Migrant Integration in a Changing Europe
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In this rich study, Roxana Barbulescu examines the transformation of state-led immigrant integration in two relatively new immigration countries in Western Europe: Italy and Spain. The book is comparative in approach and seeks to explain states' immigrant integration strategies across national, regional, and city-level decision and policy making. Barbulescu argues that states pursue no one-size-fits-all strategy for the integration of migrants, but rather simultaneously pursue multiple strategies that vary greatly for different groups. Two main integration strategies stand out. The first one targets non-European citizens and is assimilationist in character and based on interventionist principles according to which the government actively pursues the inclusion of migrants. The second strategy targets EU citizens and is a laissez-faire scenario where foreigners enjoy rights and live their entire lives in the host country without the state or the local authorities seeking their integration.

The empirical material in the book, dating from 1985 to 2015, includes systematic analyses of immigration laws, integration policies and guidelines, historical documents, original interviews with policy makers, and statistical analysis based on data from the European Labor Force Survey. While the book draws on evidence from Italy and Spain in an effort to bring these case studies to the core of fundamental debates on immigration and citizenship studies, its broader aim is to contribute to a better understanding of state interventionism in immigrant integration in contemporary Europe. The book will be a useful text for students and scholars of global immigration, integration, citizenship, European integration, and European society and culture.



Publié par
Date de parution 28 février 2019
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9780268104405
Langue English

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Paolo G. Carozza and Aníbal Pérez-Liñan, series editors
The University of Notre Dame Press gratefully thanks the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies for its support in the publication of titles in this series.
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For a complete list of titles from the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, see http://www.undpress.nd.edu
Immigrants, European Citizens, and Co-ethnics in Italy and Spain
University of Notre Dame Press
Notre Dame, Indiana
University of Notre Dame Press
Notre Dame, Indiana 46556
Copyright © 2019 by University of Notre Dame
All Rights Reserved
Published in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Names: Barbulescu, Roxana, 1983- author.
Title: Migrant integration in a changing Europe : immigrants, European citizens, and co-ethnics in Italy and Spain / Roxana Barbulescu.
Description: Notre Dame, Indiana : University of Notre Dame Press, [2018] | Series: Kellogg Institute series on democracy and development | Significantly revised version of author’s thesis (doctoral)—European University Institute, 2013, titled The politics of immigrant integration in post-enlargement Europe migrants: co-ethnics and European citizens in Italy and Spain. | Includes bibliographical references and index. | Identifiers: LCCN 2018052457 (print) | LCCN 2018057577 (ebook) | ISBN 9780268104399 (pdf) | ISBN 9780268104405 (epub) | ISBN 9780268104375 (hardback : alk. paper) | ISBN 0268104379 (hardback : alk. paper)
Subjects: LCSH: Europe—Emigration and immigration—Government policy. | Italy—Emigration and immigration—Case studies. | Spain—Emigration and immigration—Case studies | Immigrants—Cultural assimilation—Europe—Case studies | Social integration—Europe—Case studies.
Classification: LCC JV7590 (ebook) | LCC JV7590.B374 2018 (print) | DDC 305.9/06912094—dc23
LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2018052457
∞ This paper meets the requirements of ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper)
This e-Book was converted from the original source file by a third-party vendor. Readers who notice any formatting, textual, or readability issues are encouraged to contact the publisher at ebooks@nd.edu
List of Tables and Figures
ONE Migrant Integration and the State
TWO Migration in Italy and Spain and Integration Outcomes
THREE Varieties of Denizenship: Rights Regimes and the Importance of (Not) Being an EU Citizen
FOUR Interventionist States and the Making of Integration Duties: When, How, and for Whom Do States Pursue Integration?
Conclusion. The Freedom to not Integrate: Multicultural Integration amidst Rising Neoassimilation
Appendix. Primary Sources
1.1. Shares of the four categories within the total foreign population of Italy and Spain, 2015
1.2. Foreign population in the top ten European countries and shares of EU and non-EU migrants, 2001, 2011
1.3. Total number of migrants in Italy and Spain and main countries of origin (in thousands), 2015
2.1. Evolution of foreign residents in Italy and Spain, 1970–2010
2.2. Rights of noncitizens in selected EU countries: MIPEX scores
2.3. Amnesties in Italy and Spain, 1982–2009
2.4. Immigrants groups by gender composition
2.5. Immigrant groups by age
2.6. Immigrants by years of residence in the country
2.7. Immigrants by level of education
2.8. Employment, unemployment, and inactivity among migrants
2.9a. Occupation among immigrants in the Italian labor market
2.9b. Occupation among immigrants in the Spanish labor market
2.10. Citizenship acquisition by category in Spain
3.1. Transitional restrictions for the 2004 and 2007 enlargements for EU-27
3.2. Annual quota for descendants of Spanish origin in Spain, 2000–2009
3.3. Annual quota for non-EU workers in Italy, 1998–2010
3.4. Annual quota for descendants of Spaniards in Spanish Autonomous Communities

3.5. Bilateral enfranchisement between the Kingdom of Spain and non-EU countries
3.6. Right to family reunification: Requirements for third country nationals and EU citizens
3.7. Criteria for citizenship acquisition and toleration of double citizenship in Italy and Spain
3.8. Acquisition of nationality by country of former nationality, Italy, 1997–2008
3.9. Acquisition of nationality by country of former nationality, Spain, 1997–2008
4.1. Cofunding of integration programs: European Integration Fund and Italy
4.2. Sanctions associated with failing integration requirements in selected EU countries, 1998–2012
4.3. How the Italian integration agreement works: Grounds for losing and gaining points
2.1. Migrants who integrate “well” and “very well,” 2011
C.1. Evolution of integration strategies by immigrant group
This book has been a long intellectual journey, and I feel privileged to have received support from many institutions and research centers as well as advice from wonderful scholars, friends, and family along the way.
I benefited enormously from the institutional support provided by the following: the European University Institute, where this journey started; the Scenari migratori e mutamento sociali research center at the University of Trento; the Center for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences (CEACS) at the Juan March Institute in Madrid; the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Immigration (GRITIM) at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona; the Sheffield Institute for International Development at the University of Sheffield; the College of Europe in Natolin, Warsaw; the ESRC Centre for Population Change at the University of Southampton; and the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Leeds.
Deep gratitude goes to Rainer Bauböck and Adrian Favell for their inspiring mentorship, enthusiasm, and fairness. In addition to the five anonymous reviewers from the University of Notre Dame Press, I owe intellectual debts for erudite conversations and sharp suggestions to the following: Kitty Calavita, Andrew Geddes, Claire Kilpatrick, Anthony Messina, Ricard Zapata–Barrero, Joaquín Arango, Giuseppe Sciortino, Martina Cvajner, Tiziana Caponio, Maarten Vink, Yasemin Soysal, Dora Kostakopoulou, Dimitry Kochenov, Jean-Michel Lafleur, Terri Givens, Jaap Dronkers, Martin Kohli, Fabrizio Bernardi, Héctor Cebolla, Claudia Finotelli, and Amparo González Ferrer. To Jean Grugel, Tobias Schumacher, Paul Bridgen, and Traute Meyer, I say thanks for your support through many crucial transitions in this work. During fieldwork, Ruth Ferrero-Turrión in Madrid and Sergio Briguglio in Roma were essential guides in navigating the Kafkaesque Italian and Spanish bureaucracies. My editors at the University of Notre Dame Press—Eli Bortz, Stephen Little, and Matthew Dowd—have been immensely helpful with their sage advice, craftmanship, and patience in turning this manuscript into the book you are now holding. And artist Matias Mata, known as Sabotaje Al Montaje, was extraordinarily generous in lending his artwork for the cover of this book. Mural was painted in 2010 and stands to this day on the side of an apartment building in the working-class district of San Pablo on the outskirts of Sevilla in Spain. To eve

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