Scanning the Pharaohs
377 pages
English

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377 pages
English
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Description

A gripping analysis of the results of the groundbreaking imaging technology used to examine the royal mummies of the New Kingdom, by leading experts in the field
The royal mummies in the Cairo Museum are an important source of information about the lives of the ancient Egyptians. The remains of these pharaohs and queens can inform us about their age at death and medical conditions from which they may have suffered, as well as the mummification process and objects placed within the wrappings.
Using the latest technology, including Multi-Detector Computed Tomography and DNA analysis, co-authors Zahi Hawass and Sahar Saleem present the results of the examination of royal mummies of the Eighteenth to Twentieth Dynasties. New imaging techniques not only reveal a wealth of information about each mummy, but render amazingly lifelike and detailed images of the remains. In addition, utilizing 3D images, the anatomy of each face has been discerned for a more accurate interpretation of a mummy's facial features. This latest research has uncovered some surprising results about the genealogy of, and familial relationships between, these ancient individuals, as well as some unexpected medical finds.
Historical information is provided to place the royal mummies in context, and the book with its many illustrations will appeal to Egyptologists, paleopathologists, and non-specialists alike, as the authors seek to uncover the secrets of these most fascinating members of the New Kingdom royal families.
Chronology
Introduction
1 Radiographic Imaging of Royal Egyptian Mummies: Previous and Current Studies
2 The Story of the Royal Caches
3 The Discovery of the Mummy of Queen Hatshepsut, and Examination of the Mummies of Her Family
4 CT Examination of Selected Mid- to Late Eighteenth Dynasty Mummies
5 The CT-scan of the Mummy of Tutankhamun: New Evidence on the Life and Death of the King
6 The Two Fetuses Found in the Tomb of Tutankhamun
7 Investigations into King Tutankhamun's Family
8 The Search for the Mummy of Queen Nefertiti
9 The Nineteenth Dynasty
10 Dynasty Twenty: Ramesses III, Pentawere, and the Harem Conspiracy
11 CT Findings on the Mummification Process of Royal Ancient Egyptians, Eighteenth to Early Twentieth Dynasties
12 Amulets, Funerary Figures, and Other Objects Found on the Mummies
13 Faces of the Royal Mummies
Appendix: List of the Royal Mummies in the Cairo Museum
Glossary

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 30 décembre 2015
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781617976926
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 145 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,2000€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

Exrait

Scanning thePharaohs
Scanning Parah the CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies
Zahi Hawass Sahar N. Saleem
edited by Sue D’Auria
The American University in Cairo Press Cairo New York
First published in 2016 by The American University in Cairo Press 113 Sharia Kasr el Aini, Cairo, Egypt 420 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10018 www.aucpress.com
Copyright © 2016 by Zahi Hawass and Sahar N. Saleem
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Dar el Kutub No. 2317/14 ISBN 978 977 416 673 0
Dar el Kutub Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Hawass, Zahi Scanning the Pharaohs: CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies/ by Zahi Hawass and Sahar N. Saleem – Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2016 p. cm. ISBN 978 977 416 673 0 Egypt–Antiquities Saleem, Sahar N. (Jt. auth.) 932
1 2 3 4 5 20 19 18 17 16
Designed by Sally Boylan Printed in the United States of America
Dedicated to the memory of Mark Linz
List of Tables Foreword Acknowledgments Chronology Introduction
1
2
Contents
Radiographic Imaging of Royal Egyptian Mummies: Previous and Current Studies Introduction MDCT Scanning Technique MDCT Image Analysis and Reconstruction Other Methods of CT Image Reconstruction Image Interpretation Conclusion
The Story of the Royal Caches Historical Introduction The Cache of Deir al-Bahari (DB320) The Second Royal Cache: The Tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) Sidelight: The Abdel Rasoul Family The Mummies in the Valley of the Kings
vii
xi xiii xv xvii 1
11 11 14 14 19 19 28
29 29 31 33 34 40
3
4
5
6
7
The Discovery of the Mummy of Queen Hatshepsut, and Examination of the Mummies of Her Family Historical Introduction The Search for the Queen Sidelight: Adventure in the Valley Sidelight: Hatshepsut's Box The Discovery DNA Testing Conclusions
CT Examination of Selected Mid- to Late Eighteenth Dynasty Mummies Historical Introduction: The Reign of Amenhotep II to the Amarna Period Examination of the Mummies
The CT Scan of the Mummy of Tutankhamun: New Evidence on the Life and Death of the King Historical Introduction The Mummy of Tutankhamun CT Scanning of the Mummy Conclusions Sidelight: A New Theory about the "Burned" Mummy of Tutankhamun
The Two Fetuses Found in the Tomb of Tutankhamun Historical Introduction Previous Plain X-ray Study of Mummy 317b Results of the CT Scan of the Two Fetuses Comparison between Findings of the CT Study and the Previous Plain X-ray Studies
Investigations into King Tutankhamun’s Family Historical Introduction The Parentage and Family of Tutankhamun: The DNA Evidence Results of the Research Marfan’s Disease and the Family of Tutankhamun
viii Contents
43 43 45 48 54 59 61 61
65
65 67
89 89 90 92 100
104
107 107 108 108
115
117 117
121 122 124
8
9
The Search for the Mummy of Queen Nefertiti Historical Introduction The Mummy of Nefertiti: Recent Theories The KV21 Mummies CT Scans of the KV21 Mummies The Two Fetuses in Tutankhamun’s Tomb: DNA Analysis Conclusions Sidelight: Mutnodjmet
The Nineteenth Dynasty Historical Introduction CT Examination of Selected Mummies of the Nineteenth Dynasty Sidelight: The Exodus Sidelight: Questions about Ramesses II and Merenptah
10 The Twentieth Dynasty: Ramesses III, Pentawere, and the Harem Conspiracy Historical Introduction Examination of Ramesses III and Unknown Man E Sidelight: New Evidence on the Death of Ramesses III
11 CT Findings on the Mummification Process of Royal Ancient Egyptians, Eighteenth to Early Twentieth Dynasties Mummification in Ancient Egypt Body Position CT Features of Ancient Egyptian Embalming Materials Head Mummification and Excerebration Evisceration: Removal of Viscera and Visceral Packs Cosmetic Care and Beautification of Mummies Multiple Restorations Mummification Features as Dating Criteria
12 Amulets, Funerary Figures, and Other Objects Found on the Mummies Introduction Jewelry Amulets and Funerary Figures Beads and Stones Other Foreign Objects
129 129 130 132 136 141 142 143
145 145 150 152 172
175 175 179 190
193 193 195 196 199 205 209 220 220
231 231 236 239 243 243
Contents ix
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