Anaximander and the Architects
352 pages
English

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352 pages
English
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Description

Anaximander and the Architects opens a previously unexplored avenue into Presocratic philosophy—the technology of monumental architecture. The evidence, coming directly from sixth century B.C.E. building sites and bypassing Aristotle, shows how the architects and their projects supplied their Ionian communities with a sprouting vision of natural order governed by structural laws. Their technological innovations and design techniques formed the core of an experimental science and promoted a rational, not mythopoetical, discourse central to our understanding of the context in which early Greek philosophy emerged. Anaximander's prose book and his rationalizing mentality are illuminated in surprising ways by appeal to the ongoing, extraordinary projects of the archaic architects and their practical techniques.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

1. ANAXIMANDER AND THE ORIGINS OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY

The Problem and the Three Tiers of Explanation
The Conventional View and Its Discontents
The New Contributing Thesis:Technology as Politics

2. THE IONIAN PHILOSOPHERS AND ARCHITECTS

Fixing Anaximander's Date:The First Philosophical Book in Prose
Archaic Prose Writing: Pherecydes' Cosmogony and Legal Inscriptions
Prose in Archaic Architectural Treatises and the Community of Thales and Anaximander, Theodorus and Rhoikos, Chersiphron and Metagenes
The New Connection:The Contribution of the Egyptian Architects to the Ionian Greek Architects of the Archaic Period
An Overview of Monumental Temple Projects in Archaic Ionia
The Meaning of the Temple: Design Choices

3. THE TECHNIQUES OF THE ANCIENT ARCHITECTS

The Evidence for Imagining in Plan or Aerial View
The Evidence for Models
The Theory of Proportions
The Techniques of Anathyrosis and Empolion

4. ANAXIMANDER'S TECHNIQUES

Architect, Philosopher, and the New Vision Supplied by the Application of Geometrical Techniques
Homer's World Picture
Hesiod's World Picture
Anaximander's World Picture:The Plan or Aerial View
Anaximander's World Picture:Three-dimensional Views—The Side, Elevation, Oblique, and Axonometric Views

5. TECHNOLOGY AS POLITICS: THE ORIGINS OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY IN ITS SOCIOPOLITICAL CONTEXT

Re-Framing the New Narrative Account
The Aristocratic Patrons of Archaic Temples
Technology as Politics: The "Argument" for the Appropriation of Civic Authority

NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 01 février 2012
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780791491546
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 7 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1698€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Anaximander and the Architects
Mediterranean, indicating multicolumned temple sites in Egypt and Ionian Greece as of sixth centuryBCE
GREECE
Athens
Samos
Ephesus Didyma
MEDITERRANEAN SEA
EGYPT
Giza Saqqara Memphis
Abu Simbel
Thebes
SUNYSERIES IN
Cairo
Edfu
TURKEY
Karnak
Luxor
Nile River
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ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY
Anthony Preus, editor
NAXIMANDER ND THE RCHITECTS
R O B E R T HAH N
The Contributions of Egyptian and Greek Architectural Technologies to the Origins of Greek Philosophy
S TAT E U N I V E R S IT Y O F N E W YO R K P R E S S
Published by STATEUNIVERSITY OFNEWYORKPRESS, ALBANY
© 2001 State University of New York
All rights reserved
Printed in the United States of America
No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission. No part of this book may be stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means including electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior permission in writing of the publisher.
For information, address State University of New York Press, 90 State Street, Suite 700, Albany, NY 12207
Production and book design, Laurie Searl Marketing, Patrick Durocher
Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data
Hahn, Robert, 1952– Anaximander and the architects : the contributions of Egyptian and Greek architectural technologies to the origins of Greek philosophy / Robert Hahn. p. cm. — (SUNY series in ancient Greek philosophy) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-7914-4793-6 (alk. paper) — ISBN 0-7914-4794-4 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Anaximander. 2. Architecture, Ancient—Egypt—Influence. 3. Architecture, Ancient—Greece—Influence. I.Title. II. Series.
B208.Z7 H34 2001 182—dc21
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
00-036567
For Amy
Page vi blank.
Contents
LIST OFILLUSTRATIONS
PREFACE
xvii
INTRODUCTION
1
xi
Chapter 1 ANAXIMANDER AND THEORIGINS OFGREEKPHILOSOPHY 15
The Problem and the Three Tiers of Explanation 15
The Conventional View and Its Discontents 21
The New Contributing Thesis: Technology as Politics 39
Chapter 2 THEIONIANPHILOSOPHERS ANDARCHITECTS 47
Fixing Anaximander’s Date:The First Philosophical Book in Prose 47
Archaic Prose Writing: Pherecydes’ Cosmogony and Legal Inscriptions 50
viii
Anaximander and the Architects
Prose in Archaic Architectural Treatises and the Community of Thales and Anaximander, Theodorus and Rhoikos, Chersiphron and Metagenes 55
The New Connection: The Contribution of the Egyptian Architects to the Ionian Greek Architects of the Archaic Period 66
An Overview of Monumental Temple Projects in Archaic Ionia 69
The Meaning of the Temple: Design Choices 86
Chapter 3 THETECHNIQUES OF THEANCIENTARCHITECTS 97
The Evidence for Imagining in Plan or Aerial View 97 The Evidence for Models 120
The Theory of Proportions 137 The Techniques ofAnathyro\sisandEmpolion
Chapter 4 ANAXIMANDERSTECHNIQUES 163
149
Architect, Philosopher, and the New Vision Supplied by the Application of Geometrical Techniques 163
Homer’s World Picture 169
Hesiod’s World Picture 172
Anaximander’s World Picture: The Plan or Aerial View 177
Anaximander’s World Picture: Three-dimensional Views—The Side, Elevation, Oblique, and Axonometric Views 200
Chapter 5 TECHNOLOGY ASPOLITICS: THEORIGINS OFGREEKPHILOSOPHY INITSSOCIOPOLITICALCONTEXT 219
Re-Framing the New Narrative Account 219
The Aristocratic Patrons of Archaic Temples 223
Technology as Politics: The “Argument” for the Appropriation of Civic Authority 226
NOTES
241
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
315
295
ix
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