Wages in the United States, 1908-1910; a study of state and federal wage statistics

Wages in the United States, 1908-1910; a study of state and federal wage statistics

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THEWAGES IN UNITED STATES 1908-1910 THE MACMILLAN COMPANY NEWYORK BOSTON CHICAGO SAN FRANCISCO MACMILLAN & LIMITEDCO., LONDON BOMBAY CALCUTTA MELBOURNE THE MACMILLAN CO. OF LTD.CANADA, TORONTO N WAGES IN THE STATESUNITED 1908-1910 A STUDY OF STATE AND FEDERAL WAGE STATISTICS BY SCOTT Pn.DNEARING, if 9 Wharton ofSchool, University Pennsylvania " Author of Social Adjustment," "Solution of the Child Labor Problem," etc. Nefa gatfe THE MACMILLAN COMPANY 1911 All reservedrights COPYRIGHT, 1911 THE MACMILLAN COMPANYBy PublishedSet and September, 1911up electrotyped. Printed at The NORWOOD PRESS MassachusettsBerwick& Smith Norwood,Company, PREFACE SINCE Professor R. C. estimated thatChapin ofa New York a wifeman,family consisting and three children under fourteen could main- tain "a normal at least so far as thestandard, man is on an annual incomeconcerned,"physical of has been rife as to the$900, speculation number of families whose incomes thatequalled sum. was futile. No recentControversy wage had been and aside from themade,study reports of the State bureaus of which werelabor, popu- to contain little or no data oflarly supposed no available existed.importance, wage figures But some relation must be established between the standard and the$900 efficiency wages in American else theactually paid industry, would lose much of its force.Chapin Study The of a Federal onpublication Report Wages in the Bethlehem Steel Works the neededgave and we the work.

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THEWAGES IN UNITED STATES
1908-1910THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEWYORK BOSTON CHICAGO
SAN FRANCISCO
MACMILLAN & LIMITEDCO.,
LONDON BOMBAY CALCUTTA
MELBOURNE
THE MACMILLAN CO. OF LTD.CANADA,
TORONTON
WAGES IN
THE STATESUNITED
1908-1910
A STUDY OF STATE AND FEDERAL
WAGE STATISTICS
BY
SCOTT Pn.DNEARING,
if 9
Wharton ofSchool, University Pennsylvania
"
Author of Social Adjustment,"
"Solution of the Child Labor Problem," etc.
Nefa
gatfe
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
1911
All reservedrightsCOPYRIGHT, 1911
THE MACMILLAN COMPANYBy
PublishedSet and September, 1911up electrotyped.
Printed at
The NORWOOD PRESS
MassachusettsBerwick& Smith Norwood,Company,PREFACE
SINCE Professor R. C. estimated thatChapin
ofa New York a wifeman,family consisting
and three children under fourteen could main-
tain "a normal at least so far as thestandard,
man is on an annual incomeconcerned,"physical
of has been rife as to the$900, speculation
number of families whose incomes thatequalled
sum. was futile. No recentControversy wage
had been and aside from themade,study reports
of the State bureaus of which werelabor, popu-
to contain little or no data oflarly supposed
no available existed.importance, wage figures
But some relation must be established between
the standard and the$900 efficiency wages
in American else theactually paid industry,
would lose much of its force.Chapin Study
The of a Federal onpublication Report Wages
in the Bethlehem Steel Works the neededgave
and we the work. Thisintoimpetus plunged
"we" is used not sinceadvisedly, editorially,
Nellie Seeds adidMarguerite Nearing large
amount of statistical Professorcompilation;
Robert E. Chaddock an excellent adviserproved
[iii]PREFACE
on statistical and Miss Alice E. Rochemethod;
directed the work. While,ably stenographic
the is undertherefore, present study published
one it in the of severalname, is, reality, product
all of whom a in thepersons, played part pro-
duction of the work. I therefore take this occa-
and to that deservesion them, say theyto^thank
credit that attacha measure oflarge any may
>to this of our effort.product cooperative
this cannot aUnfortunately, prove companion
to the The Newstudy Chapin Investigation.
York Bureau of Labor the ofpublishes wages
members and even thisunion only, incomplete
is in a form available for such a com-data not
the here adducedevidenceNevertheless,parison.
that ais of a nature to warrant the conclusion
of American workmen are unablelarge portion
to maintain an standard of andefficiency living,
to such as will result in theearly stepsjustify
of more statistics.complete wagepresentation
here set down are noWhile the conclusions by
based such statisticalmeans arefinal, uponthey
until overthrownthat must stand byproof they
additional studies. XT
SCOTT NEARING.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA,
March 1911.30,
[iv]