nov.length sp.partly. Body S. A. and V. I. Tobias. 1998. Fam.Beiokobylskij,ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Braconidae. Introduction. 8-26. in: P. A.Lehr,Pp. We wish to thank Dr. S. (Tsukuba, ed. Vostoka RossiiMoriya Japan) OpredeliteV nasekomykh Dal'nego and Dr. S. for us toThailand) the Insects the Russian FarDolsopon (Bangkok, giving East]. 4(3).[Keys of a chance to examine the reared and twomaterial, Vladivostok.Dal'nauka, [In Russian.] reviewers for valuable comments of our D. 1986. of the South-East Asianmanuscript. J.Bradley, Identity ofThe work was the cocoapresent supported by grant Japan moth, cramerella (Snellen)Conopomorpha for the Promotion of InvitationScience,Society with(Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), descriptions for Research inFellowship Program Japan of three allied new Bulletinspecies. of Entomolog- and 2 P04C 001 28 of the(No. L05564) grant Ministry ical Research 76: 41-51. of Science and Information Society Technologies 1949.C. Braconides de Mem-Granger, Madagascar. for the first and a Grant-in-Aid for(Poland) author, oires de llnstitut de Ser. A,Scientifique Madagascar. Scientific Research from the(A) (No. 15208007) Japan Animate 2: 1-428.Biologic for the Promotion of Science for the secondSociety C. 2002. The in Asia and theMenzel, lychee crop Pacific. author. Food and of the UnitedAgriculture Organization 120Nations, Bangkok. pp.LITERATURE CITED 1990. New braconidJ.Papp, wasps (Hymenoptera, in the NaturalBraconidae)P. Hungarian Historyand N. Sukhvibul. 2005. andAnupunt, Lychee 1. Annates historico-naturales MuseiMuseum,in Thailand. Acta Horticultural'longan production nationalis 82: 175-190.665: 53-60. hungarici(ISHS) 1997. New braconid S. A. 1993. the Papp, J.classification and wasps (Hymenoptera,Beiokobylskij, [On in theBraconidae) Naturalof the braconid of subfamilies Hungarian Historyphylogeny wasps 5.Museum, Annates historico-naturales Museiand Exothecinae Bra-Doryctinae (Hymenoptera, nationalis 89: 157-175.Part I. On theconidae). classification, Entomo- lunigarici2.] R. D. 1975. Braconidae 8.Obozrenie 72: 143-164. Shenefelt, Exothecinae,logicheskoe [In Russian.] S. A. 1999. taxa of the braconid (nova editio)Beiokobylskij, [New Rogadinae. Hymoiopterorum Catalogus Exothecinae 12: 1115-1262.Braconi-subfamily (Hymenoptera, from and R. A. 1993. Review of thedae) of the Wharton, Hormiinitropical subtropical regions Old World. I.] Obozrenie 78: with ofEntomologicheskoe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) description 674-693. new taxa.[In Russian.] Natural 27: 107-171.Journal of History HYM. RES.J. Vol. 2006, 187-20715(2), pp. Parasitoids of theChalcidoidea)(Hymenoptera: Cabbage Seedpod inWeevil Curculionidae) USA(Coleoptera: Georgia, Gary A. P. Michael W. Gates and G. David BuntinGibson, and and Pest K. W.(GAP) Canada,Agriculture Agri-Food Biodiversity Integrated Management, 960 K1A email:Avenue, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 0C6;Neatby Bldg., Carling gibsong@agr.gc.ca Research(MWG) PSI, Service,Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Agricultural U.S. Nationalof c/o Museum of NaturalDepartment Agriculture, History, Smithsonian DCInstitution, 20560-0168, USAWashington, of of Station, Griffin,GA USA(GDB) Department Entomology, University Georgia, 30223,Georgia —Abstract. Five families and 13 of Chalcidoidea were obtained fromspecies (Hymenoptera) mass-reared of Brassica L. as of the(Brassicaceae)seedpods napus putative parasitoids cabbage obstrictus in USA.weevil, (Marsham) Curculionidae),seedpod Ceutorhynchus (Coleoptera: Georgia, ConuraThe are torvina Euderus Yoshimoto and Necremnus(Cresson) (Chalcididae),species glaucus tidius Brasema n. comb, and(Walker) (French) (from Dalman)(Eulophidae), allynii Eupelmus Ashmead Ashmead andEiipclimis cyaniceps (Eupelmidae), Eurytoma tylodermatis (Eurytomidae), incertus L. maculatus L.Lyrcus (Ashmead), (Gahan), (Girault),perdubius Mesopolobus moryoides Neocatolaccus Pteromalus cerealellac and PteromalusGibson, tylodermae (Ashmead), (Ashmead) sp. An illustrated is to differentiate the taxa. maculatus constituted(Pteromalidae). key provided Lyrcus about 96% of all reared Pteromalidae and 86% of the total fauna. The associations of B.parasitoid E. E. E. L. N. Pteromalus and P.incertus,allynii, glaucus, cyaniceps, tylodermatis, tylodermae, sp. cerealellac with C. obstrictus are but some of these are ornew, species likely hyperparasitoids from insect contaminants of the mass-reared The ofemerged seedpods. only previous report a of C. obstrictus in eastern North TrichomalusAmerica, (Walker) (Pteromalidae),parasitoid perfectus is a misidentification. The fauna of C. obstrictus in is discussed relative to thatparasitoid Georgia known for western North America. The Ceuto- tera: of the cab-weevil, Chalcidoidea)cabbage seedpod parasitoids obstrictus weevil in western Northrhynchus (Marsham) (Coleoptera: bage seedpod was introduced from Eur- et al.America,Curculionidae), (1944),including Breakey to western North America about Doucette Hanson et al.ope (1944, 1948), (1948), 70 Since then it has become the Carlson et al. McLeod Walzyears ago. (1951), (1953), most insect of canola and and Dosdall et al.important pest (1957), (in press). Brassica L. and B. L. Murchie and Williams listed 7rape, napus rapa (1998) in most areas of the conti- identified and 4 unidentified in 9(Brassicaceae), species nent where these are and 5 families of Chalcidoidea ascrops grown (Car- genera camo et al. Kuhlmann et al. It of C. obstrictus in North Amer-2001, 2002). parasitoids was first from eastern North but almost all of the namesica,reported species America in North USA either misidentifications or areCarolina, (USDA represent and is now known to extend from now as of1960), recognized junior synonyms to and Canada older names et al. Dosdall etQuebec Ontario, (Gibson 2005).Georgia et al. Mason et al. al. another six chalcid(Brodeur 2001, 2004). (in press) reported There have been several of the B. and B.as reared fromsurveys species napus rapa introduced and native chalcid in Alberta. the(Hymenop- seedpods Consequently, of Hymenoptera ResearchJournal188 with theassociatedTable 1. Chalcid parasitoids weevil in North America, includingcabbage seedpod andthe number offor percentagespecimensGeorgia reared Buntinof total by(in parasitoidsparenthesis) (1998).
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