ENVI EX Tutorial

ENVI EX Tutorial

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E N V I E X T u t o r i a l : T h e m a t i cC h a n g e D e t e c t i o nT h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e c t i o n W o r k f l o w 2F i l e s U s e d i n t h i s T u t o r i a l 2S e l e c t i n g F i l e s f o r T h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e c t i o n 2A p p l y i n g T h e m a t i c C h a n g e A n a l y s i s 3C l e a n i n g U p T h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e c t i o n R e s u l t s 6E x p o r t i n g T h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e c t i o n R e s u l t s 71E N V I E X T u t o r i a l : T h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e ct i o nT h e m a t i c C h a n g e D e t e c t i o n W o r k f l o wIn this tutorial, you will use the Thematic Change Detection workflow. Thematic change detection takestwo classification images of the same scene at different times and identifies differences between them.The data used in this tutorial are the classification images created from land cover analysis, produced byNOAA Coastal Services Center according to Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) standards.The data was produced using 30-meter-resolution Landsat Thematic Mapper and Landsat EnhancedThematic Mapper satellite imagery. In this tutorial, you will use two images of the Gulf of Mexicoregion.F i l e s U s e d i n t h i s T u t o r i a lENVI Resource DVD: D a t a \ c h a n g e _ d e t e c t i o nF i l e D e s c r i p t i o np r e _ k a t r i n a _ 0 5 . i m g Classification image from ERDAS data of the Gulf of Mexicoimpacted by hurricane ...

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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
Thematic Change Detection Workflow Files Used in this Tutorial Selecting Files for Thematic Change Detection Applying Thematic Change Analysis Cleaning Up Thematic Change Detection Results Exporting Thematic Change Detection Results
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
Thematic Change Detection Workflow
In this tutorial, you will use the Thematic Change Detection workflow. Thematic change detection takes two classification images of the same scene at different times and identifies differences between them. The data used in this tutorial are the classification images created from land cover analysis, produced by NOAA Coastal Services Center according to Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) standards. The data was produced using 30-meter-resolution Landsat Thematic Mapper and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper satellite imagery. In this tutorial, you will use two images of the Gulf of Mexico region.
Files Used in this Tutorial ENVI Resource DVD:Data\change_detection
File pre_katrina_05.img
Post_Katrina_06.img
Post_Katrina_06.met Pre_Katrina_z37_2005.met Pre_Katrina_z46_2005.met
Description Classification image from ERDAS data of the Gulf of Mexico impacted by hurricane Katrina Classification image from ERDAS data of Gulf of Mexico impacted by hurricane Katrina C-CAP Zone 37/46 Area post-hurricane Katrina land cover metadata C-CAP zone 37 pre-hurricane Katrina 2005-era land cover metadata C-CAP zone 46 pre-hurricane Katrina 2005-era land cover metadata
Selecting Files for Thematic Change Detection In the File Selection panel, you choose the two classification images to include in thematic change detection. You will apply a spatial subset to the first image you select. 1. Start ENVI EX. 2. In the Toolbox, double-clickThematic Change. The Select File panel appears. 3. ClickBrowsenext to theTime 1 Classification Image Filefield. The Select Time 1 Classification Image File dialog appears. 4. ClickOpen File. The Open dialog appears. 5. Navigate toData\change_detection, selectpre_katrina_05.img, and clickOpen, then clickOK. 6. In the Select Time 1 Classification Image File dialog, clickSpatial Subset. The Spatial Subset dialog appears. 7. Enter theSamplesvalues as18177and23896. 8. Enter theLinesvalues as5022and10291. 9. ClickOK, then clickOKagain. 10. ClickBrowsenext to theTime 2 Classification Image Filefield. The Select Time 2 Classification Image File dialog appears. 11. ClickOpen File. The Open dialog appears.
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
Navigate toData\change_detection, selectPost_Katrina_06.img, and clickOpen , then clickOK. ClickNext. The Thematic Change panel displays.
Applying Thematic Change Analysis 1. Because the the two input classification images have the same number of classes that use the same class name, theOnly Include Areas That Have Changedcheck box is available, and is enabled by default. Keep the default setting. The thematic change analysis will group those classes into a class namedno changeif no difference is detected in those classes during processing. The output is a new classification image that only includes areas that have changed. When you uncheck this option, it includes all class transition information. 2. Move to an area that is included in the subset. In theGo Tofield, enter 594865.735,761937.370. The Image window centers over that area.
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Open the Cursor Value window with the toolbar button. Move the cursor around in the Image window. The Cursor Value window provides information about the two input layers and the classes that are identified at the cursor location. In the example below, the Cursor Value shows that the pixel under the cursor in the pre- and post-Katrina layers are in the same class (Estuarine Emergent Wetland). This is an area that did not change classes.
Now move the cursor to a different location, such as blue area closer to a lake. In the next example, the pixel under the cursor is in one class in the pre-Katrina image (Estuarine
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
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Emergent Wetland), and is in a different class in the post-Katrina image (Water).
Now enable thePreviewcheck box. A Preview Portal appears. As you move the cursor around in the Preview Portal, the Cursor Value window not only updates the pixel information for the pre-and post-Katrina images, it also provides analysis information about the pixel under the cursor. In the example below, it shows that the pixel has changedfrom 'Estuarine Emergent Wetland' to 'Water'.
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
Before you begin processing, disable theOnly Include Areas That Have Changedcheck box, to see a preview of the same area when this option is turned off. The result includes areas that have changed, and also areas that have not changed (for example,from 'Water' to 'Water'. An example follows:
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
8. Enable theOnly Include Areas That Have Changedcheck box again. 9. ClickNext. Thematic change processing begins. When thematic change processing is complete, the Cleanup panel appears.
Cleaning Up Thematic Change Detection Results The cleanup step refines the result. You can preview what the refinement will look before you apply the settings. The cleanup options are: Enable Smoothingremoves salt and pepper noise. l Enable Aggregationremoves small regions. l 1. Use the default setting for thematic change cleanup. The default isEnable Smoothing, where the square kernel's center pixel will be replaced with the majority class value of the kernel. Keep the default value of3. 2. Preview the cleanup result before processing in the Preview Portal.
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
You can change the cleanup settings and preview the results again, if desired. 3. ClickNext. The Export panel appears.
Exporting Thematic Change Detection Results To export results: 1. In theExport Filestab, enable the check boxes for the exports you want to output. The following are available:Export Thematic Change Imagesaves the classification result to a raster file. l Export Thematic Change Vectorssaves the vectors created during classification to a l shapefile. 2. Use the default paths and filenames.3. To save statistics on thematic change, enable theExport Thematic Change Statisticscheck box in theExport Statistictab, 4. Use the default paths and filenames. 5. ClickFinish. ENVI EX creates the output, opens the layers in the Image window, and saves the files to the directory you specified.
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ENVI EX Tutorial: Thematic Change Detection
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Navigate to the statistics file and open it in a spreadsheet application, such as Microsoft Excel. As you can see in the statistics below, the most significant changes were classes that changed to Water.
SelectFile > Exitto exit ENVI EX.
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