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conditions COMMISSION eurostat Our mission is to provide the European Union
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Eurostat's collections are adapted to the needs of all users.
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Press releases: Eurostat publishes around 100 press releases every year in Paper
connection with the release of new data. The press releases include the key figures Html
on the EU, the Member States and their partners. They are provided free of charge. PDF
They are also available on the Internet as soon as they are published:
Statistics in focus: This collection is published regularly by Eurostat and provides Paper
up-to-date summaries of the main results of statistical surveys, studies and analyses. PDF Ë
It covers all themes and consists of about four to eight pages per issue. Eurostat issues
around 150 Statistics in Focus per year. Available as single copies or on subscription.
Key indicators: This collection provides the main indicators on a theme or Paper
sub-theme in an easy-to-carry booklet of up to 100 pages. Available as single Html
copies or on subscription.
Panorama of the European Union: This collection highlights the features Paper
and trends of a multi-sectoral theme or a sectoral sub-theme. The publications CD-ROM
consist of around 200 pages and include analysis as well as tables and graphs.
Available as single copies or on subscription.
Methods and nomenclatures are intended for specialists who want to Paper
consult the methodologies and nomenclatures used for a theme, a sub-theme or a CD-ROM
sector. Available as single copies.
Detailed tables are intended for specialists. They present part, or all, of the Paper
statistical data compiled on a theme, sub-theme or sector. Available as single CD-ROM 1
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Studies and research summarise the results of European statistical studies Paper
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Catalogues provide rapid access to concise information on Eurostat's products Paper
and services. They are free of charge and include the Mini guide, a selection of
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EUROPEAN and social
COMMISSION conditions Immediate access to harmonized statistical data
Eurostat Data Shops:J
A personalised data retrieval service
In order to provide the greatest possible number of people with access to high-quality statistical
information, Eurostat has developed an extensive network of Data Shops 0).
Data Shops provide a wide range of tailor-made services:
• immediate information searches undertaken by a team of experts
in European statistics;
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requirements and intended use;
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Information can be requested by phone, mail, fax or e-mail.
0) See list of Eurostat Data Shops at the end of the publication.
Essentials on Community statistical news
* Euro indicators: more than 100 indicators on the euro-zone; harmonized, comparable,
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Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Its task is to provide the
European Union with statistics at an level, that allow comparisons to be made
between countries and regions. Eurostat consolidates and harmonizes the data collected by
the Member States.
To ensure that the vast quantity of accessible data is made widely available, and to help
each user make proper use of the information, Eurostat has set up a publications and
This programme makes a clear distinction between general and specialist users and
particular collections have been developed for these different groups. The collections Press
releases, Statistics in focus, Panorama of the European Union, Key indicators and
Catalogues are aimed at general users. They give immediate key information through
analyses, tables, graphs and maps.
The collections Methods and nomenclatures, Detailed tables and Studies and research suit
the needs of the specialist who is prepared to spend more time analysing and using very
detailed information and tables.
All Eurostat products are disseminated through the Data Shop network or the sales agents
of the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Data Shops are
available in 12 of the 15 Member States as well as in Switzerland, Norway and the United
States. They provide a wide range of services from simple database extracts to tailor-made
investigations. The information is provided on paper and/or in electronic form via e-mail, on
diskette or CD-ROM.
As part of the new programme Eurostat has developed its website. It includes a broad range
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publications as well as indicators on the euro-zone.
This publication presents the detailed results of the 1998 Labour Force Survey conducted in the Member
States of the European Union in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98.
This survey, like its predecessors conducted between 1983 and 1997, was based on the International
Labour Office guidelines on labour force statistics as adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour
Statisticians in 1982 and subsequently confirmed at the 14th and 15th conferences in 1987 and 1993.
The 1998 survey is the first in a new series. In response to recent developments in statistical requirements, a
number of changes have been made to the types of survey conducted between 1983 and 1991 and again
between 1992 and 1997. The contents and methodology of this new survey are described in the Eurostat
publication The European Union Labour Force Survey: Methods and Definitions 1998. Some of the
definitions given there and a brief description of the national surveys are reproduced below in the
This publication differs from the previous publications showing detailed results. The new presentation was
designed not only to adapt the tables of results to the changes introduced by the new Regulation, but also to
provide full correspondence with the existing tables in Eurostat's official database, New Cronos.
The New Cronos table associated with each table in the publication is indicated at the foot of the page
This publication is in four chapters:
1. Population and households
At the end of each chapter there is a table showing the main indicators at the NUTS 2 regional level.
Eurostat wishes to thank all those involved at the national statistical offices for their contributions to the
success of the survey in preparing the questionnaires, selecting the samples, conducting the interviews and
transmitting the data to Eurostat.
Luxembourg, December 1999 Signs and abbreviations
Zero or not available
Not zero but extremely unreliable
() Data unreliable owing to small size of the sample
EU-15 All 15 Member States of the European Union
EUR-11 Euro-zone (Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Austria, Portugal and Finland) Table of contents
Explanatory notes 9
Population and households 21
01 Population by age group2
02n by nationality and age group4
03 Population by marital statusand age group6
04, aged 15 years or more, by age group and labour status 28
05, aged 15 years or, by degree of urbanisation of residence and labour status 30
06 Population, aged 15 to 59 years, in education 3
07, aged 25 to 59, by age group and educational attainment level 3
08 Active population by age group and nationality
09 Composition of private households
10 Population by household position 40
11 Female population, aged 20 to9 years, by the number of children and by labour status 42
12 Main characteristics of population and households by region 4
Employment 53 t rates
13 Employment rates by age group and nationality 54
14t rates by age group and educational attainment level6
All in employment9
15 Employment by age group and nationality 60
16t by professional status2
17t by economic activity
18 Employment by occupation6
19t by place of work (work from home)8
20 Male employment by occupation and educational attainment level 7
21 Femalet byn andlt level
22 Self-employment by age group and educational attainment level 7
23t by economic activity8
24t by occupation 80
25 Employees by age group and educational attainment level4
26s by economic activity6
27s by occupation8 Page
Temporary employees 91
28 Temporary employees as percent of the total employees by age group 92
29ys by age group and educational attainment level4
30y employees by economic activity6
31 Temporarys by occupation8
32ys by age group and reason 100
33y employees by duration of the work contract
Part-time employment 105
34 Part-time employment as percent of each age group total employment 10
35et by age group and educational attainment level
36et by economic activity 11
37 Part-time employment by occupation2
38et by reason4
39 Involuntary part-time employment as percent of total part-time employment by age group 116
All in employment having a second job9
40 Person in employment having a second job by professional status of both jobs 120
41n intg ad job by by occupation in first job2
Working time 125
42 Population usually working shifth work, in the evening, at night on Saturday or
on Sunday, as percentage of the total employment 126
43 Persons working shifth work, in the evening, at night on Saturday or on Sunday 128
44 Average actual weekly hours of work in main job during the reference week,
for all in employment 130
45e usual weekly hours of work in main job, for all in employment 132
46 Averagelys of work of self-employ meny by economic activity4
47e usual weekly hours of work of full-time employees byc activity
48e usual weekly hours of work of part-times by economic activity8
49 Averagelys of work of self-employmeny by occupation 14
50e usual weekly hours of work of full-time employees byn
51elys of work of part-times by occupation4
52 Main characteristics of employment by region, for the population aged 15 to 64 years 146
53 Unemployment rates by age group and nationality 156
54t rates by age group and educational attainment level8
55 Principal characteristics of unemployment 160
56t by age group and nationality2
57 Unemployment by duration4