Evaluation of fishing agreements concluded by the European Community

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' EVALUATION OF FISHING AGREEMENTS CONCLUDED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY <**- J*·* · SEPTEMBER 1999 EUROPEAN COMMISSION Evaluation of fishing agreements concluded by the European Community European Contract No 97/S 240-152919.10.12.1997 Final Report IFREMER / CEMARE / CEP Ref. APC02 September 1999 This publication does not necessarily express the official position of the European Commission and under no circumstances predetermines its future views in this area. Neither the Commission nor any person acting on its behalf guarantees the accuracy or comprehensiveness of the information contained herein nor assumes responsibility for the use that may be made of it. Cover photo: H. Wagner. © FAO A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int). Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2000 ISBN 92-828-9694-3 © European Communities, 2000 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Luxembourg PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPER Part One General introduction to the evaluation of community agreements 6 1. Objective and plan of the study 7 2. Definition of CFAs3. The players involved in the CFAs 9 4. The context of European fisheries4.1. European catches 10 4.2. The European fleet's catch outside of its EEZ5.

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'
EVALUATION OF FISHING AGREEMENTS
CONCLUDED BY THE
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
<**- J*·* ·
SEPTEMBER 1999
EUROPEAN COMMISSION Evaluation of fishing agreements
concluded by the European Community
European Contract No 97/S 240-152919.10.12.1997
Final Report
IFREMER / CEMARE / CEP
Ref. APC02
September 1999 This publication does not necessarily express the official position of the European Commission and under no
circumstances predetermines its future views in this area. Neither the Commission nor any person acting on its
behalf guarantees the accuracy or comprehensiveness of the information contained herein nor assumes
responsibility for the use that may be made of it.
Cover photo: H. Wagner. © FAO
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2000
ISBN 92-828-9694-3
© European Communities, 2000
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Luxembourg
PRINTED ON WHITE CHLORINE-FREE PAPER Part One
General introduction to the evaluation of community agreements 6
1. Objective and plan of the study 7
2. Definition of CFAs
3. The players involved in the CFAs 9
4. The context of European fisheries
4.1. European catches 10
4.2. The European fleet's catch outside of its EEZ
5. The new context for world fisheries1
6. Methodology used in the analysis2
6.1. General foundations of the methodology
6.2. Data used3
6.3. Methodology used in the quantitative analysis
6.4. Analysis agreement by agreement4
7. The main limits of the evaluation5
7.1. Limits inherent to the contractual specifications 1
7.2.st to the information analysed6
7.3. Limits inherent to the measurement of the ratio of costs to benefits
7.4.s related to thet of the use of CFAs7
7.5. Limits of the ratio of costs / benefits by CFA
Chapter 1 : Inventory for the evaluation period 1993-1997 21
1. Classification of European fleets according to their activity within the CFA framework 22
1.1. Within the framework of CFAs with Southern countries
1.2.n thek of CFAs with Northerns3
2. Fleets, licences and activities within the CFA framework between 1993 and 1997 24
2.1. Community fleets within the framework of Southern CFAs excluding tuna-related activities
2.2. National review of fleets under Southern CFAs 26
2.3. Tuna fleets present between 1993 and 1997 within the Southern CFA framework7
2.4. Fleets in activity within the framework of the agreement with Argentina 28
2.5. Community fleets present between 1993 and 1997 within the Northern CFA framework 29
3. Target species and catches of European fleets under CFAs 32
3.1. Fleet catches within the Southern CFA framework
3.2. Fleets within the Argentine CFAk4
3.3. Fleet catches within the Northern CFA framework
4. Supply of the Community market with catches under CFAs5
4.1. General characteristics of the European sea products market
4.2. Identification of market sectors concerned with the CFAs6
5. State of the resources 38
5.1. North Atlantic
5.2. Central and South Atlantic, excluding tuna9
5.3. Tuna in Eastern Atlantic and the Indian Ocean 40
Evaluation of fisheries agreements concluded by the European Community
IFREMER/CEMARE/CEP - September 1999 - ref. APC02 Chapter 2 : Agreement arrangements and physical evaluation 46
1. Contractual dynamics of the agreements 47
2. Evaluation of the agreements from the viewpoint of fleet dynamics8
2.1. Reminder of the evaluation criteria for fishing possibilities
2.2. Degree of precision of the categories of vessels taken into consideration
3. Measures aimed at conserving resources9
4. Monitoring and control procedures for European fleets 50
5. Contribution to the development of third countries 5
6.g the utilisation of fishing possibilities1
6.1. Presentation of the principles underlying the monitoring system
6.2. Rates of utilisation observed in the Southern CFAs
6.3. Utilisation rates of the Argentine CFA2
6.4.Utilisation rates in the Northern agreements
7. Conclusion 53
Chapter 3 : Financial evaluation of CFAs5
1. Reminder of CFA financial arrangements6
2. Public funding of CFAs: the counterpart
3. Private funding: royalties paid by shipowners8
3.1. Calculation ofs for tuna vessels 8
3.2. Royalties paid by non-tuna fleets 59
3.3. Pricing of specialised licences: a comparative approach 60
3.4. Composition of the financial cost of CFAs
4. Conclusion 61
Second Part
Chapter 4 : Analysis of of the effects of CFAs on EU countries 63
1. Methodological details4
1.1. Phases and logic of the evaluation
1.2. Economic segmentation of the fleets5
1.3. Assessment of the impact of CFAs on profitability 66
1.4. Measurement of the value-added created
1.5.t of the employmentd or maintained8
1.6. Indicators measuring the impact on markets9
2. Effects on the profitability of fishing units 70
2.1. Southern CFAs
2.2. Argentine CFA1
2.3. Northern CFAs2
3. Direct effects of CFAs on the EU Member States3
3.1. Direct value-added created within the framework of Southern CFAs 7
3.2.td within the framework of the Argentine CFA4
3.3. Direct value-added within the framework of Northern CFAs
3.4.t employment related to fleet activity under CFAs5
4. Indirect effects of CFAs on Member States
4.1. Indirect effects of Southern and Argentine CFAs on Member States
4.2ts of Northern CFAs on Member States (downstream effects only cf. methodology) 79
4.3. Economic effects induced at regional level 80
5. The impact of fishing agreements on the European sea-products market 82
6. Conclusion : synthesis of the effects on Member States3
Evaluation of fisheries agreements concluded by the European Community
IFREMER/CEMARE/CEP - September 1999 - ref. APC02 Chapter 5 : Analysis of of the effects of CFAs on third countries 89
1. Methodology 90
1.1. Origin of the effects and reasoning behind the evaluation 9
1.2. Economic effects in the Northern third countries
1.3.cs in the Southern thirds1
2. Financial counterpart paid to third countries3
2.1. Agreements with the payment of access rights in Northern countries
2.2. Financial counterpart and use of funds by Southern thirds
3. Measurement of the economic effects of CFAs in Northern third countries 94
3.1. Estimation of the value of the catch
3.2. Direct effects5
3.3. Indirect effects
4. Measurement of the economic effects of CFAs on Southern third countries6
4.1 Direct economic effects of Southern CFAs onn third countries 97
4.2. Indirectc effects
5. Conclusion: synthesis of the effects in third countries 99
Third Part
Chapter 6 : Assessment of costs and benefits by agreement 100
and a global evaluation
1. Methodology and limits of the evaluation 101
2. Principles underlying the evaluation by agreement
3. Evaluation by agreement3
3.1. Individual evaluations for Northern CFAs4
3.2. Southern mixed CFAs 11
3.3. Tuna CFAs 125
3.4. The CFA with Argentina 13
4. Conclusion: General evaluation7
4.1. Effects on fishing-related activities in the Community
4.2.s on Community supply 142
4.3 Impacts on third countries
4.4. Coherence with EU political relations and other Community policies 14
4.5. The conditions and arrangements of the CFAs6
4.6. Consequences of the non-conclusion CFAs
Chapter 7 : Conclusion and Recommendations 153
1. Fleet activity 154
2. CFA utilisation
3. CFA effects within the European Community5
4. The cost of CFAs
5. Effects on Community supply6
6. Repercussions on third countries
7. The conditions and operating arrangements of CFAs
8. The consequence of the non-conclusion of the CFAs7
9. Immediate actions for the pursuit of the CFAs
10. Global coherence8
Abbreviations used, initials used, Glossary 161
List of tables, Fig, and maps
Bibliography 169
Evaluation of fisheries agreements concluded by the European Community
IFREMER/CEMARE/CEP - September 1999 - ref. APC02 IFREMERV CEMARE'35/ CEP
Authors :
Joseph CATANZANO (IFREMER)
Marie Hélène DABAT (CEP)
Emmanuelle DESPRES (CEP)
Pierre FAILLER (CEMARE)
Alain MAUCORPS (IFREMER)
Benoit MESNIL)
Hélène REY (CEP)
Researchers associated :
Lize BENNETT (CEMARE)
Marie D'ARTIGUES (CEP/IFREMER)
Leila TEMRI (CEP)
Marie Christine MONFORT (CEP)
Maps :
Sonia CARRIER (CEMARE)
1 French Institute for the exploitation of the Sealnstitut Français de Recherches pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
135 Centre for the Economies and Management of Aquatic Resources
136 Center for the study of projects
Evaluation of fisheries agreements concluded by the European Community
IFREMER/CEMARE/CEP - September 1999 - ref. APC02 General introduction
to the evaluation of community agreements
Evaluation of fisheries agreements concluded by the European Community
IFREMER/CEMARE/CEP - September 1999 - ref. APC02