NEBULA - A Future Internet That Supports Trustworthy Cloud Computing

NEBULA - A Future Internet That Supports Trustworthy Cloud Computing

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NEBULA - A Future Internet That Supports Trustworthy Cloud Computing Tom Anderson, Ken Birman, Robert Broberg, Matthew Caesar, Douglas Comer, Chase Cotton, Michael Freedman, Andreas Haeberlen, Zack Ives, Arvind Krishnamurthy, William Lehr, Boon Thau Loo, David Mazières, Antonio Nicolosi, Jonathan Smith, Ion Stoica, Robbert van Renesse, Michael Walfish, Hakim Weatherspoon and Christopher Yoo Abstract NEBULA is a future Internet architecture that is intrinsically more secure and addresses threats to the emerging computer utility capabilities called cloud computing while meeting the challenges of flexibility, extensibility and economic viability.
  • control-plane
  • control plane
  • nebula data plane
  • model of computing
  • router
  • cloud computing
  • path
  • policy
  • security
  • packet
  • data

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PRODUCT OVERVIEW
ECS Retroft Power Solution
Cost-Effective Energy Effciency Upgrade Benefts
Reliability
• Preserves distribution and – Extends the lifecycle of deployed
ECS power plantscabling investments
– Proven feld performance
• Modern Galaxy Pulsar Plus controller
– Controller continuity
– Adaptive Rectifer Management
Intelligence(effciency management)
– Industry leading controller features
– Thermal compensation and
– Ethernet interface for remote accessbattery management features
– Centralized network management
• -48V up to 600A (16.2 KW) or
Investment Protection+24V up to 1200A (16.3 KW)
– Energy effciency improvement
• Effciency approaching 97%
– Avoids complete replacement costs
On Time Delivery
– Comprehensive turn-key retroft
service including plant assessment
– Fast track deploymentOverview
– 24/7 supportLineage Power offered the Lineage 2000 All existing system rectifer shelf slots
ECS telecom power systems throughout require a retroft carrier or permanent
the 1980s and 1990s. The Lineage ECS slot fller since all rectifers deployed in
Retroft Power Solution enables these an ECS system must be upgraded. The
legacy power systems to be upgraded desired capacity of standard Infnity
to modern rectifers and controller rectifers are then inserted into the retroft
technology, while leaving the distribution, carrier modules. No change is needed
Total Effciency
shelves and frame in place. to the output distribution, batteries, or
The Lineage Power Total Effciency™ LVD contactor of the ECS plants with this
The ECS Retroft Power Solution upgrades (TE) architecture reduces energy loss retroft.
and lowers cooling costs by 50-70%. the legacy 364 series rectifers with
TE products will prioritize sustainable Lineage Power Infnity™ series of rectifers The ECS retroft power solution provides
energy sources like solar, wind, water to improve energy effciency and deliver a turn-key, cost-effective maintenance
and fuel cells over traditional utility grid centralized management visibility and upgrade for the installed base of ECS
or diesel generator sources – and they
control. The Infnity rectifers are managed telecom power systems. For most
will intelligently respond to smart grid
by the modern Galaxy Pulsar Plus™ applications, the retroft procedure may information to reduce consumption
controller. be accomplished in less than 4 hours. during peak demand periods. Active
Rectifer Management (ARM) and
Battery Charging Optimization (BCO)
features increase effciency on current
and legacy power infrastructures. The
Total Effciency architecture addresses
issues end-to-end based on our proven
experience and expertise in batteries,
power distribution, DC energy systems,
AC-DC power supplies, and DC-DC
board mounted power to deliver a
solution that is more safe, reliable and
energy effcient than alternatives from
our competitors.
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved.TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS – POWER MODULES
Infnity Rectifers
• Compact - 1RU form factor providing high power density (24 W/in3)
• Plug and Play – installation of the rectifer in a shelf connected to a compatible system
controller initializes all set up parameters automatically. No adjustments are needed.
• Extended service life – parallel operation with automatic load sharing ensures that
parallel units are not unduly stressed even when a unit fails or is removed.
• Monitoring / control – the built in microprocessor controls and monitors all critical
rectifer functions and communicates with the system controller using the built in
Galaxy Protocol serial interface.
• Fail safe performance – hot insertion capabilities allow for rectifer replacement without
system shutdown; soft start and inrush current protection prevent nuisance tripping of
upstream breakers.
Applications
• Telecommunications networks • Routers/switches • Data networks
• Digital subscriber line (DSL) • Fiber in the loop • PBX
• Indoor/outdoor wireless • Transmission
Key Features
• Extended temperature range • 1U height, hi power density • Hot pluggable
• Redundant fan cooling • 220/110 V AC input • RoHS compliant
• Front panel LED indicators • Digital load sharing
Specifcations
Input NE100AC24 NE050AC48
Voltage Range
- High-Line 175-275Vac 175-275Vac
- Low-Line 85-140Vac -
Input Current 14.9A @208Vac 14.5A @208Vac
12.9A @240Vac 12.6A @240Vac
Input Frequency 45 – 66Hz 45 – 66Hz
Power Factor 0.98 at >50% load 0.98 at >50% load
Effciency 92% 93%
Total Harmonic Distortion 5% at full load 5% at full load
Output
Voltage Adjust Range 21-29Vdc 42-58Vdc
Voltage Nominal 27.25V 54.5V
Regulation(with controller) ±0.5% ±0.5%
Ripple 100mV rms 100mV rms
Psophometric Noise 2 mV 2 mV
Output Current
- High-Line 100A @27.25V 50A @54.5V
- Low-Line 44A @27.25V -
Heat Dissipation @ max out 237W / 808 BTU/hr 205W / 699 BTU/hr
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 2TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS – POWER MODULES
Environmental
Operating Temperature -40°C to +75°C (-40 to 167 °F)
Storage Te -40°C to +85°C (-40 to 185 °F)
Power De-Rating 2% per ºC from +65ºC to +75ºC
Relative Humidity 95% max, non-condensing
Altitude 2,000M max
Mechanical
Length (in. /mm) 13.85 / 351.8
Width (in. /mm) 5.25 / 132.8
Height (in. /mm) 1.70 / 43.2
Weight (lb / Kg) 5.2 / 2.4
Safety and Standards Compliance
NEBs Evaluated by independent NRTL test lab to Telcordia GR63, Issue 3 and GR1089-CORE, Issue 5
Safety CE mark to Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC and EMC Directive 2004/108/E (Rectifers Only)
UL 609501-1, 2nd Ed. Recognized
CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-03 Certifed
RoHS Compliant to RoHS EU Directive 2002/95/EC; RoHS 5/6
EMC European Directive 2004/108/EC; EN55022, Class A; EN55024; FCC, Class A; GR1089-CORE, Issue 5
Outline Drawing
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 3TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - CONTROLLER
Pulsar Plus Controller
The Pulsar Plus family of controllers to the World Wide Web (internet) or your
provides system monitoring and control enterprise network (intranet). An optional
features for Infnity, CP, and other power modem is also available.
systems. These controllers monitor and
This controller utilizes standard network control system components including
management protocols allowing for rectifers, converters, and distribution
advanced network supervision. Lineage modules via a multi-drop RS485 digital
Power Galaxy Manager™ software communications bus. System status, 

is the centralized visibility and control parameters, settings, and alarm thresholds
component of a comprehensive can be viewed and confgured from the
power management system designed controller’s front panel display. Assignment
to meet engineering, operations and and confguration of alarm inputs and
maintenance needs. The Galaxy Manager output relays can be performed from a
client-server architecture enables remote laptop computer connected to a local
access to system controllers across the RS-232 or Ethernet port, or by remote
power network.access is through a network connection
Applications
• Telecommunications networks • Routers/switches • Data networks
• Digital subscriber line (DSL) • Fiber in the loop • PBX
• Indoor/outdoor wireless • Transmission
Key Features
Remote Access and Features Standard System Features Standard Battery Management Features
• Integrated 10/100Base-T Ethernet • Monitor and control of more than 60 • Float/boost mode control
Network connected devices - Manual boost
- TCP/IP - Robust RS485 system bus - Manual timed boost locally, T1.317,
- SNMP V2c for management and remotely initiated • Standard and user defned alarms
- SMTP for email - Auto boost terminated by time - Alarm test
- Telnet for command line interface or current- Assignable alarm severity: Critical,
- DHCP for plug-n-play Major, Minor, Warning, and record-only • Battery discharge testing
- FTP for rapid backup and upgrades - 10 alarm relays (7 user assigned) - Manual (local/remote)
- HTTP for standard web pages and - Periodic • Rectifer management features browsers - Plant Battery Test (PBT) input driven - Automatic rectifer restart - Compatible with Galaxy Manager - Confgurable threshold or - Active Rectifer Management and other management packages 20% algorithm ARM (energy effciency) - Shielded RJ-45 interface referenced - Graphical discharge data - Remote rectifer (on/off) to chassis ground - Rectifers on-line during test - Reserve Operation
• Password protected security levels: User, - Automatic rectifer sequence control • Slope thermal compensation
Super-User, Administrator for all access - N + X redundancy check - High temperature
• Ground-referenced RS232 system port - Low temperature • Multiple Low Voltage Load and Low
- Step temperature • ANSI T1.317 command-line interface Voltage Battery Disconnect thresholds
- STC Enable/Disable, low temperature
• Modem access support • Confguration, statistics, and history Enable/Disable
- Remote via external modem - All stored in non-volatile memory - Confgurable mV/°C slopes
- Callback security - Remote/local backup and restore of
• State of charge indication confguration data• EasyView2, Windows-based GUI
• High temperature disconnect settingsoftware for local terminal or • Industry standard defaults
Modem access - Customer specifc confgurations • Reserve-time prediction
available • Recharge current limit
• Remote/ local software upgrade • Emergency Power-Off input
• Basic, busy hour, and trend statistics
• Detailed event history
• User defned events and derived
channels
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 4TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - CONTROLLER
Integrated Monitoring Inputs/Outputs Galaxy Manager Compatible
• System plant voltage (accuracy ±0.04V, resolution 0.01V) • Centralized web server and database with multiple user access
to live or managed data with drill down to problem details• One system shunt (accuracy ±0.5% full scale, resolution 1A)
- Battery or load • Monitor and control of more than 40 connected devices
- Mounted in the return side of DC bus • Management information from polling or alarms received from
• Up to 15 binary inputs alarm traps from multiple sites are available on one screen via
- Six inputs close/open to battery the inter/intranet
- 9 input close/open to return • Trend user selected data over time
- User assignable
• Automatic or manual report generation
• Up to 7 Form-C output alarms (60VDC @ .5A)
• Standard engineering tools like reserve time calculators and -
cable voltage drop analyzer
• 1-Wire™ bus devices
- Up to 16 temperature probes (QS873)
- Up to 6 mid-string monitors (ES771)
General Safety and Standards Compliance
Operating Voltage ±24 Vdc, ±48 Vdc NEBs Evaluated by independent NRTL test lab to
(Range: ±18 to ±60 Vdc) Telcordia GR63, Issue 3 and GR1089-CORE, Issue 5
Input Power Less than 7W Safety CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-03 Certifed for Canada
and U.S.; UL60950-1 1st Ed.
Operating Temperature Range -40°C to +75°C (-40 to 167 °F)
RoHS Compliant to RoHS EU Directive 2002/95/EC
Operating Relative Humidity 0 - 95% (non-condensing) RoHS 5/6
Storage Temperature Range -40°C to +85°C (-40 to 185 °F) EMC European Directive 2004/108/EC; EN55022, Class A;
EN55024; FCC, Class A; GR1089-CORE, Issue 5Physical Specifcations Sizes vary by packaging option
Display 8-line by 40-character with alarm
Agency Certifcationscontext sensitive backlit LCD
NEB Level 3 Evaluated by independent NRTL test lab to
Telcordia GR63, Issue 3 and GR1089-CORE, Issue 5
EMC European Directive 2004/108/EC; EN55022
(CISPR22) Class A; EN55024 (CISPR24)
Safety Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Listed per Subject
Letter 1801: Power Distribution Center for
Communications Equipment, and cUL Certifed
(CSA 22.2 950): Safety of Information Technology
Equipment
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 5ORDERING INFORMATION – ECS RETROFIT
Step 1: Select Retroft Power Solution Kit
All selections in Step 1 include all the necessary components to convert the rectifer shelf assembly from an ECS
shelf to an upgraded NE rectifer shelf. Choose 1, 2, or 3 shelf solutions for either 48 volt or 24 volt power systems.
Regardless of the chosen solution, no remaining 596 (596A2, 596D, 596B4, 596B5, 596B6) rectifers may remain in the power system.
With this conversion process the original equipment 596 rectifer will no longer function properly. Where future growth is required, the
user must install additional rectifer carriers equipped with the appropriate NE Rectifer.
RPS Kit Number Model RPS Kit Description
ECS24V1SEQ 24V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (1 Shelf)
Each ECS RPS Kit Includes:
- Pulsar controller upgrade
- Rectifer slot carrier for each shelf position
ECS24V2SEQ 24V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (2 Shelf) - QS873A Thermal Probe (A)
-10 ft wire set (B: thermal probe to controller)
NOTE:
Work methods involved in this conversion also ECS24V3SEQ 24V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (3 Shelf)
include controller replacement, circuit board
change outs, and system reboot. Expertise
beyond a user level technician may be
required to complete the conversion process.ECS24V4SEQ 24V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (4 Shelf)


ECS48V1SEQ 48V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (1 Shelf)
ECS48V2SEQ 48V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (2 Shelf)
ECS48V3SEQ 48V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (3 Shelf)
ECS48V4SEQ 24V ECS Retroft Power Solution Kit (4 Shelf)
NOTE: Determine if your ECS plant is utilizing the data monitoring feature. If so, please contact your Lineage Power representative for additional required monitoring.
Step 2: Select Rectifer Carriers
The kit solutions in Step 1 are intended to simplify the order process. However, the following components
may be ordered individually when necessary.
Ordering Code Description Photo
CC109159397 24V Rectifer Carrier, Includes:
Carrier adapts the NE rectifer to be placed in the ECS shelf
No rectifer is included in this kit
CC109159026 48V Rectifer Carrier, Includes:
Carrier adapts the NE rectifer to be placed in the ECS shelf
No rectifer is included in this kit
850014640 ECS Blank
Use permanent style fller blanks for shelf slots not equipped with rectifer carriers
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 6ORDERING INFORMATION – ECS RETROFIT
Step 3: Select Rectifers
Each NE Rectifer carrier may be equipped with one new NE Rectifer per available slot. Each 24 volt rectifer
slot may be equipped with one 100 Amp rectifer, each 48 volt rectifer will accept one 50 Amp rectifer.
Rectifers
Output Ordering Code Model Photo
109138302 95-150Vac input, 24V, 45A output
175-275V, 100A output
NE100AC24A100A
109124913 175-275Vac input, 48V, 50A output
NE050AC48A50A
Step 4: Controller Kit
The kit solutions in Step 1 are intended to simplify the order process. However, the following components
may be ordered individually when necessary.
Ordering Code Description Photo
CC109159018 ECS Retroft Controller Kit, includes everything needed to update existing controller
to the Galaxy Pulsar Plus
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 7ORDERING INFORMATION – ECS RETROFIT
Step 5: LVD Strap
The kit solutions in Step 1 are intended to simplify the order process. However, the following components
may be ordered individually when necessary.
Ordering Code Description Photo
CC848907881 ECS Retroft contactor strapping kit, J85500D3 with L23 – L27 or H569-420
(if load < 300A) Plants
CC848909515 ECS Retroft contactor bus bar strapping kit, J85500E or H569-416 Plants
CC109164141 ECS Retroft contactor strapping kit, J85500G Plants
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 8ORDERING INFORMATION – ECS RETROFIT
Step 6: Order Additional Battery Monitoring
The kit solutions in Step 1 are intended to simplify the order process. However, the following components
may be ordered individually when necessary.
Ordering Code Description Photo
CC109142980 QS873A Thermal Probe (A)
CC848817024 10 ft wire set (B: thermal probe to controller)
CC848822560 1 ft wire set (C: thermal probe to thermal probe)
848719803 5 ft wirmal prmal probe)
CC848822321 10 ft wire set (C: thermal probe to thermal probe)
108958422 ES771A Battery Voltage Monitor Card
CC848791517 2-1/2 ft wire set (D: ES771A to thermal probe)
CC848797290 6 ft wire set (D: ES771A to thermal probe)
848719829 10 ft wire set (D: ES771A to thermal probe)
CC848791500 4 ft wire set (G: ES771A to ES771A or controller)
848652947 10 ft wire set (G: ES771A to ES771A or controller)
555052-1 In-Line Coupler (for extending item G above)
Temperature/Voltage probes are needed for battery monitoring. They are connected to each battery or battery string to provide slope thermal compensation,
temperature alarms and voltage imbalance alarms.
Temperature Measurement
Temperature and Voltage Measurement
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 9ORDERING INFORMATION – ECS RETROFIT
Step 7: Order Additional Distribution Options (If Required)
Extended lead times for legacy fuses and breakers.
J85500E2
Fuses and Fuse Holder
Ordering Code Description
405673146 1-1/3 amp Fuse
405181983 2 amp Fuse
406159061 5 amp Fuse
406980797 Fuse Holder, 15900-AT
407006329 Fuse, TPA-5
407006337 Fuse, TPA-10
407006345 Fuse, TPA-15
407006352 Fuse, TPA-20
407006378 Fuse, TPA-30
Circuit Breakers used with Lists 3 and 4 Distribution Modules
Ordering Code Description
406746313 3 amp plug-in circuit breaker kit for use with L- 4 distribution module
406746321 5 amp plug-in circuit br
406746347 15 amp plug-in circuit br
406746370 45 amp Circuit Breaker Kit for use with L- 4 distribution module
406746388 60 amp Circuit Br
846814457 100 amp Circuit Breaker Kit for use with L- 3 distribution module
846814465 225 amp Circuit Br
Circuit Breakers for use with Distribution Modules Lists 8, 10 and 11
Ordering Code Description
407098417 3 amp single-position circuit breaker
407098425 5 amp single position circuit breaker
407098433 10 amp single position circuit breaker
407098458 15 amp single position circuit breaker
407098474 20 amp single position circuit breaker
407098482 25 amp single position circuit breaker
407098490 30 amp single position circuit breaker
407245448 40 amp single position circuit breaker
407098508 45 amp two position circuit breaker
407098516 45 amp single position circuit breaker
407098524 50 amp single position circuit breaker
407098532 60 amp two position circuit breaker
407098540 70 amp two position circuit breaker
407098565 90 amp two position circuit breaker
407098573 100 amp two position circuit breaker
08/11 ECS Retroft Power Solution © 2011 Lineage Power. All rights reserved. Page 10