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PC COSYMA: Version 1.0: User Guide

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446 pages
Scientific and technical research
Target audience: Scientific
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Commission of the
European Communities *
National Radiological Protection Board
Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe
EUR 14917 EN (NRPB-SR259) EUR 14917 EN
NRPB-SR259
PC COSYMA
Version 1.0
User Guide
National Radiological Protection Board
Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH
May 1993 Publication no. EUR 14917 EN of the
Commission of the European Communities,
Dissemination of Scientific and Technical Knowledge Unit,
Directorate-General Information Technologies and Industries,
and Telecommunications,
Luxembourg
® ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels-Luxembourg, 1993
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting
on behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made
of the following information. s
The staff involved in the development of PC COSYMA were
NRPB
S M Haywood
J A Jones
Ρ Mansfield
A F Nisbet
Κ R Smith
KFK
J Ehrhardt
I hasemann
C Steinhauer
Prepared as part of the CEC MARIA programme under
contract number FI3P-CT92-0057
PARL EUROP. Bib th.
H.cMM3f?
,C1. Contents
Page
Overv iew 1.1
1.1 Structure of the PC COSYMA system 1.2
1.2 Endpoints and calculations 1.3
1.3 Information needed to run the system 1.4
1.4 Steps in running PC COSYMA 1.4
Installing the system 2.1
2.1 PC requirements 2.2
2.2 Installation procedure 2.2
Grids Interface and program 3.1
3.1 Grids interface 3.1
3.2 Files created by the Grids Interface
and Program 3.23
3.3 Running the Grids Program 3.24
Input Interface 4.1
4.1 Running the Input Interface 4.1
4.2 Introductory section and calculations 4.6
4.3 The main menus 4.35
4.4 Dispersion and deposition 4.40
4.4.1 Meteorological sampling 4.42
4.4.2 Dispersion 4.83
4.4.3 Deposition 4.95
4.5 Specifying the source term 4.99
4.5.1 Source term using the default nuclide list 4.105
4.5.2 Using the source term program 4.114
Spatial distribution data 4.6 4.132
4.7 Countermeasures 4.144
4.7.1 Sheltering followed by evacuation, either 4.148
automatically or on the basis of dose level
4.7.2g on dose levels 4.174
4.7.3 Distribution of stable iodine 4.180
4.7.4 Relocation and decontamination 4.182
4.7.5 Sheltering automatically 4.182
4.7.6 Food bans 4.202 4.8 Shielding 4.211
4.9 Doses and health effects8
4.9.1 Early doses and health effects 4.220
4.9.2 Late doses and health effects 4.23
4.9.3 Miscellaneous dose parameters9
4.10 Ingestion 4.246
4.11 Guidance on setting input parameter values 4.250
4.11.1 Creating a meteorological sampling scheme 4.25
4.11.2 Values for shielding factors 4.257
4.12 Description of the source term program 4.264
4.13 Files used in running the input interface
Running the Calculation Programs 5.1
5.1 Size of intermediate data files
5.2 Computer time required for the runs4
5.3 Names of files created by the calculation programs 5.
The Results Interface 6.1
6.1 Selection of results and endpoints 6.3
6.2 Concentrations 6.6
6.3 Countermeasures 6.12
6.3.1 Pattern of early countermeasures 6.14
6.3.2 People and areas affected by
6.18 early countermeasures
6.3.3 Pattern of late countermeasures 6.22
6.3.4 Numbers and areas affected by
6.30 countermeasures
6.4 Short term and long term individual doses 6.38
6.5 Individual risk of early health effects 6.44
6.47 6.6 Numbers of early health effects
6.53 6.7 Individual risk of late health effects
6.56 6.8 Collective doses
6.62 6.9 Numbers of late health effects
6.67 6.10 The spreadsheet link
11 7 Providing Detailed Information on Population and 7.1
Agricultural Production Distributions near the Site
7.1 Providing gridded data 7.
7.2 Editing the distribution produced3
7.3 Creating distributions for sites outside Europe 7.
8 Providing site Specific Data on Atmospheric Conditions 8.1
9 Example Input and Output Files 9.1
10 List of tables, figures and menus 10.
ill