Indian Innovation, Not Jugaad - 100 Ideas that Transformed India
86 pages
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86 pages
English

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Description

As India turns 75, Innovating India unpacks 100 ideas that transformed a young democratic republic into a complex and thriving nation of a billion-plus people.
With compelling urgency and the lucidity of a skilled narrator, Dinesh C. Sharma writes of an India newly independent in 1947 after the British colonial powers left it to its own destiny, of its subsequent wavering journey through the decades all the way to a raging pandemic and of the small and big innovations that paved the way for India. In doing so, he turns on their heads prevailing notions of innovation often propagated in a galaxy of books on the much used and abused narrative of jugaad that romance the idea of how the ‘poor’ innovate to get by.
Very often, a bulk of the writing heavily focuses on technological, novel, IT or digital solutions and disruptions alone, most of which fizzle out as one-time wonders. Sharma does the difficult job of writing about the disruptions that revolutionized the way things were done in a particular sector and context. Covering policies, concepts, and institutions in areas such as, but not limited to, science, healthcare, education, governance, business, grassroots movements, agriculture, fashion, law and others, this is a book one needs to read to better understand India.
Propulsively put together, with effortless prose, Sharma’s writing, with his decades’ long journalistic understanding of science, technology, environment, and communities, is teeming with stories and anecdotes of innovations that went on to change the lives of Indians forever. From software parks to shampoos sachets, jan sunwais to oxygen langars, Lijjat papad to mohalla clinics, the Chipko movement to Khabar Lahariya, this is also the story of the unknown, unsung people behind these innovations that are continuing to shape India as we know it.

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Publié par
Date de parution 24 janvier 2022
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9789392130083
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 2 Mo

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,0500€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.

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As India turns 75, Indian Innovation unpacks 100 ideas that transformed a young democratic republic into a complex and thriving nation of a billion-plus people. With compelling urgency and the lucidity of a skilled narrator, Dinesh C. Sharma writes of an India newly independent in 1947 after the British colonial powers left it to its own destiny, of its subsequent wavering journey through the decades all the way to a raging pandemic and of the small and big innovations that paved the way for India.
In doing so, he turns on their heads prevailing notions of innovation often propagated in a galaxy of books on the much used and abused narrative of jugaad that romance the idea of how the ‘poor’ innovate to get by. Very often, a bulk of the writing heavily focuses on technological, novel, IT or digital solutions and disruptions alone, many of which fizzle out as one-time wonders.
Sharma does the difficult job of writing about the original disruptions that revolutionized the way things were done in a particular sector and context. Covering policies, concepts, and institutions in areas such as, but not limited to, science, healthcare, education, governance, business, grassroots movements, agriculture, fashion, law and others, this is a book one needs to read to better understand India.
Propulsively put together with effortless prose, Sharma’s writing, with his decades’ long journalistic understanding of science, technology, environment, and communities, is teeming with stories and anecdotes of innovations that went on to change the lives of Indians forever. From software parks to shampoo sachets, jan sunwais to oxygen langars, Lijjat papad to mohalla clinics, the Chipko movement to Khabar Lahariya, this is also the story of the unknown, unsung people behind these innovations who are continuing to shape India as we know it.
 
OTHER LOTUS TITLES Anil Dharker Icons: Men & Women Who Shaped Today’s India Aitzaz Ahsan The Indus Saga: The Making of Pakistan Ajay Mansingh Firaq Gorakhpuri: The Poet of Pain & Ecstasy Anjum Altaf and Amit Basole Thinking with Ghalib: Poetry for a New Generation Aruna Roy The RTI Story: Power to the People Ashis Ray Laid to Rest: The Controversy of Subhas Chandra Bose’s Death Bertil Falk Feroze: The Forgotten Gandhi Harinder Baweja A Soldier’s Diary: Kargil – The Inside Story Jenny Housego A Woven Life Kobad Ghandy Fractured Freedom: A Prison Memoir A Story of Passion, Commitment and a Search for Justice and Freedom Kunal Purandare Ramakant Achrekar: A Biography Lakshmi Subramanian Singing Gandhi’s India: Music and Sonic Nationalism Maj. Gen. Ian Cardozo Param Vir: Our Heroes in Battle Maj. Gen. Ian Cardozo The Sinking of INS Khukri: What Happened in 1971 Moin Mir Surat: Fall of a Port, Rise of a Prince, Defeat of the East India Company in the House of Commons Monisha Rajesh Around India in 80 Trains Munshi Faizuddin Bazm-i Aakhir: The Last Gathering A vivid portrait of life in the Red Fort Narinder Singh Kapany The Man Who Bent Light Ralph Russell The Famous Ghalib: The Sound of My Moving Pen Rahul Bedi The Last Word: Obituaries of 100 Indians Who Led Unusual Lives Rasheed Kidwai The House of Scindias: A Saga of Power, Politics and Intrigue Rashmi Sadana Metronama: Scenes from the Delhi Metro R.V. Smith Delhi: Unknown Tales of a City Shrabani Basu Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan Shahrayar Khan Bhopal Connections: Vignettes of Royal Rule S. Hussain Zaidi Dongri to Dubai: Six Decades of the Mumbai Mafia Sunetra Choudhury Behind Bars: Prison Tales of India’s Most Famous Sunil Gupta and Sunetra Choudhury Black Warrant: Confessions of a Tihar Jailer Tamal Bandyopadhyay Pandemonium: The Great Indian Banking Tragedy Thomas Weber Going Native: Gandhi’s Relationship with Western Women Thomas Weber Gandhi at First Sight Vaibhav Purandare Sachin Tendulkar: A Definitive Biography Vappala Balachandran A Life in Shadow: The Secret Story of ACN Nambiar – A Forgotten Anti-Colonial Warrior Various The Dark Hour: India Under Lockdowns Vir Sanghvi Men of Steel: India’s Business Leaders in Candid Conversation
FORTHCOMING TITLE Maj. Gen. Ian Cardozo Cartoos Saa
 

 
ROLI BOOKS
This digital edition published in India, 2022
The Lotus Collection
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M-75, Greater Kailash- II Market
New Delhi 110 048
Phone: ++91 (011) 40682000
Email: info@rolibooks.com
Website: www.rolibooks.com
© Dinesh C. Sharma, 2022
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, or stored in a retrieval system, in any form or by any means, whether electronic, mechanical, print reproduction, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of Roli Books. Any unauthorized distribution of this e-book may be considered a direct infringement of copyright and those responsible may be liable in law accordingly.
eISBN: 978-93-92130-08-3
All rights reserved.
This e-book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, resold, hired out, or otherwise circulated, without the publisher’s prior consent, in any form or cover other than that in which it is published.
 
CONTENTS
Acknowledgements
Introduction
I. The Revolutions
1. Green Revolution
2. White Revolution
3. Blue Revolution
4. Yellow Revolution
5. The Egg Revolution
6. IT Revolution
7. Communication Revolution
II. Food, Water and Sanitation
8. The Swaraj Tractor
9. India Mark II Deep Well Pump
10. Midday Meal Scheme
11. Ready-mixes for Indian Foods
12. Food for Work
13. Integrated Child Development Scheme
14. Right to Food
15. Sulabh Toilets
III. Health and Medical Research
16. National Family Planning Programme
17. ASHA
18. Generic Drugs
19. Affordable Vaccines
20. Pulse Polio
21. Aravind Eyecare Model
22. Affordable Heart Surgery
23. Universal Iodization of Salt
24. The Jaipur Foot
25. Oral Rehydration Therapy
26. Mohalla Clinics
27. Home-based Palliative Care
28. Open-source Drug Discovery
29. Swasthya Sahayak
30. Green Corridor for Organ Transplants
31. FELUDA and Low-cost Ventilators
32. Oxygen Langar
IV. Transport and Mobility
33. Three-wheeled Scooter Rickshaws
34. Maruti 800
35. REVA Electric Car
36. Delhi Metro Rail
37. E-rickshaws
38. Air Deccan: Affordable Air Travel
39. The Golden Quadrilateral
40. Yulu Shared E-bike
V. Information and Communication Technologies
41. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE)
42. Software Technology Parks
43. STD/PCO
44. Internet Kiosks
45. Simputer
46. Missed Call Marketing
47. Online Matchmaking
48. Chota Recharge
49. Traditional Knowledge Digital Database
VI. Governance, Public Utilities and Law
50. Indelible Ink and Other Ideas
51. Electronic Voting Machines
52. Computerized Passenger Railway Reservations
53. Bhoomi
54. Lok Adalats
55. Employment Guarantee
56. Public Interest Litigation
57. Cyclone Warning
58. Right to Information
59. Social Audits
60. Unique Identification (UID)/Aadhaar
61. Jan Dhan Yojana
VII. Education
62. Indian Institutes of Technology
63. Indian Institutes of Management
64. All India Institute of Medical Sciences
65. National Institute of Design
66. Total Literacy Campaign
67. Navodaya Vidyalaya
68. Birla Industrial and Technological Museum
69. Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research
70. Foldscopes
71. Happiness Curriculum
VIII. Grassroots Technologies and Movements
72. Improved Chulha
73. Nutan Wick Stove
74. Sachet Revolution
75. Sanitary Pad-making Machine
76. Honey Bee Network
77. Lijjat Papad
78. SEWA Microfinance Model
IX. Art, Culture, Cinema, Architecture, Sports
79. Playback Singing
80. Binaca Geet Mala
81. Indipop
82. SPIC-MACAY
83. Nehru Jacket
84. Designer Khadi
85. Festivals of India
86. Palace on Wheels
87. Dilli Haat
88. Birla Mandir
89. Chandigarh
90. Laurie Baker Architecture
91. Indian Premier League
X. Environment and People’s Movements
92. Project Tiger
93. Chipko Movement
94. Revival of Arvari
95. Navdanya Seed Bank
96. Dhara Vikas
97. Barefoot Engineers
98. Artificial Glaciers
99. Khabar Lahariya
100. MigrantWatch: Citizen Science
About the Author
 
Acknowledgements
Drawing up a mega list of innovations spanning decades and across sectors can be challenging, hazardous and vulnerable to criticism. Here is how I navigated through this.
To begin with, let’s look at the advantages. I have lived through a large part of the period the book covers. In that sense, it is broadly a journey of exploring innovations that impacted the lives of people of my generation. Procuring grains from a ration shop was a routine activity for millions of Indians in the 1960s. Kids would often be sent to ‘fair price’ shops to check if the stock of wheat had arrived. This was because the food supplies were erratic and dependent on imports. I also remember the images of lush green farms, signalling the Green Revolution, in the Films Division newsreels screened in cinema halls. Just as the grain supplies were easing, the Oil Shock hit us in the early 1970s, making kerosene scarcer. The response came in the form of a red-and-green wick stove named ‘Nutan’, which made its appearance in millions of Indian kitchens. Its blue flame became the talk of the town. The long waiting list for a landline phone connection, serpentine queues to book a railway ticket or trying to buy a car in ‘black’ were all part of the folklore of the 1970s and 1980s. Innovations and creative policy changes helped us address them all. The economic liberalization and globalization in the 1990s and beyond ushered in several changes. This lived experience was at the back of my mind while drawing up a list of post-Independence innovations.
In addition, my professional experience of writing a book on the history of electronics and computing a few years back has helped me develo

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