A Short History of Russia

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A Short History of Russia
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08 décembre 2010

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Project Gutenberg's A Short History of Russia, by Mary Platt Parmele This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: A Short History of Russia Author: Mary Platt Parmele Release Date: October 23, 2005 [EBook #16930] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A SHORT HISTORY OF RUSSIA ***
Produced by Al Haines
[Frontispiece: Peter the Great.]
A SHORT HISTORY OF RUSSIA
BY MARY PLATT PARMELE
ILLUSTRATED
NEWYORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 1907
Copyright, 1899, 1904, 1906, BY MARY PLATT PARMELE
PREFACE. If this book seems to have departed from the proper ideal of historic narrative—if it is the history of aPower, and not of aPeople—it is because the Russian people have had no history yet. There has been no evolution of a Russian nation, but only of a vast governing system; and the words "Russian Empire" stand for a majestic world-power in which the mass of its people have no part. A splendidly embroidered robe of Europeanism is worn over a chaotic, undeveloped mass of semi-barbarism. The reasons for this incongruity—the natural obstacles with which Russia has had to contend; the strange ethnic problems with which it has had to deal; its triumphant entry into the family of great nations; and the circumstances leading to the disastrous conflict recently concluded, and the changed conditions resulting from it—such is the story this book has tried to tell. M. P. P.
CHAPTER I. Natural Conditions Greek Colonies on the Black Sea The Scythians Ancient Traces of Slavonic Race
CHAPTER II. Hunnish Invasion Distribution of Races Slavonic Religion Primitive Political Conceptions
CHAPTER III. The Scandinavian in Russia
CONTENTS.
Rurik Oleg Igor Olga's Vengeance Olga a Christian Sviatoslaf Russia the Champion of the Greek Empire in Bulgaria Norse Dominance in Heroic Period
CHAPTER IV. System ofAppanages Vladimir the Sinner Becomes Vladimir the Saint Russia Forcibly Christianized Causes UnderlyingAntagonism Between Greek and Latin Church Russia Joined to the Greek Currents and Separated from the Latin
CHAPTER V. Principalities Headship of House of Rurik Relation of Grand Prince to the Others Civilizing Influences from Greek Sources Cruelty not Indigenous with the Slavs How and Whence it Came Primitive Social Elements The Drujina End of Heroic Period Andrew Bogoliubski New Political Center at Suzdal
CHAPTER VI. The Republic of Novgorod Invasion of Baltic Provinces by Germans Livonian and Teutonic Orders Russian Territory Becomes Prussia Mongol Invasion Genghis Khan Cause of Downfall
CHAPTER VII. The Rule of the Khans Humiliation of Princes Novgorod the Last to Fall Alexander Nevski Russia Under the Yoke
CHAPTER VIII. Lithuania Its Union with Poland A Conquest of Russia Intended Daniel First Prince of Moscow Moscow Becomes the Ecclesiastical Center Power Gravitates Toward that State Centralization Dmitri Donskoi
Golden Horde Crumbling
CHAPTER IX. Origin of Ottoman Empire Turks in Constantinople Moscow the Spiritual Heir to Byzantium Ivan Married to a Daughter of the Caesars Civilizing Streams Flowing into Moscow Work for Ivan III. And How He Did it Friendly Relations with the Khans Reply to Demand for Tribute in 1478 The Yoke Broken
CHAPTER X.
Vasili the Blind Fall of Pskof Splendor of Courts Ceremonial Nature of Struggle which was Evolving
CHAPTER XI.
Ivan IV. His Childhood Coup d'État Unmasking ofAdashef and Silvester A Gentle Youth Developing into a Monster Solicitude for the Souls of his Victims Destruction of Novgorod England Enters Russia by a Side Door Friendship with Elizabeth Acquisition of Siberia TheSoboror States-General Summoned Ivan Slays his Son and Heir His Death
CHAPTER XII.
Boris Godunof The Way to Power ABoyarTsar of Russia Serfdom Created The False Dmitri Mikhail the First Romanoff
CHAPTER XIII.
Time of Preparation The Cossacks Attempt of Nikon Death of Mikhail Alexis Sympathizes with Charles II. Natalia Death ofAlexis Feodor
CHAPTER XIV.
Sophia Regent Peter I. Childhood Visit to Archangel Azof Captured How a Navy was Built Sentiment Concerning Reforms A Conspiracy Nipped in the Bud Peter Astonishes Western Europe
CHAPTER XV.
Charles XII. Battle of Narva St. Petersburg Founded Mazeppa Poltova Peter's Marriage with Catherine
CHAPTER XVI.
Campaign against Turks Disaster Averted Azof Relinquished Treaty of Pruth Reforms The Raskolniks Visit to France His SonAlexis a Traitor His Death
CHAPTER XVII.
Catherine I. Anna Ivanovna Ivan VI. Elizabeth Petrovna French Influences Succeed the German Peter III. His Taking off Catherine II.
CHAPTER XVIII.
Conditions in Poland Victories in the Black Sea Pugatchek the Pretender Peasants' War  Reforms Partition of Poland Characteristics of Catherine and of her Reign Her Death
CHAPTER XIX.
Paul I. Napoleon Bonaparte Franco-Russian Understanding Assassination of Paul Alexander I.
CHAPTER XX. Plans for a Liberal Reign Austerlitz Alexander I. anAlly of Napoleon Rupture of Friendship FrenchArmy in Moscow Its Retreat and Extinction The Tsar a Liberator in Europe Failure of Reforms Araktcheef's Severities Conspiracy at Kief Death ofAlexander I.
CHAPTER XXI. Constantine's Renunciation Revolt Succession of Nicholas I. Order Restored Character of Nicholas His Policy Polish Insurrection Reactionary Measures Europe Excluded Turco-Russian Understanding Beginning of the Great Diplomatic Game Nature of the Eastern Question Intellectual Expansion in Russia
CHAPTER XXII.
1848 in Europe Nicholas Aids Francis Joseph Hungary Subjugated Nicholas claims to be Protector of Eastern Christendom Attempt to Secure England's Co-operation Russia's Grievance against Turkey His Demands France and England inAlliance for Defense of Sultan Allied Armies in the Black Sea The Crimean War Odessa Alma Siege of Sevastopol Death of Nicholas I.
CHAPTER XXIII.
Alexander II. End of Crimean War Reaction Toward Liberalism Emancipation of Serfs Means by which It was Effected Patriarchalism Retained
Hopes Awakened in Poland Rebellion How it was Disposed of
CHAPTER XXIV. Reaction toward Severity Bulgaria and the Bashi-Bazuks Russia the Champion of the Balkan States Turco-Russian War Treaty of San Stefano Sentiment in Europe Congress of Berlin Diplomatic Defeat of Russia Waning Popularity ofAlexander II.
CHAPTER XXV. Emancipation a Disappointment Social Discontent Birth of Nihilism Assassination ofAlexander II. The Peasants' Wreath Alexander III. A Joyless Reign His Death
CHAPTER XXVI. Nicholas II. Russification of Finland Invitation to Disarmament Brief Review of Conditions
SUPPLEMENT. Conditions Preceding Russo-Japanese War Nature of Dispute Results of Conflict Peace Conference at Portsmouth Treaty Signed A NationalAssembly Dissolution of First Russian Parliament Present Outlook
LIST OF PRINCES.
INDEX.
ILLUSTRATIONS. Peter the Great . . . . . .roFeecpiisnt
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