FOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS TABLE OF CONTENTS
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FOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS TABLE OF CONTENTS

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VIRTUAL SPORTS (#37) Block a variety of 'virtual' soccer balls as they come in, ..... (Source: http://www.sln.org/pieces/cych/apollo%2010/students/activities/ ...

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 FOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS   
   TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS MAP THE EXHIBITS RELATED NATIONAL SCIENCE AND MATH STANDARDS CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS GENERAL PROBLEM SOLVING HEALTH / PHYSIOLOGY  PERSONAL HEALTH MATHEMATICS  COORDINATE SYSTEMS: PITCH, ROLL AND YAW  GEOMETRY: ELLIPSES PHYSICAL SCIENCE  ENERGY: POTENTIAL AND KINETIC  MOMENTUM CONSERVATION  TRAJECTORY EXHIBITS BY SPORT / ACTIVITY            
 
  Elaine Catz Education Division Carnegie Science Center
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© 2002, 2003 Carnegie Science Center. Educators and educational institutions may reproduce portions of this document for nonprofit purposes, with proper attribution to Carnegie Science Center. No portion of the document may be used for any commercial applications without express permission from Carnegie Science Center. Please direct inquiries to Education Division, Carnegie Science Center, One Allegheny Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15212.  
The Carnegie Science Center Education Division welcomes YOU to UPMC SportsWorks at Carnegie Science Center!!!  UPMC SportsWorks at Carnegie Science Center is located across the street from our main building. Open since August 2001, UPMC SportsWorks features over 40 exhibits offering 70+ interactive experiences designed to test your skills in virtual games and sporting events.  We believe that all educators can use our exhibits to further enhance their students understanding of concepts studied in the classroom. We hope that the information and activities included in this brochure will help you to do just that.    Please note: 1) Some exhibits have height requirements. See the exhibit descriptions on the following pages. 2) the Carnegie Science Center staff make every effort to keep all of theWhile exhibits in working order, exhibits are occasionally removed from the building for maintenance. If you are especially interested in studying a specific exhibit, please call ahead to verify that it will be fully functional.    
 
MAP
UPMC SportsWorks at Carnegie Science Center is made possible through the generous support of UPMC Health System.
THE EXHIBITS Note: (#s) refer to UPMC SportsWorks Map on previous page.  BALANCE BEAMbeam and a mirror allow you to test your balance and agility.(#9) A balance The BIG Idea: For an object to remain stabile and upright, its center of mass must be located above its supporting base.  BASEBALL(#13) Test your speed and accuracy in a major league-sized pitching cage. Exhibits containing baseball equipment and information regarding pitching, grips, batting and reaction time surround the pitching cage. The BIG Idea: Baseball players make use of aerodynamics, leverage and physical conditioning every time they throw or hit a ball.  BE THE JUDGEWatch an Olympic event play, then make the call.(#16) The BIG Idea: A person judging a sport needs to pay attention to detail, to observe carefully and maintain concentration, and must have in-depth knowledge regarding the activity.  BOUNCE(#5) Get fastened into a bungee harness, then bounce up to 20 feet on a trampoline. The BIG Idea: When a bungee cord is stretched, it gains potential energy. This energy can then be converted into kinetic energy.  BROADCAST TRUCK(#11) Give directing a try, and switch back and forth from live images around the exhibit. The BIG Idea: In order to broadcast a sporting event, the broadcast team must pay attention to detail, observe carefully, maintain concentration, and must be able to communicate effectively.  CLIMBING WALL (#1) Get strapped into a climbing harness and try a 25-foot vertical climb, or try an equipment-free horizontal climb. The BIG Idea: In order to safely climb a rock wall, a climber must be a good problem solver, be properly trained to use specialized gear, and be in good physical condition.  DESIGN A COASTER(#3) You program the coaster, then enter a 2-seat, full-motion ride simulator with 360-degree motion! Or ride Kennywoods legendary Steel Phantom. The BIG Idea: The human brain may interpret sensory input incorrectly. HEIGHT REQUIREMENT: In order to ride the virtual coaster, the visitor must be at least 48 tall.  DRUGS IN SPORTSdrugs allow injured athletes to recover faster.(#32) Learn how The BIG Idea: Maintaining balanced diets and staying away from performance-enhancing drugs keeps athletes healthy.  ENERGY RACE(#34) Pedal your bike, generating the energy to power your car around a miniature racetrack. The BIG Idea: Energy can be converted from one form to another.  FOOTWORKObserve your gait from a unique, ground level rear angle.(#30) The BIG Idea persons gait is unique. Each: Walking is good exercise.  FORE! Take a swing from our tee and see where on the virtual green you would land. (#15) The BIG Ideacan be calculated based on its initial conditions.: The trajectory of a moving object  HANG GLIDING(#36) Coordinate your movement with the image of the Grand Canyon as you pilot your craft. The BIG Idea: The position of an object in space can be determined by controlling its pitch, roll and yaw.  HANG TIME(#23) Do a chin-up as the length of your endurance is counted. The BIG Idea: Strength and endurance are not the same.
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THE EXHIBITS  HIGH CYCLE(#6) Pedal a unicycle on a one-inch steel beam 15 feet overhead, kept upright by a counterweight. The BIG Idea: If the center of mass of an object is located below its base of support, the object cannot tip over.  HOCKEY(#10) This oversized hockey table allows 12 visitors to play together. GOAL! The BIG Idea: In order to be successful, teammates must be able to accurately communicate and work together.  HOOPS VISION Can(#27) Three mini-basketball hoops have goggles that distort your vision. your brain compensate? The BIG Ideathe ability to compensate and readjust to new circumstances.: The human brain has  IMPACT!(#26) Leap onto a sensor pad while a computer shows the impact pattern of your jump. The BIG Idea: Bones bear weight and distribute stress over a framework of supports.  INJURIES(#31) Be a sports medicine surgeon! The BIG Idea: Many injuries in sports can be prevented when athletes are well conditioned, learn proper techniques and use safety equipment correctly. For those who do become injured, newer, less-invasive surgical techniques may help correct problems while requiring shorter recovery times than ever before.  MINI-GOLF MATH(#41) ELLIPSE GREENPutt the ball in any direction and in most cases, you get a hole in one. The BIG Idea: The sum of the distances from the edge of an ellipse to each of its focal points is a constant.  GEAR RATIO / PROBABILITY GREENPutting through gear powered doors takes your ball to the top of a bell curve demonstration. The BIG Ideas A Bell Curve: Gears are simple machines that can transmit motion and force. often arises as the result of a series of many independent random events.  GRAVITY WELL GREENwell to the center hole, then comes out aThe ball enters a gravity tube on the lower green. The BIG Idea: An object maintains an elliptical orbit when it balances the gravitational pull arising from another object with its own momentum.  OPTICAL ILLUSION GREENA seemingly straight putt misses the mark. The BIG Idea: The human brain may interpret sensory input incorrectly.  OLYMPIC SPRINT(#17) Step into a 40-foot, 4-lane Olympic track to race against a world class virtual sprinter. The BIG Idea: Running is an excellent way to achieve and maintain fitness.  ORBITRON(#2) You are strapped into the center of a gyroscope-like contraption, where you control your spin on three axes. The BIG Ideaposition of an object in space can be determined by controlling its roll, pitch: The and yaw. HEIGHT REQUIREMENT: In order to ride the Orbitron, the visitor must be at least 48 tall.  PARACHUTE DROP(#19) Engineer your own parachute, then drop it from 20 feet to test your design. The BIG Ideaslows a parachute and results in drift.: Air resistance  REACTION TIME(#22) Two different exhibits test your reaction time.
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THE EXHIBITS The BIG Idea: Signals cannot travel from the brain to other body parts instantaneously.  ROTATION(#21) Step on the disk and spin. Lean in or out to control the speed, like an Olympic skater. The BIG Idea: The rate at which a spinning object rotates about an axis depends not only on its mass, but also on the distribution of that mass. Angular momentum is conserved.  SIMULATOR XTREME(#40) This full motion simulator sends you down ski slopes, around a racetrack, and more. The BIG Idea: The human brain may interpret sensory input incorrectly.  SKATEBOARDING(#25) Balance on a skateboard while an LED display counts every second. The BIG Ideamass of an object helps it to become more stabile.: Lowering the center of  SNOW SPORTS(#8) A collection of sports equipment and exhibitry depicts ways that athletes attempt to reduce air drag while competing. The BIG Ideas: The human brain may interpret sensory input incorrectly (Bobsled simulator). Skiers, ski jumpers, lugers and speed skaters use physical technique, bodysuits and equipment to minimize air drag while competing in their sports. Gravitational potential energy is position dependent (Sledding).  SNOWBOARDING(#35) Try your skills at snowboarding down a virtual mountain. The BIG Idea: Lowering the center of mass of an object helps it to become more stabile.  SPORTS GEAR(#28) This exhibit is a collection of equipment used in numerous sports. The BIG Ideahave greatly improved the performance of: Advances in materials and design athletes in many sports including cycling, golf, hockey and tennis.  SPORTS GEAR(#29) This exhibit is a collection of equipment and protective safety devices used in numerous sports. The BIG Idea: Advances in materials and in the design of uniforms and equipment have helped to better protect athletes in many sports.  TARGET(#14) Test your skill as you shoot hockey pucks at a virtual goalie or play quarterback in a live pro football game. The BIG Ideacan be calculated based on its initial conditions.: The trajectory of a moving object  TRAJECTORY(#18) Change the tilt and change the arc pattern of a pinballs path. The BIG Ideamoving object depends on its initial conditions.: The trajectory of a  TRICK SHOT(#20) Line your pool cue up and make a perfectly executed trick shot! The BIG Idea: The angle of incidence equals the angle of reflection.  VERTICAL JUMP(#24) Touch the highest button while standing, then jump and touch the highest button to hear your vertical jump distance. The BIG Idea you jump, this When: When you bend your knees, you gain potential energy. energy is converted into kinetic energy.  VIRTUAL SPORTS(#37) Block a variety of virtual soccer balls as they come in, or pick up and shoot a virtual basketball. The BIG Ideacan be calculated based on its initial conditions.: The trajectory of a moving object  VOLLEYBALL(#38) Your group competes in a 5-point virtual volleyball match. The BIG Idea: The trajectory of a moving object can be calculated based on its initial conditions.  
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THE EXHIBITS WHEELCHAIR RACE(#12) You and another visitor race each other around a one-mile track, shown on an LED panel. The BIG Idea Athletes: Spinal cord injuries may result in impaired movement of the body. in wheelchairs are as competitive, strong and well trained as able-bodied athletes.  WOMEN IN SPORTS(#33) Follow the experiences of a record-breaking female Olympic high jumper. The BIG Idea: Womens athletic opportunities have greatly increased over the past century.      
RELATED NATIONAL SCIENCE AND MATH STANDARDS Pri and Standards fo National Science Content Standards ncSicphloeso l Mathematir cs B: Physical Science F: SScioecniacle  Pine rPsperescotinvaels  and NM.9-12.7 GeNomMe.t9r-y1 2.8A  n Motions and Conservation of Personal and community Geometry Algebraic forces energy health Perspective x x x  x  x  x  x  x x x x x  x x x  x  x  x
Grades 9-12 Baseball Bounce Drugs in Sports Energy Race Fore! Injuries Mini Golf Math: Elli se Green Mini Golf Math: Gravity Well Green Orbitron Parachute Drop Snow Sports Trajectory Vertical Jump Volleyball Wheelchair Race Women in Sports
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CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS TOPIC RELATED EXHIBITS GENERAL PROBLEM SOLVINGBe the Judge Broadcast Truck Climbing Wall Hockey HEALTH / PHYSIOLOGY   in Sports DrugsPersonal Health (Exercise, Nutrition, Risks) Hang Time Impact! Injuries Olympic Sprint Women in S orts   FootworkPhysiology (Structure and Function) Impact! Reaction Time Wheelchair Race   DesignPerception and Illusion a Coaster Hoops Vision Mini-Golf Math: Optical Illusion Green Simulator Xtreme Snow Sports (Bobsled simulator) MATHEMATICS   Coordinates: Pitch, roll and yaw Gliding Hang Orbitron Tra ector  Geometry: Ellipses Mini-Golf Math: Ellipse Green PHYSICAL SCIENCE    RotationAngular Momentum  Center of Mass Balance Beam High Cycle Orbitron Skateboarding  Snowboarding Baseball Parachute Drop Snow Sports Bounce Vertical Jump Mini-Golf Math: Gear Ratio /Probability Green Sports Gear Trick Shot Fore! Target Trajectory Virtual Sports Volleyball  
 Drag Forces  Energy: Potential and Kinetic  Gears  Material Properties  Momentum Conservation  otce yrTraj
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GENERAL PROBLEM SOLVING
Topic Focus:  a skill that encompasses the following abilities: to askProblem solving is relevant questions, to observe, to strategize, to make decisions based on available information and to effectively communicate. Background Information: According to the National Science Education Standards, students need to develop abilities and understanding of all aspects of the inquiry process.  From Kindergarten on, students should develop questioning, observation, problem solving and communication skills. In order to develop these abilities, students need opportunities to practice applying these skills in everyday life. Try these at school: Observation / Communication Practice: Change your Appearance Objective: Students will discover how observant they really are. Materials: watch or clock Procedure:  Have all of the students stand up.  Pair each student with a partner.  carefully observe their partners for one minute (do not give theAsk the students to students any other instructions or hints as to what comes next).  Have the partners turn back-to-back.  Give the students one minute to make three (or more) changes in their appearance (e.g. move watch to opposite arm, tuck or untuck shirt, remove jewelry, untie a shoelace, etc.).  Have the partners face each other.  Give the students thirty seconds to identify the changes that their partners have made. Questions: How observant were the students? What changes were the most obvious? What changes were the least obvious? How many students thought to add something to their appearance (e.g. pick up an object)? Was it easier to identify something that was moved or something that was missing?  Observation / Communication Practice: What do you hear? Objective: Students will learn that listening is another way to observe. Materials: pencils, paper, watch or clock Procedure:  outside or open the classroom windows.If possible, take the students  the students take a piece of paper and a pencil and find a space to sit down asHave far apart from one another as possible.  all of the sounds that they canGive the students five minutes to write down a list of hear. During this time, they are not allowed to speak. Questions: What kinds of sounds did the students hear? How many of these sounds have they really noticed before? Did they learn anything from the sounds that they heard? What sounds could give them clues about their location? (e.g. Could they tell that they were near an airport, railroad track, or construction site? If they were able to identify birdcalls, what might this tell them about their geographic location?) Why is being able to listen carefully an important observation skill?
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GENERAL PROBLEM SOLVING  Problem Solving Practice: Build a Paper Tower Objective: Students attempt to build the tallest freestanding structure possible with the materials provided. Materials: paper (8.5 x 11), cellophane tape, watch or clock, yard or meter-stick/ measuring tape Procedure:  the class up into teams of four students each.Divide  Give each team ONE sheet of 8.5 x 11 paper and ONE piece of tape that is 25 cm long.  paper may be torn, rolled or folded, but only one piece will be given to each team.The  minutes to create a freestanding tower using their materials.The students have 20  freestanding if it remains self-supporting for at least 10 seconds.The tower is  to the highest point on the tower above the floor.Height is measured from the floor  Once 20 minutes have passed, the students may no longer have any physical contact with the towers.  Measure and record the height of each tower. Questions: Did the teams discuss the problem before beginning or did they jump right in? What were the best strategies employed by the students? What roles did communication and teamwork play in this activity? If the students could try this activity again, what would they do differently?
Visit Suggestions:  Pay close attention to details and develop your observation skills at theBE THE JUDGEexhibit (#16).  Hone your concentration, observation and decision-making skills, as you scan the UPMC SportsWorks for the most interesting action in theBROADCAST TRUCK exhibit (#11).  Climbing and conquering a rock wall requires strategic planning and good decision-making skills. Test your skills at theCLIMBING WALL(#1).  Teamwork is just as important in science as it is in sports. ability to accurately The communicate can make or break a team. Work together to win as you play a game of HOCKEY(#10).  Observe people at theHOCKEY kinds of strategies are the Whatexhibit (#10). teams using? Are the players working together? Are they communicating effectively?  Sources: National Science Education Standards. [4thprinting]. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.1996 National Academy of Sciences. http://books.nap.edu/html/nses/html/index.html
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PERSONAL HEALTH HEALTH / PHYSIOLOGY
Topic Focus:  Each person must take some responsibility for his / her own health and safety. It is important to understand the benefits of exercising regularly and eating properly and the negative effects of abusing substances and engaging in risky behavior. Background Information: The National Science Education Standards include Section F: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives for all grades K-12. Each grade range includes a subdivision of this standard entitled Personal Health. Personal Health topics that are addressed by UPMC SportsWorks activities are listed below:   Injury and accident reduction  Disease transmission  Personal health practices  Risks and benefits of using chemical substances  Nutritional balance Visit Suggestions:  Stretch as you follow the warm up instructions before trying out the activities at these exhibits:BOUNCE(#5),BASEBALL(#13) andOLYMPIC SPRINT(#17).  At theDRUGS IN SPORTSexhibit (#32) learn how to improve your athletic performance with good nutritional practices rather than via supplements or steroids.  Take a hike on theFOOTWORKexhibit (#30) treadmill and learn about the exercise benefits that can be derived from walking.  as you hold yourself up at theLearn about muscle strength and endurance HANG TIMEexhibit (#23). long can you hang out? How  Jump off the platform at theIMPACT! exhibit (#26) and land as softly as you can. When playing games that require a lot of jumping, what can you do to minimize stress on your joints?  At theINJURIESexhibit (#31) learn about common sports injuries and what you can do to lessen the likelihood that youll suffer one.  Calculate your resting heart rate and compare it with your pulse after you race against Jackie Joyner Kersee at theOLYMPIC SPRINT(#17). Read about how running helps to strengthen your heart.  At theWOMEN IN SPORTSexhibit (#33) read about the importance of proper nutrition for women athletes, and about injuries more likely to affect women than men. Sources: National Science Education Standards. [4th D.C.: National Academyprinting]. Washington Press.1996 National Academy of Sciences.s/html/index.htm/a/no.bpkdoe./suthhlmnt/te:spl  Topic Focus:  object in space can be determined by controlling itsThe orientation of an pitch, roll and yaw.
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COORDINATE SYSTEMS MATH Background Information: The location of any object can be defined by its coordinates with respect to three principal axes x, y and z. These axes are mutually perpendicular (at right angles ion of the object can to each other). The orientatz be defined by its angles of rotation with respectaw to the three principal axes.   The objects roll is defined to be its rotation φ, about the x-axis.  The objects pitch is defined to be its rotationθ, about the y-axis.  The objects yaw is defined to be its rotation ϕ, about the z-axis.  x Try this at school: THE ROLL, PITCH AND YAW GAME (Source:http://www.sln.org/pieces/cych/apollo%2010/students/activities/offline/roll.html) Note: to view animated instructions, see the web site listed above.  This activity is only for brave teachers! But if you can carry it off - it's great fun. It's also useful for lessons on flight!  Stand in front of the class with your arms out like an aeroplane.  Explain that you are going to show the children how to "Roll, Pitch and Yaw"!                                Get the whole class to mirror you - first you are  going to teach them how to PITCH.                           Put your head down to your knees without  bending them, still keeping your arms out like an  aeroplane...  Tell them Pitch is easy to remember because of being "pitched forwards" or "pitchfork" etc... Do the same in the opposite direction.  Next, show them how to ROLL.                                                                                     To ROLL just lower your right hand down to your thigh following it with your head and lifting your (straight) left arm in the air.  Lastly - you've guessed it, you are going to show them how to YAW!  
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