How to Write References
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How to Write References


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Publié par
Nombre de lectures 13
Langue English


Course Introduction
CE 625: Masonry Structures Course Introduction
Durgesh C. Rai
Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Kanpur - 208 016
Despite masonry being most widely used material in the civil engineering profession, present undergraduate courses provide a very limited exposure to structural design with masonry. Recent advances in masonry units and use of reinforcement in masonry requires that students should be formally trained in masonry behaviour and design. Many heritage structures built in variety of masonry that are to be preserved for future generations, require greater skill and understanding of behaviour of masonry.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/2
Course Introduction
To introduce fundamental aspects of contemporary masonry construction and design with an emphasis on underlying basic mechanics and thorough treatment of code practices. This course is in sequence to structural engineering design courses such as RC and steel structures. The course is structured to follow basic structural engineering principles rather than a non-engineered empirical approach.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/3
Introduction: Historical development, Modern masonry, Principles of masonry design, Masonry standards: IS 1905 and others
Material Properties: Masonry units: clay and concrete blocks Mortar, grout and reinforcement Bonding patterns Shrinkage and differential movements
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/4
Course Introduction
Contents …
Masonry in compression: Prism strength, Eccentric loading, Kern distance
Masonry under lateral loads: In-plane and out-of-plane loads, Analysis of perforated shear walls, Lateral force distribution ƒflexible and ƒrigid diaphragms.
Contents …
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/5
Behaviour of masonry members: Shear and flexure Combined bending and axial loads Reinforced and unreinforced masonry Cyclic loading and ductility of shear walls for seismic design Infill masonry
Structural design of masonry: Working and Ultimate strength design In-plane and out-of-plane design criteria for load-bearing and infills, connecting elements and ties Consideration of seismic loads. Code provisions.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/6
Course Introduction
Contents …
Seismic evaluation and retrofit: In-situ and non-destructive tests for masonry properties Repair and strengthening of existing masonry structures for seismic loads. Construction practices and new materials:
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/7
PreReq and Reference Books
Pre-requisite ƒBasic undergraduate level courses in structural analysis and design
Reference Books ƒDayaratnam, P. (1987).Brick and Reinforced Brick Structures, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. ƒDrysdale, R. G. Hamid, A. H. and Baker, L. R. (1994).Masonry Structures: Behaviour & Design, Prentice Hall ƒHendry, A. W. (1998),Structural Masonry, Mc Millan, UK, 2nd edn. ƒHendry, A. W., Sinha, B. P. and Davies, S. R. (1997).Design of Masonry Structures, E&FN Spon, UK ƒSahlin, S. (1971).Structural Masonry, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ ƒSchneider, R. S. and Dickey, W. L. (1994).Reinforced Masonry Design, Prentice Hall, 3rd edn. ƒPaulay, T. and Priestley, M. J. N. (1992).Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings, John Wiley.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/8
Course Introduction
Reference Materials
Codes and Industry Technical Notes
ƒBIS.IS 1905:1987Code of practice for structural use of unreinforced masonry (3rd rev.) and other relevant BIS codes. ƒBIS.SP20(S&T):1991Handbook on Masonry Design and Construction ƒRelevantASTMstandards ƒIITK-GSDMA(2005) Proposed Draft Provisions and Commentary on Structural Use of Unreinforced Masonry available at ƒIITK-GSDMA (2007)Guidelines for Structural Use of Reinforced Masonry available at ƒNational Concrete Masonry Association,NCMA-Tek,available at ƒBrick Institute of America,Technical Notes on Brick Construction, available at
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/9
Objective is to help you deepen the understanding of the course material covered. You are strongly advised to attempt them. Homework problems will be assigned regularly (on average one set per 1.5 week). They are due in the class on the assigned day. No grades will be awarded for late submissions; they can be delayed or rescheduled for a very good reason by prior permission. They will be graded and returned as soon as possible.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/10
Course Introduction
Working in Groups
Please remember the reason you are asked to do homework, which is so that you can learn to reason and solve these types of problems yourself!
You can work in groups; however, you have to submit the solution in your own handwriting.
They are due in the class on the assigned day. Late submissions will attract a penalty of 50% upto one week and after that they will not be graded.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/11
All submitted work must be presented in a manner which shows a clear and logical approach to your solution.
Although no computer printing is required, your penmanship must be neat.
All sketches will be drawn using a straight edge. No free-hand drawing in homework solutions.
All work should be self explanatory as if it were a final copy of calculations for archival. These will not only make your submissions a better reference for the future for you.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/12
Course Introduction
Presentation and Accuracy are the key elements
Emphasis of homework assignment is on developing your skills to solve problems completely and correctly and to present it in a neat and legible manner so that it can be understood easily by others verifying it. Remember thatengineering calculations are not for you; they are for someone else to read and decipher, so an organized, neatly done presentation is essential. Homework submissions, therefore, will be graded for theaccuracy of solutionas well as itspresentation separately and overall grade will be based on the composite score
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/13
Grades for the accuracy of results: A: All answers are correct B: A few mathematical errors C: More than a few mathematical errors. D: Conceptual or serious mathematical errors Grades for the presentation: N: Neat(Complete calculations, FBDs drawn, diagrams labelled, units, etc.) F: Fair P: Poor(Hastily done, looks copied, missing details or problems) Overall grade: 100% A+N 90% A+F; B+N 80% A+P; B+F 70% C+N/F; B+P 60% D+N/F/P; C+P
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/14
Course Introduction
Term Project
Research Assignment Project Related to your research on a topic which must complement the material of the course. ƒCan be a literature research study, ƒa field study of a significant masonry structure or its construction, ƒan experimental study, etc., which must involve certain aspects related to masonry behaviour, design or construction. Project topic will be first approved based on your proposal describing the research topic and its relationship with the course.
Term Project…
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/15
Research Assignment Project You may work in a group of not more than three Project deliverables ƒA written typed report of eight pages of text and another eight pages of figures/tables, etc. ƒAbout 15 min. PPT presentation of your work. ƒMore details will be provided in due course.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/16
Course Introduction
You are expected to attend every class session. However, to qualify for a pass grade, you must have a minimum of80%attendance. Please take note of the fact that excessive absenteeism will surely reflect on your performance and affect your course grade negatively. Further, it may help favorably in deciding borderline cases while assigning final course grade!
Course Grading
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/17
The course grade will be based on: 15% — Homework 25% — Term Project 25% — Mid-sem exam 35% — Final exam A grade ofAis guaranteed for overall score of90% or higher. Corresponding guarantees forBandC grades are80%and70%,respectively. Actual cutoffs may be different, but those are not guaranteed. Passing grades (Dor better) will be given only to those students whose overall score exceeds55%.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/18
Course Introduction
Academic dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the Institute and therefore, policies on academic dishonesty will be strictly enforced. Students who violate Institute rules on academic dishonesty (by violating theHonor Codein exams and quizzes, indulging inproxy attendances, etc), will subject to disciplinary action as described in UG Manual ( Penalties include the possibility offailure in the course and/or dismissal from the Institute.
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/19
Bricklaying can be extremely enjoyable and relaxing hobby. Name the person who was one of the greatest statesman of the last century who took great pride in showing the visitors the brick walls that he built around his country farm.
ƒClue #1 — Europe ƒClue #2 — Prime Minister ƒClue #3 — World War II ƒClue #4 — England Not a bad pastime forSir Winston Churchill! You can also learn how to do it and get good grades!
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012
CE625: Masonry Structures/Dr Durgesh Rai/2012/20
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