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Layamon's Brut and other Medieval Chronicles

362 pages
"Layamon's Brut" long remained unstudied. In the past two decades several translations of this long chronicle have been released both in English, French and Italian while substantial scholarly and critical work has been done on a great many aspects of the work. The present volume contains fourteen essays, most of which were papers given at the 7th international Layamon's conference held at the Sorbonne in Paris in June 2012.
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Marie-Françoise Alamichel (ed.)
Laamon’sBrut and other Medieval Chronicles 14 essays
Laȝamon’sBrutand other Medieval Chronicles 14 essays
Marie-Françoise Alamichel (ed.) LAȜAMONSBRUTAND OTHERMEDIEVALCHRONICLES14 essays
© L’Harmattan, 2013 5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris http://www.harmattan.fr diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr harmattan1@wanadoo.fr ISBN : 978-2-343-02033-4 EAN : 9782343020334
Table of Contents Editor's Preface……………………………………………………..... 7 Eric WEISKOTT Lawman, the Last Old English Poet and the First Middle English Poet……………………………………………11 Kenneth TILLER Laȝamon’sBrutand the Poetics of thePeterborough Chronicle……………………………………………………….59 Eric G. STANLEY  FictionalTruth in Laȝamon’sBrut………….……..……..……. 81Fiona TOLHURST  WhatDid Laȝamon(s) Do to Geoffrey's Female Figures?........................................................................ 103 Nolwena MONNIER Arthurian Women from Geoffrey of Monmouth to Laȝamon………………..………………………………….. 133Charlotte A. T. WULF  TheWomen in the Post-Arthurian Section of Lawman'sBrut……………………………………………. 153Joseph D. PARRY Letting Be and the Post-Arthurian Section of Lawman’sBrut……………………………………………169 5
Gail Ivy BERLIN  Gadgetsand Magic in Laȝamon'sBrut………………….…… 185Danièle BERTON-CHARRIERE DuBrutde Laȝamon auKing Learde Shakespeare : l'ellipse ou la « tierce place»………………………………… 207Marie-Françoise ALAMICHEL  Brutusand the Trojans: a European (hi-)story…….…………. 233Philip SHAW The metrical chronicle attributed to Robert of Gloucester and the textual transmission of Laȝamon’sBrut……………………………….…………… 267Heather PAGAN Unum librum qui vocatur Brute’:readers and owners of the Anglo-NormanProse Brut.…….293 Frédéric ALCHALABI Itinéraire et fortune de la matière troyenne e e dans l’historiographie castillane (XIII-XV siècles): de laGeneral Estoriad’Alphonse X à laCrónica Sarracinade Pedro de Corral………………….…….309 Marie-Françoise ALAMICHEL  Troisversions moyen anglaises desGrantz Geants…………..325 List of Contributors…………………………………………………... 3556
Editor's Prefacerom 21 to 23 June 2012, the University of Paris-th Sorbonne, hosted the 7international Laȝamon dealing withFtheBruthad been given. Since 1992, the circle of academics conference, 20 years after the first one that had taken place in Lausanne in 1992 and during which 16 papers studying Laȝamon'sBruthas grown much wider and the range of topics has considerably expanded. Research now no longer only deals with who Laȝamon was, why he wrote such an archaic (archaistic?) type of poem, the differences between the two manuscripts or for what sort of audience theBrutcomposed but also includes the historical, social, and was cultural context of the twelfth/thirteenth centuries, goes deeper into linguistics, literary devices, genres, thematical analyses and interpretations (kingship, law, justice, evil, [national] identity, territory, gender considerations, etc.); it takes into account all the otherBrutchronicles (from the earliest and founding texts [Nennius, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Wace] to versions written after Laȝamon’s time (Anglo-Norman and Middle-EnglishBrutchronicles as well as continental versions in the vernacular), and compares the variousBrutchronicles to many other insular or continental verse or prose chroniclesto medieval writing of history as a whole. Paperson the broader topic of national histories of medievalEurope wereindeed welcome at the conference provided they addressed questions related to: ƒMyths of origins, civilizing heroes, time and space. ƒIdentity and national feeling, collective memory, connections with the past and present. ƒRelationship between reality and fiction, History and facts / romance and imagination. 7
ƒPropaganda and ideology, glorifying ancestors and a royal lineage. ƒGenre & hybridity, literary conventions or originality. ƒAudience reception: medieval and current readers.
The conference highlighted the quality, the richness, and the diversity of academic work carried out on these fascinating accounts in Middle English or in other European vernacular languages (not to forget Latin). All it takes to be convinced of the vitality of theBrutstudies is to take a look at the programme of the conference:Laȝamon’sBrutthe and Poetics of thePeterborough Chronicle (KennethTiller),Laȝamon, the last Old English Poet and the first Middle English Poet(Eric Weiskott), Itinéraire et fortune des matières troyenne et bretonne dans quelques e e chroniques castillanes des XIII-XV siècles (FrédéricAlchalabi), English Cultural Identity in Lawman’sBrut(Jacqueline Burek),What Did Laȝamon(s) Do to Geoffrey’s Female Figures?’ (FionaTolhurst), De Geoffrey of Monmouth à Laȝamon : images de femmes arthuriennes(Nolwena Monnier),The Women in the Post-Arthurian Section of Lawman’sBrut(Charlotte Wulf),Looking for Laȝamon in Lincolnshire(John Brennan),Letting Be and the Post-Arthurian Section of Lawman’sBrutParry), 'Fictional truth in La (Josephȝamon’sBrut(Eric G. Stanley),Astronomy in the Vernacular: The Pendragon Comet andcaput draconis(Elizabeth Bryan),Merlin as embodied imagination: prophecy and magic in Laȝamon’sBrut andsome EnglishBrut verse th th chronicles of the 13and 14century(Lucy Perry),Gadgets and Magic in Laȝamon’sBrutIvy Berlin), (GailLa matière bretonne, un sujet escamoté dans les chroniques universelles ? Ou comment greffer l’Historia regum Britanniaede Geoffroy de Monmouth à une compilationVesseyre and Hélène Tétrel), (GéraldineThe Anglo-Norman ProseBrut: Medieval Bestseller?Pagan), 'Mythical (Heather History in fifteenth-century Genealogies of England’s Kings: influences of the proseBruttradition (JaclynRajsic),Entre histoire et fiction : texte et images de l'Histoire des rois de Bretagne dans le manuscript enluminé duBrutprose, Londres, Lambeth Palace 6 en (IrèneFabry-Tehranchi),DuBrutLa deȝamon, au King Lear de Shakespeare : l’ellipse ou « la tierce place»(Danièle Berton-Charrière). 8
 LucyPerry chaired a round table on editing and/or translating Laȝamon'sBrut andotherBrut chronicles.Elizabeth Bryan, Heather Pagan, and Philip Shaw were on the panel. Many issues were raisedsuch as: what is at stake in editing and translatingBrutChronicles, who are the target audience, and what key questions might be addressed in an edition. The merits of hypertexts and e-editions were explored. Discusion also revolved around what remains to be explored and investigated in Laȝamon studies, preparing thus the next Laȝamon conference.
 Thepresent volume contains a selection of the papers that were given in Paris as well as three additional essays (by Philip Shaw and Marie-Françoise Alamichel). It is another contribution to the highly productiveBrutstudies as it comes in addition to the proceedings of the preceding Laȝamon conferences which include: ƒFrançoise Le Saux, ed.,The Text and Tradition of Layamon's Brut, Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1994 (conference held at the University of Lausanne in 1992). ƒJames Noble, ed.,Special Issue on Lawman'sBrut,Arthuriana, 8:3, fall 1998. Elizabeth J. Bryan, ed.,Theoretical Approaches to Lawman'sBrut,Arthuriana, 10:2, summer 2000 (conference held at the University of New Brunswick at Saint John in 1997). ƒRosamund Allen, Lucy Perry, and Jane Roberts, eds.,Laȝamon. Contexts, Language, and Interpretation, King's College London: Centre for Late Antique and Medieval Studies, 2002 (conference held at King's College London in 2000). ƒRosamund Allen, Jane Roberts, and Carole Weinberg, eds, Reading Laȝamon’s Brut: Approaches and Explorations, DQR Studies in Literature 52, Amsterdam-New York: Rodopi, 2013 (conferences held at Brown University in 2004 and at Gregynog Hall [Bangor University] in 2008). Marie-Françoise Alamichel
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