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National accounts ESA

282 pages
Input-output tables 1975
Economy and finance
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1983 eurostat
L-2920 Luxembourg — Tél. 43011 — Télex: Comeur Lu 3423
B-1049 Bruxelles, Bâtiment Berlaymont, Rue de la Loi 200 (Bureau de liaison) — Tél. 235 11 11
This publicaton is obtainable from the sales offices mentioned on the inside back cover.
Pour obtenir cette publication, prière de s'adresser aux bureaux de vente dont les adresses sont indiquées à la
page 3 de la couverture. NATIONAL ACCOUNTS ESA
Manuscript completed ¡n October 1982
Manuscrit terminé en octobre 1982 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Une fiche bibliographique figure à la fin de l'ouvrage
Luxembourg: Office des publications officielles des Communautés européennes, 1983
ISBN 92-825-3293-3
Cat.: CA-35-82-675-2A-C
Reproduction of the contents is subject to acknowledgement of the source
La reproduction des données est subordonnée à l'indication de lae
Printed in Belgium Sommaire Contents
Page Page
V Introduction XIII Introduction
1. Caractéristiques générales des tableaux
1. General features of the 1975 input-output
entrées-sorties 1975 XIV VI tables
2. La nomenclature des branches XV
2. The classification of branches VII
3. Problèmes méthodologiques par pays XVII
3. Methodological problems by country VIII
4. La calcul du tableau communautaire XIX XI 4. Calculation of the Community table
1 1. Les tableaux entrées-sorties 1 1. The input-output tables
3 RF d'Allemagne 3 FR of Germany
23 France 23 France
43 Italie 4Italy
63 Pays-Bas 6The Netherlands
83 Belgique 8Belgium
103 Royaume-Uni 10United Kingdom
123 Irlande 12Ireland
133 Danemark 13Denmark
153 CE 15EC 8
173 2. Les tableaux comparatifs par branche 173 2. The comparative tables by branch
213 3. L'inverse de la matrice (I — Ad) 213. The inverse matrix of (I — Ad)
This publication contains the input-output tables (IOT) • Detailed tables by sector
of the Community countries, except Luxembourg, har­ Supply a full set of current, capital and financial ac­
monized in accordance with the European system of counts from 1970 for eight sectors and some sub-sec­
integrated economic accounts (ESA), for the year tors.
• General government accounts and statistics
Further develop the analysis of the general govern­
ment sector with considerable detail of its receipts
EUROPEAN SYSTEM OF INTEGRATED (e.g. by tax type) and expenditure (by type and pur­
ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS (ESA) pose) in a public finance presentation.
• Input-output tables
The ESA is the Community version of the United Na­
Full input-output tables, in 44 branches distinguishing
tions system of national accounts (SNA). It gives com­
domestically produced goods from imports are pro­
mon definitions for the complete set of national ac­
duced every five years (1970, 1975 and later 1980).
counts, input-output tables and financial (flow of
funds) accounts supplied to Eurostat.
Dafa collection and storage
In the ESA the economy is broken down in different Harmonized national accounts data in accordance with
ways for different purposes. For the detailed analysis ESA are collected annually from countries by means
of the production and use of goods and services, the of standardized questionnaires 9-12 months after the
economy is split into 'branches' which are groups of end of the year. They are stored in Eurostat's time
units of homogeneous production each engaged in a series data base Cronos which is available for consul­
single activity. Data on income, expenditure and finan­ tation via Euronet. The input-output tables are not
cial flows are not available for such units, but only for suitable for Cronos and are stored separately.
the institutional units (e.g. companies) which own
them, and then relate to all its activities. Institutional
units are grouped into 'sectors' (household sector,
government sector, corporate enterprise sector, etc.)
for which a complete set of current, capital and finan­
Nimexe external trade data, grouped in terms of 125 cial accounts is available.
NACE/CLIO products and aggregated into 26
branches of the input-output table (sub-group of R44
relating to goods), are available on microfiches, in a
detailed geographical breakdown, from the year 1975.
Layout of this volume
The series National Accounts ESA has five parts.
This volume consists of two parts. The first part out­
• Aggregates lines the general features of the 1975 input-output
For rapid publication of the main expenditure and in­ tables, and some problems relating to the harmoniza­
come aggregates in national currencies, ECU, pur­ tion of the tables.
chasing power parities and volume and price indices,
The second part is divided into three sections: the first
starting in 1960.
presents the tables for the Community countries sepa­
rately and for the European Community as a whole; • Detailed tables by branch
the second shows some comparative tables between
Which give a breakdown into 25 branches of gross
member countries, including vertical coefficients and
value-added, compensation of employees, employ­
some key variables; the third includes the inverse of
ment and gross fixed capital formation from 1970.
the matrix (l-Ad), where I is the unit matrix and Ad is
Consumption of households is also split into about 50 defined as the vertical coefficients for inputs from
purpose categories. domestic production. Currency units in the comparative tables The input-output tables are available on magnetic tape
or computer print-outs on request from:
In order to compare the levels of aggregates between
Division A1 — Input-output tables
countries, as is done in the second section of the se­
Statistical Office of the European Communities
cond part, data have to be converted into a common
PO Box 1907
unit. Two such units were used:
L-1019 Luxembourg
(i) the European currency unit (ECU) based on ex­
1. GENERAL FEATURES OF THE 1975 INPUT-change rates;
(ii) the purchasing power standard (PPS) based on re­
lative prices of a list of products which are rep­
Methodology resentative and comparable. This unit is used to
make volume comparisons.1
The methodology used for the 1970 input-output
Rates of conversion used: tables has remained unchanged for thet
tables for 1975.
DM FF LIT HFL BFR UKL IRL DKR For a detailed description of this methodology and of
the more general ESA framework of which it forms
part, the reader should refer to the following Eurostat 1 ECU =
3.05 5.32 810 3.13 45.6 0.560 0.560 7.12
(i) Community input-output tables 1970-1975 —
Methodology (Volume 1-1976),
1 PPS =
(ii) European system of integrated economic accounts
3.59 5.92 625 3.47 51.6 0.450 0.442 8.94
— ESA — Second edition (1979).
Valuation of flows Availability of input-output tables
Eurostat'st data base is composed of the Generally speaking, the Eurostat input-output tables
following tables:2 are valued at producers' prices or ex-customs prices,
i.e. flows in resources and uses include indirect taxes
1975 1975 on products minus subsidies on products. However,
1959 1965 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974
gross net the special system used for recording VAT requires
Gross system of VAT:
F Q Q Q AAA Q — —
A I Q Q Q AAA Q Q In this, VAT is included in the various flows in
NL Q Q Q — A A Q Q — the input-output tables in the same way as other indi­
rect taxes on products. Resources (output and im­
L Q A —
ports) are therefore valued inclusive of invoiced VAT.
— — — GB Q A A — Q Q Uses (intermediate and final) are valued including both
IRL A A — — — —— — deductible and non-deductible VAT.
DK Q — A Q Q — — —
— EC 6 Q Q Net system of VAT:
EC 9 Q Q
In this system, resources (output and imports) are va­
lued exclusive of invoiced VAT, and uses (intermedi­
)y origin: ate and final) exclusive of deductible VAT. Only the Noles: Q = table at produce rs' price 3, five-yearly (with breakdo wn of e ich flow
domest c produc tion, imp )rts from EC, imports from hird COL ntries) non-deductible part of the VAT is included in the flows
A annual able wit lout the )reakdown of each flow by origin
describing the uses of products. For each product, the
total non-deductible VAT, called 'VAT on product', ap­All these input-output tables are available in 44
pears in the last row of the table of primary inputs and NACE-CLIO (R44) branches. The input-output tables
resources. for years prior to 1970, drawn up using classifications
different from NACE-CLIO (R44), have since been It should be noted in particular that the term 'gross
converted to R44 to facilitate comparison over time. value-added at market prices' used in both systems
Since it was not possible to start from the basic data and defined each time as the difference between actu­
again, this conversion was of necessity only approxi­ al output and total intermediate consumption covers
mate, specially for the 1959 input-output tables. different concepts and consequently has different
The gross system of VAT was applied in the ESA up More detailed information on PPS will be found in:
to and including 1975; the net system has been used 'Eurostat-National Accounts ESA-Aggregates — 1960-
1980 — Luxembourg 1982'. since 1975. 1975 is therefore the turning point and in
order to explain the change-over from one system to The data base also contains a five-yearly input-output
table 'Spain 1975' which was compiled by the Fund for the other, the national institutes agreed to compile for
Economic and Social Research of the Spanish Confeder­ 1975 one input-output table using the gross system of
ation fo Savings Banks using the Eurostat methodology. VAT and another using the net system.