Le Logement des personnes défavorisées à l'épreuve de l'application de la loi : 6ème rapport du Haut comité pour le logement des personnes défavorisées

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Le rapport aborde successivement le bilan du volet logement de la loi contre les exclusions, l'étude des types d'offres d'habitat proposés aux personnes en difficulté (de l'urgence au logement temporaire), l'intercommunalité tout particulièrement en région Ile-de-France. Il fait des propositions notamment pour le logement des grandes familles, la prévention des expulsions, le parc privé très social, la suppression du mois de carence de l'APL. Enfin il donne son avis sur le projet de loi relatif à la solidarité et au renouvellement urbains.
Source : http://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/rapports-publics/014000057-le-logement-des-personnes-defavorisees-a-l-epreuve-de-l-application-de-la-loi-6eme
Licence : En savoir +
Paternité, pas d'utilisation commerciale, partage des conditions initiales à l'identique
Nombre de pages : 68
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»»»»»
ème6 RAPPORT
du
HAUT COMITE
POUR LE LOGEMENT DES PERSONNES DEFAVORISEES
« LE LOGEMENT DES PERSONNES DEFAVORISEES
A L’EPREUVE DE L’APPLICATION DE LA LOI »
2000+0641&7%6+10 ........................................................................................4
+ 81.’6 .1)’/’06 .1+ ’:%.75+10 ..............................................7
+ /+5’ ’0 784’ &7 &41+6 #7 .1)’/’06 ....................7
+ .C 2TˆXGPVKQP FGU GZRWNUKQPU ................................................12
I - 3 - LA LUTTE CONTRE L’INSALUBRITE ET LA PRECARITE
DANS L’HABITAT................................................................................22
I - 4 - L’ACCROISSEMENT DE L’OFFRE DE LOGEMENTS. .........25
I - 5 - LA REFORME DES ATTRIBUTIONS.......................................30
II DE L’ACCUEIL DES SANS ABRI AU LOGEMENT AUTONOME
.....................................................................................................................34
II 1 LES SANS ABRI ET L’ACCUEIL D’URGENCE ....................34
II - 2 - L’HEBERGEMENT ET LE LOGEMENT TEMPORAIRE. .....37
II 3 LES SOUS LOCATIONS ET LES MEDIATIONS...................40
III L’intercommunalité et l’habitat..............................................................42
III.1 DEVELOPPEMENT DE L’INTERCOMMUNALITE .................42
III.2 LA REGION PARISIENNE ET SES PARTICULARITES ..........43
IV AVIS DU HAUT COMITE.................................................................46
IV.1 la loi relative au renforcement et à la simplification de la
coopération intercommunale...................................................................46
IV.2 Projet de loi de solidarité et de renouvellement urbains. ...............47
IV.3 les gens du voyage, .........................................................................48
V LES PROPOSITIONS DU HAUT COMITE.......................................49
V 1 ANCIENNES PROPOSITIONS DU HAUT COMITE ................49
V 2 - LES NOUVELLES PROPOSITIONS ........................................51
ANNEXES ..................................................................................................57
La loi du 5 juillet 2000 sur l’accueil et le stationnement des gens du
voyage......................................................................................................57
AVIS DU HAUT COMITE SUR LE PROJET DE LOI RELATIF A LA
SOLIDARITE ET AU RENOUVELLEMENT URBAINS. ..................63
LISTE DES AUDITIONS DU HAUT COMITE ...................................68
LIS DEPLACEMENTS .........................69
3+0641&7%6+10
.C OKUUKQP FW *CWV %QOKVˆ GUV FG HCKTG VQWVG RTQRQUKVKQP WVKNGUWTN OGPUGODNG FGU
SWGUVKQPU TGNCVKXGU CW NQIGOGPV FGU RGTUQPPGU FˆHCXQTKUˆGU
.G *CWV %QOKVˆ FQPPG UQP CXKUUWTVQWVG SWGUVKQP FQPV NG )QWXGTPGOGPV NG UCKUKVGV
KNˆNCDQTG EJCSWG CPPˆG WP TCRRQTV SW OKNTGOGV CW 2TˆUKFGPV FG NC4ˆRWDNKSWG GV CW
2TGOKGT/KPKUVTG
&ˆETGV FW &ˆEGODTG
+NRTQE´FG RCTCWFKVKQPU TGPEQPVTGU GV FˆRNCEGOGPVU UWTNGVGTTCKPGP HQPEVKQP FGU
EGPVTGU FOKPVˆT˜VU SWOKN EJQKUKV F OˆVWFKGT
.G RTˆUGPV TCRRQTV GUV NGTˆUWNVCV FG N OCEVKXKVˆ FW *CWV %QOKVˆ RQWTNG NQIGOGPV FGU
RGTUQPPGU FˆHCXQTKUˆGU FGRWKU 0QXGODTGCKPUKSWG NCRTˆUGPVCVKQP FG PQU
RTQRQUKVKQPU
.G 0QXGODTG :CXKGT ’OOCPWGNNK #PEKGP /KPKUVTG CˆVˆ TGPQWXGNˆ · NC
RTˆUKFGPEG FW *CWV %QOKVˆ
UKZ OGODTGU QPV XW NGWT OCPFCV TGPQWXGNˆ RQWT WPG RˆTKQFG FG VTQKU CPU
?//,ˆTˇOG $KIPQP #XQECV 8KEG 2TˆUKFGPV FW %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCNFG NC5QOOG
/CKTG FG $GTOGUPKN
?,GCP /KEJGN $NQEJ .CKPˆ 2TˆUKFGPV FG N O70+1255 +PURGEVGWT FGU (KPCPEGU
?/KEJGN %CTXQW &ˆNˆIWˆ )ˆPˆTCN (QPFCVKQP #DDˆ 2KGTTG
?/CTKG &WOCU #PEKGPPG 2TˆUKFGPVG FGU 4GUVQU FW % WT
?(TCP`QKUG *QUVCNKGT#PEKGP /KPKUVTG+PURGEVGWT)ˆPˆTCNFG N O’FWECVKQP 0CVKQPCNG
%QPUGKNNGT 4ˆIKQPCN FW 0QTF 2CU FG %CNCKU
? / (TˆFˆTKE 2CUECN#FOKPKUVTCVGWT FG 5QEKˆVˆU *./ #PEKGP 2TˆUKFGPV FG NC5%+%
UQEKˆVˆ EGPVTCNG KOOQDKNK´TG FG NC ECKUUG FGU FˆRˇVU
GPHKP JWKV PQWXGCWZ OGODTGU QPV ˆVˆ PQOOˆU RQWT WPG RˆTKQFG FG VTQKU CPU
?2CWN $QWEJGV 2TˆUKFGPV #6& 37#46 /QPFG
?%NCWFG (KQTK5GEQWTU 2QRWNCKTG(TCP`CKU #VVCEJˆ FG &KTGEVKQP )ˆPˆTCNG /GODTG
FW $WTGCW 0CVKQPCN
?)KNFCU NG )QPKFGE FG -GTJCNKE 2TˆUKFGPV FG N O7 0 2 +
?)W[ ,CPXKGT /CKTG FG 8CPXGU &ˆNˆIWˆ +PVGTOKPKUVˆTKGN ·NC (COKNNG RCT
KPVˆTKO
?/CTKG (TCP`QKUG .GITCPF 2TˆUKFGPVG ’//#75 2#4+5 &KTGEVTKEG CFOKPKUVTCVKXG
)TQWRG 4KEJGNKGW
0KEQNG .GIW[ &KTGEVTKEG %GPVTG F O#EVKQP 5QEKCNG 2TQVGUVCPV ?
?2CWN .QWKU /CTV[ &ˆNˆIWˆ )ˆPˆTCN 70+10 *./
?,CEM 4CNKVG #PEKGP /KPKUVTG 5ˆPCVGWT /CKTG F O#WDGTXKNNKGTU
%QPHQTOˆOGPV CWZ EQPENWUKQPU FW TCRRQTV n .G $GUQKPFG %QJˆTGPEG FCPU NC
RQNKVKSWG FW NQIGOGPV TGOKU CW 2TˆUKFGPV FG NC 4ˆRWDNKSWG NG ,WKNNGV NGU
OGODTGU FW *CWV %QOKVˆ QPV OGPˆ NGWTU VTCXCWZ CWVQWT FG SWCVTG CZGU
NG UWKXK FG N OCRRNKECVKQP FW XQNGV NQIGOGPV FG NC NQK GZENWUKQP CXGE
FGU FˆRNCEGOGPVU FGU OGODTGU FW *CWV %QOKVˆ FCPU RNWUKGWTU
FˆRCTVGOGPVU
N OˆVWFG FGU V[RGU F OQHHTGU FOJCDKVCV RTQRQUˆU CWZ RGTUQPPGU GP FKHHKEWNVˆ FG
NOWTIGPEG CW NQIGOGPV VGORQTCKTG
4
?OG

N OJCDKVCV GV N OKPVGTEQOOWPCNKVˆ GP EQPEGPVTCPV PQVTGTGICTF UWTNCTˆIKQP +NG FG
(TCPEG
NG UWKXK GVNC TGOKUGF OCXKUUWTNGU RTQLGVU FG NQKGV SWGUVKQPU UWTNGUSWGNU NG
)QWXGTPGOGPV PQWU C UCKUK QW SWK QPV RTˆQEEWRˆ NG *CWV %QOKVˆ
.G EQPVGZVG FG EGVVG CPPˆG GUV RCTCFQZCN RQWT NG NQIGOGPV FGU RGTUQPPGU
FˆHCXQTKUˆGU .C EQPLQPEVWTGˆEQPQOKSWG HCXQTCDNG RGTOGV FG XQKTWPG FKOKPWVKQP
FW PQODTG FG EJˇOGWTU WPG NˆI´TG FKOKPWVKQP F OCNNQECVCKTGUFOCKFGU CW NQIGOGPV GV
FG PQVGT WPG TGNCPEG ˆXKFGPVG FG NC EQPUVTWEVKQP
2QWTVCPV EGVVG GODGNNKG PG UGODNG RCU VQWEJGT NC HTCPIG FG RQRWNCVKQP NC RNWU
FˆHCXQTKUˆG . OKORTGUUKQP GUV O˜OGCW EQPVTCKTG FG XQKTGZCEGTDˆU NGU UGPVKOGPVU
FOGZENWUKQP GV FG TGLGV FG EGTVCKPU OˆPCIGU
.G PQODTG FG DˆPˆHKEKCKTGU FGU OKPKOCU UQEKCWZ PG FKOKPWG RCU N OCEE´U CW
NQIGOGPV NQECVKH RTKXˆ QW RWDNKE PG UGODNG RCU U OCOˆNKQTGT NC EQPUVTWEVKQP FG
NQIGOGPVU UQEKCWZ CW EQPVTCKTG FW TGUVG FW UGEVGWT KOOQDKNKGT PG FQPPG RCU FG
UKIPG FG TGPXGTUGOGPV FG NC VGPFCPEG · NC DCKUUG EQPUVCVˆG FGRWKU RNWUKGWTU
CPPˆGU
.C UKVWCVKQP FG EGTVCKPU OˆPCIGU RTQXQSWG FGU TˆCEVKQPU FQPV QP C FW OCN·
OGUWTGT NOCORNGWTOCKU FQPV QP RGT`QKVNGU GHHGVU CWIOGPVCVKQP XQKTG QTICPKUCVKQP
U[UVˆOCVKSWG FG USWCV TGHWU FG EGTVCKPGU HCOKNNGU F OCVVTKDWVKQP FG NQIGOGPVU UQEKCWZ
FCPU FGU SWCTVKGTU FˆITCFˆU QW FˆXCNQTKUˆU
4ˆVKEGPEGU CEEGPVWˆGU FGU EQNNGEVKXKVˆU NQECNGU RQWT TˆRQPFTG · FGU DGUQKPU
FOJˆDGTIGOGPV QW FG NQIGOGPV RQWT FGU OˆPCIGU HTCIKNKUˆU
.G DKNCP FW XQNGV NQIGOGPV FG NCNQKEQPVTGNGU GZENWUKQPU GZCOKPˆ FCPU NG RTGOKGT
EJCRKVTG FW TCRRQTV TGPF EQORVG FGU O˜OGU EQPVTCUVGU
+PFKUEWVCDNGOGPV NGU QWVKNUFG NCNQKUQPV OKUGP WXTGCXGE FGU FGITˆU FKXGTU
FOKORNKECVKQP .GU CEVGWTU FG VGTTCKPUGTXKEGU FG N O’VCV FW %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCNFGU
CUUQEKCVKQPU F OCWVTGU RCTVGPCKTGU QPV CESWKU FGU UCXQKT HCKTG GV QPV CRRTKU ·VTCXCKNNGT
GP RCTVGPCTKCV FGRWKU NC NQK FG
.GU TˆHQTOGU FG FG NC NQK EQPVTG NGU GZENWUKQPU UQPV NCTIGOGPV UQWVGPWGU
2QWTVCPV NG DKNCP TGUVG DKGP EQPVTCUVˆ RQWT RNWUKGWTU TCKUQPU
NGU TˆHQTOGU NGU RNWU KORQTVCPVGU UQPV UVTWEVWTGNNGU GV GZKIGPV FG PQODTGWUGU
EQPEGTVCVKQPU FKUEWUUKQPU ˆXQNWVKQPU
NGU QWVKNUO˜OG NQTUSW OKNUUQPV OKUGP WXTGCXGE WP GPICIGOGPV EGTVCKPFGU
CEVGWTU HKPKUUGPV RCTUG JGWTVGT· FGU RTQDN´OGU FG OCUUG QW VQWV CW OQKPU F OWP
HNWZ KPKPVGTTQORW SWKVGPF · FˆEQWTCIGTEGU CEVGWTU HCWVG FG ETˆGTFGU RGTURGEVKXGU
RNWU CODKVKGWUGU
N OKPVGTEQOOWPCNKVˆ UQWVGPWG OCKPVGPCPV RCTNC OCLQTKVˆ FGU ˆNWU GUV WPG EQPEGRVKQP
PQXCVTKEG SWCPV ·UGU PQWXGCWZ EJCORU FG EQORˆVGPEG . OJCDKVCV GP RCTVKEWNKGT
UGODNG NG FQOCKPG NG RNWU FˆNKECV · CDQTFGT FCPU EGU PQWXGNNGU TGURQPUCDKNKVˆU
.OQDLGEVKH FG VQWU EGU FKURQUKVKHU GUV WP TGVQWTCW FTQKV EQOOWP SWKKPV´ITG NGU
FKXGTUGU EQORQUCPVGU FG NC UQEKˆVˆ GV FG UC RQRWNCVKQP
5

.OCEVKQP GP HCXGWTFGU RGTUQPPGU FˆHCXQTKUˆGU PG RGWV FQPE ˜VTG EQP`WG ·PQU
[GWZ SWG RQWT RCNNKGT RNWU QW OQKPU RTQXKUQKTGOGPV CWZ FKHHKEWNVˆU F OCEE´U · WP
JˆDGTIGOGPV RˆTGPPG QW · WP NQIGOGPV CWVQPQOG
.C EQPPCKUUCPEG FGU FKURQUKVKQPU NˆICNGU GUV PGVVGOGPV KPUWHHKUCPVG
%GVVG NQKGUV EQORNGZG GV FGOCPFG FGU QWVKNURˆFCIQIKSWGU RGTHQTOCPVU GV WPG
OQDKNKUCVKQP CEETWG FGU TGURQPUCDNGU RQNKVKSWGU PCVKQPCWZ GV FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ FGU
CFOKPKUVTCVKQPU GV FW UGEVGWT CUUQEKCVKH
.C RTˆECTKUCVKQP GV N OKPUˆEWTKUCVKQP FOWPG RCTVKG ETQKUUCPVG FG NCRQRWNCVKQP [ EQORTKU
EJG\ NGU CEVKHU UCNCTKˆU KORQUGPV F OCUUQWRNKTFGU T´INGU F OCFCRVGTNGU FKURQUKVKHU ·
EGVVG ˆXQNWVKQP GV F OGP EQODCVVTG NGU GHHGVU SWKOGPCEGPV N OKPFKURGPUCDNG FTQKV CW
NQIGOGPV GV NG FTQKV · N OJCDKVCV SWK FQKXGPV TGUVGTFGU RTKQTKVˆU FG N OCEVKQP RWDNKSWG
.G NQIGOGPV FQKV FGOGWTGTQW FGXGPKTRQWTEGWZ SWKGP UQPV FˆRQWTXWU NG NKGW FG
UˆEWTKUCVKQP F OKPUGTVKQP GV FG ICTCPVKGFG N OKPVˆITKVˆHCOKNKCNG%GNKGWFQKV RGTOGVVTG
NOCWVQPQOKG RGTUQPPGNNG GV N OKPVˆITCVKQP FCPU NC XKG UQEKCNG
%GV QDLGEVKH FQKV ˜VTGWPG RTˆQEEWRCVKQP HQPFCOGPVCNG FGU TGURQPUCDNGU RQNKVKSWGU GV
UQEKCWZ
6
+81.’6 .1)’/’06 .1+’:%.75+10
+ /+5’ ’0 784’ &7 &41+6 #7 .1)’/’06
+ 2NCPU FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ F OCEVKQP RQWT NG NQIGOGPV FGU 2GTUQPPGU
FˆHCXQTKUˆGU
.C NQKEQPVTGNGU GZENWUKQPU P OC RCU VQWEJˆ CW UQENG FGU RNCPU FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ GP [
NCKUUCPV NC TGURQPUCDKNKVˆ · N O’VCV GV CW &ˆRCTVGOGPV
&GU RTˆEKUKQPU KORQTVCPVGU QPV ˆVˆ CRRQTVˆGU UWKVG CW DKNCP GHHGEVWˆ FˆDWV .C
FWTˆG FGU RNCPU F OWP OKPKOWO FG CPU CˆVˆ DKGP CEEWGKNNKG FCPU NGU FˆRCTVGOGPVU
FOWPG RCTV GNNGCKPUETKVEGWZ EKFCPU WPG EQPVKPWKVˆ GV F OCWVTGRCTV GNNGCRGTOKU FG
TˆCEVWCNKUGTEGTVCKPU RNCPU TGEQPFWKVU EJCSWG CPPˆG UCPU PˆIQEKCVKQP CXGE RCTHQKU
FGU COˆPCIGOGPVU RQPEVWGNU QW · NC OCTIG
.C EQPEGTVCVKQP OKUG GP RNCEG CXGE NGU CEVGWTU FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ C RGTOKU FG
TGFˆHKPKT FGU OKUUKQPU FGU RTKQTKVˆU )NQDCNGOGPV NGU *./ NGU %#( GV NGU
#UUQEKCVKQPU QPV ˆVˆ FCXCPVCIG EQPUWNVˆU SWG FCPU NC RˆTKQFG RTˆEˆFGPVG
.C TGRTˆUGPVCVKQP QDNKICVQKTG F OCUUQEKCVKQPU FOKPUGTVKQP QW FG FˆHGPUG FGU
RGTUQPPGU GP UKVWCVKQP F OGZENWUKQP RCTNG NQIGOGPV CW PKXGCW FW %QOKVˆ FG RKNQVCIG
FW % & * ˆICNGOGPV C RGTOKU WPG OGKNNGWTG RTKUG GP EQORVG FGU TGOCTSWGU FW
UGEVGWT CUUQEKCVKH
+NGUV ·UQWNKIPGTSWG EGTVCKPU FˆRCTVGOGPVU QPV TGEQPPW EQOOGTGRTˆUGPVCVKHFGU
EQNNGEVKHU QW TGITQWRGOGPVU F OCUUQEKCVKQPU .C FK\CKPG FG FˆRCTVGOGPVU SWK P OQPV RCU
FG TGRTˆUGPVCVKQP CUUQEKCVKXG FQKXGPV UCPU FQWVG ˆNCTIKTNCPQVKQP VTQR TGUVTKEVKXG FG
NGWTFˆHKPKVKQP F OCVKQP FOKPUGTVKQP QW FG FˆHGPUG FGU RGTUQPPGU GP UKVWCVKQP
FOGZENWUKQP
.C FˆUKIPCVKQP F OKPUVCPEGU NQECNGU RTˆXWG RCTNC NQKGUV FKXGTUGOGPV CRRNKSWˆG
%GTVCKPU FˆRCTVGOGPVU TGEJKIPGPV ·EQPHKGT· FGU KPUVCPEGU KPHTCFˆRCTVGOGPVCNGU
FGU EQORˆVGPEGU FW ( 5 . CEE´U OCKPVKGP GV CEEQORCIPGOGPV UQEKCN
.C ETˆCVKQP FG EQOOWPCWVˆU F OCIINQOˆTCVKQPU GV FG EQPHˆTGPEGU KPVGTEQOOWPCNGU
GP EQWTU FGXTCKV PˆCPOQKPU CEEˆNˆTGTEGVVG TˆQTKGPVCVKQP SWG NG*CWV %QOKVˆ UQWVKGPV
.OCRRQTV FG NCRTQZKOKVˆ FCPU NG VTCKVGOGPV FGU FQUUKGTU GUV RQUKVKHIT‚EG ·WPG
OGKNNGWTG EQPPCKUUCPEG FGU UKVWCVKQPU
.GU UGTXKEGU FG N O’VCV GV EGWZ FW FˆRCTVGOGPV U OKPUETKXGPV OCLQTKVCKTGOGPV FG HC`QP
CEVKXG FCPU EGVVG CEVWCNKUCVKQP .C EQPEGTVCVKQP NCTIG GV RCTHQKUCRRTQHQPFKG FCPU
EGTVCKPU FˆRCTVGOGPVU XKUKVˆU #NNKGT 2CU FG %CNCKU 2[TˆPˆGU #VNCPVKSWGU
5CXQKG GZRNKSWG NG RTQEGUUWU CUUG\ NQPI FG TˆˆETKVWTG FW RNCP
+ . OˆXCNWCVKQP SWCNKVCVKXG FGU DGUQKPU
.CNQK OGV N OCEEGPV FCPU NGU RNCPU FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ UWTNGU QWVKNUF OQDUGTXCVKQP GV UWT
NG RCTVGPCTKCV RQWT
%QPPC VTG NC UKVWCVKQP FGU HCOKNNGU FˆHCXQTKUˆGU
%QPPC VTG NGU OˆPCIGU GZENWU FW NQIGOGPV
&ˆHKPKT NGU DGUQKPU
7
%QQTFQPPGT N OGPUGODNG FGU OQ[GPU HKPCPEKGTU GV DWFIˆVCKTGU
#TT˜VGTNGU QTKGPVCVKQPU RQWT RTQFWKTG WPG QHHTG CFCRVˆG
&ˆXGNQRRGT FGU CEVKQPU URˆEKHKSWGU GP TˆRQPUG CWZ RTQDN´OGU KFGPVKHKˆU
FOGZENWUKQP FW NQIGOGPV
.C OKUG GP RNCEG F OQDUGTXCVQKTGU FW NQIGOGPV GUV FQPE UQWVGPWG GV RNWUKGWTU
FˆRCTVGOGPVU UG UQPV GPICIˆU FCPU NC ETˆCVKQP FG VGNNGU KPUVCPEGU QW FCPU NG
TGITQWRGOGPV FGU OQ[GPU CW PKXGCW NQECNQW FˆRCTVGOGPVCN
8
+ . O GZGORNG FG NC 5#81+’
&CPU WP FˆRCTVGOGPV Q . O’VCV GV NG%QPUGKNIˆPˆTCNUG UQPV GPICIˆU CEVKXGOGPV
FCPU NC OKUG GP RNCEG FGU QWVKNUFG NCNQKNC&&’ QTICPKUG EJCSWG CPPˆG FGRWKU
CPU WPG CPCN[UG F OGPXKTQP · FGOCPFGU FG NQIGOGPV FG RGTUQPPGU
FˆHCXQTKUˆGU TGEGPUˆGU CWRT´U
&W HKEJKGTRTˆHGEVQTCNFGU FGOCPFGWTU RTKQTKVCKTGU
&GU CUUQEKCVKQPU IGUVKQPPCKTGU FGU UVTWEVWTGU FG V[RG TˆUKFGPEG UQEKCNG JˇVGN
UQEKCN %*45 #+85
&W UGTXKEG FˆRCTVGOGPVCN F OCEEWGKNGV F OQTKGPVCVKQP 5#1&
.GU TˆUWNVCVU FG EGVVG ˆVWFG FQKXGPV UGTXKT· TˆCLWUVGTNGU QTKGPVCVKQPU FW RNCP
.OCUUQEKCVKQP IGUVKQPPCKTGFW (5. XKGPV FG TGETWVGTWP EJCTIˆ F OˆVWFGU UVCVKUVKSWGU
OKU · FKURQUKVKQP FG NC &&’ CXGE WP EQHKPCPEGOGPV FW RQUVG
.GU ˆVWFGU QPV FˆNKXTˆ FˆL· FG PQODTGWZ TˆUWNVCVU
.G PQODTG FG RGTUQPPGU C[CPV FGU TGUUQWTEGU NCTIGOGPV KPHˆTKGWTGU CW RNCHQPF
2.# TGUVG UVCDNG RT´U FG UQPV UQWU NGU RNCHQPFU 2.#+ 2.#
. OQHHTG NQECVKXG RTKXˆG · DQP OCTEJˆ VGPFCPV ·FKOKPWGTN OˆECTV UG ETGWUG GPVTGNC
FGOCPFG UVCDNG GV N OQHHTG SWK U OCOGPWKUG
.C TGNCPEG ˆEQPQOKSWG TGOGV UWTNGOCTEJˆ FGU FGOCPFGWTU UCNCTKˆU OCKU NGWT
RTˆECTKVˆ FG UVCVWV CNKOGPVG NG HNWZ FGU FGOCPFGWTU CW (5.
7P PQ[CW FWTRGTUQPPGU GUV GP CVVGPVG FG UQNWVKQP FGRWKU RNWU FG CPU GV
KORQUG NC TGEJGTEJG FG UQNWVKQPU KPFKXKFWGNNGU GV CFCRVˆGU
.C RTQITGUUKQP FG HCOKNNGU OQPQRCTGPVCNGU FG N OˆVWFG NC HTˆSWGPEG FG
UˆRCTCVKQPU FG EQWRNGU QDNKIGPV F OCFCRVGTNGU UVTWEVWTGU F OJˆDGTIGOGPV NQTUSWOWPG
UQNWVKQP NQIGOGPV PG RGWV ˜VTG RTQRQUˆG
.OCEVWCNKUCVKQP FW 2&#.2& VKGPV EQORVG FG EGVVG ˆVWFG GV FGU EQPUVCVU EKVˆU
.C XKNNG FG %*#/$’4; GUV EKVˆG GP GZGORNG RQWT UQP GPICIGOGPV XQNQPVCKTG FCPU
NGU FKURQUKVKHU FG EQPPCKUUCPEG EGPVTCNKUCVKQP FGU FGOCPFGU *./GP WP NKGW WPKSWG
CXGE ˆVWFG RGTUQPPCNKUˆG FGU FQUUKGTU OCKU CWUUKRQWTNGU TˆRQPUGU CRRQTVˆGU GP
VGTOG FG NQIGOGPVU CFCRVˆU
.C ITCPFG OCLQTKVˆ FGU 2.#+ FG 5#81+’ UQPV TˆCNKUˆU UWT %*#/$’4; .GWT
TˆRCTVKVKQP RTKXKNˆIKG WP RTKPEKRG FG OKZKVˆ UQEKCNG [EQORTKU FCPU NG EGPVTG XKNNG
JKUVQTKSWG
.C EQPPCKUUCPEG FGU UKVWCVKQPU CRGTOKU CW %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCNF OCRRTˆJGPFGTWP UWLGV
RCTVKEWNKGT VGNSWG NG NQIGOGPV FGU UCKUQPPKGTU
%GU FGTPKGTU TGPEQPVTGPV SWCPF KNUPG UQPV RCU FG 5#81+’ FG UˆTKGWUGU FKHHKEWNVˆU
RQWT UG NQIGT
&´U NGUGTXKEGU FG N O’VCV GV FW %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCNQPV FˆEKFˆ F OˆVWFKGTNG FQUUKGT
GV FG RCTVCIGTNGU GZRˆTKGPEGU SWKQPV CDQWVK· NCPˆEGUUKVˆ F OˆNCDQTGTFGU TˆRQPUGU
EQPEGTVˆGU
&GU RTQRQUKVKQPU QPV ˆVˆ ˆOKUGU FQPV WPG RCTVKG XKGPPGPV F O˜VTGTGRTKUGU TˆEGOOGPV
RCT NG IQWXGTPGOGPV
7PG 12#* VJˆOCVKSWG UQWU N OˆIKFG FW FˆRCTVGOGPV XKGPV F O˜VTG NCPEˆG
.GU T´INGU F OCEE´U CW ( 5 . QPV ˆVˆ OQFKHKˆGU RCT NC NQK
.C EQPFKVKQP FG TˆUKFGPEG RTˆCNCDNG FCPU NG FˆRCTVGOGPV GUV TGPFWG KORQUUKDNG RCT
NCNQK7P VKGTUFGU FˆRCTVGOGPVU UG XQKV QDNKIˆ F OKPVTQFWKTGEGVVG OQFKHKECVKQP FCPU
NGWTU RTCVKSWGU QW NGWT T´INGOGPV .C RQUUKDKNKVˆ FG UCKUKPG FKTGEVG RCT NGU WUCIGTU
POGUV TGURGEVˆG SW O· FCPU NGU FˆRCTVGOGPVU .C ETCKPVG FG FQUUKGTU OCNTGORNKU
FG RK´EGU OCPSWCPVGU GUV VQWLQWTU ˆXQSWˆG 5KN OQP RGWV EGTVGU GPVGPFTG EGU
9

TCKUQPU GNNGU PG RGWXGPV GP CWEWP ECU LWUVKHKGTWP PQP TGURGEV FG NCNQK.GU UGTXKEGU
FˆRCTVGOGPVCWZ FW ( 5 . FQKXGPV U OCFCRVGTSWKVVG ·OQFKHKGTQW ETˆGTFGU OQFCNKVˆU
FG UQWVKGP CW OQPVCIG FW FQUUKGT’P RNWU FW ECTCEV´TG QDNKICVQKTGFG TGURGEV FG
NC NQK KN GP XC ˆICNGOGPV FW TGURGEV FG NC RGTUQPPG GV FG UC TGURQPUCDKNKUCVKQP 5K
EGVVG RTCVKSWG GPVTC PG FGU KPEQPXˆPKGPVU CFOKPKUVTCVKHU KNU PQWU UGODNGPV
UWTOQPVCDNGU CW XW FGU TˆUWNVCVU FGU FˆRCTVGOGPVU SWK N OQPV KPVˆITˆG
N OKPUVTWEVKQP U[UVˆOCVKSWG FGU FGOCPFGU U OKPUETKVFCPU NC O˜OGNQIKSWG GV C
ˆVˆ VT´U NCTIGOGPV CFQRVˆG RCT NGU FˆRCTVGOGPVU
.G FˆNCKFG OQKURQWTUVCVWGTUWTWPG FGOCPFG KORQUG · WP VKGTU FGU
FˆRCTVGOGPVU FOCRRQTVGTFGU EQTTGEVKQPU GV FGU COˆNKQTCVKQPU ·NGWTFKURQUKVKHRQWT
TˆRQPFTG · EGVVG GZKIGPEG +NGP GUV FG O˜OGRQWTNC OQVKXCVKQP FGU TGHWU %GV GHHQTV
KORQUˆ PQWU UGODNG FGXQKT˜VTG EQPVTˇNˆ
&ˆRGPUGU FGU (QPFU FG 5QNKFCTKVˆ .QIGOGPV GP OKNNKQPU FG HTCPEU

#KFGU CW OCKPVKGP KORC[ˆU
FG
NQ[GTU
#KFGU · N OCEE´U FCPU NGU NKGWZ
2CKGOGPV FG ICTCPVKGU
KORC[ˆU
%QRTQRTKˆVCKTGU QEEWRCPVU
# 5 . .
)GUVKQP NQECVKXG
5WDXGPVKQPU CWZ CUUQEKCVKQPU
(QPEVKQPPGOGPV
&ˆRGPUGU VQVCNGU
FQPV CKFGU
5QWTEG 5GETˆVCTKCV F O’VCV CW .QIGOGPV


10
NGUF?EKF?GUUQEKCNNGU.GUF?RGPUGUFCPU
GVFGU
RTQXKUQKTGU
HQPEVKQPPGOGPVEJKHHTGUVCDNGCWFGNGUFGUFGCW
6QVCNEQORTKU(5.HTCKU0$NGUHKIWTCPVEGUQPVF?ECKUUGOGPVUVT?UQTGTKGPQPF?RGPUGUNQTUT?WPKQPUKPUVCPEGUF?EKUKQPF?RGPUGUFQPP?GUUQPV

#EEQORCIPGOGPVNK?NQIGOGPVFGUFGUPQPNGUFGGVFKXGTUGU
+ ’ZRˆTKGPEG FGU 2[TˆPˆGU #VNCPVKSWGU
%TˆCVKQP FOWP $WTGCW F O#EE´U GV FG /CKPVKGP CW .QIGOGPV $ # .
/KUG GP RNCEG GP RQWTEQPFWKTGNG RTQITCOOGF OCEVKQP CTT˜Vˆ RCTNG RNCP
FˆRCTVGOGPVCNRQWTNG NQIGOGPV FGU RGTUQPPGU FˆHCXQTKUˆGU NG$ # . CPKOˆRCT
NGU FGWZ 2#%6 FW FˆRCTVGOGPV $ˆCTP GV 2C[U $CUSWG GUV NG FKURQUKVKH
EGPVTCNKUCVGWT FW 2&#.2&
+N GUV HKPCPEˆ
? RCT NG %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCN 4/+
#EVKQP UQEKCNG
? RCT N O’VCV & & ’ / 1 7 5
(10,’2
(#5
? %QPLQKPVGOGPV RCT N O’VCV GV NG %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCN
(5.
(#,
.GU OKUUKQPU FW $ # .
#EEWGKNQTKGPVˆ RCTNGU VTCXCKNNGWTU UQEKCWZ NGU CUUQEKCVKQPU .GU %.+ GV NGU
DCKNNGWTU UQEKCWZ RQWT N OCEEQORCIPGOGPV UQEKCN
&KCIPQUVKE FG NC UKVWCVKQP NQIGOGPV FG NC HCOKNNG
2TQURGEVKQPKOOQDKNK´TGCXGE GPEQORNˆOGPVFGUEQPXGPVKQPUCXGE NGU *./
GV NGU CIGPVU KOOQDKNKGTU
4GNQIGOGPV QW OCKPVKGP FCPU NG NQIGOGPV GP RCTE RWDNKE GV RTKXˆ
/CKPVKGP FCPU NG NQIGOGPV RTˆXGPVKQP FGU GZRWNUKQPU UQTVKGU F OKPUCNWDTKVˆ
OˆFKCVKQP
#EEQORCIPGOGPV UQEKCNFG EQWTVG FWTˆG
)GUVKQP NQECVKXG GV ICTCPVKG ( 5 .
#EVKXKVˆ GV XGKNNG UQEKCNG CRT´U OCKPVKGP QW TGNQIGOGPV CPVˆTKGWTU
.OQTKIKPCNKVˆ FW FKURQUKVKHVKGPV GP NCEQPEGPVTCVKQP UWTWP QWVKNEGPVTCNKUˆ FGU CEVKQPU
FW RNCP GV FGU OKUUKQPU EQPHKˆGU RCT N O’VCV GV NG %QPUGKN)ˆPˆTCN
.G n OQPQRQNG P OC FOGHHKECEKVˆ SWG RCTNC TGEJGTEJG KPEGUUCPVG FG RCTVGPCTKCV GV FG
U[PGTIKG FCPU NGU FKHHˆTGPVGU CEVKQPU
.G DKNCP HCKV CRRCTC VTG FGU TˆUWNVCVU RTQDCPVU
FGOCPFGU KFGPVKHKˆGU
UQNWVKQPU RTQRQUˆGU FQPV TGNQIGOGPVU GP *./
CKFGU FCPU NGU FˆOCTEJGU
OCKPVKGPU FQPV CRT´U
COˆNKQTCVKQP FW NQIGOGPV
11


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