The Fourth Education Revolution Reconsidered
214 pages
English

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214 pages
English

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Sir Anthony Seldon, the prominent political biographer and leading educationalist, addresses one of the high-stakes issues that will influence our future: the role of artificial intelligence and its impact on education.

The use of AI promises an altogether new way of educating, offering learners from all backgrounds widespread access to personalised tuition and digital educational materials from across the world. Educational institutions across the world have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and many have migrated, at least temporarily, to online platforms. The debate about how to deliver knowledge has never been more relevant.

Many countries have an excellent education system with their schools and universities – excellent, but tailored to the twentieth century. The mass teaching methods of the third revolution era have failed to conquer enduring problems of inequity and lack of individualised learning. AI is disrupting the way we live, work and interact with the environment, and we cannot stop it changing our schools and universities. But we have time – albeit not for long – to shape this revolution. It will not be a panacea, and if we are not quick, it will start to replace what makes us human – being creative, having beliefs, and loving others.

This book, presented in considerably updated and extended second edition, is a call to educators everywhere to open their eyes to what is coming. If we do so, then the future will be shaped by us for the common interests of humanity – but if we don’t, then it will be imposed, and we will all lose.

‘This book has the potential to impel change in our education system which is so badly in need of reform. The new “reconsidered” version in the wake of the COVID pandemic serves to emphasize even more strongly the role AI can play in education and how its use is being accelerated.’ Lord Clement-Jones CBE


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Publié par
Date de parution 05 octobre 2020
Nombre de lectures 1
EAN13 9781800318250
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 4 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0500€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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The Fourth Education Revolution Reconsidered
Will Artificial Intelligence Enrich or Diminish Humanity?
The Fourth Education Revolution Reconsidered
Will Artificial Intelligence Enrich or Diminish Humanity?
Anthony Seldon
With Timothy Metcalf and Oladimeji Abidoye
University of Buckingham Press
This book is based on The Fourth Education Revolution , published by University of Buckingham Press in 2018.
Copyright Anthony Seldon, 2020
All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission.
Except for the quotation of short passages for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism and review, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, copied or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, now known or hereafter invented, save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988, or under terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the publisher.
This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, resold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser.
Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages.
ISBN 978-1-80031-824-3
Dedication
To Tim and Sarah Bunting, inspirers and supporters of many remarkable education projects over the last ten years.
All royalties from the sale of the book go to the Jo Cox Foundation
Jo Cox personified human intelligence at its best
Metal coach workers pose in front of the Benz Co. factory in Mannheim.
AI is here in education. To understand the stage we are with its arrival, we can draw an analogy from the car industry in 1886. Karl Benz had just helped invent the internal combustion engine. People had no idea how the invention would take off, or that it would transform human life across the planet. The comparison is flawed though in one respect. AI will be more transformative than the car and will transport humans much, much further.
From Chapter Five
Anthony Seldon: Publication List
Churchill s Indian Summer: The Conservative Government, 1951-55 (Hodder Stoughton, 1981)
By Word of Mouth: Elite Oral History (with Joanna Pappworth, Methuen, 1983)
Ruling Performance: Governments since 1945 (ed., with Peter Hennessy, Blackwell, 1987)
Political Parties Since 1945 (ed., Philip Allan, 1988)
The Thatcher Effect (ed., with Dennis Kavanagh, Oxford Paperbacks, 1989)
Politics UK (Joint author, Philip Allan, 1991)
Conservative Century (ed., with Stuart Ball, Oxford University Press, 1994)
The Major Effect (ed., with Dennis Kavanagh, Macmillan, 1994)
The Heath Government 1970-1974 (ed., with Stuart Ball, Routledge, 1996)
The Contemporary History Handbook (ed., with Brian Brivati etc, Manchester University Press, 1996)
The Ideas that Shaped Post-war Britain (ed., with David Marquand, Fontana Press, 1996)
How Tory Governments Fall (ed., Fontana, 1997)
Major: A Political Life (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1997)
10 Downing Street: An Illustrated History (HarperCollins Illustrated, 1999)
The Powers Behind the Prime Minister (with Dennis Kavanagh, HarperCollins, 1999)
Britain under Thatcher (with Daniel Collings, Routledge, 2000)
The Foreign Office: An Illustrated History (HarperCollins Illustrated, 2000)
A New Conservative Century (with Peter Snowdon, Centre for Policy Studies, 2001)
The Blair Effect 1997-2001 (ed., Little, Brown, 2001)
Public and Private Education: The Divide Must End (Social Market Foundation, 2001)
Partnership not Paternalism (Institute for Public Policy Research, 2002)
Brave New City: Brighton Hove, Past, Present, Future (Pomegranate Press, 2002)
The Conservative Party: An Illustrated History (with Peter Snowdon, Sutton Press, 2004)
New Labour, Old Labour: The Labour Government, 1974-79 (ed., with Kevin Hickson, Routledge, 2004)
Blair: The Biography, Vol I (Free Press, 2004)
The Blair Effect 2001-05 (ed., with Dennis Kavanagh, Cambridge University Press, 2005)
Recovering Power: The Conservatives in Opposition since 1867 (ed., with Stuart Ball, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
Blair Unbound: The Biography, Vol. II (with Peter Snowdon and Daniel Collings, Simon Schuster, 2007)
Blair s Britain 1997-2007 (ed., Cambridge University Press, 2007)
Trust: How We Lost it and How to Get It Back (Biteback Publishing, 2009)
An End to Factory Schools (Centre for Policy Studies, 2009)
Why Schools, Why Universities? (Cass, 2010)
Brown at 10 (with Guy Lodge, Biteback Publishing, 2011)
Public Schools and the Great War (with David Walsh, Pen Sword Military, 2013)
Schools United (Social Market Foundation, 2014)
The Architecture of Diplomacy: The British Ambassador s Residence in Washington (with Daniel Collings, Flammarion, 2014)
Beyond Happiness: The Trap of Happiness and How to Find Deeper Meaning and Joy (Yellow Kite, 2015)
The Coalition Effect, 2010-2015 (ed., with Mike Finn, Cambridge University Press, 2015)
Cameron at 10 (with Peter Snowdon, William Collins, 2015), Cameron at 10: The Verdict (William Collins, 2016)
Teaching and Learning at British Universities, Social Market Foundation (2016)
The Cabinet Office 1916-2016 - The Birth of Modern British Government (with Jonathan Meakin, BiteBack Publishing, 2016)
The Positive and Mindful University (with Alan Martin, Higher Education Policy Institute, 2017)
The Fourth Education Revolution: Will Artificial Intelligence Liberate or Infantilise Humanity (University of Buckingham Press, 2018)
May at Ten (with Raymond Newell, Biteback Publishing, 2019) May at 10: The Verdict (Biteback, 2020)
Public Schools and the Second World War (with David Walsh, Pen and Sword, 2020)
The Prime Minister: 1721-2021 (2021), (Cambridge University Press, 2021)
Contents
Introduction
Will AI Enrich or Diminish Humanity?
CHAPTER ONE
The Four Revolutions in Education
CHAPTER TWO
What Is Education?
CHAPTER THREE
Five Intractable Problems with Conventional Education
CHAPTER FOUR
What Is Intelligence? The Narrow Vision of the Factory Era
CHAPTER FIVE
What Is Education 4.0?
CHAPTER SIX
The State of Education 4.0 Globally
CHAPTER SEVEN
The Future of Education 4.0 in Schools
CHAPTER EIGHT
Universities and the Future of HE
CHAPTER NINE
Opportunities and Risks
CHAPTER TEN
The Impact of AI on Life and Society
Conclusion
Recommendations
Acknowledgements

Bibliography

Index
AI in education has been the Cinderella of the AI story, largely ignored in the literature and by governments, companies and educational institutions worldwide. This needs to change rapidly: AI should be the fairy-tale princess or the Prince Charming in education.


Introduction
Will AI Enrich or Diminish Humanity?
There is no more important issue facing education than the fast approaching revolution of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and what we term 4.0, the cluster of technologies described below. This book is a call to educators everywhere, in every country, in primary, secondary, further and higher education (HE), to open our eyes to what is coming towards us. If we do so, then our future will have the best chance of being shaped by us in the interests of us all. If not, others, including global tech companies and governments, will decide based on their own interest, and we will only have ourselves to blame.
AI, notably machine learning, excels at recognising patterns in mass quantities of data. PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) predict AI will add 16 trillion to the global economy by 2030. McKinsey estimate it will add 13 trillion. 1 Many thinkers including Stephen Hawking have said AI/4.0 will be the biggest innovation in human history.
But a word of caution at the outset. AI has not been the game-changer in tackling Covid-19, the biggest health crisis of the century, its advocates suggested it might be. The data which AI requires is not always available, as Covid-19 has brutally exposed, with our lack of a reliable database on everyone s movement. The algorithms on which AI depends cannot replicate human intelligence, and are only as good as the humans producing them, as seen in the summer 2020 exams fiasco in the UK. The better the data, the more human the algorithms, and the more powerful the computers, the greater risk then of abuse by authoritarian regimes and manipulation by technology companies. Hence the subtitle of the book: Will AI enrich or diminish humanity?
All the more need, the book argues, to take AI/4.0 more seriously in education . In Jim Al-Khalili s popular science book What Is Next? , where an array of writers imagine the future, almost all topics are covered, bar schools and universities. 2 A succession of booklets on the impact of AI published in the last five years have all but ignored education. 3 Margaret Boden, a distinguished professor of cognitive science and author of many books on AI from her Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man (1977), agrees that the applications of AI in schools and universities has been relatively ignored but needs our urge

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