The CosmicRay Isotope Spectrometer for the Advanced Composition ...
84 pages
English

The CosmicRay Isotope Spectrometer for the Advanced Composition ...

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English
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  • cours - matière potentielle : a large number of space missions
The Cosmic Ray Isotope Spectrometer for the Advanced Composition Explorer E. C. Stone, C. M. S. Cohen, W. R. Cook, A. C. Cummings, B. Gauld, B. Kecman, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt and M. R. Thayer California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 B. L. Dougherty, R. L. Grumm, B. D. Milliken,y R. G. Radocinski and M. E. Wiedenbeck Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109 E. R. Christian, S. Shuman, H. Trexel and T. T. von Rosenvinge NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 W. R. Binns, D. J. Crary,z P. Dowkontt, J. Epstein,
  • t. t. von rosenvinge
  • cris
  • heavy requirements on the energy output of the sources of cosmic rays
  • aspects of the cris instrument design
  • elemental abundances
  • particle energy
  • cosmic rays
  • measurements
  • instrument
  • mass

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Nombre de lectures 27
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 5 Mo

Exrait

FEDERAL RESERVE DISCOUNT MECHANISM
HEARINGS
BEFORE THE
JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES
NINETIETH CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION
SEPTEMBER 11 AND IT, 1968
Printed for the use of the Joint Economic Committee
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
20-305 WASHINGTON : 19G8
For sale by the Superintendent of DottitneBts, U.S. Government Printing Office
XC. 30402- Price 35 centsJOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE
[Created pursuant to se c 6(a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.]
WILLIAM PROXMIRE, Wisconsin, Chairman
WRIGHT PATMAN, Texas, Vice
SENATE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama RICHARD BOLLING, Missouri
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas HALE BOGGS, Louisiana
HERMAN E. TALMADGE, Georgia HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin
STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri MARTHA W. GRIFFITHS, Michigan
JACOB K. JAVITS, New York WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania
ABRAHAM RIBICOFF, Connecticut THOMAS B. CURTIS, Missouri
JACK MILLER, Iowa WILLIAM B. WIDNALL, New Jersey
LEX B. JORDAN, Idaho DONALD RUMSFELD, Illinois
CHARLES H. PERCY, Illinois W. E. BROCK 3D, Tennessee
JOHN R. STARK, Executive Director
JAMES W. KNOWLES, Director of Research
ECONOMISTS
ROBERT H. HAVEMANWILLIAM H. MOOBE FRAZIEE KELLOGG
RICHARD F. KAUFMAN JOHN R. KARLIK DOUGLAS C. FEECHTLING (Minority)
(H)CONTENTS
WITNESSES AND STATEMENTS
SEPTEMBER II, 1968
Proxmire, Hon. William, chairman, Joint Economic Committee: Opening Page
remarks 1
Letter from Chairman Proxmire to Gov. William McChesney Martin,
Jr., Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve
System 2
Mitchell, Hon. George W., member, Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System, and Chairman, Intrasystem Committee on Reappraisal
of the Federal Reserve Discount Mechanism; accompanied by Howard
H. Hackley, Assistant to the Board, Federal Reserve; and Robert
Holland, Secretary of the Federal Reserve Board 3
Table: Summary of proposal for redesign of discount mechanism 9
SEPTEMBER 17, 1963
Proxmire, Hon. William: Opening remarks1
Letter from Milton Friedman, professor of economics, University
of Chicago, containing comments for the record2
Robertson, Ross M., professor of business economics and public policy,
Indiana University 34
Ritter, Lawrence S.,r of finance and chairman of the Department
of Finance, New York University Graduate School of Business Ad-
ministration „8
Gies, Thomas G., professor of finance, University of Michigan Graduate
School of Business Administration 43
SUBMITTED STATEMENTS
American Bankers' Association: Statement submitted by Wesley Lindow. 70
Independent Banker's Association of America: Statement submitted by
T. H. Milner, Jr., president; and Bradford Brett, chairman, Federal
Legislative Committee of the IBA 72
U.S. Savings & Loan League: Statement submitted by Richard T. Pratt,
economist 74
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System: Letter responding
to comments submitted for record by Prof. Milton Friedman 78
(ni)FEDERAL RESERVE DISCOUNT MECHANISM
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBEB 11, 1968
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
JOINT ECONOMIC COMMITTEE,
Washington, D.C.
The committee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to notice, in room S-407,
the Capitol, Hon. "William Proxmire (chairman of the joint commit-
tee) presiding.
Present: Senator Proxmire; and Representatives Reuss and Brock.
Also present: John R. Stark, executive director; John R. Karlik,
economist, and Douglas C. Frechtling, minority economist.
Chairman PROXMIRE. The committee will come to order.
In opening these Joint Economic Committee hearings, I would like
to observe that they are in line with this committee's considerable in-
terest in economic policy. Our subject this morning concerns the recent
report, sponsored by the Board of Governors, setting forth a proposed
revision m the Federal Reserve discount practices. As I have indicated
before, it would have important consequences for the nonbanking
financial institutions, particularly sayings and loan companies and
mutual savings banks. Our purpose this morning and in a sequel hear-
ing next week is to attempt to assess exactly what significance these
changes would have if adopted.
We have with us today Gov. George Mitchell who has been the
Chairman of the Intra-System Committee on Reappraisal of the Fed-
eral Reserve Discount Mechanism. Other members of the committee
included :
Gov. Sherman J. Maisel; Gov. William W. Sherrill: President
Karl R. Bopp, Philadelphia; President Edward A. Wayne, Rich-
mond; President Charles J. Scanlon, Chicago; President George
H. Clay, Kansas City; and Chairman William McC. Martin, ex officio.
Governor Mitchell, in a moment I am going to ask you to summarize
or explain to us the rationale and implications of your report. First,
however, I would like to turn to a different subject; namely, this com-
mittee's report setting forth standards for guiding monetary action
which requested certain reports from the Federal Reserve Board to
this committee. There has been correspondence between Chairman
Martin and me since that time, the most recent letter beingn
Martin's of September 9. There has been a good deal of press interest
in the committee's reaction to the Chairman's letter, and I would there-
fore like to take this occasion to say that I have just dispatched a
letter to Mr. Martin, and I am releasing it to the press now. Since
it is short, I will read it here :
(1)2
"SEPTEMBER 10, 1968.
"Hon. WM. MCC. MARTIN, Jr.,
"Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System,
Washington, D.C.
"DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN : This is in response to your letter of Septem-
ber 9 regarding reports by the Federal Reserve Board to the Joint
Economic Committee.
"Your proposal that the Federal Keserve submit an analysis of sig-
nificant developments following every calendar quarter, taking into
account changes in the money supply as well as other types of deposit,
strikes me as a very useful and mutually beneficial measure. Conse-
quently, I would appreciate your instituting such reporting practice
as soon as it reasonably can be done.
"With respect to annual staff projections of financial developments,
requested by the Joint Economic Committee, it appears that there
has not been a complete meeting of the minds as yet. The Joint Eco-
nomic Committee would not expect predictions as to the future course
of monetary policy, of course. I do not think any central bank should
be expected to make precise predictions as to future monetary policy
actions. On the other hand, the committee would expect the Federal
Reserve to go beyond the submission of projections—"
And I am quoting now the letter that Governor Martin wrote me—
" 'consistent with the economic prospects envisaged in the President's
Economic Report.'
"We would like to have such projections. But, more important, we
would also wish to have your best judgment as to the acceptability of
those projections and, in the event that you do not agree with them
and anticipate basing your policy on different projections, the com-
mittee would like to hear about them.
"The Federal Reserve has taken the position quite properly on pre-
vious occasions that it is not required by law to be responsive to the will
of the executive branch in its economic policy decisions. Consequently,
it is conceivable, although I do not think likely, that there might be
differences on occasion between the Federal Reserve's judgment and
(hat of the administration on the economic outlook. In such case, it
would be a duty of the Federal Reserve, as an agency of the Congress,
to give the Congress its best judgment as to the economic outlook,
including monetary factors.
"I hope that this clarifies our expectations.
"Very truly yours,
"WILLIAM PROXMIRE, Chairman"
Governor Mitchell, I certainly do not expect you to comment on this
issue which I am raising with the Chairman of the Federal Reserve
Board this morning. I took this occasion, because I thought it was a
timely occasion to report publicly on my response to Chairman Martin.
You have prepared a very helpful and thoughtful paper which I had
a chance to study last night, on the new discount mechanism. I think it
r
has all kinds of interesting implications, and we are very happy to have
you go right ahead on that.STATEMENT OP HON. GEOEGE W. MITCHELL, MEMBER, BOARD OF
GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM AND CHAIR-
MAN INTRASYSTEM COMMITTEE ON REAPPRAISAL OF THE FED-
ERAL RESERVE DISCOUNT MECHANISM; ACCOMPANIED BY
HOWARD H. HACKLEY, ASSISTANT TO THE BOARD, FEDERAL
RESERVE; AND ROBERT HOLLAND, SECRETARY OF THEL
RESERVE BOARD
Mr. MITCHELL. Thank you, sir. It is a pleasure to be here and testify
before you once again on this day to talk about our report on the pro-
1
posed changes in lending facilities to member banks.
The studies and research on which the Report is based were under-
taken to be sure our lending operations—properly called our discount
mechanism—were appropriate to present-day banking institutions and
environment. To be more effective in meeting changing community
credit needs, commercial banks need central bank assistance as well as

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