The beginning of Spanish settlement in the El Paso district

The beginning of Spanish settlement in the El Paso district

-

Documents
130 pages
Lire
Le téléchargement nécessite un accès à la bibliothèque YouScribe
Tout savoir sur nos offres

Description

19147 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS IN HISTORY Vol. No. 295-392 19141, 3, pp. April 24, THE BEGINNINGS OF SPANISH SETTLEMENT IN THE EL PASO DISTRICT BY ANNE E. HUGHES UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS BERKELEY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS Note. The of California Publications are offered in for theUniversity exchange of learned societies and universities and libraries.publications institutions, Complete lists of all the of the will be sent Forpublications University upon request. sample lists of or other address thecopies, information, of the UniverManager U. S. A. All matter sent insity Press, Berkeley, California, should beexchange addressed to The Exchange Department, University Library, Berkeley, California, S. A.U. R.OTTO FRIEDLAENBER &HARRASSOWITZ, SOHN, LEIPZIG BERLIN for the series in American for the series in AmericanAgent Agent and Classical andArchaeology Ethnology, Archaeology Ethnology, Botany, ModernPhilology, Education, History, Geology, Mathematics, Pathology, Phys- and Memoirs. Philosophy, Psychology. iology, Zoology, HISTORY. H. Morse Editor.Stephens, Cited as Univ. Calif. Publ. Hist. Vol. 1. 1. Colonial to the FrenchOpposition Imperial Authority during and Indian McCormac. 1-98. Novemby Eugene Irving Pp.War, 1911 75ber, of Donald E.2. The New Smith, Ph.D. 99-Viceroy Spain, by Pp. 293. 1913 2.00March, 3. The of Settlement in the El PasoBeginnings Spanish District, Anne E. 295-392. 1914 75by Hughes. Pp.

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 6
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 10 Mo
Signaler un problème

19147
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS
IN
HISTORY
Vol. No. 295-392 19141, 3, pp. April 24,
THE BEGINNINGS OF SPANISH
SETTLEMENT IN THE EL PASO DISTRICT
BY
ANNE E. HUGHES
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS
BERKELEYUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS
Note. The of California Publications are offered in for theUniversity exchange
of learned societies and universities and libraries.publications institutions, Complete
lists of all the of the will be sent Forpublications University upon request. sample
lists of or other address thecopies, information, of the UniverManager
U. S. A. All matter sent insity Press, Berkeley, California, should beexchange
addressed to The Exchange Department, University Library, Berkeley, California,
S. A.U.
R.OTTO FRIEDLAENBER &HARRASSOWITZ, SOHN,
LEIPZIG BERLIN
for the series in American for the series in AmericanAgent Agent
and Classical andArchaeology Ethnology, Archaeology Ethnology, Botany,
ModernPhilology, Education, History, Geology, Mathematics, Pathology, Phys-
and Memoirs. Philosophy, Psychology. iology, Zoology,
HISTORY. H. Morse Editor.Stephens,
Cited as Univ. Calif. Publ. Hist.
Vol. 1. 1. Colonial to the FrenchOpposition Imperial Authority during and
Indian McCormac. 1-98. Novemby Eugene Irving Pp.War,
1911 75ber,
of Donald E.2. The New Smith, Ph.D. 99-Viceroy Spain, by Pp.
293. 1913 2.00March,
3. The of Settlement in the El PasoBeginnings Spanish District,
Anne E. 295-392. 1914 75by Hughes. Pp. April,
PUBLICATIONS OF THE ACADEMY OF PACIFIC COAST HISTORY.
Vol. 1. 1. The San Francisco House Certificates ofClearing 1907-1908, by
Carl Plehn. 1 1909 10Copping Pp. 1-14, plate. January,
2. The Official Account of the Portola ofExpedition 1769-1770,
edited Frederick J. 1by Teggart. Pp. 17-29, plate. [Intro
and 1909 .10Spanish text, August,duction, translation.]
of3. of de Portola the CaliforniaDiary Gaspar during Expedition
edited Donald Smith and Frederick J.1769-1770, by Eugene
1Teggart. Pp. 33-89, plate. [Introduction, Spanish text,
and 1909 50translation.] October,
4. The Narrative of the Portola ofExpedition Miguel1769-1770, by
edited van and Fredby Adolph Hemert-EngertCostanso,
erick J. 1Pp. SpanishTeggart. 93-159, plate. [Introduction,
50and 1910 ,text, translation.] March,
Wicker-5. The United States Consulate in California, by Rayner
sham 163-267. 1910 75Kelsey. Pp. June,
6. of Patrick One of the Dormer editedDiary Breen, Party, by
Frederick J. 1 1910 .15Teggart. Pp. 269-284, plate. July,
of the San Francisco Committee of of7. Papers Vigilance 1851, I,
edited Porter Garnett. 1 1910 .50Pp. 285-353, plate. July,by
355-358.Index, pp.
358 with 6 ....Volume plates $2.501, 1909-1910, complete, pages,
2.75Sewed (paper covers)
3.00Bound in blue cloth
to libraries in 2.00Special price, only, separate parts
The Portola of 1769-1770. of VicenteVol. 2. 1. Expedition Diary Vila,
edited Robert Selden Rose. 1by Pp. 1-119, plate. [Intro
and 1911 75text, translation.] August,duction, Spanish
of of2. of the San Francisco Committee Vigilance 1851, II,Papers
1edited Porter Garnett. plate. August,by Pp. 123-139,
.251911
3. to San Francisco in 1770. of Pedro Fages,Expedition Bay Diary
edited Herbert Bolton. 143-159.by Eugene Pp. [Introduc
25and 1911Spanish text, translation.] August,tion,
Portola of 1769-1770. of4. The Expedition Diary Miguel Costanso",
Frederick J. 1edited Teggart. Pp. 163-327, plate. [Introby
and 1911 1.25translation.] August,duction, Spanish text,UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS
IN
HISTORY
3VOL. 1 No.
THE BEGINNINGS OF SPANISH
IN THE EL PASO DISTRICTSETTLEMENT
BY
ANNE E. HUGHES
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS
BERKELEY
1914April,THE BEGINNINGS OF SPANISH
3SETTLEMENT IN THE EL PASO DISTRICT
ANNE E. HUGHES
I. INTRODUCTORY: SPANISH EXPANSION INTO NEW MEXICO
AND VIZCAYA2NUEVA
A view of the movements of Newgeneral colonizing Spain
on her northern those the develfrontier, particularly affecting
of the of New Mexico and Nueva isopment provinces Vizcaya,
for a clear and a true valuation of thenecessary comprehension
of settlement in the El Paso district. Thebeginnings Spanish
of the latter in was a naturaloccupation region, fact, sequence
of the and of those twogrowth development provinces.
1. Advance the West Coast Mexico. the sixDuringup of
teenth two lines of to New Mexico from thecentur}^ approach
south were The first of these was the route the westopened. up
the states of Sinaloa and thecoast, through present Sonora, up
Sonora River and down the San Pedro River to the andGila,
of New Mexico.thence across Arizona to the Pueblo region
this was followedthe of least routeOffering path resistance, by
who tothe first adventurous and zealous priests soughtcaptains
the interior. The of Culiacanpenetrate occupation by Guzman,
and thethe of Sonora Juan de Asuncion,exploration by Fray
1 This was written under the direction of Professor Herbert E.paper
Bolton.
2 This introduction is based on Bancroft s North Mexican Stateschiefly
and Bancroft s Arizona and New s Cronica de laTexas; Mexico; Arlegui
Provincia de N. S. P. S. Francisco de Charles W. Hackett s "TheZacatecas;
Revolt of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico in 1680" in the Quarterly
of the Texas State Historical vol. no. vol. nos. 2Association, 15, 2, 16,
and and s in Doc. de vol.Onate Ineditos3; "Diario", Indias, 16, pp.
240-244.l296 Publications in [VOL.University of California History
of Marcos Niza acrossde Arizona to alljourney Fray Zuni,
the for the of Newpaved way spectacular military occupation
Mexico de who in 1540 and 1541 traversedby Vasquez Coronado,
and New subdued the PuebloSonora, Arizona, Mexico, tribes,
and crossed the northeastward to latitudeplains perhaps 40,
but returned to Mexico without established ahaving permanent
settlement. The fruits of these were andexpeditions meager,
four decades of in New Mexicaninactivity exploration followed,
due in to a revolt of the native tribes of Nueva Galicia andpart
in to the of rich minerals in Zaeatecas and northpart discovery
ern Durango.
2. Advance the Central Plateau. the last half ofup Though
the sixteenth was a of as thecentury period regardsinactivity
and settlement of New a new and more directexploration Mexico,
line of to that of the centralapproach region by way great
of Mexico was marked out the men who wereplateau being by
for the rich silver Fromand ofsearching gold deposits Durango.
and other northern innumerGuadalajara, Queretaro, outposts,
able set out to the north and northwest in searchexploring parties
of and soon the centers of Guanajuato,minerals, great mining
San Andres and Santa BarbaraZacatecas, Avifio,Inde, Panuco,
into existence. the side of the went thesprang By explorer
the Jesuit fathers missions at Parras andmissionary, founding
and in the of thePapasquiaro general following westerly edge
and the Franciscan fathers of and Zacatecasplateau, Guadalajara
missions at Nombre de Cuen-Dios,founding Durango, Topia,
and San and in thecame, Satillo, Bartolome, general following
half of the Behind the miner andeasterly plateau. missionary,
moved tothe ranchman and settler northward Sombrerete,
Nombre de and San Luis andDios, Durango ; Potosi, Parras,
Saltillo. the middle of the the of NuevaBy century province
Galicia and the alcaldia of Zacatecas were settled in thismayor
and their boundaries and in 1561 the newway roughly defined;
of Nueva which included the modern Durango,province Vizcaya,
and was carved out of theSinaioa,Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora,
north Ibarra. The advance was so that 1580bygreat by rapid