The Development of Embroidery in America
58 pages
English
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The Development of Embroidery in America

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58 pages
English

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Development of Embroidery in America, by Candace WheelerThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.orgTitle: The Development of Embroidery in AmericaAuthor: Candace WheelerRelease Date: January 4, 2008 [EBook #24165]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK EMBROIDERY IN AMERICA ***Produced by Constanze Hofmann and the Online DistributedProofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file wasproduced from images generously made available by TheInternet Archive/American Libraries.)FrontispiecePainted by Dora Wheeler KeithCANDACE WHEELERFrom the painting by her daughter Dora Wheeler Keith.THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMBROIDERY IN AMERICAByCANDACE WHEELERIllustratedPublisher's logoHARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERSNEW YORK AND LONDONMCMXXIDevelopment of Embroidery in AmericaCopyright, 1921, by Harper & BrothersPrinted in the United States of AmericaX-VCONTENTSCHAP. PAGEIntroductory. The Story of the Needle 3I. Beginnings in the New World 10II. The Crewelwork of Our Puritan Mothers 17III. Samplers and a Word About Quilts 48IV. Moravian Work, Portraiture, French Embroidery and Lacework 62V. Berlin Woolwork 96VI. Revival of Embroidery, and the Founding of the Society of Decorative Art 102VII. American ...

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Publié le 08 décembre 2010
Nombre de lectures 57
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Produced by Constanze Hofmann and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/American Libraries.)
Development of Embroidery in America
HARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERS NEW YORK AND LONDON MCMXXI
Illustrated Publisher's logo
By CANDACE WHEELER
THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMBROIDERY IN AMERICA
Frontispiece Painted by Dora Wheeler Keith CANDACE WHEELER From the painting by her daughter Dora Wheeler Keith.
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CHAP. I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII.
CONTENTS
Introductory. The Story of the Needle Beginnings in the New World The Crewelwork of Our Puritan Mothers Samplers and a Word About Quilts Moravian Work, Portraiture, French Embroidery and Lacework Berlin Woolwork Revival of Embroidery, and the Founding of the Society of Decorative Art American Tapestry The Bayeux Tapestries
PAGE 3 10 17 48 62 96 102 121 144
LILUSTRATOINS
26
CANDACE WHEELER.From the painting by her daughter Dora Wheeler Keith Frontispiece MOCCASINS OF PORCUPINE QUILLWORK.Made by Sioux IndiansFacing12 PIPE BAGS OF PORCUPINE QUILLWORK.Made by Sioux Indians 12 MAN'S JACKET OF PORCUPINE QUILLWORK.Made by Sioux Indians 14 MAN'S JACKET OF PORCUPINE QUILLWORK.Made by Plains Indians 14 CREWEL DESIGN, drawn and colored, which dates back to Colonial times 18 TESTERembroidered in crewels in shades of blue on white homespun linen. Said to have been brought to Essex, Mass., in 1640, by Madam Susanna, wife of Sylvester Eveleth 22 RAISED EMBROIDERY ON BLACK VELVET.Nineteenth century American 22 QUILTED COVERLET 26made by Ann Gurnee HOMESPUN WOOLEN BLANKETwith King George's Crown embroidered with home-dyed blue yarn in the corner. From the Burdette home at Fort Lee, N. J., where Washington was entertained CHEROKEE ROSE BLANKET, made about 1830, of homespun wool with "Indian Rose" design about nineteen inches in diameter worked in the corners in home-dyed yarns of black, red, yellow, and dark green. From the Westervelt collection BED SET, Keturah Baldwin pattern, designed, dyed, and worked by The Deerfield Society of Blue and White Needlework, Deerfield, Mass. BED COVERSworked in candle wicking SAMPLERworked by Adeline Bryant in 1826, now in the possession of Anna D. Trowbridge, Hackensack, N. J. SAMPLERembroidered in colors on écru linen, by Mary Ann Marley, aged twelve, August 30, 1820 SAMPLERembroidered in brown on écru linen, by Martha Carter Fitzhugh, of Virginia, in 1793, and left unfinished at her death SAMPLERworked by Christiana Baird. Late eighteenth century American MEMORIAL PIECEworked in silks, on white satin. Sacred to the memory of Major Anthony Morse, who died March 22, 1805 SAMPLERof Moravian embroidery, worked in 1806, by Sarah Ann Smith, of Smithtown, L. I. SAMPLERworked by Nancy Dennis, Argyle, N. Y., in 1810 SAMPLERworked by Nancy McMurray, of Salem, N. Y., in 1793
26 32 32 50 52 52 54 54 54 56 56
PETIT POINT PICTUREwhich belonged to President John Quincy Adams, and now in the Dwight M. Prouty collection 56 SAMPLERin drawnwork, écru linen thread, made by Anne Gower, wife of Gov. John Endicott, before 1628 60 SAMPLERembroidered in dull colors on écru canvas by Mary Holingworth, wife of Philip English, Salem merchant, married July, 1675, accused of witchcraft in 1692, but escaped to New York 60 SAMPLERworked by Hattie Goodeshall, who was born February 19, 1780, in Bristol 60 NEEDLEBOOKof Moravian embroidery made about 1850, now in the possession of Mrs. J. N. Myers, Bethlehem, Pa. 64 MORAVIAN EMBROIDERYworked by Emily E. Reynolds, Plymouth, Pa., in 1834, at the age of twelve, while at the Moravian Seminary in Bethlehem, and now owned by her granddaughter 64 MORAVIAN EMBROIDERYfrom Louisville, Ky. 66 LINEN TOWELSembroidered in cross-stitch. Pennsylvania Dutch early nineteenth century 70 "THE MEETING OF ISAAC AND REBECCA"—Moravian embroidered picture, an heirloom in the Reichel family of Bethlehem, Pa. Worked by Sarah Kummer about 1790 74 "SUFFER LITTLE CHILDREN TO COME UNTO ME"Cross-stitch picture made about 1825, now in the possession of the Beckel family, Bethlehem, Pa. 74 ABRAHAM AND ISAAC.Kensington embroidery by Mary Winifred Hoskins, of Edenton, N. C., while attending an English finishing school in Baltimore in 1814 76 FIRE SCREEN 78embroidered in cross-stitch worsted FIRE SCREEN, design, "The Scottish Chieftain," embroidered in cross-stitch by Mrs. Mary H. Cleveland Allen 78 FIRE SCREENworked about 1850 by Miss C. A. Granger, of Canandaigua, N. Y. 78 EMBROIDERED PICTURE 80in silks, with a painted sky CORNELIA AND THE GRACCHI.Embroidered picture in silks, with velvet inlaid, worked by Mrs. Lydia Very, of Salem, at the age of sixteen while at Mrs. Peabody's school 80 CAPEof white lawn embroidered. Nineteenth century American 84 COLLARSof white muslin embroidered. Nineteenth century American 84 BABY'S CAP.White mull, with eyelet embroidery. Nineteenth century American 86 BABY'S CAP. 86Embroidered mull. 1825 COLLARof white embroidered muslin. Nineteenth century American 86 EMBROIDERED SILK WEDDING WAISTCOAT, 1829. From the Westervelt collection 88 EMBROIDERED WAIST OF A BABY DRESS, 1850. From the collection of Mrs. George Coe 88 EMBROIDERY ON NET.for the front of a cap madeBorder about 1820 90 VEIL(unfinished) hand run on machine-made net. American
HE TTOG FAERAT WwarD .LLaroDyb neler Whe exe and dniucetld-en eeedne-wleenovap trtseyb yehT ssA ociatedArtistsMINNHEHA AILTSNENIreleehW aroD yb vewoe-dlee nor fkrde yowserttnpaciatAssoThe  by tsepb yrevowat niaocd teheyTss A1 88A4HPrAitts,sDesignedRODITE. coaiA ssrAitet dderebroi Thed byRF SENECB EHT MO88 1s,st SEEHR5TIFHGITGND AROGSNed Artists, 1883W ecleeha remednDr. n aw Cbydaan
130 132 134 140 146
92 98 98 100 100 104 104 104 104 108 108 118 118 122 126
92EPTSYR09YAUE XATro cmerochlypof qilppa hctits-ssooleue wn bluédoELOPENDEuodn nrg mENe adT INRESC dnaraocf ni eni.Single se pointtihcAHDNrcso-stsni deppi ten aotchhi wones dhe taw sgi ndew adnrlineith adean. Mtuob081 na 0su d iedthn ene ofd l ninep liol wacsesBED HANGING o .oLseH ahlr.sC f Mron oecticollac KROWELDEEN NEIN LUNSPMEHOerzituhc .hTybt ehD newacka"lled "Beeht hw nnwardna wes  drethe adreinnh nteeetING VEIL, 36 × 4ectnruLyCA EEWDD18n . 06omFre thni 0sehcsu ,i de Mrs, bydeon. GignreG arandn ,aC iedrkWoelewcrn dnI no snottocaiad forhigh-post ebsdetda ,7188 . VEDANAL, CErtpa fo  tes dnaerpsyrA neuttnchteeeIDERMBROcanEmerisroloc ni derediin-nthenteghEi. mArecinaectnru yLL embroWHITE MUiE .ethgoc nsroleeeth ntthenin-norbme TSi deredi CTEHISWVEN TOOTORDIEsBMM TIREDEapeser TLoomtry ta deht gdE taweea w ovegiritenawee ffce tniahdnoarse point. A n cndougrckbae th dna tniop enifned iworkign  desT ehoo.mdnl  aahenovn  oSTPE wRYiopeATtnn esldeeand coarof fine PASERT YW-VONET , el tin KhesienotgnuM nmuesyb ) Candace Wheelerna dxecetudei  nphm ro(fphraogoti edam snodnoL nthe  of inalorigotnoc rapaahb RyEPATYRTSSED  NGIMIE CURAAN PTHELGUTHO  FOLSUD ARArrangedFISHES. b yrtsepat nevowedatcisoAse Thy S3VE1 88ts,srAitTURY CENENTHENTED segien dybD roTHE WINGED MOON.etucni deen -eldWha leeeanr xede dneroekylb iterD COILTEET wVERL detliuqtelrevocDEndhay f  oILTA in KensroideredLRTEe bmEN NOCEVwod QUolcothreloctitiw htgnis noen c linL ofETAIroDkweY ,aN iaugLIolwod relocon i dekrow telrevo
HTE DEVELOPMENT OF EMBROIDERY IN AMERICA
Thes otyro  fmerbioo  fdEneehaGdrne the inh. We are gifvaeles e dewr he tin tesetogt eh kfow rot ehe Evsincdle  neeni sedulcni yredll arytois hts iit fW.em nehsihthe teg bniin ongnr sti ssuseniecn all that conce srethgui evE foalf  olldae thl deegonlws ika dnors erithe kof ts ge cto aes andof tcarroc drofmbeing anof well-litiei s topssbi ithwit ghoubrt i dlrow eht otniyed en-ee op camemtnpmellli s amfar  as ried carudtisaismunasah  as,sktag inakstsaw tra yreve dn of the  historykro  fhtendeelowntven ioany ind  yrrA.tiluocac demts eodccmocia hmenplis thet of dlrow eeb dluowtois h athf  oryixtsneeco  fam nwhich bears the row  ,dltahtnni  serryto tof eheeht morf ecuded an cWe. ntla pheott hg tnuilfos him  to tionrelanamol s' secw foumrcanstcasicil t ehp yhmscu hfoe recordse needl os,seesgrr hef nem reh corp latthe own , ofagesipglno gegd iram hof aer wrtthheht mhc ecara retWe can judge frowohti tnohguth .s haenbee.omt  Iemuro tn na tsnicence asf benefi osa" oDl no ggamear gedew sasrcmehtevag dna stn," apoorthe  to  arcee nsab dnh otaefo raeb  ytuncsiSie raseav g eoth sim toeh r"a prey of needl' ,kroweno ekilaidhsot bTh" .'estiltsil csir eede phptivaliraseo cn euswli ltath sideske on bop a efreweldnemoll aee nesggtot  taphtuo tiwmlsood amethn ofctioenod eb nac ti ersou cOf. elllraof it must have  ,ub tht eksli l tinsehoar fff-oneebrar e ,e nev dutwhenand ies os fd yaru eelsid owcrt inpat ouerusaelpon did slls its e art teeci  nhtidffrenesmh l alntdeac elufeuts a oTrac re. s mo doeworkdeel fencioeartc phe tut bn,ioatzilivic lareneg skt ehd geer efointo a habit marcihwah hrg s nwostme picctrae icyro siot yod fnaxistry e.A hence era stnev riehte thton menefiredeenowelrutp" den  othbo arkkeliB bield  eilttelon of caescriptiht fo daetsni ,nTh. alicanchmee  feptio h bat ehatioeparalprrson oesavf laaie bletamlairub ,fo tidery tells not noylo  fht eirhcermmhahed ol gedetsaE foorbme nrstorown  itsy inl nao nw.eT uggat nos oe dchhi wtra na rof ,htwof a in ol garciamoemehc tct faefwrw teitare fee .efirehTh fol ree and gr practic sfoi st nerocdrti fo eritaler sbee  wuswa amecoc not ehno siditmporve ie totanc ecahtiwreh fles ser whe aaspet na drfmoi sttsta and the world, na doi nvitauctl of tionioraamelT .efil citsemodioutibtron cirhehca erl minewsihs tell teft to uots  .yrriehnwo l eae theyThev rbut,ry, tuna fori  netylc sahtsi che te, ausiouraulav dnceps elbland orcountry i son tpa toth vaa e itwrn te soritatcitsh laotsie inf Evn, p Edefla reesamo d arctruston hor fedw diam ec dah ohcorner of the gaeco  fesfli  n aolesaritauy endiiyali gnof tht ree sedrcht ena dind  behleft is yregavas erehw tinpoe the blsiviyll tilteh dolene-nourisear Biblwenkd a igeb I.natizn io cofiliv yllufer na otni tn,roapdlee nhepa e drgsea elvaewednd sm ca thedlehgot ehteyb rib f seriptrd pehelosep eicrdew ith a thorn and  hnd atsuifrf  o ot meht deit dad bre ha. Shrdennnre lam tlauohghi Tlis ou bs.ghtag erehelttevE epalingsthe fenceha ppelu dnret one ot bsih s.defo dtits" hckilas and fascinatinI" tsia  nneldse oresuein mewof  yrots gl eht foumstcircs, wancella nia na deg so ylht ftsimbakaeaspunksid s" esre,ya c  rtstihc of theie method ,sdaerht derolo cofh tcti-sssroteohylm  eno whtn no eveh iswhicersaruseo  fht eworldwere devot .deeroMaht ht n, iss ittiintemacoaia ssw tiitnoe grh th andowtheb-llew f fo gniliy ilams kemafen her owritten iitgno  fhnnawdirg inedneinpaaksta dnse nowela kr artf ante otimadl , hoghwcit  oecprd an, erlvsitehtsenots suoineedles, what varep ya sotm ka e itoivnduaidspl  eullliwtta  hcan th whenufae maruc foo er,nihdl iatthd nglonot s rerutcnif llahno sfos ocllceit in the shops orar fitirdraoo reeise hnge omr-fa oebylt  enow rethey If ens!ecim carb-à-cirblanosicaocn  indou flatea ,sm dn edaednes ledgane avhtmet  oih sohsuehold." He is thB eht ,oler elbiwa, esat fhe"ts  rfotaehs cua ll worh asin mked oush elde thy daon ,l ,t revemocpe, in oet us horot ah trut mi e mdyan"ht rsfie ni denoitnem "nast bbletory hisI! fomyr sem eihsere phee,im tnt morf ,et otnedEughty daf Ever oss ,orecverena dmele fnt tor pheivor desemospmi she probably impwedef gil aeev shw nam eht knahtt us mweisthr Fotr .dna yta  dude an lovf inrselo noeh frpxeisset enr foime empltal tiltdet  ohtn indebt has beeiaetdnw  rht dofll oe cae Lof th dih fleht rednue plape  ahsugbo.sH re ehs ena dheraudience of smorfnol ts-gemmepld taan linveeanven's i mant ofevs ehEn.sW itnoee bvehao  tits srif eht gnoma ne wants le to thdnp orevfom naikg onnimi.Trd lhe ehtdeenyrts fo hed titcda satilhcM w ihiwhtso equon Che tamliilW fo sseworp ehtvenflax.hs of wo orbaetdreroi tnee ne dl aayserieht m erssoPylbircso nim cxeociprts expe upowho,cifitneiw ,tset ioatinamscd ann ceminets oopisitill refer all sprailnuf oitca ,n dvee atd ancupeivitpac fo syad ghau dhe tor, tyroorehs fot et rntoiie A Marwful ded ehtttennemeontiofs ladidapifilua dnt ehp tiDauphin; ragged ee"Nr: of  oesdlnoitoveDdleiw ",y caed bzed noninuacna dez donininsa itsann oud fo tnun iren ;seor:"Needles of Hsiotyr",l ki ehtmseund uretuus mi dnuf neb luof them wilions of c loeltcP!reahsp wernd u,"ontilaosnoC fo seldeeNas:"uch s, sdingh aeertnfiefred diamrw shguoht ttu St ard anr hehtso ehwci haMyrhich might come  gnirud gnol ehtemf  otsrydeoibrp taniot cibehitdismeir oursal h enieterrrta ehtmight atstwhich dluo eb  ,sew titot ve offdiulicdro eragd sigilahe mnd tes af agoH .meht ot hcatodpre thm ro fw,ge, oneafter anohtre ,erocever dteysesrif  oe thtsapow , dlureme anddgedssif clana dei dgnderaarenimecspbeo  ts,enimaxe uj dna du gnurgdnilg.y
INTRODUCTORY THE STORY OF THE NEEDLE
iuetesq crah rupthei in ulge indot su wolla ot danemtdencifiuf s eey tniweni gral hand sor actualdeef selippn ,yor fha, ext t,is doehicht yes noc nonoa now iditecsptoe upe atulI .stibaldi si tnt customs and hilhg tpunoa cnei ietfln dsoof  ob dnos yiod l gn