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Social protection expenditure and receipts

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European Union, Iceland and Norway: Data 1980-96
Population and social conditions
Social protection and social security
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Social protection
expenditure and receipts
European Union, Iceland and Norway
Data 1980-96
THEME 3
5J Population
EUROPEAN "and social
COMMISSION conditions eurostat HS
eurostat
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Um Benutzern die Datensuche zu erleich­ vidéotex.
Director-General
tern, hat Eurostat Themenkreise, d. h.
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Y. Franchet Y. Franchet
Generaldirektor Directeur général ζ
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Social protection
expenditure and receipts
European Union, Iceland and Norway
Data 1980-96
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THEME 3
r(5j Population
and social EUROPEAN
conditions COMMISSION eurostat A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1999
ISBN 92-828-6614-9
© European Communities, 1999
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Luxembourg
PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPER CONTENTS
A) INTRODUCTION 5
Β) EXPENDITURE ( 1990-1996 ) 11
1. COMPARATIVE TABLES
1.1 Expenditure as a % of GDP2
1.2e per head in ECU3
1.3e per head in ECU at constant prices 14
1.4 Expenditure per head in PPS5
2. EXPENDITURE BY TYPE
2.1 In national currency 16
2.2 In ECU8
3. DETAILED EXPENDITURE BY COUNTRY IN NATIONAL CURRENCY 20
C) SOCIAL BENEFITS 41
1. SOCIAL BENEFITS BY FUNCTION ( 1980-1996 )
1.1 In national currency2
1.2 In ECU 5
1.3 As a % of total 6
1.4 As a % of GDP7
2. DETAILED BENEFITS BY COUNTRY IN NATIONAL CURRENCY (1990-1996) 7
D) RECEIPTS ( 1990-1996 ) 209
1. RECEIPTS BY TYPE 211
1.1 In national currency
1.2 In ECU8
1.3 As a % of total 224
2. RECEIPTS BY SECTOR OF ORIGIN
2.1 In national currency 230
2.2 In ECU5
2.3 As a % of total 24
E) ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
1. Gross Domestic Product at market prices in national currency 246
2. Population
3. ECU conversion rates8
4. PPSn rates
5. Consumer price indices in national currency (1985 = 100) 250
6. Consumer price indices in ECU (1985 = 100)A. Introduction Re-routed social contributions are payments 1. New methodology ("ESSPROS 1996")
made by one social protection scheme to
The data on expenditure and receipts of social another in order to maintain or accrue the
rights of the people protected to social protection schemes contained in this
protection under the latter scheme. publication are drawn up according to the
ESSPROS Manual 1996. ESSPROS stands for
European System of integrated Social Administration costs are the costs charged to
PROtection Statistics, a harmonised system the scheme for its management and
providing a means of analysing and comparing administration.
social protection financial flows.
Transfers to other schemes are unrequited
Social protection is defined as follows in the payments made to other social protection
ESSPROS Manual 1996: schemes.
"Social protection encompasses all
Other expenditure consists of miscellaneous interventions from public or private bodies
expenditure by social protection schemes such intended to relieve households and individuals
as interest payable by the scheme to banks of the burden of a defined set of risks or needs,
and other creditors in respect of loans taken up provided that there is neither a simultaneous
and payment of taxes on income or wealth. reciprocal nor an individual arrangement
involved.
The list of risks or needs that may give rise to
social protection is fixed by convention as
follows:
3. Receipts 1) Sickness/Health care
2) Disability
Receipts of social protection schemes 3) Old age
comprise social contributions, general 4) Survivors
government, transfers from other 5) Family/children
schemes and other receipts. 6) Unemployment
7) Housing
Social contributions are the costs incurred by 8) Social exclusion not elsewhere
employers on behalf of their employees or by classified."
protected persons to secure entitlement to
social benefits.
Within social contributions by employers a
distinction is made between actual and imputed
contributions. Actual contributions include all 2. Expenditure
payments made by employers to social
protection schemes. Imputed contributions are Expenditure of social protection schemes is
the costs incurred bys from granting
broken down into social benefits,
social benefits, or from promising social
administration costs, transfers to other
benefits payable in the future, to their schemes and other expenditure.
employees, former employees andr
dependants, without involving an autonomous
Social benefits consist of transfers, in cash or
insurer andt maintaining separate in kind, by social protection schemes to
reserves for this purpose in their balance
households or individuals to relieve them of the
sheets.
burden of the eight risks or needs ("social
Social contributions by protected persons are protection functions") listed above. Social
broken down by socio-occupational status: benefits are classified:
employees, self-employed, pensioners and - by function (1. Sickness/Health care, 2.
others. Disability, etc..)
A social protection scheme may also receive a - by whether or not they are subject to means-
third type of social contribution: re-routed testing (i.e. by whether the beneficiary's income
social contributions (see paragraph 2 above). and/or wealth falls below a specified level);
- by type:
General government contributions relate to the - cash benefits (periodic and lump sum)
financing of social protection expenditure by - benefits in kind
central, state, regional or local governments in - re-routed social contributions.
their role as public authorities rather than as
employers. They consist of: - the cost to general government of 5. Contents of tables
running public non-contributory
schemes; Data relate to the 15 Member States of the
- financial support provided by general European Union, Iceland and Norway. Totals
government to other resident social are calculated for the European Union (EU-15)
protection schemes. and for the euro-zone (EUR-11 ).
EUR-11 includes Belgium, Germany, Spain,
France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Transfers from other schemes are unrequited
payments received from other social protection Netherlands, Austria, Portugal and Finland.
EU-15 also includes Denmark, Greece, schemes.
Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Other receipts come from a variety of sources,
such as interest and dividends. In general, data relate to the years 1990 to
1996.
Receipts are also broken down by sector of Data for social benefits by function are also
origin according to the national accounts, i.e. available for the period 1980-1989 (see section
- Corporations C.1).
- General government (central government,
state and local government, social security Part Β contains expenditure tables.
funds) Section B1 contains comparative tables of total
- Households expenditure in the different countries.
- Non-profit institutions serving households Section B2 contains tables on the structure of
- Rest of the world. e (benefits, administration costs and
other expenditure).
Section B3 contains more detailed tables on
the structure of benefits by type (means-tested
and non-means-tested, cash benefits and
4. National values - Treatment of benefits in kind, etc.) for each country.
transactions between schemes
Part C contains tables of social benefits broken
down by function. The national values contained in this
publication are the sum of the values of all the Section C1 contains tables on the total of each
individual social protection schemes. function.
Section C2 contains tables of benefits specific
Some financial flows of schemes refer to to each function, for each country.
operations with other social protection
Part D contains tables of receipts. schemes. The main transactions between
social protection schemes are: Section D1 contains tables on the structure of
receipts by type (social contributions, general - Transfers between schemes;
- Re-routed social contributions. government contributions, etc.)
Section D2 contains tables on the structure of These are recorded in ESSPROS 1996 as
expenditure of the scheme from which they receipts by sector of origin (corporations,
originate and as receipts of the scheme to general government etc.).
which they are paid.
Part E contains economic and demographic
data used in the calculations in the tables. In order to obtain national values (i.e. for the
overall system of social protection in each
country), the operations of the different
schemes need to be consolidated, for both
expenditure and receipts.
In this publication: 6. Important remarks
- transfers between schemes are not
included; Because the implementation of the new
- re-routed social contributions are methodology (ESSPROS 1996) may still cause
included for information, but they are some problems, the data are liable to be
not included in the calculation of revised in future issues of this publication.
aggregate values.
Some data are still provisional (abbr. "p"), or
estimated (abbr. "*"). These data may be
subject to statistical revisions.

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