Evaluation of the European Drug Prevention Week 1994


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evaluation of the
Drug Prevention Week
Technical report
IPS, Paris, May 1995
* •
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COMMISSION Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1996
ISBN 92-827-6158-4
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1996
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
1.1. The institutional working system 3
1.2. The chosen working methods 6
II. 1. Global data 1
II.2. Approach by type of action taken3
Π.3. Integrated approach by scale and type of action taken 18
II.4. The week's target audience 20
Π.5. The question of material
II.6. Financial data4
III.I.European, national and project leaders' objectives 2
III.2.National and Community initiatives 3
III.3.The third SEPT: a new experience or the first of a series 4
III.4.Negative critical elements which deserve some attention1
IV. 1.Regularity
IV.2.Working methods5
Comparative data: Germany 51 e data: Belgium
Comparative data: Denmark 63
Comparative data: Spaine data: France 75
Comparative data: Greece 8e data: Netherlands
Comparative data: Ireland 9
Comparative data: Italy9 e data: Luxembourg 10
Comparative data: Portugal Ill e data: United Kingdom 117 FOREWORD
Information to facilitate reading
As with any text, the writers of the present report have made certain choices.
To explain some of these choices will:
- clarify the structure of our remarks ;
- help explain why some readers might feel the report does not deal with all that was covered
(especially if they participated in the SEPT);
- demonstrate our work's limitations (for instance, by reminding readers of our instructions).
The report is based on analysis that was carried out wholly after the week had finished. We used
three kinds of materials:
- the various documents produced for the week by the Commission and the coordinators
(questionnaires, contracts, reports, etc.);
- the interviews done in the twelve States which reflect the context in which the week's actions
had taken place;
- the working sessions with EC representatives who reacted and made comments throughout.
The report is therefore partly constructed with data and documents with which the writers were
not involved.
The analysis is mainly based on integrated data and Community level tendencies generated by the
SEPT, beyond individual aspects of national programmes or special activities carried out.
We therefore encourage readers who would like to do so to consult the national coordination
committees' reports. They will be able to grasp the richness of the SEPT's programmes and
initiatives as well as a detailed description of each State's primary prevention practice. The texts chosen illustrate above all the diversity of practice and help to clarify the analyses in
this report.
Finally, in all modesty, we would like to remind readers that the choices we have made are as
valid as other possible ones. They are the writers' response to the criteria we were asked to take
into account, which was to provide information that could help analyse and understand the week
so that the European Commission could write a report for the Council in the best possible
At the meeting held on 13 December 1993, the European Union Council decided that a second
European week for addiction prevention should be organized in October 1994 and invited the
Commission and Member States to start preparing for this event.
Several comments can be singled out from this declaration (OJ of the EC dated 18.1.94), which
helped to establish a framework for the future SEPT:
- the insistence that this kind of initiative should contribute in a efficient and tangible way to co­
- the request for particular attention to be paid to the efficiency and assessment of primary
prevention initiatives of a lasting character;
- the wish to see the second European week particularly targeting younger populations;
- the proposal to rely on working methods drawn up by a network of national coordinators aided
by national organization committees.
The appropriate department of the European Commission (DG5/F/2) started setting up the 1994
SEPT, boosted by this declaration and by the experience it had acquired during the first European
prevention week (Nov. 1992).
I.l.The institutional working system
1.1.1. The national coordinators' network
The aim was to set up a working operation which could efficiently deal with the priorities and
objectives fixed by the EU Council.
A coordinator was designated by the competent national authorities in each State on the
Commission's request. The Commission seems to have relied on the administrative bodies with
which it is generally in contact for activities carried out which aimed to reduce the demand for
drugs (health administrations or coordinating structures). As regards 1992, we can note that the group:
- benefited from the experience of several people who had participated in the first SEPT (1 for
the Commission, 5 for the national coordinators);
- could rely on the relative stability of the administrative bodies within which the coordinators
worked (11 coordinators out of 12 belonged to administrative bodies which had already
participated in the 1st SEPT);
- were present both in groups working on the prevention theme and the structures in which the
coordinators were working (in 1992 some coordinators were working in administrative bodies
committed to policies to reduce supply.
The network subsequently constituted had a strong institutional consistency, which was
considered by many as an asset in the preparation and bringing about of the SEPT.
It can also be said that, in response to the qualities of the SEPT's national coordinators' group, the
Commission strongly committed itself to the coordination of this event. This commitment, which
was given as much in terms of budget as it was in technical aid will be described later. In
institutional terms, it resulted in the nomination of an internal coordinator for the Commission
and the regular, if not permanent presence in the working sessions of three European civil
servants who, because of their respective functions, could cover the different aspects of the SEPT
which were:
1.1.2. The national coordinating committees
The second level of the institutional operation necessary to bring about this week was to create a
qualified authority in each member State whose objective would be to relay information, multiply
its capacity for activities carried out, look for joint funding if the need should arise and facilitate
the setting up of the SEPT.