Logic—Sample Test B1 with Answers

Logic—Sample Test B1 with Answers

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Logic—Sample Test B1 with Answers NAME __________________________________________________________ Translate the following sentences into the language of sentential logic using the abbreviations given to you.
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  • logic—sample test b1
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FREEHOLD REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT

OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION

SCIENCE DEPARTMENT





PRINCIPLES OF LAB BIOLOGY





COURSE PHILOSOPHY

The philosophy of the course is to provide a foundation in Biological Science which will
prepare our students to:
• Acquire, process and utilize information.
• Think critically and make decisions as they relate to people and the living world
around us.
• Obtain the skills necessary for workplace readiness and lifelong learning.
• Pass the mandatory state testing program.

COURSE DESCRIPTION


Grade Level: 09 Department: Science

Course Title: Principles of Lab Biology Credits: 5

Course Code: 040220




BOARD OF EDUCATION INITIAL ADOPTION DATE: AUGUST 25, 2008
FREEHOLD REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT


Board of Education

Mrs. Patricia E. Horvath, President
Ms. Diana J Cappiello, Vice President

Mr. Tom Caiazza
Mrs. Katie Goon
Mrs. Bunny Hammer
Mrs. Kathie Lavin
Mr. Ronald G. Lawson
Mrs. Joan Leimbach
Mr. Christopher Placitella

James Wasser, Superintendent
Donna M. Evangelista, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction



Curriculum Writing Committee

Denise O’Larte


Science Supervisors

Kim Fox
Timothy O’Boyle
Denise Scanga
Jennifer Seery
Marybeth Stone
Jane Weiss




COURSE PHILOSOPHY

The philosophy of the course is to provide a foundation in Biological Science which will prepare our students
to:
• Acquire, process, and utilize information.
• Think critically and make decisions as they relate to people and the living world around us.
• Obtain the skills necessary for workplace readiness and lifelong learning.
• Pass the mandatory state testing program.


COURSE DESCRIPTION

The Principles of Lab Biology is a full year course focusing on the major biological and environmental
studies. Students will develop a working knowledge of biological theory and concepts through laboratory
experiments, critical thinking exercises, and problem solving. The Principles of Lab Biology curriculum is
constructed to address and reinforce the Core Content Workplace Readiness Skills as well as the New Jersey
Core Curriculum Content Standards for Science. The New Jersey Science Standards (5.1-Scientific Processes,
5.2- Science and Society, 5.3 – Mathematical Applications, and 5.4- Nature and Process of Technology) are
embedded within each unit of study. The New Jersey Science Standards are the foundation for all scientific
studies and curricula. Interdisciplinary learning in reading, writing and computation will be integrated while
providing for the differentiated learning style of diverse students.

The units and topics covered in the Principles of Lab Biology course are as follows:

• Scientific Inquiry
• Macromolecules
• Cell Structure and Organization
• Cellular Transport
• Cellular Energy
• Cell Division
• Bacteria and Viruses
• Nucleic Acids and Gene Expression
• Genetics
• Evolution
• Classification
• Ecology and Environmental Science

Freehold Regional High School District
Curriculum Map

Principles of Lab Biology


Relevant Standards Enduring Essential Questions Assessments

Understandings
Diagnostic Formative Summative
(before) (during) (after)

5.1 SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES Scientific inquiry involves asking What constitutes evidence? Lab Safety pre- District wide Post-lab
All students will develop problem- scientific-oriented questions, collecting lab. safety rules. conclusions.
solving, decision-making and inquiry evidence, forming explanations, When do you know you have enough and
skills, reflected by formulating usable
connecting explanations to scientific the right kind of evidence? Post-lab safety
questions and hypotheses, planning knowledge and theory and quiz.
experiments, conducting systematic communicating and justifying How can this result be best justified and
observations, interpreting and explanations and practicing safe explained to others? Lab report
analyzing data, drawing conclusions,
laboratory procedure. checks.
and communicating results. What makes a question scientific?

Why is a controlled experiment essential in
obtaining significant results in a scientific
investigation?

How does scientific knowledge advance
and build upon previous discoveries using
the scientific method in problem solving?

What does safety first demand of us?

5.2 SCIENCE AND SOCIETY The development of scientific ideas is How do science and technology influence Pre-tests. Daily checks for Unit tests with
All students will develop an essential for building scientific each other? understanding. multiple
understanding of how people of knowledge. Vocabulary choice, short
various cultures have contributed to What were the contributing scientists and checks. Quizzes - group answer, and
the advancement of science and Technology evolves at an ever the contributions to the Cell Theory? and/or open-ended
technology, and how major accelerating pace based on the need and individual. questions.
discoveries and events have advanced wants of society, and is influenced by What are the ways in which we influence
science and technology cultural, political and environmental the environment for better or worse
values and constraints. through biology?
4 5.4 NATURE AND PROCESS OF The development of technology and How does science and technology Review for Students will use Current events
TECHNOLOGY advances in science are mutually influence each other? students’ calculators, web will show
All students will understand the supportive in driving innovation in both familiarity with quests, and Biology in
interrelationships between science and fields. How have technological advancements calculators and create power Society.
technology and develop a conceptual allowed for greater understanding of the microscopes. points.
understanding of nature and process Physical constraints and social values play cell? Unit tests with
of technology a role in limiting the use of technology to multiple
solve problems. How do the advances in technology such choice, short
as the development of vaccines and answers, and
Thinking systematically means looking for antibiotics give today’s humans a better calculations
the relationships between parts. chance for staying healthy? and open-
ended
questions.
5.5 CHARACTERISTICS OF Scientific processes, unit conversions, Why should safety procedures be followed Vocabulary Lab checks. Lab/
LIFE data analysis, and safety procedures are at all times? checks. Notebook
All students will gain an understanding essential to a comprehensive study of Why is it important to have accurate, Daily checks for check.
of the structure, characteristics and Biology and proper laboratory procedure.
measurable results to analyze? Pre-tests to the
basic needs of organisms and will How can an experiment be designed to check prior understanding. Chapter and
investigate the diversity of life. include a control and a variable? knowledge. unit tests with
Cooperative multiple
The Cell Theory, cell structure and
What characteristics do all living organisms Ongoing learning choice, short
cellular organization provides the basis of share? diagnostic activities. answers, and
all living organisms. What is the Cell Theory? testing at the open-ended
How has technology lead to a greater beginning of Group quizzes. questions.

understanding of cell structure and every topic.
function?
What are the structure and function of cell
organelles?


Homeostasis in cellular organelles is What is homeostasis and how is it related
essential to sustaining life. to cellular transport?
How do you describe the cell membrane?

How does active and passive transport,
endocytosis and exocytosis affect the cell?

Viruses and bacteria have positive and What is the difference between viruses and
negative effects on living organisms.
bacteria pertaining to structures, functions,
replications and the impact on an
organism?



Photosynthesis and respiration must be How are photosynthesis and respiration
interdependent cyclic reactions in order cyclic?
to sustain most life forms. Why is ATP important?
What are the reactants and products of
photosynthesis?

5 Genetic continuity and diversity are What are the reactants and products of
dependent upon cell division. aerobic and anaerobic respiration and how
do they differ?
What is the chromosomal and functional
difference between somatic and gamete
cells?
How is the cell cycle (mitosis) staged and
what is the result?
How can disruption in the cell cycle cause
an impact on living organisms?
What are the stages of meiosis and how
does meiosis allow for genetic diversity?

Genetic information is passed from What scientific discoveries have led to the
generation to generation and any understanding of gene expression?
variations could impact changes in the How are the structures and functions of
individual or in the species. nucleic acids involved in information
storage and protein synthesis?
How can changes and/or mutations within
the nucleic acids impact living organisms?
How can modern scientific research

(Human Genome Project, Stem Cell

Research, Selective Breeding, Genetic
Engineering, etc.) impact life and future
research?


The transmission of hereditary Who was Mendel and why was his work
information is predicted by various important?
genetic crosses. How can genetic outcomes be predicted
using basic and complex patterns of

inheritance?
How can pedigrees be interpreted and
used?

Organisms have changed over time and What theories explain organism changes
are explained by the theory of evolution. over time?
What evidence is available for analysis of
these changes?
How does evolution occur through natural
selection?

All living organisms are classified. Why is a classification system needed and
how were they developed?
How is a variety of evidence analyzed to
identify /classify an organism?


6 5.6 PHYSICAL SCIENCE - The structure and function of organisms What is the difference between organic and Vocabulary Lab checks. Lab/
is dependent upon the chemical and inorganic matter? checks. Notebook
CHEMISTRY
All students will gain an understanding physical properties of macromolecules. Daily checks for check.
of the structure and behavior of How is water unique? Pre-tests to the
matter. check prior understanding. Chapter and
How are macromolecules essential to knowledge. unit tests with
everyday living? Ongoing Cooperative multiple
diagnostic learning choice, short
testing at the activities. answers, and
beginning of open-ended
every topic. Group quizzes. questions.
Living systems interact with the physical What are the major biomes of the Earth Vocabulary Lab checks. Lab/
5.10 ENVIRONMENTAL
environment and are affected by human and how are they shaped? checks.
STUDIES Notebook
All students will develop an activities. Daily checks for check.
understanding of the environment as a How are humans affecting the Pre-tests to the

environment and biogeochemical cycles? check prior understanding. Current events
system of interdependent components
knowledge.
affected by human activity and natural pertaining to
phenomena. How are ecosystems affected by abiotic Cooperative the
and biotic factors including population and On-going learning environment.
community interaction? diagnostic activities.

testing at the
Chapter and
beginning of Group quizzes. unit tests with
every topic multiple
change to choice, short
review essential answers, and
materials. open-ended
questions.
8.1 COMPUTER AND
Technology is constantly changing and In a world of constant technological Review Students will use Technology
INFORMATION LITERACY requires continuous learning of new skills. change, what skills should we learn? students’ the microscope, will be infused
All students will use computer familiarity of web quests, and throughout the
application to gather and organize How do I choose which technological tool the will create course and in
information to solve problems.
to use and when it is appropriate? microscope. power point each
presentations summative
throughout the assessment.
course.
8.2 TECHNOLOGY Technology evolves at an ever How does technology extend human Identify and Selection and Proper
EDUCATION accelerating pace based on the capabilities? review the proper use of lab selection and
needs/wants of society and is influenced different types equipment will use of lab
by cultural, political and environmental What are the positive and negative of lab be monitored equipment will
All students will develop an
values and constraints. consequences of technology? equipment and during each lead to
understanding of the nature and
what the experiment and optimum
impact of technology, engineering and
All technological activities use resources Should technologies that produce negative functions are. demonstration. results in data
technological design, and the designed
that include tools/machines, materials, impact continue to be used? collection, lab
world as they relate to the individual
information, energy, capital, time, and analysis and
society, and the environment.
people. How can we pick the best tools for the conclusions.
job?

7 Freehold Regional High School District
Course Proficiencies and Pacing

Principles of Lab Biology


Unit Title Unit Understandings and Goals Recommended
Duration
Scientific processes, unit conversions, data analysis, and safety procedures are essential to a 2 weeks
Scientific Inquiry
comprehensive study of Biology and proper laboratory procedure.
1. Students will explore scientific thinking, methods, measurements, equipment, and
experimentation.

The structure and function of organisms is dependent upon the chemical and physical 3 weeks
Macromolecules
properties of macromolecules.

1. Students will gain an understanding of the relationship between matter, energy, and living
organisms.

Cell Structure and The Cell Theory, cell structure and cellular organization provides the basis of all living 3 weeks
organisms.
Organization
1. Students will gain an understanding of the relationship between the organelles of a cell and
their functions in all living organisms.
Homeostasis in cellular organelles is essential to sustaining life. 3 weeks
Cellular Transport
1. Students will understand how the cell interacts with the environment, gets the nutrients
and gets rid of wastes.

Cellular Energy Photosynthesis and respiration must be interdependent cyclic reactions in order to sustain 3 weeks
most life forms.
1. Students will understand that organisms are linked to one another in an ecosystem by the
flow of energy and the cycling of materials.
Genetic continuity and diversity are dependent upon cell division. 3 weeks
Cell Division
1. Students will understand that cells go through a life cycle to provide genetic continuity and
that the diversity of organisms is mainly due to meiosis.
Bacteria and Viruses Viruses and bacteria have positive and negative effects on living organisms. 3 weeks
1. Students will understand that bacteria and viruses play both positive and negative roles in
the environment and human health.


8 Genetic information is passed from generation to generation and any variations could impact 3 weeks
Nucleic Acids and Gene
changes in the individual or in the species.
Expression
1. Students will understand that DNA is genetic material of living organisms and gene
expression is the code of life.

The transmission of hereditary information is predicted by various genetic crosses. 3 weeks
Genetics
1. Students will understand that heredity is the passage of traits from one generation to the
next and traits can be predicted in various methods.

Organisms have changed over time and are explained by the theory of evolution. 3 weeks
Evolution
1. Students will understand that biological evolution explains how populations change over
time.

All living organisms are classified. 3 weeks
Classification
1. Students will understand that classification systems exist in order for individuals to study
the mass amounts of organisms which are classified into groups based on their
characteristics.

Living systems interact with the physical environment and are affected by human activities. 2 weeks
Ecology and
1. Students will gain an understanding of the major ecosystems, their changes and how the
Environmental Science
changes depend on the cycling of matter.




















9
Freehold Regional High School District
Principles of Lab Biology
Scientific Inquiry

Enduring Understanding: Scientific processes, unit conversions, data analysis, and safety procedures are essential to a comprehensive study of Biology and proper
laboratory procedure.
Essential Questions: Why should safety procedures be followed at all times?
Why is it important to have accurate, measurable results to analyze?
How can an experiment be designed to include a control and a variable?
Unit Goal: Students will explore scientific thinking, methods, measurement, equipment, and experimentation.
Duration of Unit: 2 weeks
NJCCCS: 5.1.A.B.C., 5.2.A.B., 5.3.A.B.C.D., 5.4.A.B.C

Guiding / Topical Content, Themes, Instructional Resources and
Teaching Strategies Assessment Strategies
Questions Concepts, and Skills Materials
What are the safety rules that Understand and apply Provide and review the Read aloud the district-wide Provide a lab that will
must be followed in a information, skills, and district-wide safety rules. safety rules. demonstrate the use of
laboratory situation? procedures developed from appropriate equipment,
the district safety program as Show lab safety equipment in techniques, and safety.

it directly relates to biological the classroom: fire extinguisher,
sciences. fume hood, safety shower, Observe students during the
eyewash, and fire blanket and actual lab and review their
demonstrate how to use them. procedures in regards to
techniques and safety.
Provide the students with
illustrations of safety procedure Students must sign and have
not being followed. Students parental signature of the
then circle and verbally explain safety contract.
what is wrong and what would
be the correct procedure. Students must pass a safety
quiz.
Role-play the safety procedures
correctly.
What are the base units of Define length, mass, weight, Demonstrate equipment that Complete worksheet, board Written and oral responses
measurements in the SI volume and temperature. would be used to measure work, or graphic organizer on to academic prompts.
System? length, mass, weight, volume measurement, base unit, and
Discuss the equipment used and temperature. equipment.
to measure length, mass,
weight, volume, and Give students various objects Give worksheet with practice
temperature.
to measure length, mass, problems, allow to students to
weight, volume, and identify the information.
Discuss the base units for temperature. Have students identify items in
10