Pirates and Devils
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Pirates and Devils, edited by Nicholas G. Meriwether and David W. Newton, presents two of the most significant unfinished works by William Gilmore Simms, a prominent public intellectual of the antebellum South and one of the most prolific literary writers of the nineteenth century. These two incomplete works—the pirate romance, "The Brothers of the Coast," and the folk fable, "Sir Will O' Wisp"—are representative of the some of the last major primary texts of Simms's expansive career. Recent scholarship about Simms, including William Gilmore Simms's Unfinished Civil War, reasserts the significance of Simms's postwar writing and makes this volume's contribution timely.

Left unfinished at his death, these two substantial fragments represent the last of the major primary texts from the final phase of Simms's life to be published. Together, the texts provide greater insight into Simms's creative process, but more importantly, they show Simms continuing to wrestle with the issues he faced in the aftermath of the Civil War, and they document the creativity and courage that commitment represented—and required. The publication of these fragments makes possible a complete picture of this last phase of Simms's life, as he struggled with the consequences of a conflict that had become the defining event of his life, career, and region.



Publié par
Date de parution 14 juillet 2015
Nombre de lectures 1
EAN13 9781611174571
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

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William Gilmore Simms Initiatives: Texts and Studies Series David Moltke-Hansen and Todd Hagstette, Series Editors
William Gilmore Simms s Unfinished Civil War: Consequences for a Southern Man of Letters DAVID MOLTKE-HANSEN, ED .
William Gilmore Simms s Selected Reviews on Literature and Civilization JAMES EVERETT KIBLER, JR., AND DAVID MOLTKE-HANSEN, EDS .
Pirates and Devils: William Gilmore Simms s Unfinished Postbellum Novels NICHOLAS G. MERIWETHER AND DAVID W. NEWTON, EDS .
William Gilmore Simms s Unfinished Postbellum Novels
Edited by
2015 University of South Carolina
Published by the University of South Carolina Press Columbia, South Carolina 29208
24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870. [Novels. Selections] Pirates and Devils : William Gilmore Simms s unfinished postbellum novels / edited by Nicholas G. Meriwether and David W. Newton. pages cm. - (William Gilmore Simms initiatives: texts and studies) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-61117-456-4 (hardback) - ISBN 978-1-61117-457-1 (ebook) 1. American fiction-19th century. 2. Simms, William Gilmore, 1806-1870- Criticism and interpretation. I. Meriwether, Nicholas G., editor. II. Newton, David W., 1961- editor. PS2843.M47 2015 813 .3-dc23
Publication of this book is made possible in part by the generous support of the Watson-Brown Foundation, together with the Caroline McKissick Dial Publication Fund of the South Caroliniana Library and the University Libraries of the University of South Carolina.
Front cover design by Herbie Hollar
Editorial Method
History, the King s Image, and the Politics of Utopia: Reading The Brothers of the Coast NICHOLAS G. MERIWETHER
The Brothers of the Coast: A Pirate Story
Explanatory Notes
Never a Whit Wiser, Never a Whit Less Human : Simms s Postwar Conversation with the Devil DAVID W. NEWTON
Sir Will O Wisp or the Irish Baronet; A Tale of Its Own Day
Explanatory Notes
Appendix: Jack-O -Lantern: A New-Light Story
Anyone who spends time with Simms s writing comes away with a profound appreciation for the importance he placed on friendship. Scholars who study Simms are fortunate to be able to call on the support of a community of scholars, whose friendship and support for this project we are grateful to acknowledge.
James L. W. West III of the Pennsylvania State University Center for the History of the Book provided advice for textual transcription and editorial practices. The research librarians and staff at the South Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina provided generous assistance in the preparation of both of these manuscripts for publication. Allen Stokes, the former director, assisted with editing Sir Will O Wisp. Allen Stokes, his successor Henry Fulmer, and Manuscripts Specialist Graham Duncan all provided invaluable assistance with conjectural emendations for both texts. John Miller also reviewed sections of the transcription of Sir Will O Wisp and helped with difficult passages.
Work on the transcription of Sir Will O Wisp was completed through the generosity of the William Gilmore Simms Research Fellowship at the South Caroliniana Library. The initial transcription of The Brothers of the Coast, primarily by Graham Duncan, was generously funded by John Simms.
The University of West Georgia provided funding for graduate research assistantships to support editorial work on Sir Will O Wisp. Brooke Sparks, William Manion, and Kimberly Smith assisted with research on annotations for the work. Laura McClanathan assisted with the annotations for The Brothers of the Coast. Alex Moore at the University of South Carolina Press was a patient champion who never faltered in his belief that these two difficult works deserved a wider audience. David Moltke-Hansen, then director of the Simms Initiatives at the University of South Carolina, created a forum that allowed this book to come to fruition, and he also provided careful readings of the introductory essays for the texts. Any errors are the responsibility of the respective editors.
Both of these works are public texts, intended for publication; the purpose behind this volume is to provide accessible texts that will facilitate the introduction of these formerly unpublished efforts. The editing practices here honor those of The Centennial Edition of the Works of William Gilmore Simms, published by the University of South Carolina Press, and the Selected Fiction of William Gilmore Simms Arkansas Edition, by the University of Arkansas Press, while acknowledging recent changes in textual scholarship that place greater emphasis on readability. This provides an overview of the editorial practices followed here; a more detailed analysis of both works can be made via their online publication, by the Simms Initiatives at the University of South Carolina.
Dialect has been left as Simms wrote it; elsewhere spelling has been made consistent but rendered in accordance with Simms s use. Simms often left compounds such as any thing, some body, day light, and so forth as two words; these have been combined and standardized. Spelling of people, places, and things has been made consistent; in The Brothers of the Coast, Simms s occasional use of the definite article the before Steel Cap has also been made consistent and thus dropped throughout. Some archaic spellings such as sate for sat, gripe for grip have been modernized when leaving them in their original form would have led to confusion.
Capitalization and punctuation have been made consistent and generally modernized. Simms s practice of using dashes to reveal breath-lines, often after commas and semicolons, has been rendered, in most circumstances, as a comma; exceptions have been made when the addition of a new comma would render the sentence too unwieldy. Simms s frequent use of commas has been reduced as well, to better conform to modern usage. Simms wrote quickly and used ampersands ( ), Sharfess S s (the German double-S), paragraph marks ( ), and other abbreviations as both shorthand and printer s directives, not intended for typographical transliteration in the published text. These have been spelled out or heeded. Simms provided some paragraph breaks, indicated by either glyph ( ) or indentation; these have been followed, but additional breaks were also occasionally inserted to improve the flow of the text. Double quotation marks around names and place names have been minimized. Simms usually placed apostrophes before the n in contractions such as do nt and should nt. These have been made consistent and modernized, for example, don t, shouldn t. Italics have been limited to emphasis that Simms intended and to uncommon foreign words and phrases; other instances have been eliminated. When Simms struck out a word, it was omitted. He almost never reinstated a word, once struck out.
The manuscript of The Brothers of the Coast was damaged. Missing parts of pages and the obliteration of words mean that the majority of the insertions are conjectural editorial emendations, based on context, physical limits (such as the number of spaces occupied by the missing paper), and general knowledge of Simms s writing. The use of brackets to indicate editorial emendations has been minimized. A detailed, line-by-line transliteration of both manuscripts, along with full textual apparatus, is available online through the Simms Initiatives at the University of South Carolina. The digital facsimile edition of both works, reproducing the manuscripts and accompanying transcriptions, allows this edition to provide a more readable, accessible texts, leaving the digital versions to provide textually authoritative transliterations of the manuscripts themselves.
The end of the Civil War found William Gilmore Simms living in a garret in Columbia, S.C., editing-and largely writing-a newspaper that barely afforded him sustenance. For a man who had tied his fate so completely to that of his state and region, defeat was hard enough. Making it personal, was the destruction of his house and library, tragedies that made the burden of his own complicity in the horrors of war and its ravages almost unbearable. Even earlier during the war he had felt his pen stilled, unable to free his mind from the all-consuming conflict that swirled around him and the deep personal losses that characterized his own experience during those four years. But somehow, in the ruins of the city to which he had fled to escape the march of Union general William Tecumseh Sherman, he rediscovered his muse. Despite the punishing heat of Columbia in August, Simms could write his old friend Augustus Everett Duyckinck that If the publishers could make me these advances, I could begin the world anew, and set my wheels springs in motion. He continued, I am conscious of no diminution of powers. My health is good-my frame vigorous, and, once restored to peace of mind,-freed from the terrible anxieties about my children, I believe that I could do better things in letters than I have ever done before. I have my brain seething ever and anon, with fresh conceptions, over which I brood at intervals, with a loving mood of meditation which makes them grow upon me, until the images become as familiar to the eye, as they have been to the mind ( Letters 4:516).
It was a remarkable claim for many reasons. That Simms could find himself inspired to write-even in the ashes of a city whose destruction affected him deeply and persona

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