Adams & Adams Practical Guide to Intellectual Property in Africa
715 pages
English

Adams & Adams Practical Guide to Intellectual Property in Africa

-

YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication
715 pages
English
YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication

Description

The compilation of a comprehensive guide to Intellectual Property Laws and Procedures in Africa has long been a goal for academics and practitionersalike. Over the years this encouraged Adams & Adams to produce handbooks on aspects of the intellectual property laws and procedures in Africa, on a fairly limited scale. However, the rapid development on boththe economic and legislative fronts in Africa over the past 10 years prompted us to consider a more detailed publication. This has now been made possible through generous funding by the World Bank, facilitated by the University of Pretoria through the Faculty of Law and the Pretoria University Legal Press.Some 12 years ago, The Economist Magazine labelled Africa ‘the hopeless continent’ but rather than shrivel, the continent has experienced one of the fastest economic growth rates in the world. In a recent World Bank report, it was estimated that Foreign Direct Investment in Africa will reach US $150 billion in 2012, up from US $84 billion in 2010. Investors are taking a long term view of the prospects in Africa and investing heavily in infrastructure projects on the continent.Africa is vast, covering in excess of 30 million square kilometres which would accommodate India, USA, Argentina, China and Western Europe including the British Isles. Africa has the world’s fastest growing population which is likely to top 1 billion within the next five years and can provide a significant share of the world’s future workers. By contrast, in many countries there has been a decline in people of a working age. A number of African countries are urbanising at a rapid rate which is creating significant demand for infrastructure, goods and services. The continent is rapidly emerging as a market driven by commodity and oil prices, stable macroeconomic environments, investments from large emerging markets as well as rising internal consumer spending. In addition to the size of the continent, Africa has a large percentage of available arable land and has the potential to develop agricultural resources. The Economist Magazine has forecast that the bulk of the top 10 fastest growing economies in the world over the next five years will emerge from Africa.Challenges undoubtedly still remain, particularly on the political front. Nevertheless, with a few notable exceptions, most African economies have recorded solid improvements across all the economic, political and social indicators. Developing local laws, protecting the environment, respecting human rights and supporting local entrepreneurs will be central to the continued growth of business in Africa. Crucial to economic development and investment is a need for African countries to make significant improvements on the legislative front to bring themselves in line with developing and developed nations. Failure to develop local legislation has a profound effect on the prospects of sustained investment. In particular on the intellectual property front, there have been significant improvements in many African territories and thus we believe that it was opportune to highlight the various African Intellectual Property Laws in a consolidated compendium for a better understanding of what is required in order to protect intellectual property rights in Africa.Despite the legislative developments in most African territories, there are still difficulties in accessing detailed information relating to intellectual property in Africa, which is often as a result of antiquated laws, systems and procedures in some countries and territories. Accordingly, the accuracy of the information in the manual is subject to the constraints of current laws and procedures. In those instances where laws and procedures are possibly incomplete and/or antiquated, our comments are based on practical experience gathered over many years of working in Africa.Adams & Adams is spending significant time and effort in developing IP law in Africa by assisting Ministries and Registries throughout Africa in developing their laws and procedures, and at the same time working closely with African lawyers throughout the continent. In addition to handling IP cases on a regular basis in all 54 African countries and territories, we have established associated offices in a number of countries and in the two regional IP organisations, ARIPO and OAPI. Plans to establish furtherassociated offices in East, Central and West Africa are at an advanced stageWe believe and hope that this book will assist in understanding how the various IP laws in Africa operate and afford intellectual property owners the opportunity of successfully protecting their rights.As with other projects like this one, I was proud to observe the dedication and thoroughness which our partners and colleagues put into the production of the book. It was no easy task to obtain, translate, collate and compile the IP laws of 54 different countries and territories.Once again, all this occurred under the eagle eye of our Editor and Senior Consultant, Prof Esmé du Plessis. She kept matters under tight control and did a vast amount of writing, correcting and conforming of the drafts. We at Adams & Adams thank the entire team for their hard work and commitment and for putting our name to such a work.My own belief is that their efforts have resulted in a unique publication which will be used by many who are looking at the opportunities for investment in Africa. Perhaps our colleagues’ efforts will contribute in some way to the development of the continent for the benefit of all. We hope so.Dario TanzianiChairman: Adams & AdamsApril 2012About the editors:Adams & Adams is a leading South African law firm specialising in intellectual property law, in addition to providing general commercial legal services. The firm has grown into a South African law icon, with the largest intellectual property law practice supported by a strong commercial, property and litigation practice.

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Date de parution 01 janvier 2012
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781920538095
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 4 Mo

Exrait


 

 
Adams & Adams 
Practical Guide to  
Intellectual Property in Africa 

 
 
 
 
Adams & Adams Practical Guide to Intellectual Property in Africa
Published by:
Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
The Pretoria University Law Press (PULP) is a publisher at the Faculty of Law,
University of Pretoria, South Africa. PULP endeavours to publish and make available
innovative, high-quality scholarly texts on law in Africa. PULP also publishes a series
of collections of legal documents related to public law in Africa, as well as text books
from African countries other than South Africa.
For more information on PULP, see www.pulp.up.ac.za
Printed and bound by:
ABC Press
Cape Town
To order, contact:
PULP
Faculty of Law
University of Pretoria
South Africa
0002
Tel: +27 12 420 4948
Fax: +27 12 362 5125
pulp@up.ac.za
www.pulp.up.ac.za
Cover:
Jeanine Jooste, NGD&A, +21 12 802 1220
ISBN: 978-1-920538-09-5
THE WORLD BANK
Washington, D.C.
Adams & Adams Practical Guide to Intellectual Property in Africa forms part of the Rule of Law
in Africa Project funded by the World Bank
 

 
Adams & Adams 
Practical Guide to  
Intellectual Property in Africa 
 
 
 
 
Compiled and authored by 
Adams & Adams 2012 
 
 
Editorial Committee 
Esmé D. du Plessis (Managing Editor);  
Simon Brown; Dario F. Tanziani (Chairman, Adams & Adams) 
 
Adams & Adams Authors 
 
Esmé Desiré du Plessis Gavin Salomon Kotze
BSc (Chem & Maths)   BSc (Chem & Eng) 
LLB Patent Attorney  BProc Patent Attorney 
   
   
Simon Barratt Brown  Megan Moerdijk 
BLC LLB Trade Mark Attorney  BA LLB Trade Mark Attorney 
   
Kelly‐Marie Thompson  Jennifer Pienaar 
BA LLB Trade Mark Attorney  BA LLB Trade Mark Attorney 
   
Nicolette Garnett  Nthabisheng Phaswana 
BA LLB Attorney   LLB LLM Attorney 
   
 
 
Pretoria University Law Press 
Pretoria 2012 

 

 
Table of Contents 
 
 
 
Preface ..................................... ii  Lesotho ..................................... 240 
Acknowledgement ................... iv  Liberia ....................................... 256 
Glossary: acronyms and    Libya ......................................... 272 
abbreviations ......................... vi  Madagascar .............................. 286 
Table of appendices ................. viii  Malawi ...................................... 301 
Map of Africa ............................ ix  Mali .......................................... 317 
African Regional Intellectual      Mauritania ................................ 319 
  Property Organisation   Mauritius .................................. 321 
  (ARIPO) ................................... 1  Morocco ................................... 335 
Algeria ...................................... 16  Mozambique ............................ 354 
Angola  33  Namibia .................................... 373 
Benin ........................................ 51  Niger ......................................... 391 
Botswana .................................. 53  Nigeria ...................................... 393 
Burkina Faso ............................. 71  Organisation Africaine de la 
Burundi ..................................... 73  Propriéte Intellectuelle  
Cameroon ................................. 88     (OAPI) .................................... 410 
Cape Verde ............................... 90  Rwanda ..................................... 433 
4  São Tomé and Principe (St Thomas Central African Republic ........... 10
Chad ......................................... 106  and Prince’s Islands) ............... 449 
Comoros ................................... 108  Senegal  462 
Congo, Republic of the ............. 112  Seychelles ................................. 464 
Democratic Republic of   Sierra Leone ............................. 477 
   the Congo .............................. 114  Somalia ..................................... 488 
Djibouti ..................................... 128  South Africa .............................. 492 
Egypt ........................................ 137  St Helena .................................. 527 
Equatorial Guinea ..................... 157  Sudan ........................................ 534 
Eritrea ....................................... 159  Sudan, South ............................ 550 
Swaziland ................................. 552 Ethiopia .................................... 161 
Gabon  179  Tanzania ................................... 567 
Gambia, The ............................. 181  Togo .......................................... 601 
Ghana  197  Tunisia ...................................... 604 
Guinea ...................................... 214  Uganda ..................................... 621 ‐Bissau ........................... 216  Zambia  637 
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) ........ 218  Zimbabwe ................................. 657 
Kenya ........................................ 220  Appendices ............................... 679
 


 

 
Preface 
 
 
 
 
The compilation of a comprehensive guide to Intellectual Property Laws and 
Procedures in Africa has long been a goal for academics and practitioners 
alike.  Over  the  years  this  encouraged  Adams  &  Adams  to  produce 
handbooks on aspects of the intellectual property laws and procedures in 
Africa, on a fairly limited scale.  However, the rapid development on both 
the  economic  and  legislative  fronts  in  Africa  over  the  past  10  years 
prompted us to consider a more detailed publication. This has now been 
made possible through generous funding by the World Bank, facilitated by 
the  University  of  Pretoria  through  the  Faculty  of  Law  and  the  Pretoria 
University Legal Press. 
Some 12 years ago, The Economist Magazine labelled Africa ‘the hopeless 
continent’ but rather than shrivel, the continent has experienced one of the 
fastest economic growth rates in the world. In a recent World Bank report, 
it was estimated that Foreign Direct Investment in Africa will reach US $150 
billion in 2012, up from US $84 billion in 2010. Investors are taking a long 
term view of the prospects in Africa and investing heavily in infrastructure 
projects on the continent. 
Africa  is  vast,  covering  in  excess  of 30  million  square  kilometres  which 
would  accommodate  India,  USA,  Argentina,  China  and  Western  Europe 
including the British Isles.  Africa has the world’s fastest growing population 
which is likely to top 1 billion within the next five years and can provide a 
significant  share  of  the  world’s  future  workers.   By  contrast,  in  many 
countries there has been a decline in people of a working age.  A number of 
African countries are urbanising at a rapid rate which is creating significant 
demand for infrastructure, goods and services.  The continent is rapidly 
emerging as a market driven by commodity and oil prices, stable macro‐
economic environments, investments from large emerging markets as well 
as  rising  internal  consumer  spending.   In  addition  to  the  size  of  the 
continent, Africa has a large percentage of available arable land and has the 
potential to develop agricultural resources.  The Economist Magazine has 
forecast that the bulk of the top 10 fastest growing economies in the world 
over the next five years will emerge from Africa.  
Challenges  undoubtedly  still  remain,  particularly  on  the  political  front. 
Nevertheless, with a few notable exceptions, most African economies have 
recorded solid improvements across all the economic, political and social 
indicators. Developing local laws, protecting the environment, respecting 
human  rights  and  supporting  local  entrepreneurs  will  be  central  to  the 
continued growth of business in Africa. Crucial to economic development 
ii 

and  investment  is  a  need  for  African  countries  to  make  significant 
improvements  on  the  legislative  front  to  bring  themselves  in  line  with 
developing and developed nations. Failure to develop local legislation has a 
profound effect on the prospects of sustained investment. In particular on 
the intellectual property front, there have been significant improvements in 
many  African  territories  and  thus  we  believe  that  it  was  opportune  to 
highlight the various African Intellectual Property Laws in a consolidated 
compendium for a better understanding of what is required in order to 
protect intellectual property rights in Africa.   
Despite the legislative developments in most African territories, there are 
still  difficulties  in  accessing  detailed  information  relating  to  intellectual 
property in Africa, which is often as a result of antiquated laws, systems and 
procedures in some countries and territories. Accordingly, the accuracy of 
the information in the manual is subject to the constraints of current laws 
and procedures. In those instances where laws and procedures are possibly 
incomplete  and/or  antiquated,  our  comments  are  based  on  practical 
experience gathered over many years of working in Africa. 
Adams & Adams is spending significant time and effort in developing IP law 
in  Africa  by  assisting  Ministries  and  Registries  throughout  Africa  in 
developing their laws and procedures, and at the same time working closely 
with African lawyers throughout the continent. In addition to handling IP 
cases on a regular basis in all 54 African countries and territories, we have 
established  associated  offices  in  a  number  of  countries  and  in  the two 
regional  IP  organisations,  ARIPO  and  OAPI.  Plans  to  establish  further 
associated offices in East, Central and West Africa are at an advanced stage.   
We believe and hope that this book will assist in understanding how the 
various IP laws in Africa operate and afford intellectual property owners the 
opportunity of successfully protecting their rights. 
As with other projects like this one, I was proud to observe the dedication 
and  thoroughness  which  our  partners  and  colleagues  put  into  the 
production of the book. It was no easy task to obtain, translate, collate and 
compile the IP laws of 54 different countries and territories.  
Once again, all this occurred under the eagle eye of our Editor and Senior 
Consultant, Prof Esmé du Plessis. She kept matters under tight control and 
did a vast amount of writing, correcting and conforming of the drafts. We at 
Adams & Adams thank the entire team for their hard work and commitment 
and for putting our name to such a work. 
My own belief is that their efforts have resulted in a unique publication 
which  will  be  used  by  many  who  are  looking  at  the  opportunities  for 
investment in Africa. Perhaps our colleagues’ efforts will contribute in some 
way to the development of the continent for the benefit of all. We hope so. 
Dario Tanziani 
Chairman 
Adams & Adams 
April 2012 
iii 

 

 
Acknowledgement 
 
 
 
 
Africa is a vast continent, providing a solid substratum for fifty independent 
continental states and a safe haven for a further five or more independent 
surrounding island states – each state with its own legal regime, its own 
often subtle legal peculiarities, also in the area of intellectual property law. 
This reality came through to me, and the team of Adams & Adams authors, 
again when we worked on this book on IP in Africa. Although there is a 
measure of harmonisation of intellectual property laws, remnants on the 
one hand of earlier colonial occupation and, on the other, through the 
efforts  and  initiatives  of  international  organisations  such  as  the  World 
Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and the World Trade Organisation 
(WTO),  many  divergences  and  dissimilarities  are  present,  based  on 
differences in the legal regimes.  
The  different  jurisdictions  also  have  a  diversity  of  indigenous  and/or 
European official languages; this complicated the task. 
As Dario Tanziani, the Chairman of Adams & Adams has indicated in the 
Preface, the firm has over many years made efforts to gather information 
on the laws and procedures applicable in all of these jurisdictions, mainly 
for its own reference purposes. This information was in fact compiled into 
practice manuals which were made available to its professional staff and 
also  to  clients  and  colleagues  in  Africa  and  elsewhere.  These  manuals 
contained  concise  summaries  of  the  information.  The  vision  of  a  more 
detailed collection and presentation of the laws and procedures remained, 
not only for our own internal use but for dissemination to persons in, or 
with an interest in, Africa who require this information. Such an initiative 
proved to be perfectly in line with similar initiatives of the Faculty of Law of 
the University of Pretoria, and with certain funding opportunities made 
available by the World Bank to the University to promote the collection and 
dissemination of information about the laws of Africa to the people of Africa 
and to people of other countries with an interest in Africa. We sincerely 
appreciate the recommendation by the former and the current Deans of the 
Law Faculty that our project could become part of the other projects of the 
Faculty in this regard.     
This book is the outcome of all of that.  We are honoured and grateful that 
Adams & Adams could in this manner realise its own vision but could also 
become part of this meritorious initiative. 
iv 

As our Chairman also indicated, this proved to be an enormous, but at 
the  same  time  a  very  rewarding,  task.  I  wish  to  record  my  sincere 
appreciation to the partners of Adams & Adams for entrusting to me the 
responsibility of overseeing this project.   
Not only have I learnt so much about the diversity and complexity of the 
laws of Africa, but I had the privilege of working with a team of highly 
qualified and experienced practitioners, all with specific experience in the 
law and practice in Africa. The team was assisted by a group of young 
professionals  within  the  firm;  although  their  names  cannot  all  be 
mentioned, our appreciation for the work and research done by them is 
recorded. Also, again, a special word of appreciation to Teresa of Adams 
& Adams for her relentless efforts to render the material into a consistent 
and  accessible  format,  and  for  accumulating  all  of  the  relevant 
membership and other information on the international instruments. To 
Danie and Lizette of the Pretoria University Law Press, a sincere thank 
you for your patience and support. 
 
Esmé du Plessis 
Managing Editor 
Senior Consultant: Adams & Adams 
April 2012 
 


 

 
Glossary of acronyms and abbreviations 
 
 
 
 
ARIPO  African Regional Intellectual Property 
Organisation (1976) 
Bangui Agreement  Bangui Agreement Relating to the Creation of an 
African Intellectual Property Organisation, 
Constituting a Revision of the Agreement Relating 
to the Creation of an African and Malagasy Office 
of Industrial Property (1977) 
Banjul Protocol  Banjul Protocol on Marks (1993) 
nvention for the Protection of Literary Berne Convention  Berne Co
and Artistic Works (1886) 
Brussels Convention  Brussels Convention Relating to the Distribution 
of Programme‐Carrying Signals Transmitted by 
Satellite (1974) 
Budapest Treaty  Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition 
of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the 
Purposes of Patent Procedure (1977) 
Geneva Convention  Geneva Convention for the Protection of 
Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorised 
Duplication of their Phonograms (1971) 
Hague Agreement  Hague Agreement Concerning the International 
Registration of Industrial Designs (1925) 
Harare Protocol  Harare Protocol on Patents and Designs (1982) of 
ARIPO 
IPIC  Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of 
Integrated Circuits (1989) 
Lisbon Agreement  Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of 
Appellations of Origin and their International 
Registration (1958) 
Locarno Agreement  Locarno Agreement Establishing an International 
Classification for Industrial Designs (1968) 
Lusaka Agreement  Lusaka Agreement on the Creation of the African 
Regional Industrial Property Organisation (1976) 
Madrid Agreement  Madrid Agreement Concerning the International 
Registration of Marks (1891) 
vi 

  • Accueil Accueil
  • Univers Univers
  • Ebooks Ebooks
  • Livres audio Livres audio
  • Presse Presse
  • BD BD
  • Documents Documents