The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity
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235 pages

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This ambitious and vivid study in six volumes explores the journey of a single, electrifying story, from its first incarnation in a medieval French poem through its prolific rebirth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Juggler of Notre Dame tells how an entertainer abandons the world to join a monastery, but is suspected of blasphemy after dancing his devotion before a statue of the Madonna in the crypt; he is saved when the statue, delighted by his skill, miraculously comes to life. Jan Ziolkowski tracks the poem from its medieval roots to its rediscovery in late nineteenth-century Paris, before its translation into English in Britain and the United States. The visual influence of the tale on Gothic revivalism and vice versa in America is carefully documented with lavish and inventive illustrations, and Ziolkowski concludes with an examination of the explosion of interest in The Juggler of Notre Dame in the twentieth century and its place in mass culture today. Volume 3: The American Middle Ages hinges upon two figures influenced by the juggler: Henry Adams, scion of Presidents and distinguished cultural historian whose works contributed to the rise of medievalism in America during the Gilded Age, and Ralph Adams Cram, the architect whose vision of Gothic accounts directly or indirectly for the campuses of West Point, Princeton, Yale, Chicago, Notre Dame, and many other universities across America. The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity is a rich case study for the reception of the Middle Ages in modernity. Spanning centuries and continents, the medieval period is understood through the lens of its (post)modern reception in Europe and America. Profound connections between the verbal and the visual are illustrated by a rich trove of images, including book illustrations, stained glass, postage stamps, architecture, and Christmas cards. Presented with great clarity and simplicity, Ziolkowski's work is accessible to the general reader, while its many new discoveries will be valuable to academics in such fields and disciplines as medieval studies, medievalism, philology, literary history, art history, folklore, performance studies, and reception studies.



Publié par
Date de parution 31 août 2018
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781783745241
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 26 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0022€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.


volume 3

The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity
Vol. 3: The American Middle Ages
Jan M. Ziolkowski
© 2018 Jan M. Ziolkowski

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work; to adapt the work and to make commercial use of the work providing attribution is made to the author (but not in any way that suggests that he endorses you or your use of the work).
Attribution should include the following information: Jan M. Ziolkowski, The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity. Volume 3 : The American Middle Ages . Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2018,
Copyright and permissions for the reuse of many of the images included in this publication differ from the above. Copyright and permissions information for images is provided separately in the List of Illustrations.
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ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-521-0
ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-522-7
ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-523-4
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-524-1
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-525-8
ISBN Digital (XML): 978-1-78374-526-5
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0146
Cover image: Postcard depicting the Brooklyn Bridge and Woolworth Building City (New York: H. W. Haberman, ca. 1928). Cover design: Anna Gatti.
All paper used by Open Book Publishers is SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative), PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes) and Forest Stewardship Council(r)(FSC(r) certified.
Printed in the United Kingdom, United States, and Australia by Lightning Source for Open Book Publishers (Cambridge, UK)

Note to the Reader
The Tumbling Worlds of Henry Adams
Adams Family
Great Scott! Sir Walter
Gothic Harvard
Photographic Memory
Reluctant Professor
Five of Hearts
Self-Made Medievalist
Our Lady’s Tumbler in Mont Saint Michel and Chartres
The Nature of the Book
Madonna of Medieval France, La Dona of Washington
Universal Exposition of 1900
Old Paris
Dynamo and Virgin Suicide
Henry Adams as Jongleur
Unity and Multiplicity
Medievalist Dream of a Dying DC Dynasty?
Britain and the Making of the American Middle Ages
The Goth Side of Washington
Goths and the Meanings of Gothic(k)
John Ruskin and William Morris
Richardsonian Romanesque
Saint John the Divine and Trinity Church
Cathedral Culture
Kenneth Clark
The Boston Bohemians
Our Lady’s Tumbler in Boston Bohemia
Charles Eliot Norton
The Knight Errant and Copeland & Day
Fred Holland Day
Ralph Adams Cram, Great Goth Almighty
Americanized Middle Ages
The Rise of Collegiate Gothic
American Gothic Colleges: Ogive Talking
F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Gothic Jazz Age
Late Collegiate Gothic at Duke and Rhodes
Cathedrals of Learning
Gothic Landscaping: Picturesque Perfect
Trees as Nature’s Cathedrals
Collegiate Gothic Havens
Ivy League and Ivory Tower
Point Taken: Gothic Modernism and the Modern Middle Ages
The Origins of Gothic Skyscrapers: Top That
The Cathedral of Commerce
The Tribune Tower
Giving Gothic: John D. Rockefeller Jr.
“Not a Cathedral-Building Age” and Thorstein Veblen
Seeing Chicago in Gray and White
Hooting at Yale Gothic
World War I and Modernism
Notes to Chapter 1
Notes to Chapter 2
Notes to Chapter 3
Notes to Chapter 4
Notes to Chapter 5
Notes to Chapter 6
Referenced Works
List of Illustrations

To Piero Boitani
Day by day America drifts farther & farther away from Europe . The great currents of cosmic life drive us—immense, floating, unattached continent that we are—farther away from all that is rooted in or anchored to the past. It would be a wretched and unworthy patriotism, or mere love of paradox, or an unmanly timidity and self-distrust, that would hinder one, who has known the best, from saying distinctly, “This is not the best & will not in our time be the best.”
—Charles Eliot Norton

Note to the Reader
This volume is the third of a half dozen. Together, the six form The Juggler of Notre Dame and the Medievalizing of Modernity . The book series as a whole probes one medieval story, its reception in culture from the Franco-Prussian War until today, and the placement of that reception within medieval revivalism as a larger cultural phenomenon. The study has been designed to proceed largely in chronological order, but the progression across the centuries and decades is relieved by thematic chapters that deal with topics not restricted to any single time period.
This third installment, entitled “The American Middle Ages,” explores the reasons why the American not-so-public intellectual Henry Adams was drawn to the medieval story and more largely why many of his compatriots in the Gilded Age turned to the literature and architecture of the Middle Ages. The fourth in the series, under the heading “Picture That: Making a Show of the Jongleur,” follows the tracks of the medieval entertainer as he wends his way out of nineteenth-century scholarship and literature, into opera in the early decades of the twentieth century. It includes attention to issues, as important in the Middle Ages as in modernity, relating to images of the Virgin, the significance of the crypt, and the illumination of Madonnas. Later volumes trace the story of the story down to the present day.
The chapters are followed by endnotes. Rather than being numbered, these notes are keyed to the words and phrases in the text that are presented in a different color. After the endnotes come the bibliography and illustration credits. In each volume-by-volume index, the names of most people have lifespans, regnal dates, or at least death dates.
One comment on the title of the story is in order. In proper French, Notre-Dame has a hyphen when the phrase refers to a building, institution, or place. Notre Dame, without the mark, refers to the woman, the mother of Jesus. In my own prose, the title is given in the form Le jongleur de Notre Dame , but the last two words will be found hyphenated in quotations and bibliographic citations if the original is so punctuated.
All translations are mine, unless otherwise specified.

1. The Tumbling Worlds of Henry Adams

© 2018 Jan M. Ziolkowski, CC BY 4.0
Adams Family
Who we are is who we were
—ascribed, by cinematic license, to John Quincy Adams
From the 1890s on, the ground for the reception of the medieval tale Our Lady’s Tumbler in the United States was readied among the elite. Yet the individuals and media involved in the projection of the story in the New World before the cultured public are only loosely comparable to those who from the 1870s on motivated the success of the medieval poem and the fin-de-siècle short story in France. Among the authors who ensured that cultivated readers would be acquainted with the narrative, one stands out: Henry Brooks Adams. He contributed in major ways to the hearty American response. Not a translator in the strict sense, but not a short story writer either, he managed through an amalgam of philosophizing and historical musing to promote the medieval minstrel. More broadly, he propelled the equally zestful Americanizing of the Middle Ages in universities, muse

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