The effect of blood storage age on treatment of lactic acidosis by transfusion in children with severe malarial anaemia: a pilot, randomized, controlled trial
7 pages
English
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The effect of blood storage age on treatment of lactic acidosis by transfusion in children with severe malarial anaemia: a pilot, randomized, controlled trial

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7 pages
English

Description

Severe malarial anaemia requiring blood transfusion is a life-threatening condition affecting millions of children in sub-Saharan Africa. Up to 40% of children with severe malarial anaemia have associated lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis in these children is strongly associated with fatal outcomes and is corrected by blood transfusion. However, it is not known whether the storage age of blood for transfusion affects resolution of lactic acidosis. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of blood storage age on resolution of lactic acidosis in children with severe malarial anaemia and demonstrate feasibility of conducting a large trial. Methods Children aged six to 59 months admitted to Acute Care Unit of Mulago Hospital (Kampala, Uganda) with severe malarial anaemia (haemoglobin ≤ 5 g/dL) and lactic acidosis (blood lactate ≥5 mmol/L), were randomly assigned to receive either blood of short storage age (one to 10 days) or long storage age (21–35 days) by gravity infusion. Seventy-four patients were enrolled and randomized to two equal-sized study arms. Physiological measurements, including blood lactate, oxygen saturation, haemoglobin, and vital signs, were taken at baseline, during and after transfusion. The primary outcome variable was the proportion of children whose lactic acidosis resolved by four hours after transfusion. Results Thirty-four of 37 (92%) of the children in the short storage treatment arm compared to 30/37 (81%) in the long storage arm achieved a blood lactate <5 mmol/L by four hours post transfusion (p value = 0.308). The mean time to lactic acidosis resolution was 2.65 hours (95% CI; 2.25–3.05) in the short storage arm, compared to 3.35 hours (95% CI; 2.60–4.10) in the long storage arm (p value = 0.264). Conclusion Pilot data suggest that among children with severe malarial anaemia and lactic acidosis transfused with packed red blood cells, the storage age of blood does not affect resolution of lactic acidosis. The results support a larger and well-powered study which is under way. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT01580111

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Publié le 01 janvier 2013
Nombre de lectures 14
Langue English

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Dhabangiet al. Malaria Journal2013,12:55 http://www.malariajournal.com/content/12/1/55
R E S E A R C H
Open Access
The effect of blood storage age on treatment lactic acidosis by transfusion in children with severe malarial anaemia: a pilot, randomized, controlled trial 1* 2 2 3 4 Aggrey Dhabangi , Edison Mworozi , Irene R Lubega , Christine M CsertiGazdewich , Albert Maganda 5 and Walter H Dzik
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Abstract Background:Severe malarial anaemia requiring blood transfusion is a lifethreatening condition affecting millions of children in subSaharan Africa. Up to 40% of children with severe malarial anaemia have associated lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis in these children is strongly associated with fatal outcomes and is corrected by blood transfusion. However, it is not known whether the storage age of blood for transfusion affects resolution of lactic acidosis. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of blood storage age on resolution of lactic acidosis in children with severe malarial anaemia and demonstrate feasibility of conducting a large trial. Methods:Children aged six to 59 months admitted to Acute Care Unit of Mulago Hospital (Kampala, Uganda) with severe malarial anaemia (haemoglobin5 g/dL) and lactic acidosis (blood lactate5 mmol/L), were randomly assigned to receive either blood of short storage age (one to 10 days) or long storage age (2135 days) by gravity infusion. Seventyfour patients were enrolled and randomized to two equalsized study arms. Physiological measurements, including blood lactate, oxygen saturation, haemoglobin, and vital signs, were taken at baseline, during and after transfusion. The primary outcome variable was the proportion of children whose lactic acidosis resolved by four hours after transfusion. Results:Thirtyfour of 37 (92%) of the children in the short storage treatment arm compared to 30/37 (81%) in the long storage arm achieved a blood lactate <5 mmol/L by four hours post transfusion (p value = 0.308). The mean time to lactic acidosis resolution was 2.65 hours (95% CI; 2.253.05) in the short storage arm, compared to 3.35 hours (95% CI; 2.604.10) in the long storage arm (p value = 0.264). Conclusion:Pilot data suggest that among children with severe malarial anaemia and lactic acidosis transfused with packed red blood cells, the storage age of blood does not affect resolution of lactic acidosis. The results support a larger and wellpowered study which is under way. Trial registration:clinicaltrials.gov NCT01580111 Keywords:Severe malarial anaemia, Lactic acidosis, Blood storage age, Blood transfusion, Children
* Correspondence: adhabangi@gmail.com 1 Child Health and Development Centre, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Full list of author information is available at the end of the article
© 2013 Dhabangi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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