African Women
300 pages

Vous pourrez modifier la taille du texte de cet ouvrage

Découvre YouScribe en t'inscrivant gratuitement

Je m'inscris

African Women , livre ebook

Découvre YouScribe en t'inscrivant gratuitement

Je m'inscris
Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le consulter en ligne
En savoir plus
300 pages

Vous pourrez modifier la taille du texte de cet ouvrage

Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le consulter en ligne
En savoir plus


African women's history is a topic as vast as the continent itself, embracing an array of societies in over fifty countries with different geographies, social customs, religions, and historical situations. In African Women: Early History to the 21st Century, Kathleen Sheldon masterfully delivers a comprehensive study of this expansive story from before the time of records to the present day. She provides rich background on descent systems and the roles of women in matrilineal and patrilineal systems. Sheldon's work profiles elite women, as well as those in leadership roles, traders and market women, religious women, slave women, women in resistance movements, and women in politics and development. The rich case studies and biographies in this thorough survey establish a grand narrative about women's roles in the history of Africa.

1. Women and Gender in Africa before 1700
2. Market Traders, Queens, and Slaves in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
3. Religion and Slavery in the Nineteenth Century
4. Colonial Era, 1850s to 1945: Work and Family
5. Politics, Leadership, and Resistance to Colonialism until 1945
6. Liberation Struggles and Politics from the 1950s to the 1970s
7. Work, Family, and Urbanization from 1970s to the 1990s
8. Women and Politics after Independence
9. Women at the Beginning of the 21st Century



Publié par
Date de parution 24 avril 2017
Nombre de lectures 4
EAN13 9780253027313
Langue English

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,2000€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.


Early History to the 21st Century
Kathleen Sheldon
This book is a publication of
Indiana University Press
Office of Scholarly Publishing
Herman B Wells Library 350
1320 East 10th Street
Bloomington, Indiana 47405 USA
2017 by Kathleen Sheldon
All rights reserved
No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. The Association of American University Presses Resolution on Permissions constitutes the only exception to this prohibition.
The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1992.
Manufactured in the United States of America
Cataloging information is available from the Library of Congress.
ISBN 978-0-253-02716-0 (cloth)
ISBN 978-0-253-02722-1 (paperback)
ISBN 978-0-253-02731-3 (ebook)
1 2 3 4 5 22 21 20 19 18 17
1 Women and Gender in Africa before 1700
2 Market Traders, Queens, and Slaves in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
3 Religion and Slavery in the Nineteenth Century
4 Colonial Era, 1850s to 1945: Work and Family
5 Politics, Leadership, and Resistance to Colonialism until 1945
6 Liberation Struggles and Politics from the 1950s to the 1970s
7 Work, Family, and Urbanization from the 1970s to the 1990s
8 Women and Politics after Independence
9 Women at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century
A S WITH ANY big project, this book has been years in the making and has accumulated huge debts to many colleagues and friends. In 1975, as I began my graduate study in African history, I enrolled in one of the first courses offered in the United States on African women, a seminar on African women and social change taught by Margaret Strobel. We were barely able to find ten weeks worth of readings, but nonetheless, we held informative and lively discussions. By the time I was teaching similar courses in the 1980s and 1990s, the field had grown enormously, and there was an abundance of new articles, books, and collections to assign to students.
This textbook is completely dependent on the multitude of scholars who completed significant research and publications on African women s history. The wider cohort of feminist historians has been my community for decades, with too many friends in the Women s Caucus of the African Studies Association and elsewhere to name individually. African women scholars in particular brought new rigor and insight to African women s history, and I treasure their research and their friendship. Those who are directly cited are included in the bibliography, but they represent only a fraction of the books and articles I have been reading, enjoying, and debating for forty years. Writing this text would have been an impossible task without such a wealth of work to draw on.
Those who read and critiqued various early drafts saved me from embarrassing errors and contributed substantially to helping me focus and organize the masses of stories from across time and place. My husband, Steve Tarzynski, has lived with every step of my writing, and he was the first to read the entire manuscript when it was a messy draft. My son, Ben Tarzynski, had some helpful comments when he critiqued one chapter as I was making final revisions. Margot Lovett read an early chapter and later the entire text; Edna Bay also read the entire manuscript, and they both had many critical but helpful comments and insightful suggestions. I have gained so much from ongoing conversations about African history with Margot, Eddy, and Laura Mitchell as we have shared meals and book discussions over several years; their support and friendship undergirds much of my writing. The two colleagues who read the manuscript for Indiana University Press (an anonymous reader and Judith Van Allen) had observations that were immensely valuable as I worked through the final revisions.
I offer special thanks to several individuals and organizations who shared their photographs gratis for publication in this book; they are credited in the captions. Dee Mortensen, the editor for African topics at Indiana University Press, has been both patient with my delays and endlessly encouraging. I also appreciated the collegiality of sister scholars at the Center for the Study of Women at the University of California, Los Angeles. For many years, the center has supported research by independent scholars, and I was pleased to receive a Tillie Olsen Research Affiliates Grant for 2015-2016, which helped with costs related to producing this textbook, including acquiring some of the images.
The women of Africa, especially in Mozambique, inspired me to write their history. The stories of their work, their political actions, and their commitment to their families and communities have too often been marginalized or ignored. This book is my effort to bring their histories to a wider audience, with gratitude for all they have done.

Map of Africa, 2015.
A FRICAN W OMEN : E ARLY History to the 21st Century presents a history of Africa with women as the starting point. The history of African women is a vital and successful field of study, growing from a small number of books and articles published in the 1960s and 1970s to the now thriving research that covers a huge range of places, times, and topics that has been achieved in the twenty-first century. In this book, coverage of important events and individuals documents women s involvement in critical episodes in African history, and it demonstrates how women have been central to well-known aspects of African history that are often seen solely from a male perspective. The inclusion of topics such as marriage, motherhood, women s work, and women as religious and political leaders, establishes the reality that knowledge of women s history is essential to making sense of African history more broadly.
Over many years of teaching and writing about African women s history, I encountered problems in two areas. Many textbooks on African history have neglected and marginalized women. Women are nearly absent in some books, and when they are included it is often in very limited and passive roles. At the same time, while the field of African women s history is strong, there has not been a textbook focused on African women that comprehensively covers the geographic, topical, and temporal breadth necessary to offer students and scholars a meaningful engagement with women s history. Many excellent books on African women s history are about a single country, a limited time period or topic, or are collections of articles that include a variety of approaches by different contributors. Two books that have been used widely in classrooms are now twenty years old, and they do not include the important new publications that have expanded and given nuance to research on African women. Given those issues and limitations in available African history texts, African Women: Early History to the 21st Century is designed to accomplish two goals.
My first objective was to write a comprehensive narrative of African women s history by bringing together information that is usually scattered and narrowly focused. Naturally, it is not possible to be completely inclusive because there is far too much research and information to easily compress into one book. African women s history is a vast topic that embraces a wide variety of societies in over fifty countries with different geographies, social customs, religions, and historical situations. Women enter the story with differences in their ages, marital statuses, education, work experiences, ethnicities, and rural or urban backgrounds. I have sought to include stories and histories that address the breadth of women s experiences, with sections on all regions of the continent and representing the variety of women s circumstances. I also approached the material as a historian and therefore, as much as possible, followed a chronological format while demonstrating how social and political change progressed over the centuries.
My second aim was to show that fully understanding the history of the continent requires knowledge of women s contributions to their communities and their accomplishments in their families. As scholars of women s history have argued for other world areas, it is not enough to prove that women were present and were agents in their own lives. Women s presence and agency have profound implications for the ways in which history is interpreted and understood. Historical experience is not only found with political rulers and conflict, but includes families, household work, and women s involvement in their societies. Women were, of course, engaged in politics and conflict, and knowing about their participation in those areas alters how those topics are understood. The historical narrative is completely changed when women s religious roles, labor, options for marriage and childbearing, and access to political authority are the beginning point for that history. This book tells the story of women and advances African history more broadly by demonstrating the central place women have occupied in making that history.
Knowing women s history will make it possible to better understand where African women stand today. Women once had greater power in many African societies where they were able to wield both individual and collective authority

  • Univers Univers
  • Ebooks Ebooks
  • Livres audio Livres audio
  • Presse Presse
  • Podcasts Podcasts
  • BD BD
  • Documents Documents