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English no 97
April-May 2018
THE COUNTY OF KENT,
ENGLAND
Les pays
anglophones
dans le monde
PRONONCIATION :
LES VOYELLES LONGUES
ET COURTES
Comment parler
du déjeuner au travail
DE 400+ ROCHESTER DICKENS
FESTIVAL, KENT, UK MOMOMOTTTS S S ET
EXPRESSIONSGRAMMAIRE :
ET ‘PRESENT SIMPLE’ ET ‘PAST SIMPLE’
2 articles
VOCABULAIRE EN IMAGES : INTÉGRALEMENT
LES FLEURS TRADUITS EN FRANÇAIS
L 12897 - 97 - F: 6,00 € - RD
englishnow.fr
DISCOVER
andhi
WHO ARE THEY?
DETAILS
INSIDE
NOUVELLE
FORMULE !
ENGLISH
BOOST YOUR ENGLISH!
BEL : 6,60 € - DOM/S : 6,60 €
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➔ GREETIN GS FROM : 2 cartes postales sur
un même sujet mais avec 2 niveaux différents.
2 RUBRIQUES AMÉLIORÉES :
➔ GR AMMAR FILES maintenant sur deux pages :
un point de grammaire avec différents niveaux
de difficulté (A1-A2-B1) et des exercices adaptés
aux niveaux.
➔ ENGLISH AT WORK : 3 conversations
de niveaux différents (A1-A2-B1)
UN CLASSEMENT DES ARTICLES PAR THÈME :
➔ NEWS ➔ LANGUAGE
➔ PEOPLE ➔ VOCABULARY
➔ PLACES ➔ FUN AND GAMES
1 SOMMAIRE PLUS ACCESSIBLE
EN PLUS,
sur le CD audio, une petite conversation
AUDIO avec transcription que l’on trouve sur Go Digital.s
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DANS CE NUMÉRO CONTENTSSOMMAIRE
o 97 April-May 2018
PEOPLE PLACES NEWS VOCABULARY LANGUAGE➔ Dix choses à savoir sur Memorial Day
FUN AND GAMES ISSUE AND ANSWERS
➔ Gandhi, le père de la nation indienne
➔ V ocabulaire en images : Les fleurs 4-5 FORUM
What is the most spoken language ➔ Grammaire : Le ‘present simple’ et le ‘past simple’
in the world?
➔ Les pays anglophones dans le monde
6-7 10 THINGS TO KNOW
➔ Des conversations pour parler du déjeuner au travail Memorial Day
➔ Prononciation : Les voyelles longues et courtes 8-9 WHO ARE THEY?
Mahatma Gandhi
➔ ‘Gr eetings from’ Rochester, Kent, UK
10-11 NOW NEWS ➔ Quatr e pages illustrées sur le county de Kent, UK
12-13 WHAT’S ITS NAME?
Flowers
14-15 MEET
Sophia Khan, teacher trainer
16-17 GRAMMAR FILES
‘Present simple’ and ‘past simple’12
18-19 WO RDS, WORDS
English words from the Caribbean 8
20-21 READ ALL ABOUT IT
The English-speaking world
22-23 ENGLISH AT WORK
How to speak about lunch at work
24-25 PRONUNCIATION
Long and short vowels
27-30 TRAVELOGUE 27
A drive through the county of Kent
31 NOW YOU’RE TALKING
Talking about English in the Philippines22 32 COOK IN ENGLISH
Gypsy tart
33 SURVIV AL KIT
Talking about eating at home
34-35 GREETINGS FROM…
The Coopers Arms, Rochester, Kent, UK
36 STAR WORDS
37 NEWS FROM THE STUDIOS
38-39 INTERVIEW
Michelle Kitchin, a long-haul truck driver
40 COMING SOON
ISLE OF DOGS and A STAR IS BORN
41 MUSIC RELEASES
Kylie Minogue and Jack White
42 WISH YOU WERE HERE
Crédit photo de couverture : 41 Slab City, California, USA
©Valery Egorov/Shutterstock.com
43 ENGLISH NOW TEST
Article en anglais américain 44-47 NOW YOU KNOW
49 ISSUE AND ANSWERS - Article lu et enregistré sur le CD audio
- Des exercices de prononciation et d’intonation
AUDIO - Une conversation spontanée (avec sa transcription sur Go Digital)
Un exercice interactif se rapporte à cet article
dans Go Digital.
englishnow.frLes articles couvrent les niveaux A1 à B1 du Cadre Européen Commun
de Référence pour les langues.
Débutant ÉlémentaireA1 A2 B1 Intermédiaire English Now o 97 April-May 2018 3
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iFORUMPEOPLE
Article by Louanne Piccolo
SEBASTIAN SMITH 35, train driver, London, England, UK
I think it’s Spanish. South America is an enormous continent, and a lot of
the countries in South America have Spanish as an official language.
Actually, I think that Spanish is the official language of 21 countries
in the world. I read that on the Internet. Spanish is also spoken in Spain.
DOROTHY PARKER 48, writer, New York, New York, USA
I’m sure that the most spoken language is Chinese. There are about
1.38 billion Chinese people in the world. And, although I didn’t check
the Internet, I think that most people who live in China speak Chinese
as their first language. That is a large population of people who speak
Chinese!
ROBYN MASON 45, accountant, Vancouver, Ontario, Canada
There are lots of people in Canada whose mother tongue is Mandarin or Cantonese.
My children learn French at school because it is an official language in Canada,
but Canadian schools also want to teach Mandarin or Cantonese now.
It is important to learn these two languages, because of globalization.

a train driver un conducteur de train although bien que, même si
a writer un écrivain, un auteur an accountant un comptable
a billion un milliard a mother tongue une langue maternelle
globalization la mondialisation
4 English Now o 97 April-May 2018
What i the mot widely
spoken language in the wold?A2
2-3
DAVID SWIFT 56, teacher, Kent, England, UK
English. I’m not saying that because I am English; I really think the answer
is English! English is the international language. Children all over the world
learn it at school, and adults use English for travelling and for business.
It’s also the language that we use for science and research.
BELINDA PATERSON 32, model, Durban,
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
I travel a lot for my job and I often go to Europe and the United
States. Everywhere I go, I hear English, French and Chinese.
A lot of people speak those three languages. In Europe, the language
for modelling is English, but there is also a lot of French.
JENNIFER MCLACHLAN
28, physiotherapist, Sydney,
New South Wales, Australia
It’s body language, of course! Everyone
speaks body language, even babies.
Expressions, posture, movements
and touch are an international language
that everyone understands. I think
that people can say a lot without
speaking if they just use their body.
Animals communicate very well without
speaking – they understand body
language.
a teacher un enseignant a physiotherapist un(e) kinésithérapeute
a model un(e) mannequin body language le language corporel
modelling le mannequinat without sans
English Now o 97 April-May 2018 510 THINGS TO KNOWPLACES
Article by Christina Rebuffet Broadus
MEMORIAL
DAY
Originally, the holiday was called ‘Decoration Day’. It
was ‘founded’ in 1868 by General John Logan, who
declared that graves should be decorated with flowers,
wreaths and flags. It was in 1967 that federal law
officially declared the name of the holiday to be
‘Memorial Day’.
The Civil War (1861-1865) is the deadliest war in
American history. Before the war ended, survivors
started spontaneously decorating the graves of dead
soldiers. In 1864, women in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania,
put flowers on the graves of men killed in the Battle
of Gettysburg. In several other places, women did
the same thing, unofficially starting the tradition. Americans organized various
memorial ceremonies as early as
1864, but Memorial Day didn’t
officially become a holiday until
1968. President Lyndon B Johnson
signed a law that recognized
several legal public holidays,
including Memorial Day. This law
also fixed an official date for the
commemorations: the last Monday
of May.
Lyndon B Johnson
deadliest le plus meurtrier remembrance le souvenirAlthough other places had remembrance events earlier
a grave une tombe a wreath une couronne
in history, Congress has officially recognized Waterloo unofficially officieusement a flag un drapeau
as the birthplace of Memorial Day. People there a birthplace un lieu de naissance early tôt
a holiday un jour fériébegan organizing an annual community service day
in 1866, in remembrance of the sacrifices of soldiers.
6 English Now o 97 April-May 2018
It started during 1
the American Civil War.
It used to be called 3
’Decoration Day’.
Memorial Day officially 4 became a holiday in 1968.
2 Waterloo, New York, is officially
recognized as the birthplace
of Memorial Day.A2 B1
4-5
The tradition of decorating the graves of soldiers started during
the Civil War, but as the survivors of the event died, so did the
tradition. In the early 20th century, it almost disappeared. But
then Americans began decorating the graves of soldiers from
World War I and World War II, and the tradition was revived.
It’s thanks to an American woman called Moina Michaels that the poppy symbolizes Memorial
Day. While working in Scotland, Michaels read the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’, about one war
1doctor’s experience at the Battle of Ypres . Michaels began selling poppies when she returned
to the US and giving the money to charity. The Veterans of Foreign Wars liked the initiative
and adopted the red poppy as the official symbol of Memorial Day.
Memorial Day remembers all American soldiers who In 2000, Congress established a
2have died, and veterans who have served in wars. National Moment of Remembrance.
Seven Southern states also observe their own This is one minute of silence that
Memorial Day Memorial Day, in remembrance of soldiers who everyone should observe at 3pm
Moment of Silencefought for the South during the Civil War. This day is on Memorial Day. Why 3pm? This
called Confederate Memorial Day, and its date specific time was chosen because it “is the time
varies from state to state. when most Americans are enjoying their freedoms
on the national holiday”.
On Memorial Day, there are special rules for flying the American flag. At sunrise, it is quickly
raised to full-staff and then brought down to half-staff, where it stays until noon. At noon, it
is to full-staff, to honor living military veterans. It remains there until sundown. These
rules were fixed by President Dwight Eisenhower on March 1st 1954.
On the Thursday before Memorial Day weekend, the 3rd US Infantry Regiment (known as ‘The
3 4Old Guard’ ) decorates the graves at Arlington National Cemetery . The soldier places their
toes at the headstone and plants the flag at the heel of their foot. This is known as the ‘Flags
In’ tradition. It takes them three hours to plant more than 265,000 flags – one for each grave.
1. The Battle of Ypres was a series of engagements during WWI, near the Belgian city of Ypres, between the German and the Allied armies.
2. A military veteran is a person who has served in a branch of the US armed forces.
3. ‘The Old Guard’ is also an expression that generally refers to groups of veterans, a conservative faction or the older segment of the population.
4. Arlington National Cemetery is a US military cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, DC, in whose
624 acres (253 hectares) US military veterans have been buried, starting in 1864.
World War I (WWI) la Première Guerre mondiale a charity un organisme de bienfaisance sundown le coucher de soleil,
World War II (WWII) la Seconde Guerr own propre, à soi le crépuscule
perhaps peut-être to fly a flag hisser un drapeau a toe un orteil
revived revitalisé a rule une règle a headstone une pierre tombale
a poppy un pavot, un coquelicot full-staff tout en haut du mât a heel un talon
thanks to grâce à sunrise le lever du soleil
half-staff en berne, à mi-mât
English Now o 97 April-May 2018 7
There is special etiquette for flying
the flag on Memorial Day.
Without WWI and WWII, we perhaps 5 wouldn’t commemorate it today.
The poppy is a symbol of Memorial Day.6
Memorial Day includes a National 7 Some Southern states have 8 Moment of Remembrance.their own Memorial Day.
9
10 The ’Flags In’ traditionWHO ARE THEY?PEOPLE
Article by Talitha Linehan

FULL NAME Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
BORN October 2nd 1869 DIED January 30th 1948
KNOWN AS Mahatma, which means ‘great soul’, Bapu ji,
which means ‘father’, and the Father of the Nation
QUOTE “Be the change you want to see in the world.”

One man can change the world. The life of Mahatma Gandhi is testament to this fact. Through
*peaceful means, he led India to independence from British rule and he continues to inspire
movements for civil rights and freedom to this day.
Early life An important day
India was already under British rule when Gandhi It was in South Africa that Gandhi frst experienced
was born into a Hindu merchant family, in the city of racism. He was shocked at how European rulers
Porbandar, in the Kathiawar peninsula of Gujarat. A treated Indian immigrants. When he frst entered a
timid boy, he found school difcult, but he went courtroom in Durban, he was asked to remove his
through a rebellious phase in his teenage years. turban. He refused and left the courtroom, and was
consequently criticised by the local media.
When he was 13, he married the daughter of another
merchant. Her name was Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia. Perhaps the most important day in the young Gandhi’s
The union was the result of an arranged marriage, life was June 7th 1893. He was travelling to the South
but it was happy and successful. The couple’s frst African city of Pretoria in the frst-class compartment
baby died, but they had four sons who survived. of a train when a white man asked him to leave the
compartment. Much like Rosa Parks – the black
Gandhi was interested in becoming a doctor. However, American civil rights leader who refused to give her
his father wanted him to work in politics. So, in 1888, bus seat to a white passenger in Alabama in 1955
at the age of 18, he went to London to study law. – Gandhi refused to leave the compartment, for
When he returned to India three years later, he tried which he had a ticket. As a result of this, he was
but failed to become a successful lawyer. He then got forcibly removed from the train at the next station.
an ofer of a job in Durban, South Africa, and travelled
there in 1893. This experience inspired Gandhi to dedicate his life
to combating racism and prejudice. He began by
advocating the rights of Indians in South Africa.
Then, in 1915, he returned to India, where he spent
the rest of his life representing oppressed people
and leading the movement for India’s independence
from British rule.
*British Rule, or British Raj, was the rule of the British Empire in the Indian
subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
a soul une âme law le droit
peaceful tranquille, paisible to fail échouer
the means les moyens a lawyer un avocat
to lead mener, conduire a ruler un dirigeant
(led, led) a courtroom une salle d’audience
rebellious rebelle, insoumis forcibly de force, par la force
teenage adolescent, jeune prejudice un préjugé, un à priori
Gandhi lived in his ashram in the Sabarmati suburb to die mourir to advocate militer pour, défendre
of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. a son un fils
8 English Now o 97 April-May 2018
British Indian Empire
Mahatma Gandhi
© everettB1
6-7
The Salt March
After Britain began its rule of India in 1858, it introduced a
series of laws known as Britain’s Salt Acts. These laws
prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salts, and
imposed heavy taxes on salt sold in India. This created
difficulties for India’s poorest people, in particular.
In response to this, Gandhi organised the Salt March, a
peaceful protest to these oppressive laws and to Britain’s rule
of India in general. In early 1930, at more than 60 years of
age, he marched 390 kilometres in 24 days, from his religious
retreat, near the city of Ahmedabad, to the Arabian Sea.
There, he broke the law, by making salt from evaporated
to prohibit sb from (+ -ing) interdire à qn deseawater.
heavy taxes de lourds impôts
Thousands of Indians joined the march, after which nearly poorest les plus pauvres
a retreat (ici) un refuge60,000 people were arrested, including Gandhi. However, the
to break the law enfreindre la loi
march inspired many other peaceful protests, and made a figure une personnage
Gandhi an internationally recognised and respected figure.
Gandhi lived a simple life: he made his own clothes
and ate only vegetarian food. And he employed only
peaceful methods of protest, including praying and
fasting. However, he went to prison many times, both
in South Africa and India.
Death and legacy
India fnally became independent from Britain on
August 15th 1947. However, by that time, the country
had a new problem – a rise in Muslim nationalism. This
resulted in violence between Hindus and Muslims.
Gandhi, who envisioned a country of religious pluralism,
appealed for peace between the two factions.
Some extremist Hindus became angry with Gandhi
for not condemning Muslims. One of these extremists
was Nathuram Godse. On January 30th 1948, he went
For Gandhi, the spinning wheel “is not only a symbol of to a prayer meeting that Gandhi was attending in
simplicity and economic freedom but also a symbol of peace.”New Delhi, and shot him three times, ending his life.
It is a tragedy that the life of a pacifst ended in violence.
A passive policyBut his legacy will surely live on forever. His birthday
is a national holiday in India, and it is known as the ‘Satyagrah’, meaning ‘insistence on truth’ or ‘loyalty
International Day of Nonviolence around the world. to the truth’, is a word that Gandhi invented to
describe a policy of passive political resistance. He
practised satyagrah when advocating the rights of
Indian people and India’s independence from Britain.
to pray prier Someone who practises satyagraha is a ‘satyagrahi’.
to fast jeûner
a legacy un héritage
a rise une hausse
Muslim musulman
to appeal for lancer un appel à, demander a policy une politique, une règle
to condemn condamner, désapprouver truth la vérité
to attend assister à
to shoot (shot, shot) tirer sur quelqu’un
English Now o 97 April-May 2018 9
© DRNOW NEWSNEWS
Article by Ruth Adam
a monkey un singe into the zoo grounds dans l’enceinte du zoo
an escape une évasion tranquiliser darts des flêchettes anesthésiantes
a storm une tempête tumultuous agité, tumultueux
to blow off (blew, blown) emporter, safely en toute sécurité
arracher to belong to appartenir à
a roof un toit an endangered species une espèce en voie d'extinction
to climb grimper a wildlife park une réserve naturelle
an overhead cable un câble aérien
Cash for rats!
New York’s rat population has been estimated at over
2 million. That’s an enormous number of rats, but now
New Yorkers can do something about it. A writer from
Brooklyn has taken on the task of reducing the city’s
rat population. She will kill rats for you: five for $15, or
ten for $25, in the neighborhood of your choice.
She prefers to remain anonymous and will not go to
people’s homes, but she sends clients a certificate.
This is proof that they have helped to make New York
a better place. The anonymous rat killer is conscious
that killing rats isn’t exactly a normal thing to do! So,
she limits herself to killing three lots of five rats per
day, reassuring clients that her methods are fast and
painless. She also refuses to take photographs or make videos of
herself with dead rats – this would certainly be a very strange direction to take.
Her method is fairly simple: she finds a rubbish pile and waits quietly until sunset.
She doesn’t hate rats – all they want from life is to reproduce and find good
rubbish. But history demonstrates, she says, that rat infestations have never
been a good thing for humans. She can certainly anticipate many more years of
rat killing; there is absolutely no sign that rats are facing extinction!
a writer un écrivain a killer un tueur
to take on assumer, prendre en charge painless sans douleur
a task une mission, une tâche fairly assez
to remain rester rubbish les ordures, les déchets
proof une preuve
10 English Now o 97 April-May 2018
Dublin Zoo monkeys make
a great escape
Last winter, three Sulawesi macaque monkeys escaped from the monkey house at Dublin
Zoo. After a big storm blew the roof off the house, the three monkeys climbed from the top
of their cage onto an overhead cable. Then they escaped into the zoo grounds. When the
emergency team arrived, they discovered the three young fugitives in a tree, apparently
having a great time. They tried using tranquiliser darts to capture them, but the tumultuous
weather made this impossible. So, they simply waited until the monkeys got tired of their
adventure and climbed down from the tree – which they did, over two hours later! The
monkeys were then safely returned to the monkey house. Sulawesi macaques belong to a
particularly endangered species, but they evidently have a fabulous sense of adventure.
Another macaque, called Stevie Wonder, escaped from a wildlife park in County Cork,
Ireland, four times in 2015!
©Robert cicchetti

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