The Clash of Civilizations by Samuel Huntington
16 pages
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The Clash of Civilizations by Samuel Huntington

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16 pages
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Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le consulter en ligne
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The Clash of Civilizations (1993)
Samuel Huntington

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Nombre de lectures 183
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The Clash of Civilizations? by Samuel P. Huntington
Foreign Affairs Summer 1993 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SAMUEL P. HUNTINGTON is the Eaton Professor of the Science of Government and Director of the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University. This article is the product of the Olin Institute's project on "The Changing Security Environment and American National Interests." ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I. THE NEXT PATTERN OF CONFLICT II. THE NATURE OF CIVILIZATIONS III. WHY CIVILIZATIONS WILL CLASH IV. THE FAULT LINES BETWEEN CIVILIZATIONS V. CIVILIZATION RALLYING VI. THE WEST VERSUS THE REST VII. THE TORN COUNTRIES VIII. THE CONFUCIAN-ISLAMIC CONNECTION IX. IMPLICATIONS FOR THE WEST ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I. THE NEXT PATTERN OF CONFLICT
WORLD POLITICS IS entering a new phase, and intellectuals have not hesitated to proliferate visions of what it will be -- the end of history, the return of traditional rivalries between nation states, and the decline of the nation state from the conflicting pulls of tribalism and globalism, among others. Each of these visions catches aspects of the emerging reality. Yet they all miss a crucial, indeed a central, aspect of what global politics is likely to be in the coming years. It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will be the battle lines of the future. Conflict between civilizations will be the latest phase of the evolution of conflict in the modern world. For a century and a half after the emergence of the modern international system of the Peace of Westphalia, the conflicts of the Western world were largely among princes -- emperors, absolute monarchs and constitutional monarchs attempting to expand their bureaucracies, their armies, their mercantilist economic strength and, most important, the territory they ruled. In the process they created nation states, and beginning with the French Revolution the principal lines of conflict were between nations rather than princes. In 1793, as R. R. Palmer put it, "The wars of kings were over; the ward of peoples had begun." This nineteenth-century pattern lasted until the end of World War I. Then, as a result of the Russian Revolution and the reaction against it, the conflict of nations
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