Apu Ollantay - A Drama of the Time of the Incas

Apu Ollantay - A Drama of the Time of the Incas

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Apu Ollantay, by Sir Clements R. MarkhamCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloadingor redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do notchange or edit the header without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about the eBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom of thisfile. Included is important information about your specific rights and restrictions in how the file may be used. You can alsofind out about how to make a donation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: Apu Ollantay A Drama of the Time of the IncasAuthor: Sir Clements R. MarkhamRelease Date: October, 2005 [EBook #9068] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was firstposted on September 2, 2003]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK APU OLLANTAY ***Produced by John B. HareAPU OLLANTAYA DRAMA OF THE TIME OF THE INCASSOVEREIGNS OF PERUABOUT A.D. 1470FIRST REDUCED TO WRITING BY DR. VALDEZ, CUBA OF SICUANI A.D. 1770THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT COPIED BY DR. JUSTO PASTOR ...

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Publié le 08 décembre 2010
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Produced by John B. Hare
Title: Apu Ollantay A Drama of the Time of the Incas Author: Sir Clements R. Markham Release Date: October, 2005 [EBook #9068] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was first posted on September 2, 2003] Edition: 10 Language: English
*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK APU OLLANTAY ***
**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *****These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****
YA ULOALTNAP
The drama was cultivated by the Incas, and dramatic performances were enacted before them. Garcilasso de la Vega, Molina, and Salcamayhua are the authorities who received and have recorded the information given by the Amautas respecting the Inca drama. Some of these dramas, and portions of others, were preserved in the memories of members of Inca and Amauta families. The Spanish priests, especially the Jesuits of Juli, soon discovered the dramatic aptitude of the people. Plays were composed and acted, under priestly auspices, which contained songs and other fragments of the ancient Inca drama. These plays were called 'Autos Sacramentales.' But complete Inca dramas were also preserved in the memories of members of the Amauta caste and, until the rebellion of 1781, they were acted. The drama of Ollantay was first reduced to writing and arranged for acting by Dr. Don Antonio Valdez, the Cura of Tinto. It was acted before his friend Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui[FN#1] in about 1775. Taking the name of his maternal ancestor, the Inca Tupac Amaru, the ill-fated Condorcanqui rose in rebellion, was defeated, taken, and put to death under torture, in the great square of Cuzco. In the monstrous sentence 'the representation of dramas as well as all other festivals which the Indians celebrate in memory of their Incas' was prohibited.[FN#2] This is a clear proof that before 1781 these Quichua dramas were acted.
A DRAMA OF THE TIME OF THE INCAS SOVEREIGNS OF PERU ABOUT A.D. 1470
THIS JUSTINIANI TEXT COPIED AT LARIS, IN APRIL 1863, BY CLEMENTS R. MARKHAM
INTRODUCTION
FIRST REDUCED TO WRITING BY DR. VALDEZ, CUBA OF SICUANI A.D. 1770
THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT COPIED BY DR. JUSTO PASTOR JUSTINIANI
A FREE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH BY SIR CLEMENTS MARKHAM, K.C.B. [1910]
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[FN#3] INCA PACHACUTI. | TUPAC YUPANQUI | HUAYNA CCAPAC | MANCO INCA | MARIA TUPAC USCA = PEDRO ORTIZ DE ORUE | CATALINA ORTIZ =LUIS JUSTINIANI | LUIS JUSTINIANI | LUIS JUSTINIANI | NICOLO JUSTINIANI | JUSTO PASTOR JUSTINIANI | Dr. PABLO POLICARPO JUSTINIANI(Cura of Laris)
The original manuscript of Valdez was copied by his friend Don Justo Pastor Justiniani, and this copy was inherited by his son. There was another copy in the convent of San Domingo at Cuzco, but it is corrupt, and there are several omissions and mistakes of a copyist. Dr. Valdez died, at a very advanced age, in 1816. In 1853 the original manuscript was in the possession of his nephew and heir, Don Narciso Cuentas of Tinta. The Justiniani copy was, in 1853, in the possession of Dr. Don Pablo Justiniani, Cura of Laris, and son of Don Justo Pastor Justiniani. He is a descendant of the Incas.[FN#3] In April 1853 I went to Laris, a secluded valley of the Andes, and made a careful copy of the drama of Ollantay. From this Justiniani text my first very faulty line-for-line translation was made in 1871, as well as the present free translation.
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