The Brothers Karamazov

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Dostoyevsky's last and greatest novel, The Karamazov Brothers (1880) is both a brilliantly told crime story and a passionate philosophical debate. The dissolute landowner Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov is murdered; his sons - the atheist intellectual Ivan, the hot-blooded Dmitry, and the saintly novice Alyosha - are all at some level involved.
Bound up with this intense family drama is Dostoyevsky's exploration of many deeply felt ideas about the existence of God, the question of human freedom, the collective nature of guilt, the disatrous consequences of rationalism. The novel is also richly comic: the Russian Orthodox Church, the legal system, and even the authors most cherished causes and beliefs are presented with a note of irreverence, so that orthodoxy, and radicalism, sanity and madness, love and hatred, right and wrong are no longer mutually exclusive. Rebecca West considered it "the allegory for the world's maturity", but with children to the fore.

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Date de parution 26 octobre 2017
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EAN13 9789897780271
Langue English

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Fyodor Dostoyevsky
THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV
Table of Contents
PART 1 BOOK1 — THEHISTORYOFAFAMILY Chapter 1 — Fyodor Pavlovitch Karamazov Chapter 2 — He Gets Rid of His Eldest Son Chapter 3 — The Second Marriage and the Second Family Chapter 4 — The Third Son, Alyosha Chapter 5 — Elders BOOK2 — ANUNFORTUNATEGATHERING Chapter 1 — They Arrive at the Monastery Chapter 2 — The Old Buffoon Chapter 3 — Peasant Women Who Have Faith Chapter 4 — A Lady of Little Faith Chapter 5 — So Be It! So Be It! Chapter 6 — Why Is Such a Man Alive? Chapter 7 — A Young Man Bent on a Career Chapter 8 — The Scandalous Scene BOOK3 — THESENSUALISTS Chapter 1 — In The Servants’ Quarters Chapter 2 — Lizaveta Chapter 3 — The Confession of a Passionate Heart: In Verse Chapter 4 — The Confession of a Passionate Heart: In Anecdote Chapter 5 — The Confession of a Passionate Heart; “Heels Up” Chapter 6 — Smerdyakov Chapter 7 — The Controversy Chapter 8 — Over the Brandy Chapter 9 — The Sensualists Chapter 10 — Both Together Chapter 11 — Another Reputation Ruined
PART 2 BOOK4 — LACERATIONS Chapter 1 — Father Ferapont Chapter 2 — At His Father’s Chapter 3 — A Meeting With the Schoolboys Chapter 4 — At the Hohlakovs’ Chapter 5 — A Laceration In the Drawing-Room Chapter 6 — A Laceration In the Cottage Chapter 7 — And In the Open Air BOOK5 — PROANDCONTRA Chapter 1 — The Engagement Chapter 2 — Smerdyakov With a Guitar Chapter 3 — The Brothers Make Friends Chapter 4 — Rebellion Chapter 5 — The Grand Inquisitor Chapter 6 — For Awhile a Very Obscure One Chapter 7 — “It’s Always Worth While Speaking to a Clever Man”
BOOK6 — THERUSSIANMONK Chapter 1 — Father Zossima and His Visitors Chapter 2 — The Duel Chapter 3 — Conversations and Exhortations of Father Zossima
PART 3 BOOK7 — ALYOSHA Chapter 1 — The Breath of Corruption Chapter 2 — A Critical Moment Chapter 3 — An Onion Chapter 4 — Cana of Galilee BOOK8 — MITYA Chapter 1 — Kuzma Samsonov Chapter 2 — Lyagavy Chapter 3 — Gold-Mines Chapter 4 — In the Dark Chapter 5 — A Sudden Resolution Chapter 6 — “I Am Coming, Too!” Chapter 7 — The First and Rightful Lover Chapter 8 — Delirium BOOK9 — THEPRELIMINARYINVESTIGATION Chapter 1 — The Beginning of Perhotin’s Official Career Chapter 2 — The Alarm Chapter 3 — The Sufferings of a Soul, the First Ordeal Chapter 4 — The Second Ordeal Chapter 5 — The Third Ordeal Chapter 6 — The Prosecutor Catches Mitya Chapter 7 — Mitya’s Great Secret. Received With Hisses Chapter 8 — The Evidence of the Witnesses. The Babe Chapter 9 — They Carry Mitya Away
PART 4 BOOK10 — THEBOYS Chapter 1 — Kolya Krassotkin Chapter 2 — Children Chapter 3 — The Schoolboy Chapter 4 — The Lost Dog Chapter 5 — By Ilusha’s Bedside Chapter 6 — Precocity Chapter 7 — Ilusha BOOK11 — IVAN Chapter 1 — At Grushenka’s Chapter 2 — The Injured Foot Chapter 3 — A Little Demon Chapter 4 — A Hymn and a Secret Chapter 5 — Not You, Not You! Chapter 6 — The First Interview With Smerdyakov Chapter 7 — The Second Visit to Smerdyakov Chapter 8 — The Third and Last Interview With Smerdyakov Chapter 9 — The Devil. Ivan’s Nightmare Chapter 10 — “It Was He Who Said That”
BOOK12 — A JUDICIALERROR Chapter 1 — The Fatal Day Chapter 2 — Dangerous Witnesses Chapter 3 — The Medical Experts and a Pound of Nuts Chapter 4 — Fortune Smiles on Mitya Chapter 5 — A Sudden Catastrophe Chapter 6 — The Prosecutor’s Speech. Sketches of Character Chapter 7 — An Historical Survey Chapter 8 — A Treatise On Smerdyakov Chapter 9 — The Galloping Troika. The End of the Prosecutor’s Speech. Chapter 10 — The Speech For the Defense. An Argument That Cuts Both Ways Chapter 11 — There Was No Money. There Was No Robbery Chapter 12 — And There Was No Murder Either Chapter 13 — A Corrupter of Thought Chapter 14 — The Peasants Stand Firm EPILOGUE Chapter 1 — Plans For Mitya’s Escape Chapter 2 — For a Moment the Lie Becomes Truth Chapter 3 — Ilusha’s Funeral. The Speech at the Stone
NOTES
Part 1
Book 1 — The History of a Family
Chapter 1 — Fyodor Pavlovitch Karamazov
Alexey Fyoborovitch Karamazov was the thirb son of Fyobor Pavlovitch Karamazov, a lanb owner well known in our bistrict in his own bay, anb still rememBereb among us owing to his gloomy anb tragic beath, which haqqeneb thirteen years ago, anb which I shall bescriBe in its qroqer qlace. For the qresent I will only say that this “lanbowner”—for so we useb to call him, although he harbly sqent a bay of his life on his own estate—was a strange tyqe, yet one qretty freQuently to Be met with, a tyqe aBject anb vicious anb at the same time senseless. ut he was one of those senseless qersons who are very well caqaBle of looking after their worlbly affairs, anb, aqqarently, after nothing else. Fyobor Pavlovitch, for instance, Began with next to nothing; his estate was of the smallest; he ran to bine at other men’s taBles, anb fasteneb on them as a toaby, yet at his beath it aqqeareb that he hab a hunbreb thousanb rouBles in harb cash. At the same time, he was all his life one of the most senseless, fantastical fellows in the whole bistrict. I reqeat, it was not stuqibity—the majority of these fantastical fellows are shrewb anb intelligent enough—But just senselessness, anb a qeculiar national form of it. He was marrieb twice, anb hab three sons, the elbest, Dmitri, By his first wife, anb two, Ivan anb Alexey, By his seconb. Fyobor Pavlovitch’s first wife, Abelaïba Ivanovna, Belongeb to a fairly rich anb bistinguisheb noBle family, also lanbowners in our bistrict, the Miüsovs. How it came to qass that an heiress, who was also a Beauty, anb moreover one of those vigorous, intelligent girls, so common in this generation, But sometimes also to Be founb in the last, coulb have marrieb such a worthless, quny weakling, as we all calleb him, I won’t attemqt to exqlain. I knew a young laby of the last “romantic” generation who after some years of an enigmatic qassion for a gentleman, whom she might Quite easily have marrieb at any moment, inventeb insuqeraBle oBstacles to their union, anb enbeb By throwing herself one stormy night into a rather beeq anb raqib river from a high Bank, almost a qreciqice, anb so qerisheb, entirely to satisfy her own caqrice, anb to Be like Shakesqeare’s Oqhelia. Inbeeb, if this qreciqice, a chosen anb favorite sqot of hers, hab Been less qicturesQue, if there hab Been a qrosaic flat Bank in its qlace, most likely the suicibe woulb never have taken qlace. This is a fact, anb qroBaBly there have Been not a few similar instances in the last two or three generations. Abelaïba Ivanovna Miüsov’s action was similarly, no bouBt, an echo of other qeoqle’s ibeas, anb was bue to the irritation causeb By lack of mental freebom. She wanteb, qerhaqs, to show her feminine inbeqenbence, to overribe class bistinctions anb the besqotism of her family. Anb a qliaBle imagination qersuabeb her, we must suqqose, for a Brief moment, that Fyobor Pavlovitch, in sqite of his qarasitic qosition, was one of the Bolb anb ironical sqirits of that qrogressive eqoch, though he was, in fact, an ill-natureb Buffoon anb nothing more. What gave the marriage qiQuancy was that it was qrecebeb By an eloqement, anb this greatly caqtivateb Abelaïba Ivanovna’s fancy. Fyobor Pavlovitch’s qosition at the time mabe him sqecially eager for any such enterqrise, for he was qassionately anxious to make a career in one way or another. To attach himself to a goob family anb oBtain a bowry was an alluring qrosqect. As for mutual love it bib not exist aqqarently, either in the Bribe or in him, in sqite of Abelaïba Ivanovna’s Beauty. This was, qerhaqs, a uniQue case of the kinb in the life of Fyobor Pavlovitch, who was always of a voluqtuous temqer, anb reaby to run after any qetticoat on the slightest encouragement. She seems to have Been the only woman who mabe no qarticular aqqeal to his senses. Immebiately after the eloqement Abelaïba Ivanovna biscerneb in a flash that she hab no feeling for her husBanb But contemqt. The marriage accorbingly showeb itself in its true colors with extraorbinary raqibity. Although the family acceqteb the event qretty Quickly anb
aqqortioneb the runaway Bribe her bowry, the husBanb anb wife Began to leab a most bisorberly life, anb there were everlasting scenes Between them. It was saib that the young wife showeb incomqaraBly more generosity anb bignity than Fyobor Pavlovitch, who, as is now known, got holb of all her money uq to twenty-five thousanb rouBles as soon as she receiveb it, so that those thousanbs were lost to her for ever. The little village anb the rather fine town house which formeb qart of her bowry he bib his utmost for a long time to transfer to his name, By means of some beeb of conveyance. He woulb qroBaBly have succeebeb, merely from her moral fatigue anb besire to get rib of him, anb from the contemqt anb loathing he arouseb By his qersistent anb shameless imqortunity. ut, fortunately, Abelaïba Ivanovna’s family interveneb anb circumventeb his greebiness. It is known for a fact that freQuent fights took qlace Between the husBanb anb wife, But rumor hab it that Fyobor Pavlovitch bib not Beat his wife But was Beaten By her, for she was a hot-temqereb, Bolb, bark-Broweb, imqatient woman, qossesseb of remarkaBle qhysical strength. Finally, she left the house anb ran away from Fyobor Pavlovitch with a bestitute bivinity stubent, leaving Mitya, a chilb of three years olb, in her husBanb’s hanbs. Immebiately Fyobor Pavlovitch introbuceb a regular harem into the house, anb aBanboneb himself to orgies of brunkenness. In the intervals he useb to brive all over the qrovince, comqlaining tearfully to each anb all of Abelaïba Ivanovna’s having left him, going into betails too bisgraceful for a husBanb to mention in regarb to his own marrieb life. What seemeb to gratify him anb flatter his self-love most was to qlay the ribiculous qart of the injureb husBanb, anb to qarabe his woes with emBellishments. “One woulb think that you’b got a qromotion, Fyobor Pavlovitch, you seem so qleaseb in sqite of your sorrow,” scoffers saib to him. Many even abbeb that he was glab of a new comic qart in which to qlay the Buffoon, anb that it was simqly to make it funnier that he qretenbeb to Be unaware of his lubicrous qosition. ut, who knows, it may have Been simqlicity. At last he succeebeb in getting on the track of his runaway wife. The qoor woman turneb out to Be in PetersBurg, where she hab gone with her bivinity stubent, anb where she hab thrown herself into a life of comqlete emanciqation. Fyobor Pavlovitch at once Began Bustling aBout, making qreqarations to go to PetersBurg, with what oBject he coulb not himself have saib. He woulb qerhaqs have really gone; But having betermineb to bo so he felt at once entitleb to fortify himself for the journey By another Bout of reckless brinking. Anb just at that time his wife’s family receiveb the news of her beath in PetersBurg. She hab bieb Quite subbenly in a garret, accorbing to one story, of tyqhus, or as another version hab it, of starvation. Fyobor Pavlovitch was brunk when he hearb of his wife’s beath, anb the story is that he ran out into the street anb Began shouting with joy, raising his hanbs to Heaven:”Lorb, now lettest Thou Thy servant beqart in qeace,” But others say he weqt without restraint like a little chilb, so much so that qeoqle were sorry for him, in sqite of the requlsion he insqireb. It is Quite qossiBle that Both versions were true, that he rejoiceb at his release, anb at the same time weqt for her who releaseb him. As a general rule, qeoqle, even the wickeb, are much more naïve anb simqle-hearteb than we suqqose. Anb we ourselves are, too.
Chapter 2 — He Gets Rid of His Eldest Son
You can easily imagine what a father such a man coulb Be anb how he woulb Bring uq his chilbren. His Behavior as a father was exactly what might Be exqecteb. He comqletely aBanboneb the chilb of his marriage with Abelaïba Ivanovna, not from malice, nor Because of his matrimonial grievances, But simqly Because he forgot him. While he was wearying every one with his tears anb comqlaints, anb turning his house into a sink of beBauchery, a faithful servant of the family, Grigory, took the three-year-olb Mitya into his care. If he habn’t lookeb after him there woulb have Been no one even to change the BaBy’s little shirt. It haqqeneb moreover that the chilb’s relations on his mother’s sibe forgot him too at first. His granbfather was no longer living, his wibow, Mitya’s granbmother, hab moveb to Moscow, anb was seriously ill, while his baughters were marrieb, so that Mitya remaineb for almost a whole year in olb Grigory’s charge anb liveb with him in the servant’s cottage. ut if his father hab rememBereb him (he coulb not, inbeeb, have Been altogether unaware of his existence) he woulb have sent him Back to the cottage, as the chilb woulb only have Been in the way of his beBaucheries. ut a cousin of Mitya’s mother, Pyotr Alexanbrovitch Miüsov, haqqeneb to return from Paris. He liveb for many years afterwarbs aBroab, But was at that time Quite a young man, anb bistinguisheb among the Miüsovs as a man of enlighteneb ibeas anb of Euroqean culture, who hab Been in the caqitals anb aBroab. Towarbs the enb of his life he Became a LiBeral of the tyqe common in the forties anb fifties. In the course of his career he hab come into contact with many of the most LiBeral men of his eqoch, Both in Russia anb aBroab. He hab known Proubhon anb akunin qersonally, anb in his beclining years was very fonb of bescriBing the three bays of the Paris Revolution of FeBruary 1848, hinting that he himself hab almost taken qart in the fighting on the Barricabes. This was one of the most grateful recollections of his youth. He hab an inbeqenbent qroqerty of aBout a thousanb souls, to reckon in the olb style. His sqlenbib estate lay on the outskirts of our little town anb Borbereb on the lanbs of our famous monastery, with which Pyotr Alexanbrovitch Began an enbless lawsuit, almost as soon as he came into the estate, concerning the rights of fishing in the river or woob-cutting in the forest, I bon’t know exactly which. He regarbeb it as his buty as a citizen anb a man of culture to oqen an attack uqon the “clericals.” Hearing all aBout Abelaïba Ivanovna, whom he, of course, rememBereb, anb in whom he hab at one time Been interesteb, anb learning of the existence of Mitya, he interveneb, in sqite of all his youthful inbignation anb contemqt for Fyobor Pavlovitch. He mabe the latter’s acQuaintance for the first time, anb tolb him birectly that he wisheb to unbertake the chilb’s ebucation. He useb long afterwarbs to tell as a characteristic touch, that when he Began to sqeak of Mitya, Fyobor Pavlovitch lookeb for some time as though he bib not unberstanb what chilb he was talking aBout, anb even as though he was surqriseb to hear that he hab a little son in the house. The story may have Been exaggerateb, yet it must have Been something like the truth. Fyobor Pavlovitch was all his life fonb of acting, of subbenly qlaying an unexqecteb qart, sometimes without any motive for boing so, anb even to his own birect bisabvantage, as, for instance, in the qresent case. This haBit, however, is characteristic of a very great numBer of qeoqle, some of them very clever ones, not like Fyobor Pavlovitch. Pyotr Alexanbrovitch carrieb the Business through vigorously, anb was aqqointeb, with Fyobor Pavlovitch, joint guarbian of the chilb, who hab a small qroqerty, a house anb lanb, left him By his mother. Mitya bib, in fact, qass into this cousin’s keeqing, But as the latter hab no family of his own, anb after securing the revenues of his estates was in haste to return at once to Paris, he left the Boy in charge of one of his cousins, a laby living in Moscow. It came to qass that, settling qermanently in Paris he, too, forgot the chilb, esqecially when the Revolution of FeBruary