Mistreated
161 pages
English

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161 pages
English

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Description

As global health institutions and aid donors expanded HIV treatment throughout Africa, they rapidly "scaled up" programs, projects, and organizations meant to address HIV and AIDS. Yet these efforts did not simply have biological effects: in addition to extending lives and preventing further infections, treatment scale-up initiated remarkable political and social shifts.

In Lesotho, which has the world's second highest HIV prevalence, HIV treatment has had unintentional but pervasive political costs, distancing citizens from the government, fostering distrust of health programs, and disrupting the social contract. Based on ethnographic observation between 2008 and 2014, this book chillingly anticipates the political violence and instability that swept through Lesotho in 2014.

This book is a recipient of the Norman L. and Roselea J. Goldberg Prize from Vanderbilt University Press for the best book in the area of medicine.

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Publié par
Date de parution 03 octobre 2017
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780826521569
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1000€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Mistreated
The Political Consequences of the Fight against AIDS in Lesotho
Nora Kenworthy
Vanderbilt University Press | Nashville
© 2017 by Vanderbilt University Press
Nashville, Tennessee 37235
All rights reserved
First printing 2017 This book is printed on acid-free paper. Manufactured in the United States of America -->
This book is a recipient of the Norman L. and Roselea J. Goldberg Prize for the best project in the area of medicine.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data on file
LC control number 2016042798
LC classification number RA643.86.L5
Dewey classification number 362.19697/920096885—dc23
LC record available at lccn.loc.gov/2016042798
ISBN 978-0-8265-2154-5 (hardcover)
ISBN 978-0-8265-2155-2 (paperback)
ISBN 978-0-8265-2156-9 (ebook)
For Ethan
Contents
Acknowledgments
A Note on Terminology, Pronunciation, and Spelling
1 Promises Unfulfilled
2 Democratic Deficits
3 Building Competent Citizens
4 Venerated Communities, Vulnerable Citizens
5 The Privileged and the Damned
6 Corporate Clinics and Humanitarian Consumption
7 Envisioning Lesotho
Notes
References
Index
Acknowledgments
A book, especially a first book, accrues a profound debt of gratitude that cannot be fully repaid. I owe boundless thanks to the many extraordinary people in Lesotho whose lives informed this project for nearly six years. As I carried out this research, they treated me with a respect, generosity, humility, honesty, and patience that far exceeded what I deserved. What I have learned of these characteristics, I have tried to apply in my recounting of their stories, lives, and experiences. Any failures in doing so, any unintended misrepresentations or errors, and all opinions included herein are my own, and for them I take full responsibility.
I owe particular thanks to the support groups and clinics, as well as research informants and institutional partners, who hosted me for long periods of time, tolerating my questions and disruptions. There will be too many names left out of these acknowledgments because of the need to protect identities with pseudonyms. Many of those who helped the project took risks to do so, and to them I am especially indebted. Kea leboha haholo, bo-mme le bo-ntate .
The woman I call Lebohang in this text was one of my first and closest friends, and my primary language teacher. Lebohang passed away—painfully, and far too soon—in December 2010. To her family, I hope this work serves, in some small way, as a memorial to her work and the generosity with which she approached the world.
A few research assistants worked on this project over the years. Pontšo Tseounyane was an extraordinary help in data gathering, translation, and interviewing. Sabina Montši and Thabo Liphoto assisted in the research for shorter but no less crucial periods of time. I am indebted to them for their insights, but must underscore that any political opinions or critiques are entirely my own. Though she is far more an expert than an assistant, MaOxford Lerotholi provided an essential review of the manuscript in the later stages of writing. I am thankful to her keen eye.
The faculty and staff of the Institute of Southern African Studies (ISAS) at the National University of Lesotho (NUL) provided a much-needed academic home during 2010–2011, and my colleagues there guided the research in innumerable ways. I am particularly thankful to Drs. Resetselemang Leduka, Setsabi Sestabis, and ’Matšeliso Mapetla, as well as NUL colleagues Amelia Ranotsi and James Molapo. Further afield, Alan Whiteside provided essential feedback on portions of the manuscript. Early on in the research process, Nicoli Nattrass, Jeremy Seekings, Mokhantšo Makoae, Stephen Rule, and David Turkon helped orient me to the region and to Lesotho. In 2014, Annali Fichardt warmly welcomed me into her home, and other faculty and postdoctoral fellows at the University of the Free State gave generously of their time and insights on the project.
The research also benefited from numerous connections with organizations, agencies, and institutions in Lesotho and South Africa, including IDASA, MSF, TAC, FIDA, NAC, HEARD, LENEPWHA, LECAWU, FAWU, the Transformation Resource Center, the LCN, M2M, the Lesotho Consumer Protection Association, the Office of the First Lady, the Lesotho Planned Parenthood Association, the Clinton Foundation, Management Sciences for Health, BIPAI, CHAL, UNAIDS, WHO, UNDP, USAID, and those involved in the Health Development Partners Forum. Partners and friends at ALAFA, GTZ (GIZ), the Ministry of Local Government and Chieftainship, and ICAP provided essential and unwavering support at various stages of the research process. To those individuals at these organizations who gave so freely of their time and expertise, I am particularly thankful. I am also grateful to the Lesotho Ministry of Health and Social Welfare for granting permission and ethical approval for this project to be carried out.
As someone who has not always felt comfortable in academic settings, one of the most unexpected and deepest joys of academic life has been finding a network of wonderful colleagues, mentors, and friends. The Department of Sociomedical Sciences at Columbia University nurtured my work from the beginning, giving me the confidence to shift disciplinary boundaries and pursue this project as an ethnography. For that, as well as his unwavering support, patience, and kindness, I am especially indebted to Richard Parker. One could not ask for a more brilliant or generous mentor. Ron Bayer was a steadfast presence throughout my time at Columbia, and lent his expertise in the history and politics of the HIV epidemic to many iterations of this project. Kim Hopper first introduced me to rigorous ethnographic methods, and then patiently mentored me through not one but multiple research projects. His mantra to “trust the method” got me through fieldwork; his craftsmanship as a writer helped me translate field notes into chapters. I was deeply honored that Rosalind Petchesky and Mamdou Diouf also provided extensive feedback on chapters throughout the process; their unique perspectives have shaped much of this work. Also at Columbia, I am indebted to Wafaa El-Sadr, Jennifer Hirsch, Connie Nathanson, and Carole Vance, as well as many other faculty for their mentorship and support. At ICAP, Elaine Abrams and Jessica Justman provided support for early work in Lesotho on HIV/AIDS. Finally, I would not have gotten through Columbia without the camaraderie of fellow students I now am lucky to consider professional colleagues. There are too many to mention here by name. Sara Lewis, Anne Montgomery, Brendan Hart, Robert Frey, Brooke West, Allison Goldberg, Radhika Gore, Ashley Fox, Siri Suh, Kirk Fiereck, and Ronna Popkin all provided essential insights and much-needed doses of reality throughout this project.
I consider myself extraordinarily fortunate to have landed in a place as rich in friends and colleagues as the University of Washington. I am particularly thankful to my writing group colleagues—Johanna Crane, Ben Gardner, Danny Hoffman, Ron Krabill, and Lynn Thomas—for the mentorship, feedback, and company needed to finish this manuscript. Johanna Crane also provided extensive edits on various proposals, chapter drafts, and book dilemmas that made me feel all the more blessed to have her as a friend and colleague. Lauren Berliner was an exceedingly supportive friend and partner throughout the last two years of writing. Many other colleagues—including David Allen, Charlie Collins, Jody Early, Andrea Kovalesky, Lauren Lichty, Selina Mohammed, Jamie Shirley, Chris Wade, and Mayumi Wilgerodt—provided various forms of much-needed encouragement and mentorship throughout the process. On the Seattle campus, I feel especially lucky to be connected to so many remarkable scholars whose insights and support have shaped this book, including Rachel Chapman, Steve Gloyd, Amy Hagopian, James Pfeiffer, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Matt Sparke, and Janelle Taylor. Finally, I am thankful to my students, especially those in my global health classes who joined me on trips to foundations and organizations in Seattle that informed much of Chapter 7 .
I was fortunate to receive a number of grants and fellowships that enabled me to carry the field research on which this book is based: these include a National Science Foundation Law and Social Sciences Program Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant (grant 1024097); a US/IIE Fulbright Program student fellowship; a fellowship from the American Association of University Women; the Leitner Family Fellowship from the Institute for African Studies at Columbia University; and a Columbia Population Research Center seed grant. I was able both to begin and to complete the manuscript in large part because of the hospitality and support of the Helen Riaboff Whiteley Center on San Juan Island, which offered necessary solitude and breathtaking scenery throughout repeated stays. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are my own, and do not necessarily reflect the views of these institutions.
Some of the material in this book has been published in different forms elsewhere. A version of Chapter 6 appeared as a 2014 article in Medical Anthropology Quarterly under the title “A Manufactu(RED) Ethics”; a small portion of that chapter’s data on ALAFA’s closure appears in the 2016 book Case Studies on Corporations and Global Health Governance: Impacts, Influence and Accountability . Chapter 3 includes data that appeared in a 2014 Global Public Health article entitled &#

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