Teresa de Avila, Lettered Woman
297 pages
English

Teresa de Avila, Lettered Woman , livre ebook

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297 pages
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Description

In 1562, Teresa de Avila founded the Discalced Carmelites and launched a reform movement that would pit her against the Church hierarchy and the male officials of her own religious order. This new spirituality, which stressed interiority and a personal relationship with God, was considered dangerous and subversive. It provoked the suspicion of the Inquisition and the wrath of unreformed Carmelites, especially the Andalusian friars, who favored the lax practices of their traditional monasteries. The Inquisition investigated Teresa repeatedly, and the Carmelite General had her detained. But even during the most terrible periods of persecution, Teresa continued to fight for the reform using the weapon she wielded best: the pen. Teresa wrote hundreds, perhaps thousands, of letters to everyone from the King to prelates to mothers of novices.

Teresa's epistolary writing reveals how she used her political acumen to dodge inquisitors and negotiate the thorny issues of the reform, facing off the authorities--albeit with considerable tact--and reprimanding priests and nuns who failed to follow her orders. Her letters bring to light the different strategies she used--code names, secret routing--in order to communicate with nuns and male allies. They show how she manipulated language, varying her tone and rhetoric according to the recipient or slipping into deliberate vagueness in order to avoid divulging secrets. What emerges from her correspondence is a portrait of extraordinary courage, ability, and shrewdness.

In the sixteenth century, the word letrado (lettered) referred to the learned men of the Church. Teresa treated letrados with great respect and always insisted on her own lack of learning. The irony is that although women could not be letradas, Teresa was, as her correspondence shows, "lettered" in more ways than one.


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Publié par
Date de parution 01 mai 2009
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780826592583
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

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Teresa de Ávila L E T T E R E D WOM A N
B Á R BA R A M U J I CA
Teresa de Ávila lettered woman
Teresa de Ávila lettered woman
Bárbara Mujîca
Vàé Uéŝ Péŝŝ nashville
© 2009  Vàé Uéŝ Péŝŝ àŝé, ééŝŝéé 37235 A gŝ éŝéé
13 12 11 10 09
 1 2 3 4 5
ŝ ôôk ŝ é ô àç-éé àé àé ô 30% ôŝ-çôŝûé éççé çôé. àûàçûé  é Ué Śàéŝ ô Aéçà
Pûçàô ô ŝ ôôk àŝ éé ŝûôé  à gééôûŝ ŝûŝ ô é Pôgà ô Cûûà Côôéàô ééé Śà’ŝ ŝ ô Cûûé à Ué Śàéŝ Uéŝéŝ.
Fôŝéçé: Śà ééŝà g à éé é éŝŝégé àŝ. Egàg  Aô à Wéŝéôû (Féŝ, 1651–1725), Càéàà Côéçô. Pôôgà  Cŝôé Wŝô.
à ô Côgéŝŝ Cààôgg--Pûçàô Dàà
ûjçà, ààà ôûŝé. ééŝà é Áà, ééé ôà / áàà ûjçà. . ç. ïçûéŝ ôgàçà éééçéŝ (. ) à é. ISBN 978-0-8265-1631-2 (çô : àk. àé) 1. ééŝà, ô Aà, Śà, 1515–1582— Côéŝôéçé. ï. é. BX4700.T4M77 2009 282.092—dc22 [B] 2008025852
To my husband Mauro,
to my chîldren and grandchîldren,
and to Saînt Teresa, wîth gratîtude
Péàçé
Contents
Śôûçéŝ à Aéàôŝ
ïôûçô: é Pé à é Śô1
1 Fô ééŝà é Aûàà ô Śà ééŝà13
2 ééŝà é Jéŝúŝ: Wôà ô ééŝ44
3 Gô’ŝ Wàô à Hé Eŝôà Wéàôŝ68
4 Côéŝôéçé à Côéŝôéŝ103
5 éé-Wg àŝ Śé-Rééŝéàô140
6 Fôgg Śàôô:  ééŝà’ŝ ééŝ àŝ Réçŝ178
Côçûŝô203
Aé: Śéé ééŝ  Ogà àŝàôŝ207
ôéŝ239
ôgà259
ïé269
Preface
éçàé àŝçàé  Śà ééŝà é, ûg à é ô éŝôà îçû, ï é à ôàThe Interîor Castle. ï à àûg éà ïéCastle é. ï ôû  ééŝà à ŝûé gûé ôŝé ŝûà ŝ-ôé Śàŝ éàûé ô à éàŝ, û ï à éé éàé ô, , à ô-ô-éà çôô ŝéŝé ŝôké ô é à é ôôû-éŝ éé. é çûé ôûà ô ééŝà àéŝŝ ô é à ô éàç é-ô çûûà à égôûŝ àéŝ.Publîsher’s Weeklyçàŝ é “à ŝç ô ôû éŝ”  à éé ô éé é ôôkŝ ûŝé éà  2007: Enterîng the Castle,  Càôé ŝŝ; à é àŝàô ôThe Book of My Lîfe,  àà Śà; à  ô ôé,Sîster Teresa.  Oçé ï égà ô éà ééŝà  éàéŝ, ï éçàé gûé ô ô  é éàçgŝ û àŝô  é ôà éŝé. ûç ô à é kô àôû ééŝà ééŝ ô éLîbro de la Vîda(Book of Her Lîfe)ôô éà ôgàéŝ ŝûç àŝ ôŝé  Dégô é Yééŝ, Fàçŝçô é Réà, Jûá é Áà, à Jéóô Gàçá. éé ô éŝé ŝôûçéŝ ŝ éçéŝŝà éàé.Vîdaséé éà ààŝ é à é ééŝ ô ŝ-ûà éçôŝ àôûŝ ô éàé é çàgéŝ’ ôôô, à ééŝà’ŝ àŝ ô éçéô. Féàû à é ŝôŝ à éçŝàŝéŝ ôû ôôké é ŝçû ô é àûôéŝ, é çôéŝŝôŝ— àçûà Gàçíà é ôéô, û àŝô Péô ïáñéz, Gàŝà Dàzà, à ààŝà Áàéz—ôéé é ô é à àççôû ô é ŝûà éééçéŝ. Śé à àéà ôûçé ôSpîrîtual Testîmonîes,û é çôéŝŝôŝ éé àôûŝ ô à ôé çôéé éô. é éŝûg ôôk àŝ à çôàô àûôôgà, ŝûà çôéŝŝô, à àé àûà, ç ŝé éŝéé ô Gàçíà é ôéô  Jûé 1562. Hé éà , éàŝ ŝôg  ô ôéŝ, à ôéé çéà éŝôŝ. ééŝà àé çàéŝ ô àé, ŝûà àôŝ, à é ôûàô ô Śà JôŝÈ. Śé ôà çôéé é îà éŝô  1565. Eéûà é ôôk àŝ ŝûé ô é qûŝôà çéŝôŝ  ôéô. Aôé à ŝôûçé ŝ ééŝà’ŝLîbro de las fundacîones(Book of the Foundatîons[Kàààûg ûŝéŝThe Book of Her Foundatîons]),ôà- éqûéŝé  é Jéŝû é, Jéóô Ràà. é ôôk, ç àŝ é ûg éé éé éôŝ, ààéŝ é ŝô ô ééŝà’ŝ ôûàôŝ à çôàŝ àçé ô ôéŝŝéŝ ô ô ô û à çôé.
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