Women in decision-making
128 pages
English
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Women in decision-making

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128 pages
English

Description

Panorama of activities in the framework of the third medium-term Community action programme on equal opportunities for women and men (1991-95)
Social policy

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Publié par
Nombre de lectures 48
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 3 Mo

Exrait

WOMEN IN DECISION-MAKING
PANORAMA OF ACTIVITIES
ATHEN:
ΓΥΝΑΙΚΕΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΕΞΟΥΣΙΑ
'*■
Employment Sc social affairs Women in decision-making
Panorama of activities in the framework of the third medium-term
Community action programme on equal opportunities
for women and men (1991-95)
The European expert network 'Women in decision-making'
Employment & social affairs
Equal opportunities
European Commission
Directorate-General for Employment, Industrial Relations
and Social Affairs
Unit V/D/5
Manuscript completed in 1996 "Tliis report was financed by and prepared for the use of the European Commission,
Directorate-General for Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs. It does not
necessarily represent the Commission's official position."
Author, the European Experts Network "Women in Decision-Making".
European Coordinator. Sabine de Bethune, with the collaboration of Petra Meier, Malvina
Bouvard, Marjan Crynen and Sabine Keerstock.
National experts: Eliane Vogel-Polsky, Helle Jacobsen, Françoise Gaspard, Suzanne Seeland,
Anna Karamanou, Frances Gardiner, Maria Grazia Ruggerini, Monique Laroche-Reeff, Isabel
Romab, Carlota Bustelo, Monique Leijenaar, Lily M. Segerman-Peck, Regina Köpl, Jaana
Katriina Kuusipalo et Lena Josefsson.
Translations by Jean Lusweti, Dominique Rommel and Marie-Françoise Dispa.
Lay-out by Piet Vercaempst.
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available an the Internet. It can be accessed
through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int)
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1997
ISBN 92-828-0387-2
© European Communities, 1997
Reproduction is authorized, provided the source is acknowledged
Printed in Italy Table of contents
FOREWORD 1
1 INTRODUCTION 3
1.1 THE FRAMEWORK
1.2 THE EUROPEAN EXPERTS' NETWORK "WOMEN IN DECISION­
MAKING"
1.3 BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE NETWORK'S ACTIVITIES 4
2 ACTIVITY OF THE NETWORK (1992-96) 6
2.1 RESEARCH
2.1.1 Panorama: Statistical data on the participation of women in political and
public decision-making (1992)
2.1.2 Panorama: Participation of women in political decision-making at the regional
and local level (1994) 7
2.1.3 Panorama: Strategies aimed at promoting the participation of women in
political decision-making (1994) 8
2.1.4 1994 European elections: Representation of women on electoral lists and
in then Parliament (1994) 9
2.1.5 Participation of women in four political groups of the European Parliament
(1994)
2.1.6 Women and decision-making in trade unions (1994) 10
2.1.7 Women ing in national and European financial institutions
(1996) 11
2.1.8 Women in decision-making in the education sector (1996)2
2.1.9 Women ing in the health sector (1996) 13
2.1.10 Women in decision-making in the judiciary sector (1996)4
2.2 ACTIONS5
2.2.1 Launching the Network
2.2.1.1 Conference and Summit "Women in Power", Athens
(November 1992) 1
2.2.1.2 Athens Declaration (November 1996) 1
2.2.2 Towards the ¡994 European Elections6
2.2.2.1 The "Women in Politics - European Elections Horizon" Conference,
Brussels (October 1993)
2.2.2.2 "Action-Kit: Vote for the balance of women and men"
(1994 European Elections) 17 2.2.3 Concrete policies for more women in politics 18
2.2.3.1 The "Strategies for a gender balance in political decision-making"
seminar, Dublin (March 1995)
2.2.3.2 Guide on "How to create a gender balance in political
decision-making" (1996)
2.2.4 Consolidation of the Network's activities and appeal for further action 20
2.2.4.1 The "Women for the Renewal of Politics and Society" Conference,
Rome (May 1996) 20
2.2.4.2 Charter of Rome and European Action Plan 1996-2000 (May 1996) 20
2.2.5 Actions stimulated at the national level1
2.2.5.1 "Vote for a balance between women and men - European.Elections"
co-funding programmes (1993-94)
2.2.5.2 Co-funding programme on local and regional projects (1994-95) 23
2.2.5.3ge on the creation of national networks
(1995-96)5
2.3 COMMUNICATION 28
2.3.1 European information desk on women in decision-making (1992-96) 2
2.3.2 Brochure on "Women in decision-making" (1993-94-95-96) 29
2.3.3 Website "Wo-mancracy" (1996)
3 ASSESSMENT OF THE NETWORK'S ACTIVITIES (1992-96) 31
3.1T OF THES WORKING INSTRUMENTS
3.1.1 Research 31
3.1.2 Actions2
3.1.3 Communication5
3.2. ASSESSMENT OF THE NETWORK'S ACTIVITIES AT THE EUROPEAN
LEVEL6
3.3. ASSESSMENT OF THE NETWORK'S ACTIVITIES AT MEMBER STATE
LEVEL7
4 CONCLUSIONS 39
4.1S ON THE NETWORK'S ACTIVITIES UNDER THE THIRD
COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMME (1991-95) 3
4.2 PERSPECTIVES FOR THE FOURTH COMMUNITY ACTION
PROGRAMME ON EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN AND MEN
(1996-2000) 42 ANNEXES 45
5.1 REPORTS OF THE NATIONAL EXPERTS 4
5.1.1 Belgium
5.1.2 Denmark9
5.1.3 Germany 54
5.1.4 Greece 60
5.1.5 Spain3
5.1.6 France7
5.1.7 Ireland 71
5.1.8 Italy6
5.1.9 Luxemburg
5.1.10 The Netherlands 8
5.1.11 Austria8
5.1.12 Portugal 9
5.1.13 Finland
5.1.14 Sweden 10
5.1.15 United Kingdom3
5.2 LIST OF DOCUMENTS PUBLISHED BY OR IN COOPERATION WITH
THE NETWORK
5.3 MEMBERS OF THE NETWORK 110
5.4 CURRICULA OF THE MEMBERS OF THE NETWORK (1996) 112 FOREWORD
At the end of the Third mid-term Community Action Programme, we would like to
give an overview and an evaluation of the activities of the European Expert Network
"Women in Decision-Making" during the period 1992-96.
The goal of this report is twofold:
Firstly, the report describes the activities of the Network and summarises their results.
It then analyses the various working tools, examines the problems encountered and
draws up the consequences of the Network's activities at the European and national
level.
Secondly, the report aims to form a working tool for the future, and this connection,
examines the perspectives and formulates some recommendations for further action.
We, therefore, hope that this report will be accessible to a wide variety of readers, e.g.
women's organisations, journalists and others interested in the topic of women in deci­
sion-making. It should equally be of interest to policy makers, women and men, and to
the European institutions.
The Network was set up in order to put into action the commitments of the Third
Action Programme. This report is therefore based on the relevance of the Network's
activities in relation to the aim of the Third Action Programme (1991-95). The report
examines the general outcome of the different working instruments of the Network and
attempts to determine the trends in this whole range of activities.
The document is structured as described in the following paragraphs. It starts with a
brief description of the setting up of the Network and of its running.
Chapter two gives an overview of the various activities of the Network over the whole
period of its existence. They are grouped by category of working instrument, ie
research, action and communication. For each activity, the goal, a brief description of
the course of the activity and the results are given.
Chapter three attempts to assess these three working instruments on three levels,
through an evaluation the Network's activities, an examination of the impact of the
Network's activities at the EU level and finally, by giving comments on the impact of
the Network's activities at the Member State level.
Chapter four contains some conclusions and perspectives for the future on the basis of
past experience. This chapter also presents suggestions for further actions.
Chapter five contains detailed analyses by the national experts on the impact of the
Network's activities in their respective countries. It also contains a list of the publica­
tions produced by or in collaboration with the Network, a list of the members of the
Network and a brief curriculum vitae of the experts. With this report the European Expert Network "Women in Decision-Making" ends its
activities, in parallel with the Third Action Programme.
We nevertheless hope that the result of four years of intensive work will form the basis
for a new élan in the EU in order to achieve an equal participation of women and men
in decision-making in the framework of the Fourth Action Programme.
We would like to thank all those who, through their collaboration have made our work
what it is.
Our thanks go firstly to Agnès Hubert, who as Head of the Equal Opportunities Unit at
the European Commission contributed to the take-off of the Network and showed a
continuous concern and attachment for its activities throughout all these years. Our
thanks also go to Maria Stratigaki, member of the Equal Opportunities Unit for the
advice she offered.
We would also like to thank all those who, through their contribution to research or
actions, helped us to achieve our targets and to further progress in the field of women
in decision-making.
Finally, we would like to thank all the experts and collaborators of the Network, whose
work and determination provided the basis for a considerable input from the various
Member States, and who formed a creative and ambitious team.
Sabine de Bethune
European Co-ordinator
Brussels, June 1996

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