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The Community's research and development programme on radioactive waste management and storage

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Shared cost action (1990-94): Annual progress report 1992
Nuclear energy and safety

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ISSN 1018­5593
Commission of the European Communities
tec!
Community's research and development programme
on radioactive waste management and storage
Shared­cost action
(1990­94)
Annual progress report, 1992
■-■WBBicim&æB&m--
Report
EUR 15132 EN Commission of the European Communities
nuclear science
and technology
Community's research and development programme
on radioactive waste management and storage
Shared-cost action
(1990-94)
Annual progress report, 1992
Directorate-General j
Science, Research and Development f AKL EUROP, Bibtioth.
|\|tc EUR 15132 EN 1993
PI . Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General XIII
Telecommunications, Information Market and Exploitation of Research
L-2920 Luxembourg
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting
on behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made of
the following information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1993
ISBN 92-826-6550-X
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels • Luxembourg, 1993
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
FOREWORD
THE MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION
ADVISORY COMMITTEE
PROGRESS OF THE R&D WORK
PART A: WASTE MANAGEMENT AND ASSOCIATED
R&D PROJECTS 7
Al: STUDIES OF MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 8
Task 1 "Studies of Management Systems" 9
A2: WASTE TREATMENT 139
Task 2 'Treatment of Radioactive Waste" 139
A3: SAFETY OF THE MULTI-BARRIER SYSTEM OF
GEOLOGICAL DISPOSAL 206
Task 3 "Characterisation and Qualification of
Waste Forms, Packages and their Environment" 206
Task 4 "Disposal of Radioactive Waste :
Research to Back-up the Development of
Underground Repositories" 387
Task 5 "Method of Evaluating the Safety of
Disposal Systems" 630
PART B: CONSTRUCTION AND/OR OPERATION OF
UNDERGROUND FACILITIES OPEN TO
COMMUNITY JOINT ACTIVmES 648
Project Bl 'The Underground Facility in
the Asse Salt Mine (FRG)" 653
Project B2 "The Underground Facility HADES in
the Argillaceous Layer under the
702
Mol Site (By-
Project B4 "Underground Validation Facility
at Sellafield (UK)" 757
ANNEX : List of Organisms and Companies Participating
in the Programme during 1992 765
- 3 -FOREWORD
This report covers the progress of research work and activities started and developed
during 1992 in the framework of the five-year programme (1990-1994) of the European
Energy Community on "Management and Storage of Radioactive Waste". This R&D
programme has been adopted by decision 89/664/EURATOM of the Council of the
Ministers of the European Community on 15 December 1989.
The total amount of funding allocated to the programme is 79,6 million ECU over the
five-year period.
The Council Decision, together with the technical content and the indicative Community
financial contributions for the individual sections of the programme, has been published
in the Official Journal of the E.C., Nr. L395, 30.12.1989, p. 28-32.
The programme is subdivided in :
Part A : Waste management and associated R&D projects
Part B : Construction and/or operation of underground facilities open to
Community joint activities.
A call for research proposals has been launched (OJ. of E.C. Nr. C55/4, 7 March 1990)
to implement Part A of the programme through shared-cost research contracts with
public organisations or private firms established in the Member States. Multipartner
projects have been encouraged.
Contract negotiations for the selected research proposals lead to the signature of 115
contracts for both Part A and Part B of the Programme. The number of research
projects running in 1992 are 105.
The Commission is responsible for implementing and managing the programme and is
assisted in this task by the Management and Coordination Advisory Committee "Nuclear
Fission energy - Fuel cycle/processing and storage of waste" (see the annexed list of the
Members of the Committee).
In addition to shared-cost research contracts, the programme also includes study
contracts, awards of training and mobility grants, as well as international co-operation
agreements with states outside the Community.
The co-operation among various teams within the Member States has considerably been
promoted by the numerous multi-partner research projects.
The presentation and discussion of the work carried out during periodical progress
meetings of working groups of the various projects assures the exchange of information
within contractors and representatives of public and private institutions in the Community
which are interested in the specific research area.
In order to provide a world wide information on the Community's activities in the field
of the radioactive waste a biannual newsletter "EC-FOCUS" is edited.
- 4 -In this report, the objectives, the working programme and a synopsis of progress and
results obtained for each contract in 1992 are presented as prepared by the contractors,
under the responsibility of the project leader(s).
The Commission wishes to express its gratitude to all scientists who have contributed to
this report.
The previous annual progress reports of the programme are : EUR-11089 (for 1986);
EUR-11482 (for 1987); EUR-12141 (for 1988); EUR-12761/Vol. 1 and 2 (for 1989) and
EUR-14418 EN (for 1991). The overall results achieved including the progress of work
for 1990 during the programme 1985-1989 have been presented and discussed at the third
European Community Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal -
Luxembourg, September 17-21,1990 (Proceedings published under EUR-13389 - Elsevier
Appi. Science Publisher).
S. ORLOWSKI
Head, Radioactive Waste and
Fuel Cycle Division
5 -MEMBERS OF THE MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE
NUCLEAR FISSION ENERGY
FUEL CYCLE/PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF WASTE *
(during 1992)
BELGIUM Th. VAN RENTERGEM
G. DEDEURWAERDER
DENMARK K. BRODERSEN
S. HOE
FRANCE J. LEFEVRE
P. RIEUTORD
GERMANY BLOSER
H.G. RIOÏTK
GREECE S. AMARANTOS
IRELAND C. HONE
F. TURVEY
ITALY G. GROSSI
F. MORSELLI
LUXEMBOURG C. BACK
NETHERLANDS H. CORNELISSEN
J.W.A. VAN ENST
PORTUGAL A. SEVERO
C. RAMALHO CARLOS
SPAIN A. RODRIGUEZ BECEIRO
J. ARANA LANDA
M. Z PARRA (Chairperson)
UNITED KINKDOM S.M. STEARN
PJ. HUBBARD
COMMISSION HJ. ALLGEIER
J. VAN GEEL
L. CECILLE (Secretary)
1 This Committee was established by the Council Decision of 29 June 1984 dealing with structures and
procedures for the management and coordination of Community research, development and
demonstration activities (OJ N° L 177, 4.7.1984, p. 25).