Aerosol sampling in animal houses

Aerosol sampling in animal houses

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Proceedings of a workshop held at the University of Bristol, Department of Animal Husbandry, 26-28 July 1988
Agricultural and fisheries research
Animal production

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Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Aerosol sampling in animal houses
Report
EUR 11877 EN Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Aerosol sampling in animal houses
Proceedings of a workshop held at the University of Bristol,
Department of Animal Husbandry, 26 to 28 July 1988
Edited by
C. M. Wathes
University of Bristol, UK
and
J. M. Randall
Institute of Engineering
Research, UK
Sponsored by the
Commission of the European Communities
Directorate-General for Agriculture
PARI HO. B'l-'ioth. Coordination of Agricultural Research
N.C/EJR
CL^EUR 11877 EN 1989 Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation
L-2920 Luxembourg
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on be­
half of then is responsible for the use which might be made of the follow­
ing information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1989
ISBN 92-825-9866-7 Catalogue number: CD-NA-11877-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels • Luxembourg, 1989
Printed in the FR of Germany WORKSHOP OBJECTIVE
The objective of this workshop was to draw up recommendations for
sampling aerosols in animal houses in terms of sampling procedures, choice
of sampler(s) and methods of assay and analysis.
The recommendations for general aerosol sampling procedures (GASP)
presented here are the outcome of the workshop. They represent the
consensus views of the participants. It is the hope and belief of the
participants that adherence to these recommendations will improve the
quality of research in air hygiene and facilitate comparisons between
different studies. Overall the adoption of common techniques will improve
our understanding of how diseases are transmitted by air and aerial
pollutants affect animal and human health.
C.M. Wathes and J.M. Randall,
Convenors and Fidi tors.
-Ill-INDUSTRIAL SPONSORS
The organisers would like to thank the following companies for
displaying and demonstrating their products at the conference and for
their generous contributions to the conference expenses.
Bristol Industrial and Research Associates Ltd.,
P.O. Box 2,
Portishead,
Bristol, BS20 9JB,
UK.
Casella London Ltd.,
Regent House,
Britannia Walk,
London, NI 7ND,
UK.
Hawsley and Sons Ltd.,
Marlborough Road,
Lancing,
Sussex, BN15 8TN,
UK.
S.K.C. Ltd.,
Unit 2,
Stone Lane Industrial Estate,
Wimborne,
Dorset, BH21 1HD,
UK.
Analysis Automation Ltd.,
Southfield House,
Eynsham,
Oxford, 0X8 1JD,
UK.
IV-CONTENTS
Page No.
WORKSHOP OBJECTIVE III
INDUSTRIAL SPONSORS IV
REVIEW LECTURES:
C.S. Cox
Principles of aerosol sampling and samplers 3
J. Hartung
Practical aspects of aerosol sampling in animal houses 14
WORKSHOP PAPERS:
P. Baekbo & J. Wolstrup
Aerosol sampling in pig fattening units 27
G.A. Carpenter
Use of air samplers to measure total dust weight in early-weaner
flat-deck roans 33
M.A.P. Conceicao
Spatial inhomogeneity of aerial pollutants in a poultry house 38
B. Crook, S.A. Travers, J. Lacey & M.D. Topping
Airborne dust and micro-organisms in pig houses:
Sampling to determine human health effects. 44
R. Geers, V. Goedseels, B. Dalaet, F. Maes, W. Huybrechts
& L. Thiessen
Dust measurements in relation to health and behavioural problems
in pig houses. 49
T. Hinz
Sampling airborne particulates in animal houses 54
CE. van't Klooster
Dust measurements in Dutch weaned piglet accommodation.
J. Lacey, W. Eduard, K. Karlsson, U. Palmgren, G. Strom
& G. Blomquist 63
Microscopic methods for enumerating microorganisms in filter samples
Theresa M. Madelin
Aerosol sampling methods appropriate for stables and
poultry houses9 Page No.
W. Muller, P. Wieser & A. v. Dossow
Sampling airborne bacteria in stables 75
U. Palmgren & G. Strom
Sampling strategy and analysis of airborne microorganisms in the
farmer's work environment and livestock buildings 88
J.F. Robertson
Aerosol sampling in pig housing 9
R. Scholtens & J.V. Klarenbeek
Dust emissions from Dutch livestock buildings 102
H. Takai
Determination of airborne dust in pig confinement buildings 109
P. Vannier, F. Madec, J.P. Tillon & F. Monicat
Isolation of Aujeszky's disease virus from dust in a piggery
with infected pigs 114
G.L. Van Wicklen
Respirable aerosol sampling in poultry and swine housing 117
WORKSHOP RECOMMENDATIONS:
General aerosol sampling procedures - GASP 125
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS 141 Review Lectures