Nineteenth Report on Competition Policy
312 pages
English
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Nineteenth Report on Competition Policy

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Tout savoir sur nos offres
312 pages
English

Description

Competition policy
Activities of the institutions and bodies

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 17
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 18 Mo

Exrait

Communities
Nineteenth Report
on Competition Policy
(Published in conjunction with the
'XXIIIrd General Report on the
Activities of the European Communities 1989')
Brussels • Luxembourg • 1990
vwCommission of the European Communities
Nineteenth Report
on Competition Policy
(Published in conjunction with the
'XXIIIrd General Report on the
Activities of the European Communities 1989')
Brussels • Luxembourg • 1990This publication is also available in the following languages:
ES ISBN 92-826-1625-8
DA ISBN 92-826-1626-6
DE ISBN 92-826-1627-4
GR ISBN 92-826-1628-2
FR ISBN 92-826-1630-4
IT ISBN 92-826-1631-2
NL ISBN 92:826-1632-0
PT ISBN 92-826-1633-9
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1990
ISBN 92-826-1629-0
Catalogue number: CB-58-90-546-EN-C
© ECSC — EEC — EAEC, Brussels . Luxembourg, 1990
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in BelgiumContents
Introduction 11
PART ONE — GENERAL COMPETITION POLICY 19
Chapter I: The contribution from socio-economic and political circles 21
$ — European Parliament 21
§2 — Economic and Social Committee2
S3 — Advisory Committee on Restrictive Practices and Dominant Positions 23
§ 4 — Other contacts4
Chapter II: International contacts5
S i — OECD5
S 2 — Unctad5
{3- GATT— Uruguay Round 26
§ 4 — EFTA6
S 5 — Cooperation between the Commission and the anti-trust authorities of non-member
countries7
Chapter III: Small and medium-sized enterprises9
PART TWO — COMPETITION POLICY TOWARDS ENTERPRISES 31
Chapter I: Main developments in Community policy3
§ 1 — Merger control 33
S 2 — Application of the block exemption Regulations 38
— Exclusive distribution agreements8
— Specialization and research and development8
— Patent and know-how licensing9
— Franchise agreements9
COMP. REP. EC 19894 CONTENTS
— Motor-vehicle distribution 40
— Airtransport0
§ 3 — Transport1
— Air transport1
— Seat3
5 4 — Insurance7
5 5 — Telecommunications8
5 6 — Energy 49
5 7 — Audiovisual media 51
5 8 — Computer software3
Chapter II: Main decisions and measures taken by the Commission 55
A —APPLICATION OF ARTICLES 85 AND 86 OF THE EEC TREATY6
§ 1 — Horizontal agreements in the industrial and commercial areas 56
— Welded steel mesh6
— Sugarbeet6
— Perlite7
— Shotton Paper Company 58
— Allied/VIL8
— Hudson's Bay/Finnish Fur Sales9
— National Sulphuric Acid Association 60
5 2 — Distribution agreements1
— Finnpap 61
— AKZO Coatings1
— Association Pharmaceutique Beige2
— Fluke/Philips3
— Volkswagen4
— Bayer AG4
— Coca Cola5
S3 — Agreements in the service sector7
Media7
— UIP7
— Film purchases by German television stations 68
Banking 69
— Dutch Banks9
Insurance 70
— AMB/La Fondiaria0
COMP. REP. EC 1989CONTENTS 5
— Concordato Incendio 70
— TEKO1
§4 — Agreements in the transport sector3
— Eurotunnel II3
— IATA3
§5 — Agreements relating to industrial property rights5
— Syntex/Synthelabo5
— Pilkington/Covina5
§6 — Abuse of a dominant position 77
— Filtrona/Tabacalera7
— Industrial gases7
— Gestetner/Rank Xerox8
17 — Mergers and concentrations 80
— TWIL/Bridon0
— Ibercobre/Outokumpu0
— Plessey/G EC-Siemens1
— Rhone Poulenc/Monsanto2
— Consolidated Goldfields/Minorco3
— Camaud-Metal Box, Pechiney-American Can 83
— Stena-Houlder Offshore4
B — APPLICATION OF ARTICLES 65 AND 66 OF THE ECSC TREATY5
S 1 — Concentrations in the steel industry5
— Usinor-Sacilor/Lutrix 85
— ASD/Welbeck International5
— British Steel/Bore Steel Group5
— United Engineering Steels/Bird Group of Companies 86
— Neue Maxhiitte Stahlwerke6
— Hiittenwerke Krupp Mannesmann6
— Special Products Lemforder7
— Dillinger Hutte-Saarstahl7
S 2 — Agreement in the coal and steel industry 88
— Ruhrkohle steelworks agreement8
S3 — Concentrations in the coal industry9
— Raab Karcher/Cory Coal Trading9
— Coalite Group/Anglo United9
COMP. REP. EC 19896 CONTENTS
5 4 — ECSC inspections 90
Chapter III: Main cases decided by the Court of Justice 91
5 1 — Commission's powers regarding requests for information2
5 2 — Investigating powers of the Commission4
5 3 — Application of Article 85 to a national cartel and effect on trade between Member
States8
5 4 — Application of the competition rules to air transport 100
5 5 — of Articles 85(1) and 86 to the exercise of copyright4
5 6 — Application of Article 85(1) to certain clauses in patent licensing agreements 106
5 7 — Procedural matters and observance of the rights of defence7
Chapter IV: Competition law in the Member States9
5 1 — Legislative developments in the Member States 109
5 2 — Application of Community law by national courts 121
PART THREE — COMPETITION POLICY AND GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE TO
ENTERPRISES 125
Chapter I: State aids7
5 1 — General policy problems and developments7
— The first survey on State aids7
— The automobile sector9
— Aid to the steel industry 130
— Aid to shipbuilding1
— State aid in the energy sector2
— Regional aid2
— Overall activity (Table 1)3
5 2 — State aids for research and development5
— General policy developments 135
— Decisions giving exemption under Article 92(3) (c) of the EEC Treaty 137
—s givingn under Article 92(3) (b) of the EEC Treaty 140
— Decisions to open the Article 93(2) procedure 140
5 3 — Aid to industries with specific structural or related problems2
— Aid to the coal industry (Tables 2 and 3)2
— Aid to shipbuilding 145
— Aid to the steel industry7
— Steel manufacturing industries 151
— Aid to the synthetic fibres industry2
COM P. REP. EC 1989CONTENTS 7
5 4 — Investment, sectoral and horizontal aid schemes 154
— General investment aids 154
— Sectoral aid4
* Engineering and metal recycling industries4
* Non-ferrous metals and minerals5
* Textiles and clothing7
* Aviation industry7
* Chemicals9
* Pharmaceuticals9
* Household appliances 160
* Machine tools1
* Paper2
* Cement2
* Motor vehicles and related industries3
* Film industry7
* Railway equipment9
— Aid to employment 170
— Environmental protection aid1
— Tax measures2
— Aid in the energy sector3
— Export aid3
5 5 — Regional aids4
— Spain4
— France 175
— Ireland6
— Italy7
— Netherlands8
— Federal Republic of Germany8
— United Kingdom 180
5 6 — Aid in the transport sector1
-— Land transport1
— Seat1
— Airtransport2
5 7 — Aid in the agriculture sector (Table 4)3
5 8 — Aid in the fisheries sector (Table 5) 195
Chapter li: Public undertakings7
5 1 — Telecommunications7
§ 2 — Energy 200
5 3 — Individual cases1
COMP. REP. EC 19898 CONTENTS
Chapter III: Adjustment of State monopolies of a commercial character 203
— Greece 203
— Spain3
— Portugal4
— France5
Chapter IV: Main decisions of the Court of Justice 207
§ 1 —Recovery of aid unlawfully granted — legitimate expectation7
S 2 — Interim measure suspending the operation of a decision9
PART FOUR — THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONCENTRATION, COMPETITION AND
COMPETITIVENESS 211
Chapter I: Mergers and acquisitions involving Community-scale firms in
1988/893
S 1 — Overview (Tables 6 and 7)4
S 2 — Mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures in industry6
— Mergers (Tables 8 and 9)6
— Acquisitions of minority holdings (Table 10)9
— Joint ventures (Table 11) 220
— Main motives for mergers and joint ventures (Table 12) 221
§ 3 — Mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures in services3
— Acquisitions of majority holdings (including mergers) (Table 13)3
—s of minoritys (Table 14)4
— Joint ventures (Table 15)4
S 4 — Conclusions 226
Chapter II: The programme of studies and its results 227
§ 1 — Objectives of the 1989 programme of studies7
$ 2 — Studies concerning the modification of market structures from the point of view of
competition policy8
S3 — Studies relating to government support for enterprises 231
Annex 235
European Parliament: Resolution on the Eighteenth Report of the Commission of then Communities on Competition Policy 236
Economic and Social Committee: Opinion on the Eighteenth Report of the Commission of
the European Communities on Competition Policy 241
Council Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 of 21 December 1989 on the control of concen-
trations between undertakings9
Notes 265
COMP. REP. EC 1989

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