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Statistical information systems in a market economy 1994

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Proceedings of the seminar for the Heads of the statistical services of the newly independent States
General statistics
Economic policy - Economic and Monetary Union
Central and Eastern Europe

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 23
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 3 Mo

eurostat
STATISTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
IN A MARKET ECONOMY
Proceedings of the Seminar for the Heads of the
Statistical Services of the newly independent States
Luxembourg, 8-12 March 1993 eurostat
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
L-2920 Luxembourg - Tél. 43 01-1 - Télex COMEUR LU 3423
B-1049 Bruxelles, rue de la Loi 200 Tél. 299 11 11
It is Eurostat's responsibility to use the Pour établir, évaluer ou apprécier les Eurostat hat die Aufgabe, den Informa­
tionsbedarf der Kommission und aller European statistical system to meet the différentes politiques communautaires,
la Commission des Communautés euro­am Aufbau des Binnenmarktes Beteilig­ requirements of the Commission and all
péennes a besoin d'informations. ten mit Hilfe des europäischen statisti­ parties involved in the development of
schen Systems zu decken. the single market.
Eurostat a pour mission, à travers le
To ensure that the vast quantity of système statistique européen, de répon­Um der Öffentlichkeit die große Menge
accessible data is made widely avail­ dre aux besoins de la Commission et de an verfügbaren Daten zugänglich zu
l'ensemble des personnes impliquées machen und Benutzern die Orientierung able, and to help each user make proper
zu erleichtern, werden zwei Arten von dans le développement du marché use of this information, Eurostat has set
Publikationen angeboten: Statistische up two main categories of document: unique.
Dokumente und Veröffentlichungen. statistical documents and publications.
Pour mettre à la disposition de tous
l'importante quantité de données acces­Statistische Dokumente sind für den The statistical document is aimed at
sibles et faire en sorte que chacun Fachmann konzipiert und enthalten das specialists and provides the most com­
puisse s'orienter correctement dans cet ausführliche Datenmaterial: Bezugsda­ plete sets of data: reference data where
the methodology is well established, ensemble, deux grandes catégories de ten, bei denen die Konzepte allgemein­
standardized, uniform and scientific. documents ont été créées: les docu­bekannt, standardisiert und wissen­
schaftlich fundiert sind. Diese Daten These data are presented in great detail. ments statistiques et les publications.
werden in einer sehr tiefen Gliederung The statistical document is intended for
Le document statistique s'adresse aux dargeboten. Die Statistischen Doku­ experts who are capable of using their
spécialistes. Il fournit les données les mente v/enden sich an Fachleute, die in own means to seek out what they
plus complètes: données de référence der Lage sind, selbständig die benötig­ require. The information is provided on
où la méthodologie est bien connue, ten Daten aus der Fülle des dargebote­ paper and/or on diskette, magnetic tape,
standardisée, normalisée et scientifique. CD-ROM. The white cover sheet bears a nen Materials auszuwählen. Diese Daten
Ces données sont présentées à un stylized motif which distinguishes the sind in gedruckter Form und/oder auf
niveau très détaillé. Le document statis­Diskette, Magnetband, CD-ROM verfüg­ statistical document from other publica­
tique est destiné aux experts capables bar. Statistische Dokumente unterschei­ tions.
de rechercher, par leurs propres den sich auch optisch von anderen Ver­
moyens, les données requises. Les The publications proper tend to be com­öffentlichungen durch den mit einer stili­
informations sont alors disponibles sur piled for a well-defined and targeted sierten Graphik versehenen weißen
papier et/ou sur disquette, bande public, such as educational circles or Einband.
magnétique, CD-ROM. La couverture political and administrative decision­
blanche ornée d'un graphisme stylisé makers. The information in these docu­Die zweite Publikationsart, die Veröffent­
démarque le document statistique des ments is selected, sorted and annotated lichungen, wenden sich an eine ganz
autres publications. to suit the target public. In this instance, bestimmte Zielgruppe, wie zum Beispiel
therefore, Eurostat works in an advisory an den Bildungsbereich oder an Ent­
Les publications proprement dites peu­capacity. scheidungsträger in Politik und Verwal­
vent, elles, être réalisées pour un public tung. Sie enthalten ausgewählte und auf
Where the readership is wider and less bien déterminé, ciblé, par exemple l'en­die Bedürfnisse einer Zielgruppe abge­
well defined, Eurostat provides the infor­ seignement ou les décideurs politiques stellte und kommentierte Informationen.
mation required for an initial analysis, ou administratifs. Des informations Eurostat übernimmt hier also eine Art
such as yearbooks and periodicals sélectionnées, triées et commentées en Beraterrolle.
which contain data permitting more in- fonction de ce public lui sont apportées.
depth studies. These publications are Für einen breiteren Benutzerkreis gibt Eurostat joue, dès lors, le rôle de
available on paper or in Videotext Eurostat Jahrbücher und periodische conseiller.
databases. Veröffentlichungen heraus. Diese enthal­
Dans le cas d'un public plus large, moins ten statistische Ergebnisse für eine erste
To help the user focus his research,
Analyse sowie Hinweise auf weiteres défini, Eurostat procure des éléments
Eurostat has created 'themes' i.e. a sub­
Datenmaterial für vertiefende Untersu­ nécessaires à une première analyse, les
ject classification. The statistical docu­
chungen. Diese Veröffentlichungen annuaires et les périodiques, dans les­
ments and publications are listed by
werden in gedruckter Form und in quels figurent les renseignements adé­
series, e.g. yearbooks, short-term trends
Datenbanken angeboten, die in Menü­ quats pour approfondir l'étude. Ces
or methodology, in order to facilitate
technik zugänglich sind. publications sont présentées sur papier
access to the statistical data. ou dans des banques de données de
Um Benutzern die Datensuche zu type vidéotex.
erleichtern, hat Eurostat Themenkreise, Y. Franchet
d. h. eine Untergliederung nach Sachge­ Director-General Pour aider l'utilisateur à s'orienter dans
bieten, eingeführt. Daneben sind sowohl ses recherches, Eurostat a créé les
die Statistischen Dokumente als auch thèmes, c'est-à-dire une classification
die Veröffentlichungen in bestimmte par sujet. Les documents statistiques et
Reihen, wie zum Beispiel „Jahrbücher", les publications sont répertoriés par
„Konjunktur", „Methoden", unterglie­ série — par exemple, annuaire, conjonc­
dert, um den Zugriff auf die statistischen ture, méthodologie — afin de faciliter
informationen zu erleichtern. l'accès aux informations statistiques.
Y. Franchet Y. Franchet
Generaldirektor Directeur général STATISTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
IN A MARKET ECONOMY
Proceedings of the Seminar for the Heads of the
Statistical Services of the newly independent States
Luxembourg, 8-12 March 1993
Sponsored by Eurostat/TACIS and
the Bureau of Labour Statistics
Miscellaneous
Studies and analyses
STATISTICAL DOCUMENT
Printed on recycled paper Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Many persons contributed to the seminar's success. Contributors (moderators, speakers, dis­
cussers, participants) provided invaluable information and insights. Coordination of work between
Eurostat and BLS proved very efficient.
The administrative, logistic and financial aspects of the seminar were ensured by CESD-Commun-
autaire (Eurostat's implementing agency). Its efforts allowed all the organizational details to be
thoroughly cared for.
The texts of the discussions following the presentation of papers were edited by Margie Fawcett
and Mira Shah, and supervised by Paul Fischer.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1994
ISBN 92-826-7828-8
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1994
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged
Printed in Italy Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
Contents
Page
Foreward 6
Introductory Remarks
Lydia Barreiros: Statistical Information Systems in a
Market Economy 8
Edwin Dean: Outline of Opening Remarks 9
Session I. The Economy in Transition : Changing Statistical Needs 11
Moderator: Louis Kincannon
Chapter 1. Information Needs in a Democratic Market Economy
Yves Franchet: Keynote address 12
Edmond Malinvaud: Information Needs in a Democratic
Market Economy 20
Edwin Dean: Information Needs in a Market Economy.
Embedded in a Political Democracy 26
Comments, replies and audience discussion
Discussants:
Rein Veetôusme
Nikolai' Belov
Andrey Illaryonov
Session II. Meeting Information Needs in a Market Economy: Role and
Organisation of the Statistical Agency 34
Chapter 2. Role of the Statistical Agency
Moderator: Yves Franchet
Jacob Ryten: Maintaining Public Confidence in
Statistical Agencies5
Comments, replies and audience discussion
Discussant
Hans Zeuthen
Chapter 3. Organisation of Statistical Agencies in Western Countries
Moderator: Edmond Malinvaud
Thomas Plewes: Producing Quality Data in a Decentralized,
Cooperative Environment 48
Willem De Vries: Restructuring the Dutch CBS 61 Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
Contents-Continued
page
Günther Kopsch: Organisation and Operation of Federal
Statistics 72
Comments, replies and audience discussion
Discussants:
V. Nichiporovich
L. Gigineyshvili
Session III. Setting Priorities: Development of a Statistical System for
a Market Economy 85
Moderator: Jean Ripert
Chapter 4 Setting Priorities: Development of a Statistical System for
a Market Economy
William McLennan: Setting Statistical Priorities 87
Ronald Kutscher: Development of a Statistical System for a
Market Economy 93
Comments, replies and audience discussion
Discussants:
Jozef Olenski
Mikhail Tatyanchenko
Yuri Shamshedinov
Session IV Overview of Eurostat 110
Session V Organisation of Statistical Offices in Republics of the
former Soviet Union (FSU)2
Moderator: Egon Holder
Chapter 5 Organisation of Statistical Offices in the Republics
of the former Soviet Union
T. Zhumasultanov: The Present Level of Organization of Statistics
in the Republic of Kazakhstan 113
A. Zakharov: The Organizational Structure of the
Statistical Committee of the Russian
Federation and its Local Organs 121
V. Gusakovskij: Present Organisation of Statistics
in Ukraine 128 Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
Contents-Continued
Page
Comments, replies and audience discussion
Discussants:
Charles Waite
Jean-Louis Bodin
Session VI. Next Steps in Discussions between Western Statistical
Agencies and Agencies in the Republics of the former
Soviet Union (FSU) 144
RepresentativesofStatistical Offices of the Republics
offormerSovietUnion
Moderator:JohnMcLenaghan
Chapter 6 Panel of Heads of Statistical Services of the NIS
Audience discussion
Contributors 145
■k -k -k
Fig.IFundamental Principles of Official Statistics intheRegionofthe
Economic Commission for Europe
Fig. II-VData collection - CSO inquiries to business 1992-1993 Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
FOREWORD
This volume contains the papers, the discussant comments and audience discussions presented at the
seminar on Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy held on 8-10 March 1993 in
Luxembourg.
The seminar was jointly sponsored by Eurostat/TACIS (the European Commission funds for technical
assistance to the countries of the Former Soviet Union) and the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
It was the second joint effort of Eurostat and BLS, the first being the Conference on Economic Statistics
for Economies in Transition held on 14-16 February, 1991 in Washington.
It can be considered that this seminar built upon the Washington Conference which was addressed to
Eastern European Countries.
The countries which emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union are faced with even greater
challenges than other Eastern European Nations in the area of statistical information. Contacts with
most of these countries are quite new, which is why the main aim of the seminar was to exchange as
much information as possible about the organisation of statistics in the West, but also about the
statistical system of the former Soviet Union in order to define areas for co-operation and co-ordination
of international assistance.
The participants in the seminar were the representatives of all the statistical services of the Newly
Independent States (NIS), including the Baltic Countries; users of statistics in Russia and in the
Ukraine, representatives of the statistical agencies of the US, Canada, EU Member States, Turkey and
Poland;s of EFTA, ILO, IMF, OECD, UN CEE, UN Statistical Office and Eurostat, and
representatives of the Steering Committee on Co-ordination of Technical Assistance in Statistics to the
Countries of the Former Soviet Union.
The discussions focused on the basic issues which confront statistical offices in countries with
economies in transition. Some possible directions for change were discussed, based on developments in
the economies of Central and Eastern Europe.
The insights given by the speakers, discussants and other participants made the discussion always
relevant, stimulating and enriching.
This volume is organised in accordance with the conference presentation. Each session, chaired by a
different chairman, presents papers, followed by comments by the discussant and discussion from the
floor.
Session I provids a historical perspective on issues which confront a statistical office as the economy
moves to a market orientation. It discusses the new users groups, and the data needs of these users,
during the transition period. Survey methodologies, including sampling and uses of administrative data
are reviewed.
Session II, devoted to information needs, covers the legal basis for defining a statistical agency's mission
and guaranteeing its independence from political influences, including gaining public trust, reducing
response burden, confidentiality issues and public access to information. This session addresses the
experience of Western statistical offices in developing statistical programmes and organising the office
to support the programmes effectively. Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
Session III, devoted to priority setting, tries to identify the types- of statistics required by market
economies, for example, establishment of employment data, household labour force data, and consumer
price indexes. The importance of meeting international statistical standards is addressed.
Session TV is devoted to an overview of Eurostat activities ranging from data processing to
dissemination policy, from budgeting to the geographical information system. This session however is
not reported in this book since it was mainly based on practical demonstrations. It was supported by
extensive documentation but not by conference papers.
During session V officials of the statistical agencies of the NIS discussed their organisational structures
and their perception of the new challenges.
Session VI consists of a panel of the heads of the statistical agencies of the NIS. Plans for changing
their statistical system is discussed as well as co-operation perspectives.
After the seminar the representatives of the CIS, the Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan,
visited the Federal Statistical Office of Germany; the representatives of the Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia
and Tajikistan visited INSEE (National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies) in France, while
the representatives of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgystan and Uzbezkistan visited CBS, the Central
statistical office of the Netherlands.
A visit to the statistical office of Iceland as a Member Country of EFTA, was organised for the
participants from the Baltic States.
These visits provided the participants in the seminar with the opportunity to closely review the
operations of a Western European statistical office. Statistical Information Systems in a Market Economy
Lidia Barreiros, Director of Directorate C, Statistics on International and Intra-Community
Transactions, Relations with Third Countries, Eurostat
STATISTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN A MARKET ECONOMY
The European region is living through a period of intense political, social and economic changes. The
events of the last two years give both positive and negative testimony upon present and future
developments and prospects. On the negative side persisting conflicts in various parts of Central and
Eastern Europe indicate how difficult some aspects of the transition to a new political organisation are.
The Danish NO to Maastricht and the Swiss NO to the European Economic Area Treaty, even though
the respective referendums were decided by very narrow margins, led to a slowdown of European
integration in essential areas, of which foreign policy coordination may be the most crucial at this
moment.
Continued slow economic growth leads to a persistent high level of unemployment, and to monetary
movements which put the future of the European Monetary system at risk. And several of the New
Republics of the former Soviet Union have difficulties to find a proper way and speed towards
democracy and market economies.
On the positive side, substantial progress is visible in several Central European countries towards
democracy and market economies. The single market and the free circulation of goods have been a
reality in the EC since January 1, 1993. Negotiations for EC Membership have also started with
Austria, Finland and Sweden. And discussions are starting for transforming association agreements into
an accession agreement for Hungary, Czech and Slovak Republics, and Poland.
Two years ago Mr Franchet introduced in Washington a similar BLS-Eurostat seminar on the same
topics, but directed mostly towards the chief statisticians of the Central and Eastern European countries.
Many of the words he said then can be used for this new event.
In the transition period which the Republics of the former Soviet Union are going through, statistics
have an essential role to play. It is beyond doubt that in market democratic societies, availability,
reliability and timeliness of public statistical information are essential factors in the decision-making
process of the information societies where we live. They make up one of the systems that oil the wheel's
of the market economy.
During the last twelve months the European Community has started to get organised in providing
assistance and cooperation in promoting and supporting the implementation of statistical systems in
each of the Republics of the ex-USSR. The development of such a system is a long and complex
process, and needs long term investment. This is also true for Western Countries in which it has been
developed during many years and in which considerable work in terms of harmonisation and definitions
of common methodologies has just started. A broad series of technical assistance and training activities
have been started this year, in the framework of its TACIS Community programme. We have reviewed
them extensively with representatives of the Republics in December 92 in Luxembourg during a three
day information seminar.
Other international organisations have been also very active, in particular the IMF, the OECD, the
United Nations, the World Bank coordinating of their technical assistance activities through a Steering
Committee chaired by Mr Jean RIPERT, who will participate actively in this seminar. We are