Official Journal of the European Communities Debates of the European Parliament 1989-90 session. Report of proceedings from 25 to 28 July 1989


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ISSN 0378-5041 Annex Official Journal of the European Communities No 2-379 English edition Debates of the European Parliament 1989-90 session Report of proceedings from 25 to 28 July 1989 Europe House, Strasbourg General contents Sitting of Tuesday, 25 July 1989 \ Resumption of the session (first sitting of the newly elected Parliament), p. 1 — Address by the Oldest Member, p. 2 — Election of President, p. 7 — Election of Vice-Presidents, p. 13. Sitting of Wednesday, 26 July 1989 14 Approval of the Minutes, p.4 — Address by the President, p. 15 — Agenda, p. 19 — Meeting of the European Council in Madrid and term in office of the Spanish Presidency, p. 20 — Election of Quaestors, p. 34 — Meeting of the European Council in Madrid and term in office of the Spanish Presidency (continuation), p. 35 — Commission statement, p. 58. Sitting of Thursday, 27 July 1989 gi Approval of the Minutes, p. 61 — Welcome, p. 62 — Programme of the French Presidency — Measures to assist Hungary and Poland, p. 62 — Votes, p. 85 — Programme of the French Presidency — Measures to assist Hungary and Poland (continuation), p. 86. Sitting of Friday, 28 July 1989 10Consultations (Rule 136), p.1 — Adjournment of the session, p. 104. NOTE TO READER Appearing at the same time as the English edition are editions in the eight other official languages of the Communities : Spanish, Danish, German, Greek, French, Italian, Dutch and Portuguese.



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ISSN 0378-5041
Annex Official Journal
of the
European Communities
No 2-379
English edition Debates of the European Parliament
1989-90 session
Report of proceedings
from 25 to 28 July 1989
Europe House, Strasbourg
General contents Sitting of Tuesday, 25 July 1989 \
Resumption of the session (first sitting of the newly elected Parliament), p. 1 —
Address by the Oldest Member, p. 2 — Election of President, p. 7 — Election of Vice-
Presidents, p. 13.
Sitting of Wednesday, 26 July 1989 14
Approval of the Minutes, p.4 — Address by the President, p. 15 — Agenda, p. 19 —
Meeting of the European Council in Madrid and term in office of the Spanish
Presidency, p. 20 — Election of Quaestors, p. 34 — Meeting of the European Council
in Madrid and term in office of the Spanish Presidency (continuation), p. 35 —
Commission statement, p. 58.
Sitting of Thursday, 27 July 1989 gi
Approval of the Minutes, p. 61 — Welcome, p. 62 — Programme of the French
Presidency — Measures to assist Hungary and Poland, p. 62 — Votes, p. 85 —
Programme of the French Presidency — Measures to assist Hungary and Poland
(continuation), p. 86.
Sitting of Friday, 28 July 1989 10
Consultations (Rule 136), p.1 — Adjournment of the session, p. 104. NOTE TO READER
Appearing at the same time as the English edition are editions in the eight other official
languages of the Communities : Spanish, Danish, German, Greek, French, Italian, Dutch and
Portuguese. The English edition contains the original texts of the interventions in English
and an English translation of those made in other languages. In these cases there are, after the
name of the speaker, the following letters, in brackets, to indicate the language spoken :
(ES) for Spanish, (DA) for Danish, (DE) for German, (GR) for Greek, (FR) for French,
(IT) for Italian, (NL) for Dutch and (PT) for Portuguese.
The original texts of these interventions appear in the edition published in the language
Resolutions adopted at sittings of 25 to 28 July 1989 appear in the Official Journal of the
European Communities C 233, 11.9.1989. No 2-379/1 25.7.89 Debates of the European Parliament
1. Resumption of the session (first sitting of the Mr Langer, Mr Cot, Mr Klepsch, Mr Giscard
newly-elected Parliament) d'Estaing, Mr Prout, Mrs Mota Santos,
Mr Colajanni, Mr de la Malène, Mr Goll-
Mr Pannella
nisch, Mr Ephremidis, Mr Vandemeule-
broucke, Mr Delors (Commission), Mr 2. Address by the Oldest Member
Ch. Jackson, Mrs Green, Mrs Fernex, Mr El­
Mrs C. Jackson, Mr Dalsass liott 7
4. Election of Vice-Presidents 3. Election of President 13
IN THE CHAIR: MR AUTANT-LARA PRESIDENT. — Mr Pannella, we need half an hour to
print the voting slips. This is why 10.15 has been given
as the deadline for nominations. Oldest Member
I would also draw Members' attention to the fact that
(The sitting was opened at 10 a.m.)
their seats in the Chamber have only been allocated
All documents concerning the announcement of the 1. Resumption of the session (first sitting of the
election of Members will be forwarded to the Commit­newly-elected Parliament)
tee on the Rules of Procedure, the Verification of
Credentials and Immunities.
PRESIDENT. — I declare resumed the session of the
I would remind you that under Rule 6(3) of the Rules of
European Parliament adjourned on 26 May 1989.
Procedure until such time as the Members' credentials
have been verified or ruling has been given on a dispute, I would remind you that under the Rules of Procedure
the Members shall take a seat in Parliament and on its no debate con take place with the Oldest Member in the
bodies and shall enjoy all the rights attaching thereto. Chair.
I have received from Mr Andreotti, President of the
In accordance with our Rules of Procedure, we shall
Italian Government, the following message: elect our President this morning.
'The task entrusted to me of forming the Govern­
Under Rule 12 of the Rules of Procedure, the candidates
ment of the Italian Republic does not allow me to
for the President of Parliament must be nominated, with
take my seat as a Member of the European
their consent, by a political group or by at least
Parliament and means that I have to forego my
13 Members. I suggest that the deadline for the
nomination. I wish to express my pleasure at the
nomination of candidates for the first ballot for the
confidence placed in me by the electorate and at the
office of President should be 10.15 a.m. These
same time to give an undertaking in my new role to
nominations must be given to the Oldest Member. As
give greater importance to the functions of the
soon as these are known, I shall select four tellers by lot.
parliamentary institutions which are destined to play
a growing role in the process of European integ­
ration in line with the wishes expressed by the Italian PANNELLA (NI). — (FR) Mr President, it is five
people in the referendum which took place together
minutes past ten. I ask that the deadline be set at the end
with the elections to the European Parliament'.
of your speech or, if appropriate, at ten twenty.
Mr President, I am convinced that you will defend the
rights of Members of Parliament and not just the I have also received a message from Mr Pier Luigi
demands of bureaucracy, understandable though they Romita, Minister for the Coordination of Community
may be. I therefore ask you to let us have 15 minutes. Policies in the Italian Government, confirming that his No 2-379/2 Debates of the European Parliament 25.7.89
office as a Minister in the Government of the Italian half the people of Europe don't care about Europe is no
Republic is incompatible with the office of Member of slight on European democracy. And to back up this nice
the European Parliament. little idea, he hits us with a sledgehammer of an
argument which seems to have silenced our happy little
I have received a similar message from Mr Nino
Martinazzoli, Minister for Defence in the Italian
Government. I shall therefore inform the Member Look to the USA, says Mr Delors — and I quote —
States concerned of the incompatibility of the offices which is undeniably a democracy although the president
held by these three Members to enable those authorities and all the administration are elected by less than half
to inform the European Parliament of their deliber­ the American voters. According to him, this means that
ations on this matter without delay. then Government is only elected — seriously
— by less than half a minority.
PANNELLA (NI). — (FR) Mr President, I would like to
Democracy, I have been told, means power by the
point out that the messages you have just read to us
people. One may well ask whether that particular
confirm a very serious aspect of these elections, at least
majority isn't seriously beginning to wonder about the
in Italy. Several political leaders went to the voters
decisions of the greatest number being necessarily the
announcing that they were going to be members of the
best. Anyhow, it's not democracy when one voter out of
European Parliament. They knew that this was not true
two couldn't care less about the democracy itself.
and were thus deceiving their voters. I have to say this
America observes — indeed it advertises — democracy,
because it seems regrettable to me that voters,
but a democracy in which so few people are concerned
particularly Italian ones, did not know for whom they
doesn't take me in. Other forces hold the power — the
were really voting. We shall thus have among us
real power, that is — and this democracy is nothing
colleagues for whom the voters did not vote.
more than an incontestable pretext but perhaps at my
age I might be allowed to contest it.
PRESIDENT. — I note your point, but it is not a point
Nevertheless, I can still admire and try to understand of order. 1
the terrific show they put on for us. When you go to a
country which is a vassal of the United States — and
2. Address by the Oldest Member God knows there are plenty of them — and there is a
good chance of the genuinely democratic election of
PRESIDENT. — (FR) Honourable Members, Ladies certain 'progressives' threatening the real American
and Gentlemen, an artist who has created works he feels power, this great democracy has no hesitation, as we
to be important cannot be content to know that he has have seen, in getting the CIA to have the undesirable
the heavy burden, and indeed the honour, of talking to leader assassinated and a dictator put in his place, even
you on this solemn occasion not because of them, but if he has to be dropped or betrayed if it turns out not to
because of this birth certificate and to his insolent good be in its interests.
health — for which I apologize. It takes more than great
One may even wonder what would happen to the age or youth to give you talent, even in politics. And I
United States if all the Americans did start going to the am not a politician. So if I talk politics, it will be briefly,
polls and put, say, an Allende in the White House and a as I shall try and keep — here, in what my colleagues in
majority of Allendists in the Senate and Congress. the profession would call a première or a final rehearsal
America's real masters had no hesitation in having
— to my own field of culture and the performing arts.
Kennedy assassinated for far less. People say, and they
Some people will possibly be thinking that I'm going to may be right, that the Soviet Union is a military threat.
put on a film show and lower the tone of the debate. My Obviously, wherever there are soldiers, if you see what I
immediate response to that is that the cinema is no mean, there are threats. But — and this is what I wanted
lowerer. It improves debates, all of them. to say — as far as I know, the threat to our culture, our
cultures, dear fellow Europeans, is not coming from the First of all, as a show business professional, I noticed,
Soviet Union but from the United States, alas ! And it is a just as anybody might, the minimal interest that the
terrifying threat... citizens of Europe, more than half of them, have shown
in this Europe of yours. The public is sulking. It's
(Mixed reactions)
turning its nose up and shying away from something, as
... because, although nations can get over military the horse-riders say, which ought not rightly be a fence.
defeat and get over it very well — just look at Japan — We are here thanks to the will of some ... but to the
and they can get over economic defeat too, like the indifference of others. And one of my fellow country­
Germany of 1930, they never get over cultural defeat! men isn't in the least bothered by it — Jacques Delors.
Now no one would doubt Mr Delors' competence. But (Mixed reactions)
he himself has just revealed a shortcoming that I knew
Obviously millions of European voters have decided to
nothing about — to his mind, the fact that more than
abstain for a host of reasons that professional orators
will perhaps analyse better than I can. And this, at all
events, means that none of the abstainers are taking the
1 Formation of political groups — Agenda — Deadlines .· see
Minutes. House seriously. But they are making a big mistake, 25.7.89 Debates of the European Parliament No 2-379/3
because our cultures are in a tight corner between the invader. At the tennis championships at Roland Garros,
Red Army and the greenback dollar bill. Huge the winner of every match went into a little studio near
the dressing rooms to give his impressions to a civilisations have disappeared entirely through apathy
of this sort, through pernicious, deadly underestim­ journalist. And whatever nationality the winners were,
German, Swedish, Argentinian, Italian or even Chinese, ation, through people being distracted and suicidally
optimistic and, as usual, under the effect of a variety of they answered in English, all of them. And the
things which keep them happy — when all that was commentators then translated it into French. Nothing is
needed was plain, strong vigilance. Plain, strong more dangerous or cause for greater concern. One
determination is all it takes to fight off a barbaric translation distorts, but two ... well ...
invasion. And today, ladies and gentlemen, such
Everybody knows that when you take photocopies of
vigilance is your responsibility.
photocopies the quality suffers, as it does with sound
This warning will, I think, show you the importance I recordings, the further you get from the original. And it
attach and the respect I have for the European is the original thoughts of the German champion or the
institution — and of the hopes which we all have of it. Swedish, Argentinian, Italian or Russian champion
Will there be a majority in this House to impose the which count. It is because a Dane uses the word
'roubreul' that Denmark gave us Ibsen and Strindberg. vigilance we expect of it ? Personally, I can only hope so
— and hope so ardently. It is because an Italian says 'pane' that Italy gave us
Dante and Pirandello and Spain gave us Cervantes.
Further food for thought. When an albeit properly
informed public fails to come and see one of our films, It is this diversity of national cultures which gave rise to
the authors tend to think that the public is in the wrong. our splendid European culture. This English which is
becoming entrenched — which is being entrenched — in
But that is by no means certain, Here, I should like to
European minds and shovelling every national treasure
quote Molière, our Molière, who said that anyone who
into the current press of this vague cooperative of yours
makes himself understood has spoken well.
will, I should cordially point out, unavoidably bring the
original cultures to an end. And if, by some mischance, You have to assume that all our political leaders,
however high up, have spoken badly because no one's the Europeans are already prepared in their minds for
this pass, for this downfall and for the ultimate really understood them, as the facts bear out. But I am
only speaking here of the politicians on my patch. disappearance of these cultures, then it will happen very
fast. That, in a nutshell, is what I came to tell you today.
How come that people who are normally incredibly
You know that I am not keen on militarism. Quite the
persuasive — Valéry Giscard-d'Estaing, for example,
opposite, in fact. Yet my cultural honesty forces me to
and Jacques Chirac and Laurent Fabius — couldn't be
side with General de Gaulle — although he was for a
bothered to make clear what their Europe entailed
Europe of sovereign States, not just his own, but other
although they spread themselves generously as usual in
people's too. Without this concern, if by chance,
all the columns of all the papers, and on all the radio and
because it was easier or because of some hypocritical
TV channels ?
form of subjugation, you gave in to this kind of
cooperative which is lying in wait for us, all of the most With only a little bit of irony, you could have put any
prestigious sources of our miraculous cultural blends speech in any mouth and no one would have noticed the
would turn sour. difference — not even me and I'm a specialist. The same
luke-warm air blew from everyone's lips. Hence the
And that is not all ! I shall say more about the perplexity
lassitude and the uneasy feeling in the long run. People
of the voters. The example I have chosen comes from a
don't like dangers they can't see. They don't like threats
very dear friend, a Christian — although, there again, I
that are vague and diffuse. They felt, confusedly, that
am not keen on clericalism. Now, my friend says, look
this Europe that was so difficult to explain masked
and see how Europe sees itself first and foremost. All
something they couldn't, weren't able to see. If you say
those tradesmen! Doesn't it remind you of anything? I
'pain' rather than 'bread' or 'pan' rather than 'pane' or
stop. No concern with anything spiritual or cultural.
'psomi', you are conveying the rich tapestry of life
The triumph of the spirit of the merchant. I am an
which dazzles us with all the wonderful facets which
atheist and free of any metaphysical concerns and I was
reflect the cultural identity of each nation.
very touched, moved even, by the words of my Christian
friend. Replacing all these words with one word would be
suicide — something of which even the humblest
No one doubts that the Europe to come will be a Europe
peoples are aware. It is very odd that throughout this
of tradesmen and goods and markets. No one would
Europe you are working on, one language, English, has
even think it was a nuisance if that was all it was ...
become common currency, as it were by tacit agree­
although there may be some doubt as to the excellence
ment. I of course have nothing against the language that
of the transformation in view — and I mean the real
gave us Byron and Shelley and Bernard Shaw, but this
improvements that we would be entitled to expect for
initial phenomenon contains the seeds of a damaging
the people, the citizens.
effect and threats which hard press the unwary speakers
of other languages, in spite of the fact that they seem to
The citizen — the word which the human tights
be attracted and tempted by the glass baubles of the merchants forget most of the time. All it took for me to No 2-379/4 Debates of the European Parliament 25.7.89
express this other fear, sometimes in the evening when Ladies and gentlemen, I believe that, of all the religions
by chance I was watching the television, was to hear that exist, it is faith in profit which leads most
France's boss of the bosses. This dithyrambic gentleman inexorably and most surely to the worst kind of
sang the praises of his cult of enterprise and suggested fanaticism of all.
that economic considerations should hold sway over
It was Montesquieu who said : put the economy at the
man. A wonderful moment! You should have heard
top and the State is lost. This is something that our dear
him, beatifically exalting his unbounded admiration for
boss of bosses cares nothing about — and he cares
Japan, which, he says, only gives its citizens one week's
nothing about Montesquieu either.
holiday a year! The ultimate in civilizations, the
gentleman thought! He didn't yet dare sing the praises All the dangers I have listed would not be so fatal if they
of certain countries which have 10-year-olds working fell upon solid national tissue that was still able to
clandestinely for a pittance, with no social security of generate the relevant antibodies and gain victory over
any kind, but he wasn't far off it ! And he wasn't far off death. That shows just how much fear and disgust I feel
admiring the workers in the underdeveloped countries at the mondialist, internationalist and egalitarian
who accept pathetically low wages either ! Didn't one of theories. But this does not make me discriminate. On
Darty's bosses recently say that all French refrigerators the contrary. I exclude nothing, because I am for the
were assembled in Hungary ? conservation of every sovereign State.
I am a man of culture, so I am used to unleashing There are good people to tell us that even cultural
demons on screen and stage. And these demons may consanguinity weakens and leads to degeneration that
have their influence. They may have a considerable hold only inter-breeding can prevent by regenerating a
over the planet. The demon Alcestis, for example, the culture. What these good people fail to say is that not all
demon Tartuffe, then Figaro, the demons — cross-breeding is good. Independently even of the
dressed up even — of Marivaux, the demon Jacques le intrinsic value of each cultural ingredient, some mixes
Fataliste and all of Voltaire's demons — who also are diastrous — for all the parties concerned !
engendered the French revolution which we are being
There have been Christians in the Lebanon for 2000
told, rather noisily perhaps, all about at the moment.
years, but we are forced to admit that, after 13 centuries,
But we have been imprudent in these final years of the
living alongside the Moslems is still just as tragic and
century, not by unleashing the most fearful of all
bloody as it was to begin with. This is something I
demons, but by rehabilitating it.
deplore for both communities.
Hitherto, that demon spread its pestilence, but it was a
But what is the point of insisting when two centuries of
little bit ashamed of its own breath. It was a demon
experiment lead to the same bloody explosions because which struck at night and hugged the walls and its
the two are obviously, blindingly incompatible ?
victims despised it. But now, its victims have been
converted to its law. The demon I am talking about is Voltaire may have saved Christianity, but it took us
the demon profit and what I mean by profit is lucre. 1800 years to come up with a Voltaire!
But there's no need to worry any more ! It is to maintain Islam, unless I am very much mistaken., is only in year
the demon profit and keep it unscathed that you see all 1300 of the Hegira and it will take it another 500 years
those doors and bits of wings and tails drop off planes in to generate its Voltaire. But this Mohammed Ben
mid-air or passengers sucked out, parachute-less of Voltaire will get the same admiration and the same
course, 9000 metres up, because maintenance would gratitude from me — and that is all the ill I wish to
cost too much and push up the running costs too far! certain incompatible people!
It is to maintain the demon profit that you see trains
At this point, I should like to talk to you almost
telescoping at 200 km an hour even at stations, with the
confidentially, as if I were pulling up a chair to be closer
maintenance staff cut down to kept the profit margin
to a friend so he could hear better. I should like to share
with you the greatest adventure of my film career in the
United States, at the very beginning of Hollywood, at And it is to maintain the demon profit that you see
the time the big studios were preparing for what they gigantic supertankers handled by a handful of hungry
uncompromisingly called the forthcoming American recruits from the Third World cynically opening their
invasion of Europe and the world. guts and spilling out thousands of tons of crude oil,
provoking the absolute, irredeemable slaughter of birds
I speak English fluently and they wete no more wary
and fish and plant life!
about me than they would have been about a dog, one as
In India, an enormous chemical complex explodes, dumb as an inanimate object. What had to be done to
giving off fumes which kill and mutilate thousands of lay the foundations of this cinematographic invasion
good people and you hear the bosses shamelessly say was to lay the basis for the dubbing of American films
that the compensation they pay to the victimes will cost we know today. At that time, the American companies
even less than the safety devices which would have imported foreign directors to direct original — German,
prevented the explosion ! And the truth is that, at home Spanish, French and Italian — versions of their films
in France, it is the French socialists who have and I was one of them. So every one of these films meant
rehabilitated profit! another complete set of filming. 25.7.89 Debates of the European Parliament No 2-379/5
The first great actor I had to direct was Buster Keaton. So I was one of the principal craftsmen, an involuntary
Let me tell you, by they way, that his likeness to Jacques one, of course, of this thing, this great invasion — and
Delors was incredible — the same sphinx's head and no there were no colonists, no armies and not even a
policeman. It was far stronger than that. For it turned cheekbones — although he was a great artiste. No need
of any political jiggery-pokery for him to succeed. All it out to be tougher than any gas, this imaginary cloud of
euphoria which replaced the aitillery on the screen — took was whisky. Buster Keaton is the only great and
beautiful memory I brought back from the rat race of the trumps of Uncle Sam.
Hollywood where the pundits of MGM, where I was
They are still there today, these happy tablets and they
stagnating, used to talk with sovereign disdain of all the
are stronger anaesthetics than ever they were. At this
countries of Europe where they were aiming at a
rate we will soon have François Villon, Rabelais,
cultural take-over. They were particularly disdainful of
Molière, Racine, Diderot, Musset, Stendhal, Hugo,
France, which I found very flattering.
Anatole France and Goethe, Cervantes, Dante, Piran­
dello and Ibsen, plus, of course, Tolstoy, Dostoyevski With the Germans, they said, we will always get on. Get
and Uncle Vanya in orbit, all of them shattered into
over the odour of forget-me-nots and all you have to do
shards and scratchings for the benefit of Babbit. is toss them a bit of logic, seriously, in an inspired voice.
Farewell, ancient moons of a whole western culture, But as we saw, my German colleagues were not taken in.
magic, proud, sumptuous ... lobotomized!
And with the Italians, they went on, it will be even
It is for me, the French film-maker, to remind you here,
easier. The Italians don't believe in anything and they
with such very regrettable associations, that you sit in
pretend everything.
the House under the emblem — one long known — of
one of the most powerful transatlantic film companies, But with the French, they said, it will be a fight. It will
whose emblem, like yours, is the same crown of stars. take just one pirouette to bring down Himalayas of
And this American company it is which has just logic. We shall have to tape them.
swallowed up the Time group for the modest sum of
Between you and me, these insolent big shots didn't say 12 billion — please excuse me, I mean of course
'rape'. It was something much nastier and particularly 12n dollars !
Thought could have been given to this unhappy
resemblance... unless it was deliberate and pre­All these versions of films which had to be entirely
monitory ! filmed from beginning to end a second time cost the
companies a fortune and were not, in their eyes, And so, faced with all these threats, at a time when you
convincing enough. are in an exceptionally strong position, with the
possibility of resistance, far greater resistance than the
And I was the one whom one fine day the big bosses of
army, for it is cultural resistance, the only signs amongst
MGM got to make the world's first dubbed film. The
you are the signs of laxness, if you don't mind my saying
first dubbed film, with an enormous amount of top-
so, which is contemptible and extremely disquieting!
speed dialogue was called 'Dance fools, dance' and
starred Joan Crawford and Clark Gable. So it was going The idea of you toying even for an instant with
to be done in French and sent off to Paris straight away parapets, as Rimbaud put it, to protect our past
brilliance, bringing in honourable quotas to safeguard to try out the effect. And, entitled 'La pente', it was a
sensation. And not surprisingly ! our national creations, is confusing and, what is more,
augurs ill for the future. We in this House are all heirs of
So it now became possible to make all the under­ legatees and it is therefore our duty to tolerate neither
developed of Europe swallow these ersatz films and get eclipse of nor attack on our cultural past or future. A
all the American actors to speak the language of the Europe without these protective parapets would, let me
country that was going to be colonized. Clark Gable wam you, be, in this case, no more than a joke. Look at
could make the Yugoslavs think he was Yugoslavian the troubling apathy which is currently yours and there
and the Poles he was Polish. Or German, Spanish, is no choice but to think that you will have put on a
Portuguese or Italian. parody of a show whose outcome might yet appear
uncertain, but which was, in fact, somewhat hypocriti­
In vain did we — with René Clair in the lead, Jacques
cally arranged in advance. Failure to wield authority
Feyder, Duvivier et al. — object to this dreadful
and prevent, as you could and still can, the wild
trickery. No one could see past the magic. And when I
unleashing of cultural hegemony, that certain precursor
was asked to carry on, I lost no time in fleeing the
of all other economic, social and political hegemony,
country. I could feel the fearful, fatal effect it was going
will lead to the suspicion that you had ulterior motives
to have and I could sense the commotion that it would
of a quite different kind.
cause amongst the weary élite, as with painting and
sculpture and great music. And lastly, without involving A silent battle is being waged today, alas, by our society
the élite, from whom alienation is always difficult and, of French authors, who call it the battle of the quotas. In
above all, ruinous, I could sense the effect, a profoundly fact, you must admit that our society of playwrights is
devastating direct mental effect, it could have on the fighting for you, ladies and gentlemen, and it is fighting
people, on all peoples. alone in the indecent compaign that is being waged No 2-379/6 Debates of the European Parliament 25.7.89
amidst the perfidious manoeuvres of our power, But you see, in all this I am being reasonable. I am not
hatched in the shadow of the castles ! calling for the invaders to go, although they are invaders
to whom I, as a Frenchman, owe nothing. I am being
On 24 May, a train load of — listen to this — 300
reasonable. All I want is for Shylock's teeth to be filed
French writers and producers was allowed to leave
down a bit, so his vassals can nurture their talents
Paris, with not even the smallest of officials to see them
properly and, as they like rather noisily to claim, freely.
off, for Strasbourg, to humbly insist on a modest 60%
Let there be competition at least, loyal and not disloyal.
quota of European works being maintained in the
Let the people at least have the opportunity to make
various media — our television, our radio and our
comparisons and free choices. This is not protection.
When it comes to culture, it is legitimate defence.
And by the way, I should like to remind those who have
Some people in Europe go so far as to say that there is a
forgotten their history — real history, that is — that this
majority of Europeans in agreement with the current
means 40% of foreign works, a percentage which, in
dosage of American productions here. This is wishful
fact, the German occupiers of our country were neither
thinking. If they were right, we should see a masterpiece
permitted nor allowed themselves ! So, I repeat and I can
of democracy, with democracy democratically consent­
prove, the percentage is more than reasonable and more
ing to disappear!
than modest.
Henceforward, ladies and gentlemen, you, at all events,
If you compare the size of the unreasonable, exag­
cannot say that you aren't au fait with the situation and
gerated foreign works quota which has been allowed,
I didn't warn you. And I should very much like to add
40%, to the non-official quota (hypocritically kept
one last warning. When Europe has said its last word,
under cover but fiercely applied and entirely un­
the world will not be far from breathing its last breath.
avoidable) in effect in the United States, which only
Ladies and gentlemen, I am a spiritual patriot. Some accepts 2% of foreign works on its television channels
people laugh at me and call me the Déroulède of culture. and no more than 4% of foreign films are allowed in
But I should like to say, affectionately, culturally and over any year (although American films account for
Europeanly, that I have no enemies in Europe other than more than 50% of national programmes in France),
the spineless and the resigned, those who have given up even the projected quota of 40:60 for the Europeans
or been brought or won over quite deliberately and conjures up Sacha Guitry's horse and lark paté, with
those who are indifferent to their own demise. equal proportions of each, one horse to every one lark.
I shall not waste your time or mine uttering eternal So, our 300 journeying authors arrived in Strasbourg
lamentations and wailings about crimes to humanity. and candidly made their claims. People listened to them
What I should like to say is that any man in Europe, very politely, very probably smiling the while, because
wherever he may be on the political spectrum, who they well knew that the decision ultimately to refuse
stands up to the threat or to the fatality of his own even the smallest cultural quota had already been taken
disappearance is my brother. From this you will see, I in Brussels, where the real decision-makers are, ages
think, that I have not come here today for the greater ago. And France was not the only one to be caught. All
glory of some philosophical, social or political ideology. the countries of Europe were and I am not forgetting it.
I have to say that the political group which called me to Paris was already well aware of the refusal of any
its ranks did so precisely so I could jump to the defence protection and any cultural quotas and had been for
of all cultures — without expecting any adherence to its some time ! Without warning anyone, at the same time
own philosophy. as the expedition of 300 naive French creators set off,
Paris — and this is where it hots up — despatched a fine I should like to pay public tribute here to Jean-Marie Le
missionary to protest to Brussels, with instructions — Pen, who is gallingly and falsely accused — by
and I say instructions — to give up on everything to do professional defamers — of sectarianism and author­
with quotas. Appearances were kept up, but the trick itarianism and fascism. He is the only one of our famous
was played none the less. political leaders to have swept all our differences aside.
And he has done so to enable me, on his behalf— and
Of course, when it all came out — everything comes out
the service I have rendered, exclusively, to the cinema in the end — the anger of the 300 knew no bounds.
and French culture over the past 70 years are ample
There were strong articles in the French press. If that is
justification for this — to represent French culture in what Europe is all about, said Jean-Claude Carrère,
this House and defend all the cultures of this continent
Buñuel's colleague, then I don't want it!
of ours against the new and imminent dangers that are
The campaign is still going on, we are told. There will lowering and — with you — closing in.
be discussions over the summer. A familiar thing — on
You will excuse my candout — but my confidence in
the radio we have a Mr Dumas being very reassuring
this Assembly is, I am sorry to say, only telative.
and telling us, without the shadow of a smile, that the
structures are to be changed. Talk about changes in the I should like to end my speech with an appeal to others, s — well, I know from experience that this to those who are and will be more concerned with the
kind of soothing talk is always trotted out, neatly decisions you are to take — to our young people, who
dipped in flour, given time ! cannot be forgotten or dodged or avoided. And, to be 25.7.89 Debates of the European Parliament No 2-379/7
frank, I have some scruples about talking about young That's all. If, by some misfortune, they go back to coke
people and particularly to them, about getting across to after this experience, nothing and no one can help them.
young people who are already jaded and for whom
It will have been the drink of the damned.
French is already double Dutch. Some people say that
Marcel Carné's film Les tricheurs has aged. He himself
JACKSON, CAROLINE (ED). — Afther that speech I
agrees. Well, he's wrong! Young people don't even
want to make clear, on my own behalf and, I suspect, on
cheat any more, alas, and I understand them. Have we,
behalf of some of my colleagues in the European
the older generation, the right to admonish them and to
Democratic Group, that we stayed to hear Mr Autant-
preach ? And, most important, have we the right to set
Lara out of the respect for Parliament, and out of
ourselves up as an example ? You only need to look at
respect for the right of free speech. I am afraid that we
the world we are leaving them to feel more anguish than
did not in the end stay out of respect for the content of
satisfaction on their behalf. It is a world in which the
his speech. I suspect that what Mr Autant-Lara has done
finest scientific advances inspire terror rather than joy!
is to draw attention to our need to change the rule about
It is a world in which even the generous idea of Europe
the rights of the doyenne d'age to give a speech at the
makes one out of every two Europeans run! The othet
opening of Parliament and to do more than simply to
day, a 50-year-old friend of mine who had just been
preside over the election of the next President.
made redundant after 35 years with the same firm told
me, very distressed, that: 'The worst thing was going (Applause)
home and telling my two young sons and daughters. I
had always told them that work meant dignity. And PRESIDENT. — I note your point, Mrs Jackson.
after 35 years of deliberate and even enthusiastic
following of this fine idea, well, it was that which DALSASS (PPE). — (DE) Mr President, I remained in
caused me the greatest humiliation anyone can have. the Chamber, but only out of democratic respect for
How could I look the children in the face ? Could I tell Parliament. I listened to your nationalistic and anti­
them to do what their father had done ? If I had gone on democratic tirades. You said: 'We require..., we
with it. If I had persisted and reiterated my fine demand ...'. I must say that I, like many others, feel
principles, they would quite rightly have despised me insulted should you have included me in what you said.
and thrown themselves on the first drug they came
I feel insulted because I do not demand what you were
demanding. I should therefore like to have it clarified Is it possible to be beaten, hunted and humiliated to that
that you said what you said in your own name and in the extent and still go on preaching the ideas which led us to
name of perhaps two or three others. The rest of us do it? Sacking is a crime of peace which is every bit as
not want to be included. I would like to have that made serious as a crime of war. The greatest tenets of ethics,
clear. for all their beauty and all their joy, have usually served,
above all, to mislead. And so they have become suspect.
3. Election of President
That is why, as I said, I have some scruples in talking to
young people, to young people of Europe. Yet there is
PRESIDENT. — The next item is the election of the
something I should like to tell them, discreetly and President of the EuropeanTarliament.
affectionately, in the name of the most innocent feeling
The following have been nominated as candidates in in the world, the instinct of preservation of what is
accordance with the provisions of the Rules of essential and above all irrecuperable at the time it is
Procedure : being lost — the national cultural identity. Lose that
and there is nothing left to lose. Or win. It becomes what Mr Barón Crespo, Mrs Ewing, Mr Le Pen, Mrs Mota
our friend Diderot called a satyr, a humanoid of a kind Santos, Mr Pannella and Mr von Wechmar.
that can still understand an order but is not able to
Pursuant to Rule 12 of the Rules of Procedure, I shall analyse it.
now appoint four tellers : Mr Speciale, Mr Howell, Mrs
Van Outrive and Mr Hory.
Yes, I am speaking here of the instinct of preservation of
(The sitting was suspended at 10.50 a.m. to enable all young people, if they still have it. No speeches, no
ballot papers to be distributed and was resumed at 11 sermons, no philosophy. Just one, simple wish, one
a.m.) which you may well find pathetic, but how symbolic it
is. I solemnly call on all the young people of my country
and of all countries to agree to a derogation from what PRESIDENT. — I call Mr Langer on a point of order.
has become for them, alas, a habit. I call on them, once,
at least once, at drinking time, to abandon their coke LANGER (V). — (DE) Many thanks, Mr President, for
and order in its place, shall we say, a little glass of allowing me to raise a point of order in accordance with
French white wine, Alsace of course, Traminer or Rule 11 (2). I would like to inform Members that we
Riquewihr, and to hold it high, to look at it, golden and nominate Maria Mota Santos as candidate for election
cloudless and to sniff the bouquet before they sip. as Ptesident because we feel it would be appropriate for No 2-379/8 Debates of the European Parliament 25.7.89
the European Parliament to be presided over by a Le me thank you for the clear majority with which you
representative of a new Community country, namely have done me the honour of electing me President of this
Portugal, a woman and a representative of the Assembly.
ecological renewal movement without party bias. That
But first of all allow me to thank my wife, present here
is the reason why we ask Members not to go along with
today, for the understanding and patience — shown by
a deal worked out in advance by the two biggest groups
all our wives and families — which will allow me to
in the House without any discussion, but to take a
dedicate myself body and soul to this difficult and
sympathetic view of our candidacy.
absorbing task.
I might add that one of the tasks of our group
spokeswoman, Maria Mota Santos, in this House will
be to speak on behalf of 2.3 million British voters who I should like to thank those who voted for me but also
voted Green but who are still denied representation in those who did not. And similarly all those who
the European Parliament by British electoral law. We competed in this election. Polemics are the essence of
know that in this respect the United Kingdom falls far democracy.
short of the European standard and the demands of the
I hope I can prove worthy of my distinguished
European Parliament. We wished to make manifest our
predecessors during this session of the European
protest over that today, at least symbolically, by
Parliament which began under the firm and assured
displaying the 12 seats of the missing British Members.
leadership of a woman who exemplifies dedication to
Europe and reconciliation, Simone Veil;
PRESIDENT. — There is no need to give explanations
(Applause) for nominations. Nevertheless we note your statement.
continuing with the firm leadership and tenacity of my (The vote was taken)
socialist colleague Piet Dankert;
The sitting is suspended for the count.
(The sitting was suspended at 11.40 a.m. and resumed at
12.49 a.m.) then the dignity and hospitality of the young veteran in
the battle for the European ideal, Pierre Pflimlin,
PRESIDENT. — Here is the result of the count :
Members voting: 502
and the perfect gentleman Lord Plumb with whom I
Blank or void votes : 27
share the day and month of birth, although not the year,
Votes cast : 475
and his passion for Europe.
Absolute majority: 238
Each of us in turn — the 'gentlemen in blue' and the 'red The results were as follows:
baron' have won the race for the presidency.
Mr Barón Crespo : 301 votes
Mrs Ewing: 20 votes Ladies and gentlemen, let me add a few words on the
Mr Le Pen: 18 votes case for parliamentary democracy. When I was born in
Mrs Mota Santos: 31 votes 1944 as a Spaniard in Europe, only two of our 12
countries were democracies. Since then we have covered Mr Pannella: 12 votes
Mr von Wechmar: 93 votes a lot of ground and constructed a system in which
human rights are the fundamental principles; Parlia­
Mr Barón Crespo has obtained a majority of the votes
ment is the incarnation of the will of the people ; and we
cast. I should like to congratulate him and give him my
share a common goal to build our future together. We
best wishes for his period of office. I invite him to take
are agreed on this, both those who come from
the chair.
constitutional democracies and those from republics.
(Loud applause) For most of you, democracy has been the normal
working environment for many years. For me, as for
those of us who needed a great deal of time to gain
access to the Community, a great deal of time to enter
this environment, the European Community is syn­
onymous with democracy. For many years I have been a
citizen of Europe, a European in Spain and the most
evident demonstration of the equality and openness
PRESIDENT. — Ladies and gentlemen, almost
which prevails in our Community is the fact that you
200 years ago in this beautiful city, one of its citizens
have paid me the undeserved compliment of making me
Rouget de Lisle wrote an anthem to liberty, 'The
your President.
Marseillaise'. A week ago a black American soprano,
Jessie Norman, sang this anthem which I believe The revolutionary élan of democratic principles does
epitomizes our goal of a united, democratic, tolerant not however stop at out borders. If we look towards the
Europe open to the world. East to the Europe with which we share the sun and sky