Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience
257 pages

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As Carole Browner explains in her foreword: "These chapters compellingly reveal that although we anthropologists tend to speak of biomedicine in hegemonic terms, in fact its penetration is quite variable and often ambivalently met. . . . Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience sheds new light on a troubling core aspect of medicalization processes, which simultaneously render pregnant women more docile subjects even as they are impelled to actively engage with biomedicalized prenatal care regimes. . . . We also see that a consummate means by which states seek to consolidate power in the reproductive realm is through expansion of the biomedical concept of risk. This critical observation emerges repeatedly in this collection."



Publié par
Date de parution 15 avril 2012
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780826518217
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

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Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience
Edited by Lauren Fordyce and Amínata Maraesa
Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience
Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience
Edited by Lauren Fordyce and Amínata Maraesa
Foreword by Carole H. Browner Afterword by Rayna Rapp
Vanderbilt University PressnNashville
© 2012 by Vanderbilt University Press Nasville, Tennessee 37235 All rigts reserved First printing 2012
his book is printed on acid-free paper Manufactured in te United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Risk, reproduction, and narratives of experience / edited by Lauren Fordyce and Amínata Maraesa ; foreword by Carole H. Browner and afterword by Rayna Rapp. p. cm. Includes bibliograpical references and index. ISBN 978-0-8265-1819-4 (clot edition : alk. paper) ISBN 978-0-8265-1820-0 (pbk. edition : alk. paper) 1. Cildbirt—Cross-cultural studies. 2. Maternal ealt services—Cross-cultural studies. 3. Healt risk assessment— Cross-cultural studies. I. Fordyce, Lauren. II. Maraesa, Amínata. GN482.1.R57 2012 362.1982—dc23 2011018130
For my parents, William and Patricia. —L.F.
To everyone wo as ever taken a risk on me. And to Afinatou, Safouane, and Douniya, wo ave no coice but to come along for te ride. —A.M.
Foreword Carole H. Browner
Introduction: The Development of Discourses Surrounding Reproductive Risks Lauren Fordyce and Amínata Maraesa
Part I Complications in Measuring and Defining Risk
Conceiving Risk in K’iche’ Maya Reproduction Mattew R. Dudgeon
Failing to See the Danger: Conceptions of Pregnancy and Care Practices among Mexican Immigrant Women in New York City Alysia Gálvez
The Vital Conjuncture of MethamphetamineInvolved Pregnancy: Objective Risks and Subjective Realities Alison B. Hamilton
Part II Biopolitical Narratives of Risk and Responsibility
Birth and Blame: Guatemalan Midwives and Reproductive Risk Seila Cosminsky
Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experience
“They Don’t Know Anything”: How Medical Authority Constructs Perceptions of Reproductive Risk among LowIncome Mothers in Mexico Vania Smit-Oka
Local Contours of Reproductive Risk and Responsibility in Rural Oaxaca Rebecca Howes-Miscel
New Countryside, New Family: The Discourses of Reproductive Risk in Postsocialist Rural China Qingyan Ma
Part III Struggles over the Embodiment of Reproductive Risk
Negotiating Risk and the Politics of Responsibility: Mothers and Young Child Health among Datoga Pastoralists in Northern Tanzania Alyson G. Young
Shifting Maternal Responsibilities and the Trajectory of Blame in Northern Ghana Aaron R. Denam
Imaging Maternal Responsibility: Prenatal Diagnosis and Ultrasound among Haitians in South Florida Lauren Fordyce
A Competition over Reproductive Authority: Prenatal Risk Assessment in Southern Belize Amínata Maraesa
Afterword Rayna Rapp
Foreword Carole H. Browner
Women ave been bearing and caring for cildren since te dawn of time. And as best we know, pregnancy and te act of giving birt ave always been recognized as times of vulnerability, uncertainty, and danger—as muc for pregnant women and new moters as for te larger groups to wic tey belong. It is for tis reason tat in contrast wit nonuman primates, wo give birt on teir own, te evolution of te uman species favored assisted reproduction.  Given tat disparate interests and values are inextricably linked to te repro-duction of every social group, te social relations of uman reproduction were potential sites for conflict in te earliest societies: between spouses, co-wives, and generations; between fertile women and te extended families, bands, tribes, vil-lages, neigboroods, communities, and nation-states to wic tey belonged.  he capters in Lauren Fordyce and Amínata Maraesa’s fascinating new col-lection focus mainly on one particular type of reproductive conflict: tat between pregnant women and moters and te nation-states in wic tey reside. hey reveal tat in a growing number of countries trougout te world today, women are expected—if not required—to participate in te biomedical ealt care system troug prenatal care regimens administered by Western-trained and biomedicallycertified providers, to give birt in state-sanctioned ospitals or clinics, and to ex-tend biomedical protocols of care to teir cildren.  hese capters also compellingly reveal tat altoug we antropologists tend to speak of biomedicine in egemonic terms, in fact, its penetration is quite vari-able and often ambivalently met. To some extent tis is because trougout te world today, many women do not consider pregnancy an illness and continue to ave confidence in teir bodies’ own ability to bear ealty cildren witout te need for state-sanctioned interventions. Yet, at te same time, growing numbers of women simply do not feel free to turn down te monitoring, measuring, and oter interventions tat are part of modern prenatal care, or to insist on giving birt in te location of teir coosing.Risk, Reproduction, and Narratives of Experi-enceseds new ligt on a troubling core aspect of medicalization processes, wic simultaneously render pregnant women more docile subjects even as tey are im-pelled to actively engage wit biomedicalized prenatal care regimes.  he capters vividly sow tat many pregnant women and moters do not necessarily wis to reject biomedical reproductive care out of and, but to select only tose aspects tey consider most valuable and avoid te rest. his means tat
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