Filesystem and Networking Guide

Filesystem and Networking Guide

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®Autodesk
® ® Stone and Wire
Filesystem and
Networking Guide
2
010 © 2009 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk, Inc., this publication, or
parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose.
Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder.
® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ®Autodesk Inferno , Autodesk Flame , Autodesk Flint , Autodesk Fire , Autodesk Smoke , Autodesk Backdraft Conform software
Portions relating to MXF-SDK was developed by Media, Objects and Gadgets – Soluçoes de Software e Hardware, S.A.
(http://www.mog-solutions.com) in co-operation with Institut für Rundfunktechnik GmbH (http://www.irt.de).
©Portions powered by Automatic Duck. 2006 Automatic Duck, Inc. All rights reserved.
Portions relating to “dslib” C/C++ Copyright 1988-1989 Eugene Dronek and Rich Morin.
® ™Autodesk Flare software– Soluçoes de Software e Hardware, S.A.
(http://www.irt.de).
©Portions powered by Automatic Duck. 2006 Automatic Duck, Inc. All rights reserved.
Portions relating to “dslib”
Portions relating to MPEG Layer- 3; supply of this product does not convey a license under the relevant intellectual property of Thomson
multimedia and/or Fraunhofer Gesellschaft nor imply any right to use this product in any finished end user or ready-to-use final product. An
independent license for such use is required. For details, please visit http://www.mp3licensing.com.
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®Autodesk ® ® Stone and Wire Filesystem and Networking Guide 2 010 © 2009 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk, Inc., this publication, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ®Autodesk Inferno , Autodesk Flame , Autodesk Flint , Autodesk Fire , Autodesk Smoke , Autodesk Backdraft Conform software Portions relating to MXF-SDK was developed by Media, Objects and Gadgets – Soluçoes de Software e Hardware, S.A. (http://www.mog-solutions.com) in co-operation with Institut für Rundfunktechnik GmbH (http://www.irt.de). ©Portions powered by Automatic Duck. 2006 Automatic Duck, Inc. All rights reserved. Portions relating to “dslib” C/C++ Copyright 1988-1989 Eugene Dronek and Rich Morin. ® ™Autodesk Flare software– Soluçoes de Software e Hardware, S.A. (http://www.irt.de). ©Portions powered by Automatic Duck. 2006 Automatic Duck, Inc. All rights reserved. Portions relating to “dslib” Portions relating to MPEG Layer- 3; supply of this product does not convey a license under the relevant intellectual property of Thomson multimedia and/or Fraunhofer Gesellschaft nor imply any right to use this product in any finished end user or ready-to-use final product. An independent license for such use is required. For details, please visit http://www.mp3licensing.com. ® ™Autodesk SystemCentral software ® ® ©Adobe Flash Player. Copyright 1996-2006 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All Rights Reserved. ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ®Autodesk Inferno , Autodesk Flame , Autodesk Flint , Autodesk Smoke , Autodesk Backdraft Conform.mp3licensing.com. 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The following are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk Canada Co. in the USA and/or Canada and other countries: Backburner, Multi-Master Editing, River, and Sparks. The following are registered trademarks or trademarks of Moldflow Corp. in the USA and/or other countries: Moldflow MPA, MPA (design/logo), Moldflow Plastics Advisers, MPI, MPI (design/logo), Moldflow Plastics Insight, MPX, MPX (design/logo), Moldflow Plastics Xpert. Adobe and Flash are either trademarks or registered trademarks in the United States and/or countries. Automatic Duck and the duck logo are trademarks of Automatic Duck, Inc. FFmpeg is a trademark of Fabrice Bellard, originator of the FFmpeg project. Python is a registered trademark of Python Software Foundation. All other brand names, product names or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK, INC. “AS IS.” AUTODESK, INC. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Published by: Autodesk, Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael, CA 94903, USA Title: Autodesk Stone and Wire 2010 Filesystem and Networking Guide Document Version: 3 Date: June 26, 2009 Contents Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Welcome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Intended Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Notation Conventions2 Related Documentation2 Contacting Customer Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Chapter 2 Understanding Standard FS and Stone FS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Concepts and Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Choosing a Filesystem4 Standard Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Stone Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Chapter 3 Setting Up a Standard Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Concepts and Terminology7 The Standard FS Media Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Workflow for Using a Standard Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Creating the Managed Media Cache Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Declaring a Standard Filesystem Partition in stone+wire.cfg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Preventing Symbolic Links across Filesystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Configuring sw_storage.cfg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Chapter 4 Creating the Stone Filesystem15 Workflow for Creating the Stone Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Stopping Stone and Wire and Unmounting the Filesystem16 Starting sw_config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Clearing Partitions17 Setting Partition Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Offset and Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 v Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 KB/Inode Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Filesystem ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Selecting the Disks to Include in a Partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Saving the Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Restarting Stone and Wire and Mounting the Stone Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 sw_config Reference22 Partitioning Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Filesystem Creation Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Partition Buttons23 Partition Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Partition Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Hard Disks Area24 General Buttons26 Zoom Arrows26 Chapter 5 Setting Up the Wire Network27 Introduction to Wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Wiretap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Workflow for Setting Up Wire and Wiretap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Stop All Stone and Wire Daemons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Enabling InfiniBand Networking29 Activating InfiniBand (IB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Configuring the InfiniBand Network29 Defining Network Interfaces in the Framestore Configuration File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Configuring probed to Automate Connections between Wire Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Exporting Directories to Enable Sharing of Projects and Clips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Restarting Stone and Wire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Configuring Wiretap33 Workflow for Configuring Wiretap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Verifying that the Wiretap Server and Stone and Wire Are Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Configuring Wiretap Network Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 About Wiretap Path Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Configuring the Path Translation Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Sharing the Database Among Multiple Wiretap Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Testing the Path T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Chapter 6 Standard Filesystem Maintenance41 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Terminology and Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Controlling Fragmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Limiting Concurrent Usage42 Configuring Bandwidth Reservation43 Adding a New Device to the Bandwidth Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Reserving Bandwidth for an Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44ving Bandwidth for a Group of Applications45 Monitoring Partition Fill Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Using Multi-Threaded Direct I/O46 Enabling Media Pre-allocation46 Performance Testing and Optimization Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Chapter 7 Stone Filesystem Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Workflow for Monitoring and Repairing the Stone Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Configuring Email Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Chapter 8 Troubleshooting Stone and Wire51 Basic Troubleshooting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 vi | Contents Verifying that Stone and Wire Processes Are Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Starting Stone and Wire Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Checking Stone and Wire Error Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Enabling Verbose Stone and Wire Driver Error Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Testing Filesystem Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 InfiniBand Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Reviewing Port Statistics Using the InfiniView Web Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Reviewing Statistics and Information for a Port56 Generating InfiniBand Log Files for Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Common Filesystem Problems and Resolution Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Troubleshooting Missing Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Setting the Start-up Screen Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Problem: Not Enough Bandwidth Available on Stone FS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Problem: Logical Drives Not Displaying in sw_config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Problem: Disks Appear Dead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Problem: Cannot Mount the Filesystem59 Problem: Cannot Access a Stone Filesystem Partition59 Problem: No disk space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Problem: Failure to Initialize Stone Filesystem60 Problem: Frame on Invalid Partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Problem: Images Appear Striped . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Evaluating the State of Individual or Logical Disks on your Framestore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Verifying that the Disks are Available to the Operating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Scanning Your Storage Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Mounting the Stone Filesystem62 Partition ID Conflict . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Setting “Dead” Disks Well . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Verifying Disk Usage64 Clearing the Undo Buffer64 Resolving a Framestore ID Mismatch64 Error When Re-creating an Upgraded Stone Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Removing Invalid Frame References from the Stone and Wire Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Common Wire Network Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Problem: Cannot Access a Framestore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Testing Wire Using sw_framestore_dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Using sw_ping to Test Wire Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67est Network Performance69 Verifying Remote Clip Library Access and Permissions69 Verifying that NFS and Automounting Daemons are Running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Using Ping to Test Network Communication70 Checking the Status of Network Interfaces70 Appendix A Advanced Stone and Wire Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Understanding the sw_framestore_map File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 FRAMESTORES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 INTERFACES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Changing the Framestore ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Modifying Standard Filesystem Partition Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Modifying Media Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Changing a Partition's Media Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Extending Wire Over Multiple Networks77 Appendix B Creating Standard Filesystems79 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Guidelines for an XFS Filesystem on Direct-Attached Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Guidelines for a CXFS SAN Filesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Guidelines for an NFS NAS Device80 File Archiving over NFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Contents | vii XFS Filesystem Creation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Pre-requisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Partitioning Disks or LUN devices as LVM-type Primary Partitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Assembling the Disk or LUN Devices into a Logical Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Creating the XFS Filesystem on the LVM device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Creating a Mount Point and Mounting the Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Appendix C Management Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Stone and Wire Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 vref . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 disk_summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 sw_backupfs (Stone filesystem only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 sw_df . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 sw_diskserials89 sw_frag (Stone filesystem only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 sw_framestore_dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 sw_get_config (Stone filesystem only)90 sw_io_perf_tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 sw_makeframestoremap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 sw_markdisk (Stone filesystem only)90 sw_mount (Stone filesystem only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 sw_ping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 sw_print_config (Stone filesystem only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 sw_purge91 sw_restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 sw_start92 sw_stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 sw_unmount (Stone filesystem only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 sw_wiretap_client_tool93 sw_wiretap_dump_translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 sw_wiretap_ping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 sw_wiretap_print_tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 sw_wiretap_server_dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 sw_wiretap_translate_path93 Risky Utilities and Utilities Reserved for Engineers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Application Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Appendix D Load Balancing in Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Requirements97 Setting Up the Ethernet Switch98 Configuring Load Balancing98 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 viii | Contents Introduction 1 Topics in this chapter: ■ Welcome on page 1 ■ Intended Audience on page 1 ■ Notation Conventions2 ■ Related Documentation on page 2 ■ Contacting Customer Support on page 2 Welcome Welcome to the Autodesk Stone and Wire Filesystem and Networking Guide. This guide explains how to create, ® ®configure, and troubleshoot the media storage and the Autodesk Wire network used by your Autodesk ® ® ® ® ® ® ®Visual Effects and Finishing workstation (Autodesk Inferno , Autodesk Flame , Autodesk Flint , Autodesk ™ ® ® ® ®Flare , Autodesk Smoke , and Autodesk Backdraft Conform). Intended Audience Basic knowledge of computer networking in a professional video/film production environment is assumed throughout this guide. Do not attempt to carry out the outlined procedures if you are not familiar with computer networking or hardware. Contact Autodesk Media and Entertainment Customer Support if you require further assistance. NOTE Most procedures described in this guide require root privileges (super-user). 1 Notation Conventions A number of style conventions are used throughout your documentation. These conventions and examples of their use are shown as follows. Convention Example Text that you enter in a command line or shell appears install rpm -qa in Courier bold. Press the Enter key after each com- mand. Variable names appear in Courier, enclosed in angle brackets. Feedback from the command line or shell appears in limit coredumpsize Courier. Directory names, filenames, URLs, and command line /usr/discreet utilities appear in italics. Related Documentation Documentation for this release is installed with the product as PDF files and as an HTML help system, and is also available on the Autodesk web site at http://www.autodesk.com/me-documentation. From this page you can access the complete documentation library. You should also refer to the product release notes for all late-breaking release information. Contacting Customer Support For Autodesk Media and Entertainment Customer Support, visit http://www.autodesk.com/support. Customer support is also available through your Autodesk reseller. To find a reseller near you, consult the reseller look-up database at http://www.autodesk.com/resellers. 2 | Chapter 1 Introduction