TOURISM 1990
Annual statistics
TOURISME 1990
eurostat Statistiques annuelles
/
/
/
/
/
/ ΞίΔ
eurostat
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
L-2920 Luxembourg - Tél. 43 01-1 - Télex: Comeur Lu 3423
B-1049 Bruxelles, bâtiment Berlaymont, rue de la Loi 200 (bureau de liaison) Tél. 235 11 11
Eurostat hat die Aufgabe, den Informa­ It is Eurostat's responsibility to use the Pour établir, évaluer ou apprécier les
tionsbedarf der Kommission und aller European statistical system to meet the différentes politiques communautaires,
am Aufbau des Binnenmarktes Beteilig­ requirements of the Commission and all la Commission des Communautés euro­
ten mit Hilfe des europäischen statisti­ parties involved in the development of péennes a besoin d'informations.
schen Systems zu decken. the single market.
Eurostat a pour mission, à travers le
système statistique européen, de répon­Um der Öffentlichkeit die große Menge To ensure that the vast quantity of
an verfügbaren Daten zugänglich zu accessible data is made widely avail­ dre aux besoins de la Commission et de
machen und Benutzern die Orientierung able, and to help each user make proper l'ensemble des personnes impliquées
zu erleichtern, werden zwei Arten von use of this information, Eurostat has set dans le développement du marché
Publikationen angeboten: Statistische up two main categories of document: unique.
Dokumente und Veröffentlichungen. statistical documents and publications.
Pour mettre à la disposition de tous
Statistische Dokumente sind für den The statistical document is aimed at l'importante quantité de données acces­
Fachmann konzipiert und enthalten das specialists and provides the most com­ sibles et faire en sorte que chacun
ausführliche Datenmaterial: Bezugsda­ plete sets of data: reference data where puisse s'orienter correctement dans cet
ensemble, deux grandes catégories de ten, bei denen die Konzepte allgemein the methodology is well established,
documents ont été créées: les docu­bekannt, standardisiert und wissen­ standardized, uniform and scientific.
schaftlich fundiert sind. Diese Daten These data are presented in great detail. ments statistiques et les publications.
werden in einer sehr tiefen Gliederung The statistical document is intended for
Le document statistique s'adresse aux
dargeboten. Die Statistischen Doku­ experts who are capable of using their
spécialistes. Il fournit les données les
mente wenden sich an Fachleute, die in own means to seek out what they re­
plus complètes: données de référence
der Lage sind, selbständig die benötig­ quire. The information is provided on
où la méthodologie est bien connue,
ten Daten aus der Fülle des dargebote­ paper and/or on diskette, magnetic tape,
standardisée, normalisée et scientifique.
nen Materials auszuwählen. Diese Daten CD-ROM. The white cover sheet bears a
Ces données sont présentées à un
sind in gedruckter Form und/oder auf stylized motif which distinguishes the
niveau très détaillé. Le document statis­
Diskette, Magnetband, CD-ROM verfüg­ statistical document from other publica­
tique est destiné aux experts capables
bar. Statistische Dokumente unterschei­ tions.
de rechercher, par leurs propres
den sich auch optisch von anderen
The publications proper tend to be com­ moyens, les données requises. Les
Veröffentlichungen durch den mit einer
informations sont alors disponibles sur piled for a well-defined and targeted
stilisierten Graphik versehenen weißen
papier et/ou sur disquette, bande public, such as educational circles or
Einband.
magnétique, CD-ROM. La couverture political and administrative decision­
blanche ornée d'un graphisme stylisé Die zweite Publikationsart, die Veröffent­ makers. The information in these docu­
lichungen, wenden sich an eine ganz ments is selected, sorted and annotated démarque le document statistique des
bestimmte Zielgruppe, wie zum Beispiel to suit the target public. In this instance, autres publications.
an den Bildungsbereich oder an Ent­ therefore, Eurostat works in an advisory
Les publications proprement dites peu­
scheidungsträger in Politik und Verwal­ capacity.
vent, elles, être réalisées pour un public
tung. Sie enthalten ausgewählte und auf
Where the readership is wider and less bien déterminé, ciblé, par exemple l'en­
die Bedürfnisse einer Zielgruppe abge­
well defined, Eurostat provides the infor- seignement ou les décideurs politiques
stellte und kommentierte Informationen.
' mation required for an initial analysis, ou administratifs. Des informations
Eurostat übernimmt hier also eine Art
such as yearbooks and periodicals sélectionnées, triées et commentées en
Beraterrolle.
which contain data permitting more in- fonction de ce public lui sont apportées.
Für einen breiteren Benutzerkreis gibt Eurostat joue, dès lors, le rôle de con­depth studies. These publications are
Eurostat Jahrbücher und periodische seiller. available on paper or in Videotext data­
Veröffentlichungen heraus. Diese enthal­ bases.
Dans le cas d'un public plus large, moins
ten statistische Ergebnisse für eine erste
To help the user focus his research, défini, Eurostat procure des éléments
Analyse sowie Hinweise auf weiteres
Eurostat has created 'themes', i.e. a nécessaires à une première analyse, les
Datenmaterial für vertiefende Untersu­
subject classification. The statistical annuaires et les périodiques, dans les­chungen. Diese Veröffentlichungen
documents and publications are listed quels figurent les renseignements adé­werden in gedruckter Form und in
by series: e.g. yearbooks, short-term quats pour approfondir l'étude. Ces Datenbanken angeboten, die in Menü­
trends or methodology in order to facili­ publications sont présentées sur papier technik zugänglich sind.
tate access to the statistical data. ou dans des banques de données de
Um Benutzern die Datensuche zu type vidéotex.
erleichtern, hat Eurostat Themenkreise,
Y. Franchet Pour aider l'utilisateur à s'orienter dans
d. h. eine Untergliederung nach Sachge­
Director-General ses recherches, Eurostat a créé les
bieten, eingeführt. Daneben sind sowohl
thèmes, c'est-à-dire une classification
die Statistischen Dokumente als auch
par sujet. Les documents statistiques et
die Veröffentlichungen in bestimmte
les publications sont répertoriés par
Reihen, wie zum Beispiel „Jahrbücher",
série — par exemple, annuaire, conjonc­
„Konjunktur", „Methoden", unterglie­
ture, méthodologie — afin de faciliter
dert, um den Zugriff auf die statistischen
l'accès aux informations statistiques.
Informationen zu erleichtern.
Y. Franchet
Y. Franchet
Directeur général
Generaldirektor TOURISM 1990
Annual statistics
TOURISME 1990
Statistiques annuelles
Theme /Thome
Services and transport / Services et transports
Series / Série
Accounts, surveys and statistics / Comptes, enquêtes et statistiques
STATISTISCHES DOKUMENT Π STATISTICAL DOCUMENT D DOCUMENT STATISTIQUE
Auf Recycling - Papier gedruckt D Printed on recycled paper D Imprimé sur papier recyclé Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Une fiche bibliographique figure à la fin de l'ouvrage.
Luxembourg: Office des publications officielles des Communautés européennes, 1992
ISBN 92-826-3862-6
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1992
CECA-CEE-CEEA, Bruxelles ·, 1992
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided that the source
is acknowledged.
Reproduction autorisée, sauf à des fins commerciales, moyennant mention de la source.
Printed in Belgium. CONTENTS
General definitions 5
Available data per country and per table 22
ECU conversion rates .4
I. Tourist accommodation
1.1 Hotels and similar establishments - National data
Number of bed-rooms 30 r of bed-places1
1.2 Hotels - Regional data2
1.3 Similar establishments - Regional data5
2.1 Capacity of supplementary accommodation establishments - National data 38
2.2y ofyns - Regional data 4
3.1 Private or special touristn - Regional data 5
4.1 Hotels - Classification by star
Number of establishments 6r of bed-rooms2
Number of bed-places3
Notes on chapter I4
II. Resident and non-resident guest flows in accommodation establishments
1.1 Guest flows in accommodation establishments as a whole - National data 1\
1.2t flows in hotels and similars - Regional data 8
1.3 Guest flows in supplementary accommodation establishments - Regional data 90
1.4t flows in accommodation establishments as a whole - Regional data7
2.1 Guest flows in hotels and similar establishments - Monthly data 10
2.2t flows in supplementary accommodation establishments - Monthly data 11
Notes on chapter II 116
III. Non-resident guest flows in accommodation establishments
1.1 Non-resident guest flows inn establishments, by country
of residence 121
Hotels and similar establishments - National data
Supplementary accommodation establishments - National data
Accommodations as a whole - National data
Notes on chapter III 157
IV. Accommodation capacity utilization
1.1 Utilization of bed-places in hotels and similar establishments Monthly data 16
1.2 Utilization ofs in hotels and similars Annual data 164
Notes on chapter IV 165
V. Other tourist activities
1.1 Other tourist activities - National data 169
1.2rts - Regional data
Restaurants and bar-restaurants / Coffee-bars and public houses 171
Travel agencies / Car rental without driver 174
Libraries, public houses, museums etc. / Public tourist houses boards and offices 177
Pleasure ports / Other activities 180
Notes on chapter V3 VI. Employment in accommodation establishments and other tourist activities
1.1 Employment inns and otherts
- National data 187
1.2t in accommodation establishments and other tourist activities
- Regional data 190
2.1 Employment by branch of economic activity3
Notes on chapter VI ,195
VII. Arrivals of non-resident visitors recorded at the external borders
1.1 Arrivals of visitors at the borders - By country of residence 199
Notes on chapter VII 23
VIII. Tourist expenditure
1.1 Total tourist (consumer) expenditure at current prices 23
2.1 Gross domestic product at factor cost - National data 24
Notes on chapter VIII 243
IX. Trends in certain tourist consumer prices
1.1 Index of tourist consumer prices7
Notes on chapter IX8
X. Balance of payments
1.1 Travel - Annual data 251
1.2 Travel - Quarterly data2
1.3l - Monthly data6
2.1 Travel - Geographical breakdown (Source: Eurostat Balance of Payments) 26
3.1 Passenger transport - Annual data 284
3.2rt - Quarterly data5
3.3r transport - Monthly data9
4.1 Passengert - Geographical breakdown (Source: Eurostat Balance of Payments) 29
(For Denmark, BLEU, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands and United Kingdom no data available)
Symbols and abbreviations used
0 = datum less than half of unit used
: = Nil, or not available
ECU = European currency unit
UEBL-BLEU= Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union GENERAL DEFINITIONS
Accommodation: any facility that regularly or occasionally provides overnight accommodation for
visitors.
Collective accommodation establishment: an establishment (or local unit as defined in the 1970
NACE) which provides overnight lodging for the traveller in a room or some other unit, but the number of
places it provides must be greater than a specified minimum amount for groups of persons exceeding a
single family unit and all the places in the establishment must come under a common commercial-type
management, even if it is non-profit-making.
'Hotels and similar establishments' are collective accommodation establishments typified as being
arranged in rooms, in numbers exceeding a specified minimum, and as providing common services
including room service.
'Supplementary and special establishments' are the remaining types of accommodation belonging to
the division of collective accommodation establishments, the places in any one establishment, which may
be non-profit-making, coming under a common management, providing minimum common services (not
necessarily room service), and not necessarily being arranged rooms but perhaps in dwelling-type units,
campsites or collective dormitories and often engaging in some activity besides accommodation, such
as health care, social welfare or transport.
'Private tourist accommodation' does not belong to the division of collective accommodation
establishments. Under this heading - the third main group of the proposed classification - come the
remaining types of tourist accommodation of a specific nature that do not conform to the definition of
'establishment'.
Private tourist accommodation provides, for rent, (without charge for owner occupation), a limited
number of places, generally for tourists from the same family or group of friends. These means of
accommodation are almost always situated in holiday areas or used for weekends, and even though
they may be in the building or cluster of buildings as other accommodation, they do not come under
a common management and the common services they provide are generally confined to those
enjoyed by communities of property owners. Each accommodation unit (room, dwelling) is, then,
independent and its occupation by tourists is generally arranged between family units or it is occupied
by its owners as a second or holiday home.
Data produced in most Community Member States are organized according to the classifications of
accommodation establishments laid down by the national tourism authorities on the basis of the quality
and type of services offered. CHAPTER I
1. Hotels and similar establishments (Tables 1.1.1 and 1.1.2), which comprise:
Hotels
(including hotels, motels, roadside Inns, beach hotels, residence clubs and similar establishments
providing hotel services).
Similar establishments
(including rooming and boarding houses, hostels, tourist residences and similar accommodation
arranged in rooms and providing limited hotel services).
2. Supplementary accommodation establishments (Tables 1.2.1 and I.2.2) are divided into four groups:
Holiday dwellings
(including collective facilities under common management, such as apartment-hotels and clusters of
houses or bungalows arranged as dwelling-type accommodation and providing limited hotel services).
Tourist camping establishments (including collective facilities - in enclosed areas - for tents, caravans,
trailers and mobile homes and boating harbours. All come under common management and provide
some hotel services).
Social tourism accommodation establishments
(including youth hostels, tourist dormitories, group accommodation, holiday homes for the elderly, holiday
accommodation for employees and workers' hotels, halls of residence and school dormitories and other
similar facilities which are generally subsidized, under common management and of social interest).
Other types
(health establishments, holiday work camps, accommodation in collective means of transport etc.).
3. Private or special tourist accommodation (Table 1.3.1 ) which comprises:
Rented rooms in homes
(unlike boarding houses, here the tourist stays with the family that usually lives in the home and to
whom he pays rent).
Homes rented from private Individuala
(apartments, villas and houses rented or leased as entire units between households, on a temporary
basis, as tourist accommodation).
Accommodation provided without charge by relatives or friends
(tourists allowed by relatives or friends to use all or part of their homes without charge).
Own dwellings (apartments, villas, houses and chalets that are the visitors' second home and are used
by them during their tourist trips).
Other private accommodation
(includes suchn as tents at non-organized sites and vessels at unofficial moorings).
VARIABLES OBSERVED
Number of establishments: this is the total number of establishments at the beginning of each year, including
those temporarily closed for the winter, for decorating, by police order, for refurbishing (as long as the use of the
premises is not to be changed) and for other similar reasons. Bedrooms: a bedroom is the unit formed by one room or group of rooms constituting an indivisible rental whole in
an accommodation establishment. Rooms may be single, double or multiple, depending on whether they are
equipped permanently to sleep one, two or several people. The number of existing rooms is the number the
establishment habitually has available to accommodate guests (travellers or long-term guests). This number
should generally coincide with the number of units recorded in the establishment's register.
Bed-places: the number of bed-places in an establishment is determined by the number of persons who can stay
overnight in the beds set up in the establishment, ignoring any extra beds that may be set up by customer
request. The term bed-space applies to a single bed, double beds being counted as two bed-spaces. This unit
serves to measure the capacity of any type of accommodation.
Number of dwellings (Table 1.3.1): this is the number of private dwellings in the third major classification group
(special tourist accommodation), i.e. apartments, villas, houses, chalets, etc.
CHAPTER II
Accommodation establishment guest: any person or traveller who has spent at least one night in the
establishment, excluding establishment staff who are also resident there, permanent residents and persons
staying free of charge. Guests therefore include:
tourists, defined as 'any person travelling, for less than a specified amount of time, to a place other than
that of his usual environment and the main purpose of «hose visit is other than the exercise of an activity
remunerated from within the place visited, who stays at least 24 hours in the country visited';
other travellers from places other than that in which the establishment is located, who are paying a
temporary visit for reasons other than tourism; it should also be remembered that not all tourists stay in
accommodation establishments, as they may also stay in private accommodation, with relatives or
friends, or in mobile accommodation (campers, caravans, tents, etc.);
residents: guests who reside in the same country as the establishment where they are staying. The
expression 'national guests', although widespread, has in fact nothing to do with the guests'
nationality and refers to residence; the term 'guests resident in the same country' would be more precise;
non-residents: guests who reside in a country other than that in which the establishment is located.
This group also includes guests with the nationality of the country visited, but resident in another
country.
VARIABLES OBSERVED
Arrivala: every occasion on which a guest arrives at an establishment to request accommodation for one or more
nights. The number of arrivals in an establishment is not equal to the number of visitors, either because the visitor
undertakes several journeys, because the visitor stays at several establishments in the course of the same
journey, or because of a combination of the two. This means that the number of arrivals is larger than the number
of persons using accommodation establishments.
Overnight stay: 'each night that a customer stays or is registered in a collective accommodation establishment,
his physical presence in it being unnecessary'. The overnight stay is the most important unit of measurement used
in tourism statistics; it is also used to distinguish between tourists (who spend at least one night in the place
visited) and day visitors (who do not stay overnight in the place visited). CHAPTER III
DEFINITIONS
Definitions for accommodation establishments, guest arrivals and overnight stays correspond to those previously
specified. In addition, the following definition should apply:
Guest's country of residence: 'for the purpose of tourism statistics the usual residence of a person is the place
in which he is dwelling for most of the year'. In accordance with this definition, and as far as tourism is concerned,
an international visitor is resident in the country in which he has had his normal residence for at least one year (or
for the 12 consecutive months preceding his entry into another country as a visitor). This definition, which is not
completely inflexible and has no legal connotations, causes certain difficulties from the point of view of the
registration of guests in accommodation establishments, as the country of residence is normally taken from the
documents presented by the guests. However, despite this forced arrangement, it is 'residence' rather than
nationality which is proposed as the criterion indicating guests' origin.
VARIABLES OBSERVED
The variables observed in this section are: arrivals, overnight stays and countries of residence, for which the
Geonomenclature for balance of payments statistics adopted by Eurostat is used.
CHAPTER IV
The occupancy rate of bed-places in one month is obtained by dividing total overnight stays and the
product of the bed-places on offer by the number of days in the corresponding month (sometimes termed
bed-nights) for the same group of establishments, multiplying the quotient by 100 to express the result
as a percentage.
Data for overnight stays and beds in establishments can be taken from those collected for the preceding
sections. If some establishments in the group were not open every day of the month, a more realistic
occupancy rate will be obtained if the days on which they were closed are not computed in the supply.
Accommodation capacity utilization can be assessed and compared more simply by «sing the formula below:
Index of gross utilization of accommodation capacity i.e. the percentage ratio:
Ρ
Ue =—- χ 100.0
Gp
where Ρ is the number of registered overnight stays during the year and Gp the number of potential bed-days
available.